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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

page 308

CHAPTER 11 References

1 a[Neh. 13:26] b[Deut. 17:17];
1 Kin. 3:1
2 aEx. 34:16;
[Deut. 7:3, 4]

Solomon’s Heart Turns from the LORD


1 But aKing Solomon loved bmany foreign women, as well as the daughter of Pharaoh: women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites—
2 from the nations of whom the LORD had said to the children of Israel, a“You shall not intermarry with them, nor they with you. Surely they will turn away your hearts after their gods.” Solomon clung to these in love.
3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.
4 For it was so,when Solomon was

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old, athat his wives turned his heart after other gods; and his bheart was not 1loyal to the LORD his God, cas was the heart of his father David.
5 For Solomon went after aAshtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and after bMilcom1 the abomination of the cAmmonites.
6 Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and did not fully follow the LORD, as did his father David.
7 aThen Solomon built a 1high place for bChemosh the abomination of Moab, on cthe hill that is east of Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of the people of Ammon.
8 And he did likewise for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods.
9 So the LORD became angry with Solomon, because his heart had turned from the LORD God of Israel, awho had appeared to him twice,
10 and ahad commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods; but he did not keep what the LORD had commanded.
11 Therefore the LORD said to Solomon, “Because you have done this, and have not kept My covenant and My statutes, which I have commanded you, aI will surely tear the kingdom away from you and give it to your bservant.
12 “Nevertheless I will not do it in your days, for the sake of your father David; I will tear it out of the hand of your son.
13 a“However I will not tear away the whole kingdom; I will give bone tribe to your son cfor the sake of My servant David, and for the sake of Jerusalem dwhich I have chosen.”

Adversaries of Solomon

14 Now the LORD araised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was a descendant of the king in Edom.
15 aFor it happened, when David was in Edom, and Joab the commander of the army had gone up to bury the slain, bafter he had killed every male in Edom
16 (because for six months Joab remained there with all Israel, until he had cut down every male in Edom),
17 that Hadad fled to go to Egypt, he and certain Edomites of his father’s servants with him. Hadad was still a little child.
18 Then they arose from Midian and came to Paran; and they took men with them from Paran and came to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a house, apportioned food for him, and gave him land.
19 And Hadad found great favor in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him as wife the sister of his own wife, that is, the sister of Queen Tahpenes.

4 a[Deut.
17:17; Neh.
13:26] b1 Kin.
8:61 c1 Kin.
9:4 1Lit. at
peace with
5 aJudg. 2:13;
1 Kin. 11:33
b[Lev. 20:2–5] c2 Kin. 23:13
1Or Molech
7 aNum. 33:52
bNum. 21:29;
Judg. 11:24
c2 Kin. 23:13
1A place for
pagan worship
9 a1 Kin. 3:5;
10 a1 Kin. 6:12;
9:6, 7
11 a1 Kin.
11:31; 12:15,
16 b1 Kin.
11:31, 37
13 a2 Sam.
7:15; 1 Chr.
17:13; Ps.
89:33 b1 Kin.
12:20 c2 Sam.
7:15, 16
dDeut. 12:11;
1 Kin. 9:3;
14 a1 Chr. 5:26
15 a2 Sam.
8:14; 1 Chr.
18:12, 13
bNum. 24:18,
19; [Deut.
20:13] 21 a1 Kin. 2:10,
34 1Died and
joined his
2Lit. Send me
23 a2 Sam. 8:3;
24 a2 Sam. 8:3;
10:8, 18
26 a1 Kin. 12:2
b1 Kin. 11:11;
2 Chr. 13:6
c2 Sam. 20:21
27 a1 Kin. 9:15,
24 1Lit. closed
up the
28 a[Prov.
22:29] 29 a1 Kin.
12:15; 14:2;
2 Chr. 9:29
30 a1 Sam.
15:27, 28; 24:5
31 a1 Kin.
11:11, 13
33 a1 Sam. 7:3;
1 Kin. 11:5–8
1So with MT,
Tg.; LXX,
Syr.,Vg. he

1 KINGS 11:33

20 Then the sister of Tahpenes bore him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s house. And Genubath was in Pharaoh’s household among the sons of Pharaoh.
21 aSo when Hadad heard in Egypt that David 1rested with his fathers, and that Joab the commander of the army was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, 2“Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.”
22 Then Pharaoh said to him, “But what have you lacked with me, that suddenly you seek to go to your own country?” So he answered, “Nothing, but do let me go anyway.”
23 And God raised up another adversary against him, Rezon the son of Eliadah, who had fled from his lord, aHadadezer king of Zobah.
24 So he gathered men to him and became captain over a band of raiders, awhen David killed those of Zobah. And they went to Damascus and dwelt there, and reigned in Damascus.
25 He was an adversary of Israel all the days of Solomon (besides the trouble that Hadad caused); and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.

Jeroboam’s Rebellion

26 Then Solomon’s servant, aJeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite from Zereda, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, balso crebelled against the king.
27 And this is what caused him to rebel against the king: aSolomon had built the Millo and 1repaired the damages to the City of David his father.
28 The man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valor; and Solomon, seeing that the young man was aindustrious, made him the officer over all the labor force of the house of Joseph.
29 Now it happened at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet aAhijah the Shilonite met him on the way; and he had clothed himself with a new garment, and the two were alone in the field.
30 Then Ahijah took hold of the new garment that was on him, and atore it into twelve pieces.
31 And he said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces, for athus says the LORD, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and will give ten tribes to you
32 ‘(but he shall have one tribe for the sake of My servant David, and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel),
33 a‘because 1they have forsaken Me, and worshiped Ashtoreth the

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1 KINGS 11:34

goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the people of Ammon, and have not walked in My ways to do what is right in My eyes and keep My statutes and My judgments, as did his father David.
34 ‘However I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand, because I have made him ruler all the days of his life for the sake of My servant David, whom I chose because he kept My commandments and My statutes.
35 ‘But aI will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand and give it to you—ten tribes.
36 ‘And to his son I will give one tribe, that aMy servant David may always have a lamp before Me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen for Myself, to put My name there.
37 ‘So I will take you, and you shall reign over all your heart desires, and you shall be king over Israel.
38 ‘Then it shall be, if you heed all that I command you, walk in My ways, and do what is right in My sight, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as My servant David did, then aI will be with you and bbuild for you an enduring house, as I built for David, and will give Israel to you.
39 ‘And I will afflict the descendants of David because of this, but not forever.’ ”
40 Solomon therefore sought to kill Jeroboam. But Jeroboam arose and fled to Egypt, to aShishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.

Death of Solomon

41 Now athe rest of the acts of Solomon, all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon?
42 aAnd the period that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.
43 aThen Solomon 1rested with his fathers, and was buried in the City of David his father. And Rehoboam his son reigned in his bplace.

The Revolt Against Rehoboam


1 And aRehoboam went to bShechem, for all Israel had gone to Shechem to make him king.
2 So it happened, when aJeroboam the son of Nebat heard it (he was still in bEgypt, for he had fled from the presence of King Solomon and had been dwelling in Egypt),
3 that they sent and called him. Then Jeroboam and the whole assembly of Israel came and spoke to Rehoboam, saying,
4 “Your father made our ayoke 1heavy; now therefore, lighten the burdensome service of your father,

35 a1 Kin.
12:16, 17
36 a[1 Kin.
15:4; 2 Kin.
8:19] 38 aDeut. 31:8;
Josh. 1:5
b2 Sam. 7:11,
40 a1 Kin.
11:17; 14:25;
2 Chr. 12:2–9
41 a2 Chr. 9:29
42 a2 Chr. 9:30
43 a1 Kin. 2:10;
2 Chr. 9:31
b1 Kin. 14:21;
2 Chr. 10:1
1Died and
joined his

CHAPTER 12 References

1 a2 Chr. 10:1
bJudg. 9:6
2 a1 Kin. 11:26
b1 Kin. 11:40
4 a1 Sam.
1 Kin. 4:7;
5:13–15 1hard
7 a2 Chr. 10:7;
[Prov. 15:1] 11 1Scourges
with points or
barbs, lit.
13 1harshly
14 1Lit. scorpions
15 aDeut. 2:30;
Judg. 14:4;
1 Kin. 12:24;
2 Chr. 10:15
b1 Kin. 11:11,
29, 31
16 a2 Sam.
17 a1 Kin.
11:13, 36;
2 Chr.

and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.”
5 So he said to them, “Depart for three days, then come back to me.” And the people departed.
6 Then King Rehoboam consulted the elders who stood before his father Solomon while he still lived, and he said, “How do you advise me to answer these people?”
7 And they spoke to him, saying, a“If you will be a servant to these people today, and serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be your servants forever.”
8 But he rejected the advice which the elders had given him, and consulted the young men who had grown up with him, who stood before him.
9 And he said to them, “What advice do you give? How should we answer this people who have spoken to me, saying, ‘Lighten the yoke which your father put on us’?”
10 Then the young men who had grown up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you should speak to this people who have spoken to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, but you make it lighter on us’—thus you shall say to them: ‘My little finger shall be thicker than my father’s waist!
11 ‘And now, whereas my father put a heavy yoke on you, I will add to your yoke; my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with 1scourges!’ ”
12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had directed, saying, “Come back to me the third day.”
13 Then the king answered the people 1roughly, and rejected the advice which the elders had given him;
14 and he spoke to them according to the advice of the young men, saying, “My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke; my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with 1scourges!”
15 So the king did not listen to the people; for athe turn of events was from the LORD, that He might fulfill His word, which the LORD had bspoken by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
16 Now when all Israel saw that the king did not listen to them, the people answered the king, saying:

a“What share have we in David? We have no inheritance in the son of Jesse. To your tents, O Israel! Now, see to your own house, O David!”

So Israel departed to their tents.
17 But Rehoboam reigned over athe

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children of Israel who dwelt in the cities of Judah.
18 Then King Rehoboam asent Adoram, who was in charge of the revenue; but all Israel stoned him with stones, and he died. Therefore King Rehoboam mounted his chariot in haste to flee to Jerusalem.
19 So aIsrael has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day.
20 Now it came to pass when all Israel heard that Jeroboam had come back, they sent for him and called him to the congregation, and made him king over all aIsrael. There was none who followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah bonly.
21 And when aRehoboam came to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah with the tribe of bBenjamin, one hundred and eighty thousand chosen men who were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, that he might restore the kingdom to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
22 But athe word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying,
23 “Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, to all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the rest of the people, saying,
24 ‘Thus says the LORD: “You shall not go up nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel. Let every man return to his house, afor this thing is from Me.” ’ ” Therefore they obeyed the word of the LORD, and turned back, according to the word of the LORD.

Jeroboam’s Gold Calves

25 Then Jeroboam abuilt1 Shechem in the mountains of Ephraim, and dwelt there. Also he went out from there and built bPenuel.
26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now the kingdom may return to the house of David:
27 “If these people ago up to offer sacrifices in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then the heart of this people will turn back to their lord, Rehoboam king of Judah, and they will kill me and go back to Rehoboam king of Judah.”
28 Therefore the king asked advice, amade two calves of gold, and said to the people, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. bHere are your gods, O Israel,which brought you up from the land of Egypt!”
29 And he set up one in aBethel, and the other he put in bDan.
30 Now this thing became aa sin, for the people went to worship before the one as far as Dan.
31 He made 1shrines on the high places, aand made priests from every class of people, who were not of the sons of Levi.
32 Jeroboam 1ordained a feast on

18 a1 Kin. 4:6;
19 a2 Kin.
20 a2 Kin.
17:21 b1 Kin.
11:13, 32, 36
21 a2 Chr.
b2 Sam. 19:17
22 a2 Chr. 11:2;
24 a1 Kin.
25 aGen. 12:6;
Judg. 9:45–49;
1 Kin. 12:1
bGen. 32:30,
31; Judg. 8:8,
17 1fortified
27 a[Deut.
12:5–7, 14] 28 a2 Kin.
10:29; 17:16;
[Hos. 8:4–7] bEx. 32:4, 8
29 aGen. 28:19
30 a1 Kin.
13:34; 2 Kin.
31 a[Num.
3:10; 17:1–11];
Judg. 17:5;
1 Kin. 13:33;
2 Kin. 17:32;
2 Chr. 11:14,
15 1Lit. a
house; cf.
1 Kin. 13:32,
lit. houses
32 aLev. 23:33,
34; Num.
29:12; 1 Kin.
8:2, 5 bAmos
7:10–13 1instituted
33 aNum. 15:39
b1 Kin. 13:1

CHAPTER 13 References

1 a2 Kin. 23:17
b1 Kin. 12:32,
33 1at the
LORD’s command
2 a2 Kin.
23:15, 16
b[Lev. 26:30] 1at the
LORD’s command
3 aEx. 4:1–5;
Judg. 6:17;
Is. 7:14; 38:7;
John 2:18;
1 Cor. 1:22
6 aEx. 8:8;
9:28; 10:17;
Num. 21:7;
Jer. 37:3; Acts
8:24; [James
5:16] 7 a1 Sam. 9:7;
2 Kin. 5:15
8 aNum. 22:18;
24:13; 1 Kin.
13:16, 17
9 a[1 Cor. 5:11]

1 KINGS 13:10

the fifteenth day of the eighth month, like athe feast that was in Judah, and offered sacrifices on the altar. So he did at Bethel, sacrificing to the calves that he had made. bAnd at Bethel he installed the priests of the high places which he had made.
33 So he made offerings on the altar which he had made at Bethel on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, in the month which he had adevised in his own heart. And he 1ordained a feast for the children of Israel, and offered sacrifices on the altar and bburned incense.

The Message of the Man of God


1 And behold, aa man of God went from Judah to Bethel 1by the word of the LORD, band Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.
2 Then he cried out against the altar 1by the word of the LORD, and said, “O altar, altar! Thus says the LORD: ‘Behold, a child, aJosiah by name, shall be born to the house of David; and on you he shall sacrifice the priests of the high places who burn incense on you, and men’s bones shall be bburned on you.’ ”
3 And he gave aa sign the same day, saying, “This is the sign which the LORD has spoken: Surely the altar shall split apart, and the ashes on it shall be poured out.”
4 So it came to pass when King Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, who cried out against the altar in Bethel, that he stretched out his hand from the altar, saying, “Arrest him!” Then his hand, which he stretched out toward him, withered, so that he could not pull it back to himself.
5 The altar also was split apart, and the ashes poured out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of God had given by the word of the LORD.
6 Then the king answered and said to the man of God, “Please aentreat the favor of the LORD your God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored to me.” So the man of God entreated the LORD, and the king’s hand was restored to him, and became as before.
7 Then the king said to the man of God, “Come home with me and refresh yourself, and aI will give you a reward.”
8 But the man of God said to the king, a“If you were to give me half your house, I would not go in with you; nor would I eat bread nor drink water in this place.
9 “For so it was commanded me by the word of the LORD, saying, a‘You shall not eat bread, nor drink water, nor return by the same way you came.’ ”
10 So he went another way and did

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1 KINGS 13:11

not return by the way he came to Bethel.

Death of the Man of God

11 Now an aold prophet dwelt in Bethel, and his 1sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel; they also told their father the words which he had spoken to the king.
12 And their father said to them, “Which way did he go?” For his sons 1had seen which way the man of God went who came from Judah.
13 Then he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” So they saddled the donkey for him; and he rode on it,
14 and went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak. Then he said to him, “Are you the man of God who came from Judah?” And he said, “I am.”
15 Then he said to him, “Come home with me and eat bread.”
16 And he said, a“I cannot return with you nor go in with you; neither can I eat bread nor drink water with you in this place.
17 “For 1I have been told aby the word of the LORD, ‘You shall not eat bread nor drink water there, nor return by going the way you came.’ ”
18 He said to him, “I too am a prophet as you are, and an angel spoke to me by the word of the LORD, saying, ‘Bring him back with you to your house, that he may eat bread and drink water.’ ” (He was lying to him.)
19 So he went back with him, and ate bread in his house, and drank water.
20 Now it happened, as they sat at the table, that the word of the LORD came to the prophet who had brought him back;
21 and he cried out to the man of God who came from Judah, saying, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Because you have disobeyed the word of the LORD, and have not kept the commandment which the LORD your God commanded you,
22 ‘but you came back, ate bread, and drank water in the aplace of which the LORD said to you, “Eat no bread and drink no water,” your corpse shall not come to the tomb of your fathers.’ ”
23 So it was, after he had eaten bread and after he had drunk, that he saddled the donkey for him, the prophet whom he had brought back.
24 When he was gone, aa lion met him on the road and killed him. And his corpse was thrown on the road, and the donkey stood by it. The lion also stood by the corpse.
25 And there, men passed by and saw the corpse thrown on the road,

11 a1 Kin.
13:25 1Lit. son
12 1LXX, Syr.,
showed him
16 a1 Kin.
13:8, 9
17 a1 Kin.
1 Thess. 4:15
1Lit. a command
to me by
22 a1 Kin. 13:9
24 a1 Kin.
30 aJer. 22:18
31 aRuth 1:17;
2 Kin. 23:17,
32 a1 Kin. 13:2;
2 Kin. 23:16,
19 b1 Kin.
16:24; John
4:5; Acts 8:14
1Lit. word
2Lit. houses
33 a1 Kin.
12:31, 32;
2 Chr. 11:15;
34 a1 Kin.
12:30; 2 Kin.
17:21 b[1 Kin.
14:10; 15:29,

and the lion standing by the corpse. Then they went and told it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
26 Now when the prophet who had brought him back from the way heard it, he said, “It is the man of God who was disobedient to the word of the LORD. Therefore the LORD has delivered him to the lion, which has torn him and killed him, according to the word of the LORD which He spoke to him.”
27 And he spoke to his sons, saying, “Saddle the donkey for me.” So they saddled it.
28 Then he went and found his corpse thrown on the road, and the donkey and the lion standing by the corpse. The lion had not eaten the corpse nor torn the donkey.
29 And the prophet took up the corpse of the man of God, laid it on the donkey, and brought it back. So the old prophet came to the city to mourn, and to bury him.
30 Then he laid the corpse in his own tomb; and they mourned over him, saying, aAlas, my brother!”
31 So it was, after he had buried him, that he spoke to his sons, saying, “When I am dead, then bury me in the tomb where the man of God is buried; alay my bones beside his bones.
32 a“For the 1saying which he cried out by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the 2shrines on the high places which are in the cities of bSamaria, will surely come to pass.”
33 aAfter this event Jeroboam did not turn from his evil way, but again he made priests from every class of people for the high places; whoever wished, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places.
34 aAnd this thing was the sin of the house of Jeroboam, so as bto exterminate and destroy it from the face of the earth.

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A Song of Praise to the Sovereign LORD

1 THE LORD areigns; Let the earth rejoice; Let the multitude of 1isles be glad!

2 aClouds and darkness surround Him; bRighteousness and justice are the foundation of His throne.
3 aA fire goes before Him, And burns up His enemies round about.
4 aHis lightnings light the world; The earth sees and trembles.
5 aThe mountains melt like wax at the presence of the LORD, At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
6 aThe heavens declare His righteousness, And all the peoples see His glory.

PSALM 97 References

1 a[Ps. 96:10] 1Or coastlands
2 aEx. 19:9;
Deut. 4:11;
1 Kin. 8:12;
Ps. 18:11 b[Ps.
89:14] 3 aPs. 18:8;
Dan. 7:10;
Hab. 3:5
4 aEx. 19:18
5 aPs. 46:6;
Amos 9:5;
Mic. 1:4; Nah.
6 aPs. 19:1
7 a[Ex. 20:4] b[Heb. 1:6] 9 aPs. 83:18
bEx. 18:11; Ps.
95:3; 96:4
10 a[Ps. 34:14;
Prov. 8:13;
Amos 5:15;
Rom. 12:9] bPs. 31:23;
145:20; Prov.
2:8 cPs. 37:40;
Jer. 15:21;
Dan. 3:28
11 aJob 22:28;
Ps. 112:4;
Prov. 4:18
12 aPs. 33:1
bPs. 30:4 1Or
for the memory
2Or His

7 aLet all be put to shame who serve carved images, Who boast of idols. bWorship Him, all you gods.
8 Zion hears and is glad, And the daughters of Judah rejoice Because of Your judgments, O LORD.
9 For You, LORD, are amost high above all the earth; bYou are exalted far above all gods.

10 You who love the LORD, ahate evil! bHe preserves the souls of His saints; cHe delivers them out of the hand of the wicked.
11 aLight is sown for the righteous, And gladness for the upright in heart.
12 aRejoice in the LORD, you righteous, bAnd give thanks 1at the remembrance of 2His holy name.




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