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The Wilderness

(Category 5 of 16)

page 140

Balak Sends for Balaam


1 Then athe children of Israel moved, and camped in the plains of Moab on the side of the Jordan across from Jericho.
2 Now aBalak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.
3 And aMoab was exceedingly afraid of the people because they were many, and Moab was sick with dread because of the children of Israel.
4 So Moab said to athe elders of Midian, “Now this company will 1lick up everything around us, as an ox licks up the grass of the field.” And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time.
5 Then ahe sent messengers to Balaam the son of Beor at bPethor, which is near 1the River in the land of 2the sons of his people, to call him, saying: “Look, a people has come from Egypt. See, they cover the face of the earth, and are settling next to me!

CHAPTER 22 References

1 aNum. 33:48,
2 aJosh. 24:9;
Judg. 11:25;
Mic. 6:5; Rev.
3 aEx. 15:15
4 aNum.
31:1–3; Josh.
13:21 1consume
5 aNum. 31:8,
16; Deut. 23:4;
Josh. 13:22;
24:9; Neh.
13:1, 2; Mic.
6:5; 2 Pet.
2:15; Jude 11;
Rev. 2:14
bDeut. 23:4
Euphrates 2Or
the people of
6 aNum. 22:17;
23:7, 8 bNum.
22:12; 24:9
7 a1 Sam.
9:7, 8
8 aNum. 22:19
9 aGen. 20:3
12 aNum.
23:20; [Rom.
11:28] 15 1distinguished
17 aNum. 24:11
bNum. 22:6
18 aNum.
22:38; 24:13
b1 Kin. 22:14;
2 Chr. 18:13
19 aNum. 22:8
20 aNum. 22:9
bNum. 22:35;
23:5, 12, 16,
26; 24:13
22 aEx. 4:24

6 a“Therefore please come at once, bcurse this people for me, for they are too mighty for me. Perhaps I shall be able to defeat them and drive them out of the land, for I know that he whom you bless is blessed, and he whom you curse is cursed.”
7 So the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with athe diviner’s fee in their hand, and they came to Balaam and spoke to him the words of Balak.
8 And he said to them, a“Lodge here tonight, and I will bring back word to you, as the LORD speaks to me.” So the princes of Moab stayed with Balaam.
9 aThen God came to Balaam and said, “Who are these men with you?”
10 So Balaam said to God, “Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, has sent to me, saying,
11 ‘Look, a people has come out of Egypt, and they cover the face of the earth. Come now, curse them for me; perhaps I shall be able to overpower them and drive them out.’
12 And God said to Balaam, “You shall not go with them; you shall not curse the people, for athey are blessed.”
13 So Balaam rose in the morning and said to the princes of Balak, “Go back to your land, for the LORD has refused to give me permission to go with you.”
14 And the princes of Moab rose and went to Balak, and said, “Balaam refuses to come with us.”
15 Then Balak again sent princes, more numerous and more 1honorable than they.
16 And they came to Balaam and said to him, “Thus says Balak the son of Zippor: ‘Please let nothing hinder you from coming to me;
17 ‘for I will certainly ahonor you greatly, and I will do whatever you say to me. bTherefore please come, curse this people for me.’ ”
18 Then Balaam answered and said to the servants of Balak, a“Though Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, bI could not go beyond the word of the LORD my God, to do less or more.
19 “Now therefore, please, you also astay here tonight, that I may know what more the LORD will say to me.”
20 aAnd God came to Balaam at night and said to him, “If the men come to call you, rise and go with them; but bonly the word which I speak to you—that you shall do.”
21 So Balaam rose in the morning, saddled his donkey, and went with the princes of Moab.

Balaam, the Donkey, and the Angel

22 Then God’s anger was aroused because he went, aand the Angel of the LORD took His stand in the way

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as an adversary against him. And he was riding on his donkey, and his two servants were with him.
23 Now athe donkey saw the Angel of the LORD standing in the way with His drawn sword in His hand, and the donkey turned aside out of the way and went into the field. So Balaam struck the donkey to turn her back onto the road.
24 Then the Angel of the LORD stood in a narrow path between the vineyards, with a wall on this side and a wall on that side.
25 And when the donkey saw the Angel of the LORD, she pushed herself against the wall and crushed Balaam’s foot against the wall; so he struck her again.
26 Then the Angel of the LORD went further, and stood in a narrow place where there was no way to turn either to the right hand or to the left.
27 And when the donkey saw the Angel of the LORD, she lay down under Balaam; so Balaam’s anger was aroused, and he struck the donkey with his staff.
28 Then the LORD aopened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, “What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?”
29 And Balaam said to the donkey, “Because you have 1abused me. I wish there were a sword in my hand, afor now I would kill you!”
30 aSo the donkey said to Balaam, “Am I not your donkey on which you have ridden, ever since I became yours, to this day? Was I ever 1disposed to do this to you?” And he said, “No.”
31 Then the LORD aopened Balaam’s eyes, and he saw the Angel of the LORD standing in the way with His drawn sword in His hand; and he bowed his head and fell flat on his face.
32 And the Angel of the LORD said to him, “Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Behold, I have come out 1to stand against you, because your way is aperverse2 before Me.
33 “The donkey saw Me and turned aside from Me these three times. If she had not turned aside from Me, surely I would also have killed you by now, and let her live.”
34 And Balaam said to the Angel of the LORD, a“I have sinned, for I did not know You stood in the way against me. Now therefore, if it 1displeases You, I will turn back.”
35 Then the Angel of the LORD said to Balaam, “Go with the men, abut only the word that I speak to you, that you shall speak.” So Balaam went with the princes of Balak.
36 Now when Balak heard that Balaam was coming, ahe went out to meet him at the city of Moab, bwhich

23 aJosh. 5:13;
2 Kin. 6:17;
Dan. 10:7;
Acts 22:9
28 a2 Pet. 2:16
29 a[Prov.
12:10; Matt.
15:19] 1mocked
30 a2 Pet. 2:16
31 aGen. 21:19;
2 Kin. 6:17;
Luke 24:16, 31
32 a[2 Pet.
2:14, 15] 1as
an adversary
34 a1 Sam.
15:24, 30;
26:21; 2 Sam.
12:13 1Lit. is
evil in your
35 aNum. 22:20
36 aGen. 14:17
bNum. 21:13
37 aNum.
22:17; 24:11
38 aNum.
23:26; 24:13;
1 Kin. 22:14;
2 Chr. 18:13
41 aNum.
21:28; Deut.
12:2 1the farthest

CHAPTER 23 References

1 aNum. 23:29
2 aNum. 23:14,
3 aNum. 23:15
bNum. 23:4,
4 aNum. 23:16
5 aNum. 22:20,
35, 38; 23:16;
Deut. 18:18;
Jer. 1:9
7 aDeut. 23:4;
Job 27:1; 29:1;
Ps. 78:2
bNum. 22:6,
11, 17 c1 Sam.
8 aNum. 22:12
9 aDeut. 32:8;
33:28; Josh.
11:23 bEx.
33:16; Ezra
9:2; [Eph.
2:14] 10 aGen. 13:16;
22:17; 28:14;
2 Chr. 1:9 1Or
dust cloud


is on the border at the Arnon, the boundary of the territory.
37 Then Balak said to Balaam, “Did I not earnestly send to you, calling for you? Why did you not come to me? Am I not able ato honor you?”
38 And Balaam said to Balak, “Look, I have come to you! Now, have I any power at all to say anything? aThe word that God puts in my mouth, that I must speak.”
39 So Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kirjath Huzoth.
40 Then Balak offered oxen and sheep, and he sent some to Balaam and to the princes who were with him.

Balaam’s First Prophecy

41 So it was, the next day, that Balak took Balaam and brought him up to the ahigh places of Baal, that from there he might observe 1the extent of the people.


1 Then Balaam said to Balak, a“Build seven altars for me here, and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams.”
2 And Balak did just as Balaam had spoken, and Balak and Balaam aoffered a bull and a ram on each altar.
3 Then Balaam said to Balak, a“Stand by your burnt offering, and I will go; perhaps the LORD will come bto meet me, and whatever He shows me I will tell you.” So he went to a desolate height.
4 aAnd God met Balaam, and he said to Him, “I have prepared the seven altars, and I have offered on each altar a bull and a ram.”
5 Then the LORD aput a word in Balaam’s mouth, and said, “Return to Balak, and thus you shall speak.”
6 So he returned to him, and there he was, standing by his burnt offering, he and all the princes of Moab.
7 And he atook up his 1oracle and said:

“Balak the king of Moab has brought me from Aram, From the mountains of the east. b‘Come, curse Jacob for me, And come, cdenounce Israel!’

8 “Howa shall I curse whom God has not cursed? And how shall I denounce whom the LORD has not denounced?
9 For from the top of the rocks I see him, And from the hills I behold him; There! aA people dwelling alone, bNot reckoning itself among the nations.

10 “Whoa can count the 1dust of Jacob,

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Or number one-fourth of Israel? Let me die bthe death of the righteous, And let my end be like his!”

11 Then Balak said to Balaam, “What have you done to me? aI took you to curse my enemies, and look, you have blessed them bountifully!”
12 So he answered and said, a“Must I not take heed to speak what the LORD has put in my mouth?”

Balaam’s Second Prophecy

13 Then Balak said to him, “Please come with me to another place from which you may see them; you shall see only the outer part of them, and shall not see them all; curse them for me from there.”
14 So he brought him to the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, aand built seven altars, and offered a bull and a ram on each altar.
15 And he said to Balak, “Stand here by your burnt offering while I 1meet the LORD over there.”
16 Then the LORD met Balaam, and aput a word in his mouth, and said, “Go back to Balak, and thus you shall speak.”
17 So he came to him, and there he was, standing by his burnt offering, and the princes of Moab were with him. And Balak said to him, “What has the LORD spoken?”
18 Then he took up his oracle and said:

a“Rise up, Balak, and hear! Listen to me, son of Zippor!

19 “Goda is not a man, that He should lie, Nor a son of man, that He should repent. Has He bsaid, and will He not do? Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?
20 Behold, I have received a command to bless; aHe has blessed, and I cannot reverse it.

21 “Hea has not observed iniquity in Jacob, Nor has He seen 1wickedness in Israel. The LORD his God is with him, bAnd the shout of a King is among them.
22 aGod brings them out of Egypt; He has bstrength like a wild ox.

23 “For there is no 1sorcery against Jacob, Nor any 2divination against Israel. It now must be said of Jacob And of Israel, ‘Oh, awhat God has done!’

10 bPs.116:15
11 aNum. 22:11
12 aNum. 22:38
14 aNum.
23:1, 2
15 1So with
MT, Tg.,Vg.;
Syr. call; LXX
go and ask
16 aNum.
22:35; 23:5
18 aJudg. 3:20
19 a1 Sam.
15:29; Mal.
3:6; James
1:17 bNum.
11:23; 1 Kin.
20 aGen. 12:2;
22:17; Num.
21 aPs. 32:2;
[Rom. 4:7, 8] bPs. 89:15–18
22 aNum. 24:8
bDeut. 33:17;
Job 39:10
23 aPs. 31:19;
44:1 1enchantment
24 aGen. 49:9
bGen. 49:27;
Josh. 11:23
26 aNum. 22:38
28 aNum. 21:20
1Heb. Jeshimon

CHAPTER 24 References

1 aNum. 23:3,
15 1enchantments
2 aNum. 2:2,
34 bNum.
11:25; 1 Sam.
10:10; 19:20,
23; 2 Chr. 15:1
3 aNum. 23:7,
4 aEzek. 1:28
6 aPs. 1:3; Jer.
17:8 bPs.
7 aJer. 51:13;
Rev. 17:1, 15
b1 Sam. 15:8,
9 c2 Sam.
5:12; 1 Chr.

24 Look, a people rises alike a lioness, And lifts itself up like a lion; bIt shall not lie down until it devours the prey, And drinks the blood of the slain.”

25 Then Balak said to Balaam, “Neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all!”
26 So Balaam answered and said to Balak, “Did I not tell you, saying, a‘All that the LORD speaks, that I must do’?”

Balaam’s Third Prophecy

27 Then Balak said to Balaam, “Please come, I will take you to another place; perhaps it will please God that you may curse them for me from there.”
28 So Balak took Balaam to the top of Peor, that aoverlooks the 1wasteland.
29 Then Balaam said to Balak, “Build for me here seven altars, and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams.”
30 And Balak did as Balaam had said, and offered a bull and a ram on every altar.


1 Now when Balaam saw that it pleased the LORD to bless Israel, he did not go as at aother times, to seek to use 1sorcery, but he set his face toward the wilderness.
2 And Balaam raised his eyes, and saw Israel aencamped according to their tribes; and bthe Spirit of God came upon him.
3 aThen he took up his oracle and said:

“The utterance of Balaam the son of Beor, The utterance of the man whose eyes are opened,
4 The utterance of him who hears the words of God, Who sees the vision of the Almighty, Who afalls down, with eyes wide open:

5 “How lovely are your tents, O Jacob! Your dwellings, O Israel!
6 Like valleys that stretch out, Like gardens by the riverside, aLike aloes bplanted by the LORD, Like cedars beside the waters.
7 He shall pour water from his buckets, And his seed shall be ain many waters.

“His king shall be higher than bAgag, And his ckingdom shall be exalted

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8 “Goda brings him out of Egypt; He has strength like a wild ox; He shall bconsume the nations, his enemies; He shall cbreak their bones And dpierce them with his arrows.
9 ‘Hea bows down, he lies down as a lion; And as a lion, who shall rouse him?’

b“Blessed is he who blesses you, And cursed is he who curses you.”

10 Then Balak’s anger was aroused against Balaam, and he astruck his hands together; and Balak said to Balaam, b“I called you to curse my enemies, and look, you have bountifully blessed them these three times!
11 “Now therefore, flee to your place. aI said I would greatly honor you, but in fact, the LORD has kept you back from honor.”
12 So Balaam said to Balak, “Did I not also speak to your messengers whom you sent to me, saying,
13 ‘If Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I could not go beyond the word of the LORD, to do good or bad of my own will. What the LORD says, that I must speak’?
14 “And now, indeed, I am going to my people. Come, aI will advise you what this people will do to your people in the blatter days.”

Balaam’s Fourth Prophecy

15 So he took up his oracle and said:

“The utterance of Balaam the son of Beor, And the utterance of the man whose eyes are opened;
16 The utterance of him who hears the words of God, And has the knowledge of the Most High, Who sees the vision of the Almighty, Who falls down, with eyes wide open:

17 “Ia see Him, but not now; I behold Him, but not near; bA Star shall come out of Jacob; cA Scepter shall rise out of Israel, And 1batter the brow of Moab, And destroy all the sons of 2tumult.

18 “And aEdom shall be a possession; Seir also, his enemies, shall be a possession, While Israel does 1valiantly.
19 aOut of Jacob One 1shall have dominion,

8 aNum. 23:22
bNum. 14:9;
23:24 cPs. 2:9;
Jer. 50:17 dPs.
9 aGen. 49:9;
Num. 23:24
bGen. 12:3;
10 aEzek.
21:14, 17
bNum. 23:11;
Neh. 13:2
11 aNum.
22:17, 37
14 a[Mic. 6:5] bGen. 49:1;
Deut. 4:30;
Dan. 2:28
17 aRev. 1:7;
Matt. 1:2;
Luke 3:34
bMatt. 2:2
cGen. 49:10
1shatter the
2Heb. Sheth,
Jer. 48:45
18 a2 Sam.
8:14 1mightily
19 aGen. 49:10;
Amos 9:11, 12
1shall rule
24 aGen. 10:4;
Ezek. 27:6;
Dan. 11:30
bGen. 10:21,
25 1Heb. Kittim
2Lit. he or
that one
25 aNum.
21:34; 31:8

And destroy the remains of the city.”

20 Then he looked on Amalek, and he took up his oracle and said:

“Amalek was first among the nations, But shall be last until he perishes.”

21 Then he looked on the Kenites, and he took up his oracle and said:

“Firm is your dwelling place, And your nest is set in the rock;
22 Nevertheless Kain shall be burned. How long until Asshur carries you away captive?”

23 Then he took up his oracle and said:

Alas! Who shall live when God does this?
24 But ships shall come from the coasts of aCyprus,1 And they shall afflict Asshur and afflict bEber, And so shall 2Amalek, until he perishes.”

25 So Balaam rose and departed and areturned to his place; Balak also went his way.

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Praise to God, the Ruler of the Earth

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of the sons of Korah.

1 OH, clap your hands, all you peoples! Shout to God with the voice of triumph!
2 For the LORD Most High is awesome; He is a great aKing over all the earth.
3 aHe will subdue the peoples under us, And the nations under our feet.
4 He will choose our ainheritance for us, The excellence of Jacob whom He loves. Selah

PSALM 47 References

2 aDeut. 7:21;
Neh. 1:5; Ps.
3 aPs. 18:47
4 a[1 Pet. 1:4] 5 aPs. 68:24, 25
7 aZech. 14:9
b1 Cor. 14:15
8 a1 Chr. 16:31
bPs. 97:2 cPs.
9 a[Rom. 4:11,
12] b[Ps.
89:18] PSALM 48
1 aPs. 46:4;
87:3; Matt.
2 aPs. 50:2
4 a2 Sam. 10:6,
6 aEx. 15:15

5 aGod has gone up with a shout, The LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
6 Sing praises to God, sing praises! Sing praises to our King, sing praises!
7 aFor God is the King of all the earth; bSing praises with understanding.

8 aGod reigns over the nations; God bsits on His choly throne.
9 The princes of the people have gathered together, aThe people of the God of Abraham. bFor the shields of the earth belong to God; He is greatly exalted.




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