The Exodus from Egypt
(Category 3 of 16)
What does the Bible really teach about heaven, and what is heaven’s relationship to earth?
In this video we explore the surprising biblical viewpoint that heaven and earth were meant to overlap, and how Jesus is on a mission to bring them together once and for all.
Heaven and Earth
Heaven and Earth
CHAPTER 7 References
1 aEx. 4:16
bEx. 4:15, 16
2 aEx. 4:15
3 aEx. 4:21;
1 So the LORD said to Moses: “See, I have made you aas God to Pharaoh, and Aaron your brother shall be byour prophet.
2 “You ashall speak all that I command you. And Aaron your brother shall tell Pharaoh to send the children of Israel out of his land.
3 “And aI will harden Pharaoh’s
heart, and bmultiply My csigns and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
4 “But aPharaoh will not heed you, so bthat I may lay My hand on Egypt and bring My 1armies and My people, the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt cby great judgments.
5 “And the Egyptians ashall know that I am the LORD, when I bstretch out My hand on Egypt and cbring out the children of Israel from among them.”
6 Then Moses and Aaron adid so; just as the LORD commanded them, so they did.
7 And Moses was aeighty years old and bAaron eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.
Aaron’s Miraculous Rod
8 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,
9 “When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, a‘Show a miracle for yourselves,’ then you shall say to Aaron, b‘Take your rod and cast it before Pharaoh, and let it become a serpent.’ ”
10 So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh, and they did so, just aas the LORD commanded. And Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it bbecame a serpent.
11 But Pharaoh also acalled the wise men and bthe 1sorcerers; so the magicians of Egypt, they also cdid in like manner with their 2enchantments.
12 For every man threw down his rod, and they became serpents. But Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods.
13 And Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, as the LORD had said.
The First Plague: Waters Become Blood
14 So the LORD said to Moses: a“Pharaoh’s heart is hard; he refuses to let the people go.
15 “Go to Pharaoh in the morning, when he goes out to the awater, and you shall stand by the river’s bank to meet him; and bthe rod which was turned to a serpent you shall take in your hand.
16 “And you shall say to him, a‘The LORD God of the Hebrews has sent me to you, saying, “Let My people go, bthat they may 1serve Me in the wilderness”; but indeed, until now you would not hear!
17 ‘Thus says the LORD: “By this ayou shall know that I am the LORD. Behold, I will strike the waters which are in the river with the rod that is in my hand, and bthey shall be turned cto blood.
18 “And the fish that are in the river shall die, the river shall stink, and the Egyptians will aloathe1 to drink the water of the river.” ’ ”
3 bEx. 11:9;
Acts 7:36 cEx.
4:7; Deut. 4:34
4 aEx. 3:19, 20;
10:1; 11:9 bEx.
9:14 cEx. 6:6;
5 aEx. 7:17;
8:22; 14:4, 18;
Ps. 9:16 bEx.
9:15 cEx. 3:20;
6 aEx. 7:2
7 aDeut. 29:5;
Acts 7:23, 30
9 aEx. 10:1; Is.
2:18; 6:30 bEx.
4:2, 3, 17
10 aEx. 7:9
11 aGen. 41:8
2 Tim. 3:8 cEx.
7:22; 8:7, 18;
2 Tim. 3:9;
Rev. 13:13, 14
14 aEx. 8:15;
10:1, 20, 27
15 aEx. 2:5;
8:20 bEx. 4:2,
16 aEx. 3:13,
18; 4:22 bEx.
3:12, 18; 4:23;
5:1, 3; 8:1
17 aEx. 5:2;
7:5; 10:2; Ps.
25:17 bEx. 4:9;
11:6; 16:4, 6
18 aEx. 7:24
1be weary of
19 aEx. 8:5, 6,
20 aEx. 17:5
21 aEx. 7:18
22 aEx. 7:11
bEx. 8:7 cEx.
CHAPTER 8 References
1 aEx. 3:12, 18;
4:23; 5:1, 3
2 aEx. 7:14; 9:2
3 aPs. 105:30
5 aEx. 7:19
6 aPs. 78:45;
7 aEx. 7:11, 22
8 aEx. 8:28;
1 Kin. 13:6
19 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and astretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in buckets of wood and pitchers of stone.’ ”
20 And Moses and Aaron did so, just as the LORD commanded. So he alifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants. And all the bwaters that were in the river were turned to blood.
21 The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and the Egyptians acould not drink the water of the river. So there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
22 aThen the magicians of Egypt did bso with their 1enchantments; and Pharaoh’s heart grew hard, and he did not heed them, cas the LORD had said.
23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. Neither was his heart moved by this.
24 So all the Egyptians dug all around the river for water to drink, because they could not drink the water of the river.
25 And seven days passed after the LORD had struck the river.
The Second Plague: Frogs
1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD: “Let My people go, athat they may serve Me.
2 “But if you arefuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all your territory with bfrogs.
3 “So the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into your house, into your abedroom, on your bed, into the houses of your servants, on your people, into your ovens, and into your kneading bowls.
4 “And the frogs shall come up on you, on your people, and on all your servants.” ’ ”
5 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, a‘Stretch out your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.’ ”
6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and athe frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.
7 aAnd the magicians did so with their 1enchantments, and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt.
8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, a“Entreat1 the LORD that He may take away the frogs from me and from my people;
and I will let the people bgo, that they may sacrifice to the LORD.”
9 And Moses said to Pharaoh, “Accept the honor of saying when I shall intercede for you, for your servants, and for your people, to destroy the frogs from you and your houses, that they may remain in the river only.”
10 So he said, “Tomorrow.” And he said, “Let it be according to your word, that you may know that athere is no one like the LORD our God.
11 “And the frogs shall depart from you, from your houses, from your servants, and from your people. They shall remain in the river only.”
12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh. And Moses acried out to the LORD concerning the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh.
13 So the LORD did according to the word of Moses. And the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courtyards, and out of the fields.
14 They gathered them together in heaps, and the land stank.
15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was arelief, bhe hardened his heart and did not heed them, as the LORD had said.
The Third Plague: Lice
16 So the LORD said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become 1lice throughout all the land of Egypt.’ ”
17 And they did so. For Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and ait became lice on man and beast. All the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt.
18 Now athe magicians so worked with their 1enchantments to bring forth lice, but they bcould not. So there were lice on man and beast.
19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is athe1 finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s bheart grew hard, and he did not heed them, just as the LORD had said.
The Fourth Plague: Flies
20 And the LORD said to Moses, a“Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water. Then say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD: b“Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
21 “Or else, if you will not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and your servants, on your people and into your houses. The houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground on which they stand.
22 “And in that day aI will set apart the land of bGoshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there, in order that you may
8 bEx. 10:8, 24
10 aEx. 9:14;
33:26; 2 Sam.
7:22; 1 Chr.
86:8; Is. 46:9;
[Jer. 10:6, 7] 12 aEx. 8:30;
5:16–18] 15 aEccl. 8:11
bEx. 7:14, 22;
9:34; 1 Sam.
17 aPs. 105:31
18 aEx. 7:11,
12; 8:7 bDan.
5:8; 2 Tim. 3:8,
9 1secret arts
19 aEx. 7:5;
10:7; 1 Sam.
6:3, 9; Ps. 8:3;
bEx. 8:15 1An
act of God
20 aEx. 7:15;
9:13 bEx. 3:18;
4:23; 5:1, 3;
22 aEx. 9:4, 6,
11:6, 7; 12:13
cEx. 7:5, 17;
10:2; 14:4 dEx.
23 aEx. 4:8
1Lit. set a ransom,
24 aPs. 78:45;
26 aGen. 43:32;
12:31] 1Put us
to death by
27 aEx. 3:18;
5:3 bEx. 3:12
28 aEx. 8:8, 15,
29, 32; 9:28;
1 Kin. 13:6
29 aEx. 8:8, 15
30 aEx. 8:12
32 aEx. 4:21;
8:8, 15; Ps.
CHAPTER 9 References
1 aEx. 4:23; 8:1
2 aEx. 8:2
3 aEx. 7:4;
1 Sam. 5:6;
Ps. 39:10; Acts
4 aEx. 8:22
6 aEx. 9:19,
20, 25; Ps.
cknow that I am the LORD in the midst of the dland.
23 “I will 1make a difference between My people and your people. Tomorrow this asign shall be.” ’ ”
24 And the LORD did so. aThick swarms of flies came into the house of Pharaoh, into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt. The land was corrupted because of the swarms of flies.
25 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God in the land.”
26 And Moses said, “It is not right to do so, for we would be sacrificing athe abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God. If we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, then will they not 1stone us?
27 “We will go athree days’ journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the LORD our God as bHe will command us.”
28 So Pharaoh said, “I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. aIntercede for me.”
29 Then Moses said, “Indeed I am going out from you, and I will entreat the LORD, that the swarms of flies may depart tomorrow from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. But let Pharaoh not adeal deceitfully anymore in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.”
30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and aentreated the LORD.
31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; He removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained.
32 But Pharaoh ahardened his heart at this time also; neither would he let the people go.
The Fifth Plague: Livestock Diseased
1 Then the LORD said to Moses, a“Go in to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: “Let My people go, that they may bserve Me.
2 “For if you arefuse to let them go, and still hold them,
3 “behold, the ahand of the LORD will be on your cattle in the field, on the horses, on the donkeys, on the camels, on the oxen, and on the sheep—a very severe pestilence.
4 “And athe LORD will make a difference between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt. So nothing shall die of all that belongs to the children of Israel.” ’ ”
5 Then the LORD appointed a set time, saying, “Tomorrow the LORD will do this thing in the land.”
6 So the LORD did this thing on the next day, and aall the livestock of
Egypt died; but of the livestock of the children of Israel, not one died.
7 Then Pharaoh sent, and indeed, not even one of the livestock of the Israelites was dead. But the aheart of Pharaoh became hard, and he did not let the people go.
The Sixth Plague: Boils
8 So the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Take for yourselves handfuls of ashes from a furnace, and let Moses scatter it toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh.
9 “And it will become fine dust in all the land of Egypt, and it will cause aboils that break out in sores on man and beast throughout all the land of Egypt.”
10 Then they took ashes from the furnace and stood before Pharaoh, and Moses scattered them toward heaven. And they caused aboils that break out in sores on man and beast.
11 And the amagicians could not stand before Moses because of the bboils, for the boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians.
12 But the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh; and he adid not heed them, just bas the LORD had spoken to Moses.
The Seventh Plague: Hail
13 Then the LORD said to Moses, a“Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh, and say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: “Let My people go, that they may bserve Me,
14 “for at this time I will send all My plagues to your very heart, and on your servants and on your people, athat you may know that there is none like Me in all the earth.
15 “Now if I had astretched out My hand and struck you and your people with bpestilence, then you would have been cut off from the earth.
16 “But indeed for athis purpose I have raised you up, that I may bshow My power in you, and that My cname may be declared in all the earth.
17 “As yet you exalt yourself against My people in that you will not let them go.
18 “Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause very heavy hail to rain down, such as has not been in Egypt since its founding until now.
19 “Therefore send now and gather your livestock and all that you have in the field, for the hail shall come down on every man and every animal which is found in the field and is not brought home; and they shall die.” ’ ” 20 He who afeared the word of the LORD among the bservants of Pharaoh made his servants and his livestock flee to the houses.
21 But he who did not regard the
7 aEx. 7:14;
9 aRev. 16:2
11 a[Ex. 8:18,
19] bJob 2:7
12 aEx. 7:13
13 aEx. 8:20
14 aEx. 8:10
15 aEx. 3:20;
7:5 bEx. 5:3
9:17, 18] bEx.
7:4, 5; 10:1;
c1 Kin. 8:43
22 aRev. 16:21
23 aJosh. 10:11
25 aPs. 78:47,
48; 105:32, 33
26 aEx. 8:22,
23; 9:4, 6;
27 aEx. 8:8
c2 Chr. 12:6
28 aEx. 8:8, 28;
8:25; 10:8, 24
voices of God
or sounds of
29 aIs. 1:15
30 a[Is. 26:10] 31 aRuth 1:22;
32 1Lit. darkened
33 aEx. 8:12;
35 aEx. 4:21
CHAPTER 10 References
1 aJohn 12:40
bEx. 7:4; 9:16
2 aJoel 1:3
word of the LORD left his servants and his livestock in the field.
22 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be ahail in all the land of Egypt—on man, on beast, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.”
23 And Moses stretched out his rod toward heaven; and athe LORD sent thunder and hail, and fire darted to the ground. And the LORD rained hail on the land of Egypt.
24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, so very heavy that there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.
25 And the ahail struck throughout the whole land of Egypt, all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke every tree of the field.
26 aOnly in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.
27 And Pharaoh sent and acalled for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, b“I have sinned this time. cThe LORD is righteous, and my people and I are wicked.
28 a“Entreat1 the LORD, that there may be no more 2mighty thundering and hail, for it is enough. I will let you bgo, and you shall stay no longer.”
29 So Moses said to him, “As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will aspread out my hands to the LORD; the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, that you may know that the bearth is the LORD’s.
30 “But as for you and your servants, aI know that you will not yet fear the LORD God.”
31 Now the flax and the barley were struck, afor the barley was in the head and the flax was in bud.
32 But the wheat and the spelt were not struck, for they are 1late crops.
33 So Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh and aspread out his hands to the LORD; then the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth.
34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain, the hail, and the thunder had ceased, he sinned yet more; and he hardened his heart, he and his servants.
35 So athe heart of Pharaoh was hard; neither would he let the children of Israel go, as the LORD had spoken by Moses.
The Perfect Revelation of the LORD
To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.
1 THE aheavens declare the glory of God; And the bfirmament1 shows 2His handiwork.
2 Day unto day utters speech, And night unto night reveals knowledge.
3 There is no speech nor language Where their voice is not heard.
4 aTheir 1line has gone out through all the earth, And their words to the end of the world.
In them He has set a 2tabernacle for the sun,
5 Which is like a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, aAnd rejoices like a strong man to run its race.
6 Its rising is from one end of heaven, And its circuit to the other end; And there is nothing hidden from its heat.
7 aThe law of the LORD is perfect, 1converting the soul; The testimony of the LORD is sure, making bwise the simple;
PSALM 19 References
1 aIs. 40:22;
20] bGen. 1:6,
7 1expanse of
work of His
4 aRom. 10:18
Vg. sound; Tg.
5 aEccl. 1:5
7 aPs. 111:7;
[Rom. 7:12] bPs. 119:130
10 aPs. 119:72,
8:10, 11, 19
1honey in the
12 a[Ps. 51:1,
2] 13 aNum. 15:30
14 aPs. 51:15
bPs. 31:5; Is.
47:4 1Lit. rock
9 The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring forever; The judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.
10 More to be desired are they than agold, Yea, than much fine gold; Sweeter also than honey and the 1honeycomb.
11 Moreover by them Your servant is warned, And in keeping them there is great reward.
12 Who can understand his errors? aCleanse me from secret faults.
13 Keep back Your servant also from apresumptuous sins; Let them not have bdominion over me. Then I shall be blameless, And I shall be innocent of 1great transgression.
14 aLet the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart Be acceptable in Your sight, O LORD, my 1strength and my bRedeemer.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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