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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 72

CHAPTER 28 References

1 aNum. 3:10;
18:7 bPs. 99:6;
Heb. 5:4 cEx.
24:1, 9; Lev.
10:1 dEx. 6:23;
Lev. 10:6, 16
2 aEx. 29:5, 29;
31:10; 39:1–31;
Lev. 8:7–9, 30
3 aEx. 31:6;
36:1 bEx. 31:3;
35:30, 31; Is.
11:2; Eph.
4 aEx. 28:15
bEx. 28:6
cEx. 28:31
dEx. 28:39
eLev. 8:7
6 aEx. 39:2–7;
Lev. 8:7
8 1ingenious
work of
9 aEx. 35:27

Garments for the Priesthood


1 “Now take aAaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister to Me as bpriest, Aaron and Aaron’s sons: cNadab, Abihu, dEleazar, and Ithamar.
2 “And ayou shall make 1holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.
3 “So ayou shall speak to all who are gifted artisans, bwhom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron’s garments, to consecrate him, that he may minister to Me as priest.
4 “And these are the garments which they shall make: aa breastplate, ban 1ephod, ca robe, da skillfully woven tunic, a turban, and ea sash. So they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.

The Ephod

5 “They shall take the gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and the fine linen,
6 a“and they shall make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, artistically worked.
7 “It shall have two shoulder straps joined at its two edges, and so it shall be joined together.
8 “And the 1intricately woven band of the ephod, which is on it, shall be of the same workmanship, made of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen.
9 “Then you shall take two onyx astones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel:
10 “six of their names on one stone

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and six names on the other stone, in order of their abirth.
11 “With the work of an aengraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel.You shall set them in settings of gold.
12 “And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. So aAaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders bas a memorial.
13 “You shall also make settings of gold,
14 “and you shall make two chains of pure gold like braided cords, and fasten the braided chains to the settings.

The Breastplate

15 a“You shall make the breastplate of judgment. Artistically woven according to the workmanship of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, you shall make it.
16 “It shall be doubled into a square: a span shall be its length, and a span shall be its width.
17 a“And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of stones: The first row shall be a 1sardius, a topaz, and an emerald; this shall be the first row;
18 “the second row shall be a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond;
19 “the third row, a 1jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
20 “and the fourth row, a 1beryl, an 2onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold settings.
21 “And the stones shall have the names of the sons of Israel, twelve according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own name; they shall be according to the twelve tribes.
22 “You shall make chains for the breastplate at the end, like braided cords of pure gold.
23 “And you shall make two rings of gold for the breastplate, and put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.
24 “Then you shall put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breastplate;
25 “and the other two ends of the two braided chains you shall fasten to the two settings, and put them on the shoulder straps of the ephod in the front.
26 “You shall make two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on the edge of it, which is on the inner side of the ephod.
27 “And two other rings of gold you shall make, and put them on the two shoulder straps, underneath the ephod toward its front, right at the

10 aGen.
11 aEx. 35:35
12 aEx. 28:29,
30; 39:6, 7
bLev. 24:7;
Num. 31:54;
Josh. 4:7;
Zech. 6:14;
1 Cor. 11:24
15 aEx. 39:8–21
17 aEx. 39:10
1Or ruby
19 1Or amber
20 1Or yellow
jasper 2Or
27 1ingenious
work of
29 aEx. 28:12
30 aLev. 8:8;
Num. 27:21;
Deut. 33:8;
1 Sam. 28:6;
Ezra 2:63;
Neh. 7:65 1Lit.
Lights and
the Perfections
31 aEx.
36 aEx. 39:30,
31; Lev. 8:9;
Zech. 14:20
38 aEx. 28:43;
Lev. 10:17;
22:9, 16; Num.
18:1; [Is.
53:11]; Ezek.
4:4–6; [John
1:29; Heb.
9:28; 1 Pet.
2:24] bLev.
1:4; 22:27;
23:11; Is. 56:7
39 aEx. 35:35;
40 aEx. 28:4;
39:27–29, 41;
Ezek. 44:17,
18 bEx. 28:2
or turbans
41 aEx. 29:7–9;
30:30; 40:15;
Lev. 10:7

EXODUS 28:41

seam above the 1intricately woven band of the ephod.
28 “They shall bind the breastplate by means of its rings to the rings of the ephod, using a blue cord, so that it is above the intricately woven band of the ephod, and so that the breastplate does not come loose from the ephod.
29 “So Aaron shall abear the names of the sons of Israel on the breastplate of judgment over his heart, when he goes into the holy place, as a memorial before the LORD continually.
30 “And ayou shall put in the breastplate of judgment the 1Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before the LORD. So Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel over his heart before the LORD continually.

Other Priestly Garments

31 a“You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue.
32 “There shall be an opening for his head in the middle of it; it shall have a woven binding all around its opening, like the opening in a coat of mail, so that it does not tear.
33 “And upon its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, all around its hem, and bells of gold between them all around:
34 “a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe all around.
35 “And it shall be upon Aaron when he ministers, and its sound will be heard when he goes into the holy place before the LORD and when he comes out, that he may not die.
36 a“You shall also make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet:


37 “And you shall put it on a blue cord, that it may be on the turban; it shall be on the front of the turban.
38 “So it shall be on Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may abear the iniquity of the holy things which the children of Israel hallow in all their 1holy gifts; and it shall always be on his forehead, that they may be baccepted before the LORD.
39 “You shall askillfully weave the tunic of fine linen thread, you shall make the turban of fine linen, and you shall make the sash of woven work.
40 a“For Aaron’s sons you shall make tunics, and you shall make sashes for them. And you shall make 1hats for them, for glory and bbeauty.
41 “So you shall put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him. You shall aanoint them,

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EXODUS 28:42

bconsecrate them, and 1sanctify them, that they may minister to Me as priests.
42 “And you shall make afor them linen trousers to cover their 1nakedness; they shall 2reach from the waist to the thighs.
43 “They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they come into the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near athe altar to minister in the holy place, that they bdo not incur 1iniquity and die. cIt shall be a statute forever to him and his descendants after him.

Aaron and His Sons Consecrated


1 “And this is what you shall do to them to hallow them for ministering to Me as priests: aTake one young bull and two rams without blemish,
2 “and aunleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil (you shall make them of wheat flour).
3 “You shall put them in one basket and bring them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams.
4 “And Aaron and his sons you shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, aand you shall wash them with water.
5 a“Then you shall take the garments, put the tunic on Aaron, and the robe of the ephod, the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with bthe intricately woven band of the ephod.
6 a“You shall put the turban on his head, and put the holy crown on the turban.
7 “And you shall take the anointing aoil, pour it on his head, and anoint him.
8 “Then ayou shall bring his sons and put tunics on them.
9 “And you shall gird them with sashes, Aaron and his sons, and put the hats on them. aThe priesthood shall be theirs for a perpetual statute. So you shall bconsecrate Aaron and his sons.
10 “You shall also have the bull brought before the tabernacle of meeting, and aAaron and his sons shall put their hands on the head of the bull.
11 “Then you shall kill the bull before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
12 “You shall take some of the blood of the bull and put it on athe horns of the altar with your finger, and bpour all the blood beside the base of the altar.
13 “And ayou shall take all the fat that covers the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, and burn them on the altar.
14 “But athe flesh of the bull, with

41 bEx. 29:9;
Lev. 8; Heb.
7:28 1set them
42 aEx. 39:28;
Lev. 6:10;
16:4; Ezek.
44:18 1bare
flesh 2Lit. be
43 aEx. 20:26
bLev. 5:1, 17;
20:19, 20;
22:9; Num.
9:13; 18:22
cEx. 27:21;
Lev. 17:7

CHAPTER 29 References

1 aLev. 8;
[Heb. 7:26–28] 2 aLev. 2:4;
4 aEx. 40:12;
Lev. 8:6; [Heb.
10:22] 5 aEx. 28:2;
Lev. 8:7 bEx.
6 aEx. 28:36,
37; Lev. 8:9
7 aEx. 25:6;
30:25–31; Lev.
8:12; 10:7;
21:10; Num.
35:25; Ps.
8 aEx. 28:39,
40; Lev. 8:13
9 aEx. 40:15;
Num. 3:10;
18:7; 25:13;
Deut. 18:5
bEx. 28:41;
Lev. 8
10 aLev. 1:4;
12 aLev. 8:15
bEx. 27:2;
30:2; Lev. 4:7
13 aLev. 1:8;
3:3, 4
14 aLev. 4:11,
12, 21; Heb.
15 aLev. 8:18
bLev. 1:4–9
16 aEx. 24:6;
Lev. 1:5, 11
18 aEx. 20:24
19 aLev. 8:22
21 aEx. 30:25,
31; Lev. 8:30
bEx. 28:41;
29:1; [Heb.
9:22] 23 aLev. 8:26
24 aLev. 7:30;
25 aLev. 8:28
26 aLev. 7:31,
34; 8:29
27 aLev. 7:31,
34; Num.
18:11, 18;
Deut. 18:3
28 aLev. 10:15
bLev. 3:1; 7:34

its skin and its offal, you shall burn with fire outside the camp. It is a sin offering.
15 a“You shall also take one ram, and Aaron and his sons shall bput their hands on the head of the ram;
16 “and you shall kill the ram, and you shall take its blood and asprinkle it all around on the altar.
17 “Then you shall cut the ram in pieces, wash its entrails and its legs, and put them with its pieces and with its head.
18 “And you shall burn the whole ram on the altar. It is a aburnt offering to the LORD; it is a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.
19 a“You shall also take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands on the head of the ram.
20 “Then you shall kill the ram, and take some of its blood and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron and on the tip of the right ear of his sons, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar.
21 “And you shall take some of the blood that is on the altar, and some of athe anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and on his garments, on his sons and on the garments of his sons with him; and bhe and his garments shall be hallowed, and his sons and his sons’ garments with him.
22 “Also you shall take the fat of the ram, the fat tail, the fat that covers the entrails, the fatty lobe attached to the liver, the two kidneys and the fat on them, the right thigh (for it is a ram of consecration),
23 a“one loaf of bread, one cake made with oil, and one wafer from the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD;
24 “and you shall put all these in the hands of Aaron and in the hands of his sons, and you shall awave them as a wave offering before the LORD.
25 a“You shall receive them back from their hands and burn them on the altar as a burnt offering, as a sweet aroma before the LORD. It is an offering made by fire to the LORD.
26 “Then you shall take athe breast of the ram of Aaron’s consecration and wave it as a wave offering before the LORD; and it shall be your portion.
27 “And from the ram of the consecration you shall consecrate athe breast of the wave offering which is waved, and the thigh of the heave offering which is raised, of that which is for Aaron and of that which is for his sons.
28 “It shall be from the children of Israel for Aaron and his sons aby a statute forever. For it is a heave offering; bit shall be a heave offering

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from the children of Israel from the sacrifices of their peace offerings, that is, their heave offering to the LORD.
29 “And the aholy garments of Aaron bshall be his sons’ after him, cto be anointed in them and to be consecrated in them.
30 a“That son who becomes priest in his place shall put them on for bseven days, when he enters the tabernacle of meeting to minister in the 1holy place.
31 “And you shall take the ram of the consecration and aboil its flesh in the holy place.
32 “Then Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the abread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
33 a“They shall eat those things with which the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them; bbut an outsider shall not eat them, because they are holy.
34 “And if any of the flesh of the consecration offerings, or of the bread, remains until the morning, then ayou shall burn the remainder with fire. It shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
35 “Thus you shall do to Aaron and his sons, according to all that I have commanded you. aSeven days you shall consecrate them.
36 “And you ashall offer a bull every day as a sin offering for atonement. bYou shall cleanse the altar when you make atonement for it, and you shall anoint it to sanctify it.
37 “Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar and sanctify it. And the altar shall be most holy. aWhatever touches the altar must be holy.

The Daily Offerings

38 “Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: atwo lambs of the first year, bday by day continually.
39 “One lamb you shall offer ain the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer 1at twilight.
40 “With the one lamb shall be onetenth of an ephah of flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of pressed oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering.
41 “And the other lamb you shall aoffer 1at twilight; and you shall offer with it the grain offering and the drink offering, as in the morning, for a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.
42 “This shall be aa continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the LORD, bwhere I will meet you to speak with you.
43 “And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle ashall be sanctified by My glory.
44 “So I will consecrate the taber-

29 aEx. 28:2
bNum. 20:26,
28 cNum. 18:8
30 aNum.
20:28 bLev.
31 aLev. 8:31
32 aMatt. 12:4
33 aLev. 10:14,
15, 17 bLev.
34 aLev. 7:18;
35 aLev.
36 aHeb. 10:11
bEx. 30:26–29;
40:10, 11
37 aNum. 4:15;
Hag. 2:11–13;
Matt. 23:19
38 aNum.
29:6–38 bDan.
39 aEzek.
46:13–15 1Lit.
between the
two evenings
41 a2 Kin.
16:15 1Lit.
between the
two evenings
42 aEx. 30:8
bEx. 25:22;
33:7, 9
43 a1 Kin. 8:11
44 aLev. 21:15
45 a [Rev. 21:3] bGen. 17:8
46 aEx. 16:12;
20:2 bLev.

nacle of meeting and the altar. I will also aconsecrate both Aaron and his sons to minister to Me as priests.
45 a“I will dwell among the children of Israel and will bbe their God.
46 “And they shall know that aI am the LORD their God, who bbrought them up out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them. I am the LORD their God.

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A Prayer for Divine Scrutiny and Redemption

A Psalm of David.

1 VINDICATE ame, O LORD, For I have bwalked in my integrity. cI have also trusted in the LORD; I shall not slip.
2 aExamine me, O LORD, and 1prove me; Try my mind and my heart.
3 For Your lovingkindness is before my eyes, And aI have walked in Your truth.
4 I have not asat with idolatrous mortals, Nor will I go in with hypocrites.
5 I have ahated the assembly of evildoers, And will not sit with the wicked.

6 I will wash my hands in innocence; So I will go about Your altar, O LORD,

PSALM 26 References

1 aPs. 7:8
b2 Kin. 20:3;
[Prov. 20:7] c[Ps. 13:5;
28:7] 2 aPs. 17:3;
139:23 1test
3 a2 Kin. 20:3;
Ps. 86:11
4 aPs. 1:1; Jer.
5 aPs. 31:6;
8 aPs. 27:4;
84:1–4, 10
1Lit. of the
tabernacle of
Your glory
9 aPs. 28:3 1Do
not take
10 a1 Sam. 8:3
12 aPs. 40:2

7 That I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving, And tell of all Your wondrous works.
8 LORD, aI have loved the habitation of Your house, And the place 1where Your glory dwells.

9 aDo1 not gather my soul with sinners, Nor my life with bloodthirsty men,
10 In whose hands is a sinister scheme, And whose right hand is full of abribes.

11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity; Redeem me and be merciful to me.
12 aMy foot stands in an even place; In the congregations I will bless the LORD.




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