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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 95

CHAPTER 11 References

2 aDeut. 14:4
4 aActs 10:14
1impure
5 1rock
badger
2impure
7 aIs. 65:4;
66:3, 17
8 aIs. 52:11
9 aDeut. 14:9

Foods Permitted and Forbidden

11

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying, a‘These are the animals which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth:
3 ‘Among the animals, whatever divides the hoof, having cloven hooves and chewing the cud—that you may eat.
4 ‘Nevertheless these you shall anot eat among those that chew the cud or those that have cloven hooves: the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is 1unclean to you;
5 ‘the 1rock hyrax, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is 2unclean to you;
6 ‘the hare, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you;
7 ‘and the swine, though it divides the hoof, having cloven hooves, yet does not chew the cud, ais unclean to you.
8 ‘Their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch. aThey are unclean to you.
9 a‘These you may eat of all that

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LEVITICUS 11:10

are in the water: whatever in the water has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the rivers—that you may eat.
10 ‘But all in the seas or in the rivers that do not have fins and scales, all that move in the water or any living thing which is in the water, they are 1an aabomination to you.
11 ‘They shall be an abomination to you; you shall not eat their flesh, but you shall regard their carcasses as an abomination.
12 ‘Whatever in the water does not have fins or scales—that shall be an abomination to you.
13 a‘And these you shall regard as an abomination among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, the vulture, the buzzard,
14 ‘the kite, and the falcon after its kind;
15 ‘every raven after its kind,
16 ‘the ostrich, the short-eared owl, the sea gull, and the hawk after its kind;
17 ‘the little owl, the fisher owl, and the screech owl;
18 ‘the white owl, the jackdaw, and the carrion vulture;
19 ‘the stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe, and the bat.
20 ‘All flying insects that creep on all fours shall be an abomination to you.
21 ‘Yet these you may eat of every flying insect that creeps on all fours: those which have jointed legs above their feet with which to leap on the earth.
22 ‘These you may eat: athe locust after its kind, the destroying locust after its kind, the cricket after its kind, and the grasshopper after its kind. ‘
23 ‘But all other flying insects which have four feet shall be an abomination to you.

Unclean Animals

24 ‘By these you shall become 1unclean; whoever touches the carcass of any of them shall be unclean until evening;
25 ‘whoever carries part of the carcass of any of them ashall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening:
26 ‘The carcass of any animal which divides the foot, but is not cloven-hoofed or does not chew the cud, is unclean to you. Everyone who touches it shall be unclean.
27 ‘And whatever goes on its paws, among all kinds of animals that go on all fours, those are unclean to you.Whoever touches any such carcass shall be unclean until evening.
28 ‘Whoever carries any such carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. It is unclean to you.
29 ‘These also shall be unclean to

10 aLev. 7:18,
21; Deut. 14:3
1detestable
13 aDeut.
14:12–19; Is.
66:17
22 aMatt. 3:4;
Mark 1:6
24 1impure
25 aLev. 14:8;
15:5; Num.
19:10, 21, 22;
31:24; Zech.
13:1; [Heb.
9:10; 10:22;
Rev. 7:14] 29 aIs. 66:17
31 aHag. 2:13
32 aLev. 15:12
1impure
33 aLev. 6:28
bLev. 15:12;
Ps. 2:9; Jer.
48:38; [2 Tim.
2:21]; Rev.
2:27
38 1impure
39 aHag.
2:11–13
40 aEx. 22:31;
Lev. 17:15;
22:8; Deut.
14:21; Ezek.
4:14; 44:31
41 1detestable
43 aLev. 20:25
1Lit. your
souls 2impure
44 aEx. 6:7;
Lev. 22:33;
25:38; 26:45
bEx. 19:6; Lev.
19:2; 20:7, 26;
[Amos 3:3];
Matt. 5:48;
1 Thess. 4:7;
1 Pet. 1:15, 16;
[Rev. 22:11,
14] 45 aEx. 6:7;
20:2; Lev.
22:33; 25:38;
26:45; Ps.
105:43–45;
Hos. 11:1

you among the creeping things that creep on the earth: the mole, athe mouse, and the large lizard after its kind;
30 ‘the gecko, the monitor lizard, the sand reptile, the sand lizard, and the chameleon.
31 ‘These are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever atouches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.
32 ‘Anything on which any of them falls, when they are dead shall be 1unclean, whether it is any item of wood or clothing or skin or sack, whatever item it is, in which any work is done, ait must be put in water. And it shall be unclean until evening; then it shall be clean.
33 ‘Any aearthen vessel into which any of them falls byou shall break; and whatever is in it shall be unclean:
34 ‘in such a vessel, any edible food upon which water falls becomes unclean, and any drink that may be drunk from it becomes unclean.
35 ‘And everything on which a part of any such carcass falls shall be unclean; whether it is an oven or cooking stove, it shall be broken down; for they are unclean, and shall be unclean to you.
36 ‘Nevertheless a spring or a cistern, in which there is plenty of water, shall be clean, but whatever touches any such carcass becomes unclean.
37 ‘And if a part of any such carcass falls on any planting seed which is to be sown, it remains clean.
38 ‘But if water is put on the seed, and if a part of any such carcass falls on it, it becomes 1unclean to you.
39 ‘And if any animal which you may eat dies, he who touches its carcass shall be aunclean until evening.
40 a‘He who eats of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. He also who carries its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.
41 ‘And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be 1an abomination. It shall not be eaten.
42 ‘Whatever crawls on its belly, whatever goes on all fours, or whatever has many feet among all creeping things that creep on the earth— these you shall not eat, for they are an abomination.
43 a‘You shall not make 1yourselves 2abominable with any creeping thing that creeps; nor shall you make yourselves unclean with them, lest you be defiled by them.
44 ‘For I am the LORD your aGod. You shall therefore consecrate yourselves, and byou shall be holy; for I am holy. Neither shall you defile yourselves with any creeping thing that creeps on the earth.
45 a‘For I am the LORD who brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to

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be your God. bYou shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
46 ‘This is the law 1of the animals and the birds and every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the earth,
47 a‘to distinguish between the unclean and the clean, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten.’ ”

The Ritual After Childbirth

12

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘If a awoman has conceived, and borne a male child, then bshe shall be 1unclean seven days; cas in the days of her customary impurity she shall be unclean.
3 ‘And on the aeighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
4 ‘She shall then continue in the blood of her purification thirtythree days. She shall not touch any 1hallowed thing, nor come into the sanctuary until the days of her purification are fulfilled.
5 ‘But if she bears a female child, then she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her customary impurity, and she shall continue in the blood of her purification sixty-six days.
6 a‘When the days of her purification are fulfilled, whether for a son or a daughter, she shall bring to the priest a blamb 1of the first year as a burnt offering, and a young pigeon or a turtledove as a csin offering, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
7 ‘Then he shall offer it before the LORD, and make 1atonement for her. And she shall be clean from the flow of her blood. This is the law for her who has borne a male or a female.
8 a‘And if she is not able to bring a lamb, then she may bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons—one as a burnt offering and the other as a sin offering. bSo the priest shall make atonement for her, and she will be 1clean.’ ”

The Law Concerning Leprosy

13

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2 “When a man has on the skin of his body a swelling, aa scab, or a bright spot, and it becomes on the skin of his body like a 1leprous sore, bthen he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests.
3 “The priest shall examine the sore on the skin of the body; and if the hair on the sore has turned white, and the sore appears to be deeper than the skin of his body, it is a leprous sore. Then the priest shall examine him, and pronounce him 1unclean

45 bLev. 11:44
46 1concerning
47 aLev. 10:10;
Ezek. 44:23;
Mal. 3:18

CHAPTER 12 References

2 aLev. 15:19;
[Job 14:4; Ps.
51:5] bEx.
22:30; Lev.
8:33; 13:4;
Luke 2:22
cLev. 18:19
1impure
3 aGen. 17:12;
Luke 1:59;
2:21; John
7:22, 23; Gal.
5:3
4 1consecrated
6 aLuke 2:22
b[John 1:29;
1 Pet. 1:18, 19] cLev. 5:7 1Lit.
a son of his
year
7 1Lit. covering
8 aLev. 5:7;
Luke 2:22–24
bLev. 4:26
1pure

CHAPTER 13 References

2 aDeut. 28:27;
Is. 3:17 bDeut.
17:8, 9; 24:8;
Mal. 2:7; Luke
17:14 1Heb.
saraath, disfiguring
skin
diseases,
including leprosy,
and so
in vv. 2–46
and 14:1–32
3 1defiled
4 aLev. 14:8
6 aLev. 11:25;
14:8; [John
13:8, 10] 8 1defiled
10 aNum.
12:10, 12;
2 Kin. 5:27;
2 Chr. 26:19,
20
11 1defiled
13 aEx. 4:6
18 aEx. 9:9;
15:26

LEVITICUS 13:20

4 “But if the bright spot is white on the skin of his body, and does not appear to be deeper than the skin, and its hair has not turned white, then the priest shall isolate the one who has the sore aseven days.
5 “And the priest shall examine him on the seventh day; and indeed if the sore appears to be as it was, and the sore has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall isolate him another seven days.
6 “Then the priest shall examine him again on the seventh day; and indeed if the sore has faded, and the sore has not spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only a scab, and he ashall wash his clothes and be clean.
7 “But if the scab should at all spread over the skin, after he has been seen by the priest for his cleansing, he shall be seen by the priest again.
8 “And if the priest sees that the scab has indeed spread on the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him 1unclean. It is leprosy.
9 “When the leprous sore is on a person, then he shall be brought to the priest.
10 a“And the priest shall examine him; and indeed if the swelling on the skin is white, and it has turned the hair white, and there is a spot of raw flesh in the swelling,
11 “it is an old leprosy on the skin of his body. The priest shall pronounce him 1unclean, and shall not isolate him, for he is unclean.
12 “And if leprosy breaks out all over the skin, and the leprosy covers all the skin of the one who has the sore, from his head to his foot, wherever the priest looks,
13 “then the priest shall consider; and indeed if the leprosy has covered all his body, he shall pronounce him clean who has the sore. It has all turned awhite. He is clean.
14 “But when raw flesh appears on him, he shall be unclean.
15 “And the priest shall examine the raw flesh and pronounce him to be unclean; for the raw flesh is unclean. It is leprosy.
16 “Or if the raw flesh changes and turns white again, he shall come to the priest.
17 “And the priest shall examine him; and indeed if the sore has turned white, then the priest shall pronounce him clean who has the sore. He is clean.
18 “If the body develops a aboil in the skin, and it is healed,
19 “and in the place of the boil there comes a white swelling or a bright spot, reddish-white, then it shall be shown to the priest;
20 “and if, when the priest sees it, it indeed appears deeper than the skin, and its hair has turned white,

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LEVITICUS 13:21

the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore which has broken out of the boil.
21 “But if the priest examines it, and indeed there are no white hairs in it, and it is not deeper than the skin, but has faded, then the priest shall isolate him seven days;
22 “and if it should at all spread over the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a 1leprous sore.
23 “But if the bright spot stays in one place, and has not spread, it is the scar of the boil; and the priest shall pronounce him clean.
24 “Or if the body receives a aburn on its skin by fire, and the raw flesh of the burn becomes a bright spot, reddish-white or white,
25 “then the priest shall examine it; and indeed if the hair of the bright spot has turned white, and it appears deeper than the skin, it is leprosy broken out in the burn. Therefore the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore.
26 “But if the priest examines it, and indeed there are no white hairs in the bright spot, and it is not deeper than the skin, but has faded, then the priest shall isolate him seven days.
27 “And the priest shall examine him on the seventh day. If it has at all spread over the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a leprous sore.
28 “But if the bright spot stays in one place, and has not spread on the skin, but has faded, it is a swelling from the burn. The priest shall pronounce him clean, for it is the scar from the burn.
29 “If a man or woman has a sore on the head or the beard,
30 “then the priest shall examine the sore; and indeed if it appears deeper than the skin, and there is in it thin yellow hair, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean. It is a scaly leprosy of the head or beard.
31 “But if the priest examines the scaly sore, and indeed it does not appear deeper than the skin, and there is no black hair in it, then the priest shall isolate the one who has the scale seven days.
32 “And on the seventh day the priest shall examine the sore; and indeed if the scale has not spread, and there is no yellow hair in it, and the scale does not appear deeper than the skin,
33 “he shall shave himself, but the scale he shall not shave. And the priest shall isolate the one who has the scale another seven days.
34 “On the seventh day the priest shall examine the scale; and indeed if the scale has not spread over the skin, and does not appear deeper than the skin, then the priest shall

22 1infection
24 aIs. 3:24
42 a2 Chr.
26:19
44 aIs. 1:5
1altogether
defiled
45 aLev. 10:6;
21:10 bEzek.
24:17, 22; Mic.
3:7 cIs. 6:5;
64:6; Lam.
4:15; Luke 5:8
46 aNum.
5:1–4; 12:14;
2 Kin. 7:3;
15:5; 2 Chr.
26:21; Ps.
38:11; Luke
17:12 1live
alone
47 1A mold,
fungus, or
similar infestation,
and so
in vv. 47–59
49 1mark

pronounce him clean. He shall wash his clothes and be clean.
35 “But if the scale should at all spread over the skin after his cleansing,
36 “then the priest shall examine him; and indeed if the scale has spread over the skin, the priest need not seek for yellow hair. He is unclean.
37 “But if the scale appears to be at a standstill, and there is black hair grown up in it, the scale has healed. He is clean, and the priest shall pronounce him clean.
38 “If a man or a woman has bright spots on the skin of the body, specifically white bright spots,
39 “then the priest shall look; and indeed if the bright spots on the skin of the body are dull white, it is a white spot that grows on the skin. He is clean.
40 “As for the man whose hair has fallen from his head, he is bald, but he is clean.
41 “He whose hair has fallen from his forehead, he is bald on the forehead, but he is clean.
42 “And if there is on the bald head or bald aforehead a reddish-white sore, it is leprosy breaking out on his bald head or his bald forehead.
43 “Then the priest shall examine it; and indeed if the swelling of the sore is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead, as the appearance of leprosy on the skin of the body,
44 “he is a leprous man. He is unclean. The priest shall surely pronounce him 1unclean; his sore is on his ahead.
45 “Now the leper on whom the sore is, his clothes shall be torn and his head abare; and he shall bcover his mustache, and cry, c‘Unclean! Unclean!’
46 “He shall be unclean. All the days he has the sore he shall be unclean. He is unclean, and he shall 1dwell alone; his dwelling shall be aoutside the camp.

The Law Concerning Leprous Garments

47 “Also, if a garment has a 1leprous plague in it, whether it is a woolen garment or a linen garment,
48 “whether it is in the warp or woof of linen or wool, whether in leather or in anything made of leather,
49 “and if the plague is greenish or reddish in the garment or in the leather, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of leather, it is a leprous 1plague and shall be shown to the priest.
50 “The priest shall examine the plague and isolate that which has the plague seven days.
51 “And he shall examine the

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plague on the seventh day. If the plague has spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, in the leather or in anything made of leather, the plague is aan active leprosy. It is unclean.
52 “He shall therefore burn that garment in which is the plague, whether warp or woof, in wool or in linen, or anything of leather, for it is an active leprosy; the garment shall be burned in the fire.
53 “But if the priest examines it, and indeed the plague has not spread in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of leather,
54 “then the priest shall command that they wash the thing in which is the plague; and he shall isolate it another seven days. 55 “Then the priest shall examine the plague after it has been washed; and indeed if the plague has not changed its color, though the plague has not spread, it is unclean, and you shall burn it in the fire; it continues eating away, whether the damage is outside or inside.
56 “If the priest examines it, and indeed the plague has faded after washing it, then he shall tear it out of the garment, whether out of the warp or out of the woof, or out of the leather.
57 “But if it appears again in the garment, either in the warp or in the woof, or in anything made of leather, it is a spreading plague; you shall burn with fire that in which is the plague.
58 “And if you wash the garment, either warp or woof, or whatever is made of leather, if the plague has disappeared from it, then it shall be washed a second time, and shall be clean.
59 “This is the law of the leprous plague in a garment of wool or linen, either in the warp or woof, or in anything made of leather, to pronounce it clean or to pronounce it unclean.”

51 aLev. 14:44

page 488

PSALM 33

The Sovereignty of the LORD in Creation and History

1 REJOICE ain the LORD, O you righteous! For praise from the upright is beautiful.
2 Praise the LORD with the harp; 1Make melody to Him with an instrument of ten strings.
3 Sing to Him a new song; Play skillfully with a shout of joy.

4 For the word of the LORD is right, And all His work is done in truth.
5 He loves righteousness and justice; The earth is full of the goodness of the LORD.

6 aBy the word of the LORD the heavens were made, And all the bhost of them cby the breath of His mouth.
7 aHe gathers the waters of the sea together 1as a heap; He lays up the deep in storehouses.

8 Let all the earth fear the LORD; Let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him.
9 For aHe spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.

10 aThe LORD brings the counsel of the nations to nothing; He makes the plans of the peoples of no effect.
11 aThe counsel of the LORD stands forever, The plans of His heart to all generations.

PSALM 33 References

1 aPs. 32:11;
97:12; Phil.
3:1; 4:4
2 1Lit. Sing to
Him
6 aGen. 1:6, 7;
Ps. 148:5;
[Heb. 11:3;
2 Pet. 3:5] bGen. 2:1
c[Job 26:13] 7 aGen. 1:9;
Job 26:10;
38:8 1LXX,
Tg.,Vg. in a
vessel
9 aGen. 1:3;
Ps. 148:5
10 a[Ps. 2:1–3];
Is. 8:10; 19:3
11 a[Job 23:13;
Prov. 19:21] 12 a[Ex. 19:5;
Deut. 7:6]; Ps.
28:9
13 aJob 28:24;
[Ps. 14:2] 15 a[2 Chr.
16:9]; Job
34:21; [Jer.
32:19] 1understands
16 aPs. 44:6;
60:11; [Jer.
9:23, 24] 17 a[Ps. 20:7;
147:10; Prov.
21:31] 1false
18 a[Job 36:7];
Ps. 32:8;
34:15; [1 Pet.
3:12] 19 aJob 5:20;
Ps. 37:19

12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD, The people He has achosen as His own inheritance.

13 aThe LORD looks from heaven; He sees all the sons of men.
14 From the place of His dwelling He looks On all the inhabitants of the earth;
15 He fashions their hearts individually; aHe 1considers all their works.

16 aNo king is saved by the multitude of an army; A mighty man is not delivered by great strength.
17 aA horse is a 1vain hope for safety; Neither shall it deliver any by its great strength.

18 aBehold, the eye of the LORD is on those who fear Him, On those who hope in His mercy,
19 To deliver their soul from death, And ato keep them alive in famine.

20 Our soul waits for the LORD; He is our help and our shield.
21 For our heart shall rejoice in Him, Because we have trusted in His holy name.
22 Let Your mercy, O LORD, be upon us, Just as we hope in You.

 
 

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