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The Wilderness

(Category 5 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Numbers, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Numbers, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.

In Numbers, Israel travels through the wilderness on the way to the land promised to Abraham. Their repeated rebellion is met by God’s justice and mercy.

Guidelines of Numbers

Numbers (RS)

 

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The Fourth Book of Moses Called

NUMBERS

NUMBERS is the book of wanderings. It takes its name from the two numberings of the Israelites—the first at Mount Sinai and the second on the plains of Moab. Most of the book, however, describes Israel’s experiences as they wander in the wilderness. The lesson of Numbers is clear.While it may be necessary to pass through wilderness experiences, one does not have to live there. For Israel, an eleven-day journey became a forty-year agony. The title of Numbers comes from the first word in the Hebrew text,Wayyedabber, “And He Said.” Jewish writings, however, usually refer to it by the fifth Hebrew word in 1:1, Bemidbar, “In the Wilderness,” which more nearly indicates the content of the book. The Greek title in the Septuagint is Arithmoi, “Numbers.” The Latin Vulgate followed this title and translated it Liber Numeri, “Book of Numbers.” These titles are based on the two numberings: the generation of Exodus (Num. 1) and the generation that grew up in the wilderness and conquered Canaan (Num. 26). Numbers has also been called the “Book of the Journeyings,” the “Book of the Murmurings,” and the “Fourth Book of Moses.”
 
 

The First Census of Israel

1

1 NOW the LORD spoke to Moses ain the Wilderness of Sinai, bin the tabernacle of meeting, on the cfirst day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying:
2 a“Take a census of all the congregation of the children of Israel,

CHAPTER 1 References

1 aEx. 19:1
bEx. 25:22
cNum. 9:1;
10:11
2 aNum. 26:2,
63, 64 bEx.
30:12, 13;
38:26
3 aEx. 30:14;
38:26

by their families, by their fathers’ houses, according to the number of names, every male bindividually,
3 “from atwenty years old and above—all who are able to go to war in Israel. You and Aaron shall number them by their armies.
4 “And with you there shall be a man from every tribe, each one the head of his father’s house.

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NUMBERS 1:5

5 “These are the names of the men who shall stand with you: from Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur;
6 “from Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai;
7 “from Judah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab;
8 “from Issachar, Nethanel the son of Zuar;
9 “from Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon;
10 “from the sons of Joseph: from Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; from Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur;
11 “from Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni;
12 “from Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai;
13 “from Asher, Pagiel the son of Ocran;
14 “from Gad, Eliasaph the son of aDeuel;1
15 “from Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan.”
16 aThese were bchosen1 from the congregation, leaders of their fathers’ tribes, cheads of the divisions in Israel.
17 Then Moses and Aaron took these men who had been 1mentioned aby name,
18 and they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month; and they recited their aancestry by families, by their fathers’ houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, each one individually.
19 As the LORD commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the Wilderness of Sinai.
20 Now the achildren of Reuben, Israel’s oldest son, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, every male individually, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
21 those who were numbered of the tribe of Reuben were forty-six thousand five hundred.
22 From the achildren of Simeon, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, of those who were numbered, according to the number of names, every male individually, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
23 those who were numbered of the tribe of Simeon were fifty-nine thousand three hundred.
24 From the achildren of Gad, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
25 those who were numbered of the tribe of Gad were forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty.

14 aNum. 7:42
1Reuel, Num.
2:14
16 aEx. 18:21;
Num. 7:2;
1 Chr.
27:16–22
bNum. 16:2
cEx. 18:21, 25;
Jer. 5:5; Mic.
3:1, 9; 5:2
1called
17 aIs. 43:1
1designated
18 aEzra 2:59;
Heb. 7:3
20 aNum. 2:10,
11; 26:5–11;
32:6, 15, 21, 29
22 aNum. 2:12,
13; 26:12–14
24 aGen. 30:11;
Num.
26:15–18;
Josh. 4:12;
Jer. 49:1
26 aGen. 29:35;
Num.
26:19–22;
2 Sam. 24:9;
Ps. 78:68;
Matt. 1:2
27 a2 Chr.
17:14
28 aNum. 2:5, 6
30 aNum. 2:7,
8; 26:26, 27
32 aGen.
48:1–22; Num.
26:28–37;
Deut.
33:13–17; Jer.
7:15; Obad. 19
34 aNum. 2:20,
21; 26:28–34
36 aGen. 49:27;
Num.
26:38–41;
2 Chr. 17:17;
Rev. 7:8
38 aGen. 30:6;
46:23; Num.
2:25, 26;
26:42, 43
40 aNum. 2:27,

26 From the achildren of Judah, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
27 those who were numbered of the tribe of Judah were aseventyfour thousand six hundred.
28 From the achildren of Issachar, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
29 those who were numbered of the tribe of Issachar were fifty-four thousand four hundred.
30 From the achildren of Zebulun, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
31 those who were numbered of the tribe of Zebulun were fiftyseven thousand four hundred.
32 From the sons of Joseph, the achildren of Ephraim, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
33 those who were numbered of the tribe of Ephraim were forty thousand five hundred.
34 From the achildren of Manasseh, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
35 those who were numbered of the tribe of Manasseh were thirtytwo thousand two hundred.
36 From the achildren of Benjamin, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
37 those who were numbered of the tribe of Benjamin were thirtyfive thousand four hundred.
38 From the achildren of Dan, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
39 those who were numbered of the tribe of Dan were sixty-two thousand seven hundred.
40 From the achildren of Asher, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
41 those who were numbered of the tribe of Asher were forty-one thousand five hundred.

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42 From the children of Naphtali, their genealogies by their families, by their fathers’ house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war:
43 those who were numbered of the tribe of Naphtali were fifty-three thousand four hundred.
44 aThese are the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, with the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each one representing his father’s house.
45 So all who were numbered of the children of Israel, by their fathers’ houses, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war in Israel—
46 all who were numbered were asix hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.
47 But athe Levites were not numbered among them by their fathers’ tribe;
48 for the LORD had spoken to Moses, saying:
49 a“Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number, nor take a census of them among the children of Israel;
50 a“but you shall appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the Testimony, over all its furnishings, and over all things that belong to it; they shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings; they shall attend to it band camp around the tabernacle.
51 a“And when the tabernacle is to go forward, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle is to be set up, the Levites shall set it bup. cThe outsider who comes near shall be put to death.
52 “The children of Israel shall pitch their tents, aeveryone by his own camp, everyone by his own standard, according to their armies;
53 a“but the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the Testimony, that there may be no bwrath on the congregation of the children of Israel; and the Levites shall ckeep1 charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony.”
54 Thus the children of Israel did; according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so they did.

The Tribes and Leaders by Armies

2

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2 a“Everyone of the children of Israel shall camp by his own 1standard, beside the emblems of his father’s house; they shall camp bsome distance from the tabernacle of meeting.
3 “On the aeast side, toward the rising of the sun, those of the standard of the forces with Judah shall camp according to their armies; and bNahshon the son of Amminadab

44 aNum. 26:64
46 aEx. 12:37;
38:26; Num.
2:32; 26:51,
63; Heb.
11:12; Rev.
7:4–8
47 aNum. 2:33;
3:14–22;
26:57–62;
1 Chr. 6:1–47;
21:6
49 aNum. 2:33;
26:62
50 aEx. 38:21;
Num. 3:7, 8;
4:15, 25–27, 33
bNum. 3:23,
29, 35, 38
51 aNum.
4:5–15; 10:17,
21 bNum.
10:21 cNum.
3:10, 38; 4:15,
19, 20; 18:22
52 aNum. 2:2,
34; 24:2
53 aNum. 1:50
bLev. 10:6;
Num. 8:19;
16:46; 18:5;
1 Sam. 6:19
cNum. 8:24;
18:2–4; 1 Chr.
23:32 1have in
their care

CHAPTER 2 References

2 aNum. 1:52;
24:2 bJosh. 3:4
1banner
3 aNum. 10:5
bNum. 1:7;
7:12; 10:14;
Ruth 4:20;
1 Chr. 2:10;
Matt. 1:4;
Luke 3:32, 33
9 aNum. 10:14
1Lit. set forth
10 aNum. 10:6
14 1Deuel,
Num. 1:14;
7:42
16 aNum. 10:18
1Lit. set forth
second
17 aNum.
10:17, 21
bNum. 1:53
1company
2whole company
3banners

NUMBERS 2:23

shall be the leader of the children of Judah.”
4 And his army was numbered at seventy-four thousand six hundred.
5 “Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Issachar, and Nethanel the son of Zuar shall be the leader of the children of Issachar.”
6 And his army was numbered at fifty-four thousand four hundred.
7 “Then comes the tribe of Zebulun, and Eliab the son of Helon shall be the leader of the children of Zebulun.”
8 And his army was numbered at fifty-seven thousand four hundred.
9 “All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces with Judah, one hundred and eighty-six thousand four hundred— athese shall 1break camp first.
10 “On the asouth side shall be the standard of the forces with Reuben according to their armies, and the leader of the children of Reuben shall be Elizur the son of Shedeur.”
11 And his army was numbered at forty-six thousand five hundred.
12 “Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Simeon, and the leader of the children of Simeon shall be Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.”
13 And his army was numbered at fifty-nine thousand three hundred.
14 “Then comes the tribe of Gad, and the leader of the children of Gad shall be Eliasaph the son of 1Reuel.”
15 And his army was numbered at forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty.
16 “All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces with Reuben, one hundred and fiftyone thousand four hundred and fifty—athey shall 1be the second to break camp.
17 a“And the tabernacle of meeting shall move out with the 1camp of the Levites bin the middle of the 2camps; as they camp, so they shall move out, everyone in his place, by their 3standards.
18 “On the west side shall be the standard of the forces with Ephraim according to their armies, and the leader of the children of Ephraim shall be Elishama the son of Ammihud.”
19 And his army was numbered at forty thousand five hundred.
20 “Next to him comes the tribe of Manasseh, and the leader of the children of Manasseh shall be Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.”
21 And his army was numbered at thirty-two thousand two hundred.
22 “Then comes the tribe of Benjamin, and the leader of the children of Benjamin shall be Abidan the son of Gideoni.”
23 And his army was numbered at

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NUMBERS 2:24

thirty-five thousand four hundred.
24 “All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces with Ephraim, one hundred and eight thousand one hundred— athey shall 1be the third to break camp.
25 “The 1standard of the forces with Dan shall be on the north side according to their armies, and the leader of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.”
26 And his army was numbered at sixty-two thousand seven hundred.
27 “Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Asher, and the leader of the children of Asher shall be Pagiel the son of Ocran.”
28 And his army was numbered at forty-one thousand five hundred.
29 “Then comes the tribe of Naphtali, and the leader of the children of Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of Enan.”
30 And his army was numbered at fifty-three thousand four hundred.
31 “All who were numbered of the forces with Dan, one hundred and fifty-seven thousand six hundred— athey shall 1break camp last, with their 2standards.”
32 These are the ones who were numbered of the children of Israel by their fathers’ houses. aAll who were numbered according to their armies of the forces were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.
33 But athe Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel, just as the LORD commanded Moses.
34 Thus the children of Israel adid according to all that the LORD commanded Moses; bso they camped by their 1standards and so they broke camp, each one by his family, according to their fathers’ houses.

The Sons of Aaron

3

1 Now these are the arecords1 of Aaron and Moses when the LORD spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai.
2 And these are the names of the sons of Aaron: Nadab, the afirstborn, and bAbihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
3 These are the names of the sons of Aaron, athe anointed priests, 1whom he consecrated to minister as priests.
4 aNadab and Abihu had died before the LORD when they offered profane fire before the LORD in the Wilderness of Sinai; and they had no children. So Eleazar and Ithamar ministered as priests in the presence of Aaron their father.

The Levites Serve in the Tabernacle

5 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
6 a“Bring the tribe of Levi near,

24 aNum. 10:22
1Lit. set forth
third
25 1banner
31 aNum. 10:25
1Lit. set forth
last 2banners
32 aEx. 38:26;
Num. 1:46;
11:21
33 aNum. 1:47;
26:57–62
34 aNum. 1:54
bNum. 24:2, 5,
6 1banners

CHAPTER 3 References

1 aEx. 6:16–27
1Lit. generations
2 aEx. 6:23
bLev. 10:1, 2;
Num. 26:60,
61; 1 Chr. 24:2
3 aEx. 28:41;
Lev. 8 1Lit.
whose hands
he filled
4 aLev. 10:1, 2;
Num. 26:61;
1 Chr. 24:2
6 aNum.
8:6–22; 18:1–7;
Deut. 10:8;
33:8–11
7 aNum. 1:50;
8:11, 15, 24, 26
9 aNum. 8:19;
18:6, 7 1Sam.,
LXX Me
10 aEx. 29:9;
Num. 18:7
bNum. 1:51;
3:38; 16:40
12 aNum. 3:41;
8:16; 18:6 bEx.
13:2; Num.
3:45; 8:14
13 aEx. 13:2;
Lev. 27:26;
Num. 8:16, 17;
Neh. 10:36;
Luke 2:23
bEx. 13:12, 15;
Num. 8:17
15 aNum. 3:39;
26:62
16 1Lit. mouth
17 aGen. 46:11;
Ex. 6:16–22;
Num. 26:57;
1 Chr. 6:1, 16;
23:6
18 aNum.
4:38–41 bEx.
6:17
19 aNum.
4:34–37 bEx.
6:18
20 aEx. 6:19;
Num. 4:42–45
23 aNum. 1:53

and present them before Aaron the priest, that they may serve him.
7 “And they shall attend to his needs and the needs of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of meeting, to do athe work of the tabernacle.
8 “Also they shall attend to all the furnishings of the tabernacle of meeting, and to the needs of the children of Israel, to do the work of the tabernacle.
9 “And ayou shall give the Levites to Aaron and his sons; they are given entirely to 1him from among the children of Israel.
10 “So you shall appoint Aaron and his sons, aand they shall attend to their priesthood; bbut the outsider who comes near shall be put to death.”
11 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
12 “Now behold, aI Myself have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of every firstborn who opens the womb among the children of Israel. Therefore the Levites shall be bMine,
13 “because aall the firstborn are Mine. bOn the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to Myself all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast. They shall be Mine: I am the LORD.”

Census of the Levites Commanded

14 Then the LORD spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, saying:
15 “Number the children of Levi by their fathers’ houses, by their families; you shall number aevery male from a month old and above.”
16 So Moses numbered them according to the 1word of the LORD, as he was commanded.
17 aThese were the sons of Levi by their names: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
18 And these are the names of the sons of aGershon by their families: bLibni and Shimei.
19 And the sons of aKohath by their families: bAmram, Izehar, Hebron, and Uzziel.
20 aAnd the sons of Merari by their families: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites by their fathers’ houses.
21 From Gershon came the family of the Libnites and the family of the Shimites; these were the families of the Gershonites.
22 Those who were numbered, according to the number of all the males from a month old and above—of those who were numbered there were seven thousand five hundred.
23 aThe families of the Gershonites were to camp behind the tabernacle westward.
24 And the leader of the father’s

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house of the Gershonites was Eliasaph the son of Lael.
25 aThe duties of the children of Gershon in the tabernacle of meeting included bthe tabernacle, cthe tent with dits covering, ethe screen for the door of the tabernacle of meeting,
26 athe screen for the door of the court, bthe hangings of the court which are around the tabernacle and the altar, and ctheir cords, according to all the work relating to them.
27 aFrom Kohath came the family of the Amramites, the family of the Izharites, the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites; these were the families of the Kohathites.
28 According to the number of all the males, from a month old and above, there were eight thousand 1six hundred 2keeping charge of the sanctuary.
29 aThe families of the children of Kohath were to camp on the south side of the tabernacle.
30 And the leader of the fathers’ house of the families of the Kohathites was Elizaphan the son of aUzziel.
31 aTheir duty included bthe ark, cthe table, dthe lampstand, ethe altars, the utensils of the sanctuary with which they ministered, fthe screen, and all the work relating to them.
32 And Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest was to be chief over the leaders of the Levites, with oversight of those who kept charge of the sanctuary.
33 From Merari came the family of the Mahlites and the family of the Mushites; these were the families of Merari.
34 And those who were numbered, according to the number of all the males from a month old and above, were six thousand two hundred.
35 The leader of the fathers’ house of the families of Merari was Zuriel the son of Abihail. aThese were to camp on the north side of the tabernacle.
36 And athe appointed duty of the children of Merari included the boards of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, its sockets, its utensils, all the work relating to them,
37 and the pillars of the court all around, with their sockets, their pegs, and their cords.
38 aMoreover those who were to camp before the tabernacle on the east, before the tabernacle of meeting, were Moses, Aaron, and his sons, bkeeping charge of the sanctuary, cto meet the needs of the children of Israel; but dthe outsider who came near was to be put to death.
39 aAll who were numbered of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron numbered at the commandment of

25 aNum.
4:24–26 bEx.
25:9 cEx. 26:1
dEx. 26:7, 14
eEx. 26:36
26 aEx. 27:9,
12, 14, 15 bEx.
27:16 cEx.
35:18
27 a1 Chr.
26:23
28 1Some LXX
mss. three
2taking care
of
29 aEx. 6:18;
Num. 1:53
30 aLev. 10:4
31 aNum. 4:15
bEx. 25:10
cEx. 25:23
dEx. 25:31
eEx. 27:1; 30:1
fEx. 26:31–33
35 aNum. 1:53;
2:25
36 aNum. 4:31,
32
38 aNum. 1:53
bNum. 18:5
cNum. 3:7, 8
dNum. 3:10
39 aNum. 3:43;
4:48; 26:62
40 aNum. 3:15
1Take a census
of
41 aNum. 3:12,
45
45 aNum. 3:12,
41
46 aEx. 13:13,
15; Num.
18:15, 16
bNum. 3:39,
43
47 aLev. 27:6;
Num. 18:16
bNum. 1:2, 18,
20 cEx. 30:13
50 aNum. 3:46,
47
51 aNum. 3:48

CHAPTER 4 References

2 aNum.
3:27–32
3 aNum. 4:23,
30, 35; 8:24;
1 Chr. 23:3,
24, 27; Ezra
3:8

NUMBERS 4:3

the LORD, by their families, all the males from a month old and above, were twenty-two thousand.

Levites Dedicated Instead of the Firstborn

40 Then the LORD said to Moses: a“Number1 all the firstborn males of the children of Israel from a month old and above, and take the number of their names.
41 a“And you shall take the Levites for Me—I am the LORD—instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel, and the livestock of the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the livestock of the children of Israel.”
42 So Moses numbered all the firstborn among the children of Israel, as the LORD commanded him.
43 And all the firstborn males, according to the number of names from a month old and above, of those who were numbered of them, were twenty-two thousand two hundred and seventy-three.
44 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
45 a“Take the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel, and the livestock of the Levites instead of their livestock. The Levites shall be Mine: I am the LORD.
46 “And for athe redemption of the two hundred and seventy-three of the firstborn of the children of Israel, bwho are more than the number of the Levites,
47 “you shall take afive shekels for each one bindividually; you shall take them in the currency of the shekel of the sanctuary, cthe shekel of twenty gerahs.
48 “And you shall give the money, with which the excess number of them is redeemed, to Aaron and his sons.”
49 So Moses took the redemption money from those who were over and above those who were redeemed by the Levites.
50 From the firstborn of the children of Israel he took the money, aone thousand three hundred and sixty-five shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary.
51 And Moses agave their redemption money to Aaron and his sons, according to the word of the LORD, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Duties of the Sons of Kohath

4

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2 “Take a census of the sons of aKohath from among the children of Levi, by their families, by their fathers’ house,
3 a“from thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, all who enter the service to do the work in the tabernacle of meeting.

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NUMBERS 4:4

4 a“This is the service of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of meeting, relating to bthe most holy things:
5 “When the camp prepares to journey, Aaron and his sons shall come, and they shall take down athe covering veil and cover the bark of the Testimony with it.
6 “Then they shall put on it a covering of badger skins, and spread over that a cloth entirely of ablue; and they shall insert bits poles.
7 “On the atable of showbread they shall spread a blue cloth, and put on it the dishes, the pans, the bowls, and the 1pitchers for pouring; and the bshowbread2 shall be on it.
8 “They shall spread over them a scarlet cloth, and cover the same with a covering of badger skins; and they shall insert its poles.
9 “And they shall take a blue cloth and cover the alampstand of the light, bwith its lamps, its wicktrimmers, its trays, and all its oil vessels, with which they service it.
10 “Then they shall put it with all its utensils in a covering of badger skins, and put it on a carrying beam.
11 “Over athe golden altar they shall spread a blue cloth, and cover it with a covering of badger skins; and they shall insert its poles.
12 “Then they shall take all the autensils of service with which they minister in the sanctuary, put them in a blue cloth, cover them with a covering of badger skins, and put them on a carrying beam.
13 “Also they shall take away the ashes from the altar, and spread a purple cloth over it.
14 “They shall put on it all its implements with which they minister there—the firepans, the forks, the shovels, the 1basins, and all the utensils of the altar—and they shall spread on it a covering of badger skins, and insert its poles.
15 “And when Aaron and his sons have finished covering the sanctuary and all the furnishings of the sanctuary, when the camp is set to go, then athe sons of Kohath shall come to carry them; bbut they shall not touch any holy thing, lest they die. cThese are the things in the tabernacle of meeting which the sons of Kohath are to carry.
16 “The appointed duty of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest is athe oil for the light, the bsweet incense, cthe daily grain offering, the danointing oil, the oversight of all the tabernacle, of all that is in it, with the sanctuary and its furnishings.”
17 Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
18 “Do not cut off the tribe of the families of the Kohathites from among the Levites;
19 “but do this in regard to them,

4 aNum. 4:15
bNum. 4:19
5 aEx. 26:31;
Heb. 9:3 bEx.
25:10, 16
6 aEx. 39:1
bEx. 25:13;
1 Kin. 8:7, 8
7 aEx. 25:23,
29, 30 bLev.
24:5–9 1jars
for the drink
offering 2Lit.
continual
bread
9 aEx. 25:31
bEx. 25:37, 38
11 aEx. 30:1–5
12 aEx. 25:9;
1 Chr. 9:29
14 1bowls
15 aNum. 7:9;
10:21; Deut.
31:9; Josh.
4:10; 2 Sam.
6:13; 1 Chr.
15:2, 15
b2 Sam. 6:6, 7;
1 Chr. 13:9, 10
cNum. 3:31
16 aEx. 25:6;
Lev. 24:2 bEx.
30:34 cEx.
29:38 dEx.
30:23–25
19 aNum. 4:4
1assign
20 aEx. 19:21;
1 Sam. 6:19
22 aNum. 3:22
23 aNum. 4:3;
1 Chr. 23:3,
24, 27
24 aNum. 7:7
25 aNum. 3:25,
26 bEx. 36:8
cEx. 26:14
27 1command
2assign
28 aNum. 4:33
1Lit. hand
29 aNum.
3:33–37
30 aNum. 4:3;
8:24–26
31 aNum. 3:36,
37 bNum. 7:8
cEx. 26:15
32 aEx. 25:9;
38:21
33 1Lit. hand

that they may live and not die when they approach athe most holy things: Aaron and his sons shall go in and 1appoint each of them to his service and his task.
20 a“But they shall not go in to watch while the holy things are being covered, lest they die.”

Duties of the Sons of Gershon

21 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
22 “Also take a census of the sons of aGershon, by their fathers’ house, by their families.
23 a“From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, you shall number them, all who enter to perform the service, to do the work in the tabernacle of meeting.
24 “This is the aservice of the families of the Gershonites, in serving and carrying:
25 a“They shall carry the bcurtains of the tabernacle and the tabernacle of meeting with its covering, the covering of cbadger skins that is on it, the screen for the door of the tabernacle of meeting,
26 “the screen for the door of the gate of the court, the hangings of the court which are around the tabernacle and altar, and their cords, all the furnishings for their service and all that is made for these things: so shall they serve.
27 “Aaron and his sons shall 1assign all the service of the sons of the Gershonites, all their tasks and all their service. And you shall 2appoint to them all their tasks as their duty.
28 “This is the service of the families of the sons of Gershon in the tabernacle of meeting. And their duties shall be aunder the 1authority of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

Duties of the Sons of Merari

29 “As for the sons of aMerari, you shall number them by their families and by their fathers’ house.
30 a“From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, you shall number them, everyone who enters the service to do the work of the tabernacle of meeting.
31 “And athis is bwhat they must carry as all their service for the tabernacle of meeting: cthe boards of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, its sockets,
32 “and the pillars around the court with their sockets, pegs, and cords, with all their furnishings and all their service; and you shall aassign to each man by name the items he must carry.
33 “This is the service of the families of the sons of Merari, as all their service for the tabernacle of meeting, under the 1authority of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.”

page 121

Census of the Levites

34 aAnd Moses, Aaron, and the leaders of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites by their families and by their fathers’ house,
35 from thirty ayears old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who entered the service for work in the tabernacle of meeting;
36 and those who were numbered by their families were two thousand seven hundred and fifty.
37 These were the ones who were numbered of the families of the Kohathites, all who might serve in the tabernacle of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron numbered according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
38 And those who were numbered of the sons of Gershon, by their families and by their fathers’ house,
39 from thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who entered the service for work in the tabernacle of meeting—
40 those who were numbered by their families, by their fathers’ house, were two thousand six hundred and thirty.
41 aThese are the ones who were numbered of the families of the sons of Gershon, of all who might serve in the tabernacle of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron numbered according to the commandment of the LORD.
42 Those of the families of the sons of Merari who were numbered, by their families, by their fathers’ 1house,
43 from thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who entered the service for work in the tabernacle of meeting—
44 those who were numbered by their families were three thousand two hundred.
45 These are the ones who were numbered of the families of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron numbered aaccording to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
46 All who were anumbered of the Levites, whom Moses, Aaron, and the leaders of Israel numbered, by their families and by their fathers’ houses,
47 afrom thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who came to do the work of service and the work of bearing burdens in the tabernacle of meeting—
48 those who were numbered were eight thousand five hundred and eighty.
49 According to the commandment of the LORD they were numbered by the hand of Moses, aeach according to his service and according to his task; thus were they numbered by

34 aNum. 4:2
35 aNum. 4:47
41 aNum. 4:22
42 1household
45 aNum. 4:29
46 aNum. 3:39;
26:57–62;
1 Chr. 23:3–23
47 aNum. 4:3,
23, 30
49 aNum. 4:15,
24, 31 bNum.
4:1, 21

him, bas the LORD commanded Moses.

page 493

PSALM 40

Faith Persevering in Trial

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 I aWAITED patiently for the LORD; And He inclined to me, And heard my cry.
2 He also brought me up out of a horrible pit, Out of athe miry clay, And bset my feet upon a rock, And established my steps.
3 aHe has put a new song in my mouth— Praise to our God; Many will see it and fear, And will trust in the LORD.

4 aBlessed is that man who makes the LORD his trust, And does not respect the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
5 aMany, O LORD my God, are Your wonderful works Which You have done; bAnd Your thoughts toward us Cannot be recounted to You in order; If I would declare and speak of them, They are more than can be numbered.

6 aSacrifice and offering You did not desire; My ears You have opened. Burnt offering and sin offering You did not require.
7 Then I said, “Behold, I come; In the scroll of the book it is written of me.
8 aI delight to do Your will, O my God, And Your law is bwithin my heart.”

9 aI have proclaimed the good news of righteousness In the great assembly; Indeed, bI do not restrain my lips, O LORD,You Yourself know.
10 aI have not hidden Your

PSALM 40 References

1 aPs. 25:5;
27:14; 37:7
2 aPs. 69:2, 14;
Jer. 38:6 bPs.
27:5
3 aPs. 32:7;
33:3
4 aPs. 34:8;
84:12
5 aJob 9:10
bPs. 139:17;
[Is. 55:8] 6 a[1 Sam.
15:22]; Ps.
51:16; Is. 1:11;
[Jer. 6:20;
7:22, 23];
Amos 5:22;
[Mic. 6:6–8;
Heb. 10:5–9] 8 a[Matt.
26:39; John
4:34; 6:38];
Heb. 10:7
b[Ps. 37:31;
Jer. 31:33;
2 Cor. 3:3] 9 aPs. 22:22, 25
bPs. 119:13
10 aActs 20:20,
27
11 aPs. 61:7;
Prov. 20:28
12 aPs. 38:4;
65:3
13 aPs. 70:1
14 aPs. 35:4,
26; 70:2; 71:13
1Lit. soul
15 aPs. 73:19
16 aPs. 70:4
bPs. 35:27
17 aPs. 70:5;
86:1; 109:22
bPs. 40:5;
1 Pet. 5:7

righteousness within my heart; I have declared Your faithfulness and Your salvation; I have not concealed Your lovingkindness and Your truth From the great assembly.

11 Do not withhold Your tender mercies from me, O LORD; aLet Your lovingkindness and Your truth continually preserve me.
12 For innumerable evils have surrounded me; aMy iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not able to look up; They are more than the hairs of my head; Therefore my heart fails me.

13 aBe pleased, O LORD, to deliver me; O LORD, make haste to help me!
14 aLet them be ashamed and brought to mutual confusion Who seek to destroy my 1life; Let them be driven backward and brought to dishonor Who wish me evil.
15 Let them be aconfounded because of their shame, Who say to me, “Aha, aha!”

16 aLet all those who seek You rejoice and be glad in You; Let such as love Your salvation bsay continually, “The LORD be magnified!”
17 aBut I am poor and needy; bYet the LORD thinks upon me. You are my help and my deliverer; Do not delay, O my God.

DREAM  IT => PLAN  IT => DO  IT

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