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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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The Government of the Promised Son


1 Nevertheless athe gloom will not be upon her who is distressed, As when at bfirst He lightly esteemed The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, And cafterward more heavily oppressed her, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, In Galilee of the Gentiles.
2 aThe people who walked in darkness Have seen a great light; Those who dwelt in the land of the shadow of death, Upon them a light has shined.

3 You have multiplied the nation And 1increased its joy; They rejoice before You According to the joy of harvest, As men rejoice awhen they divide the spoil.
4 For You have broken the yoke of his burden And the staff of his shoulder, The rod of his oppressor, As in the day of aMidian.
5 For every warrior’s 1sandal from the noisy battle, And garments rolled in blood, aWill be used for burning and fuel 2of fire.

6 aFor unto us a Child is born, Unto us a bSon is given; And cthe government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called dWonderful, Counselor, eMighty God, Everlasting Father, fPrince of Peace.
7 Of the increase of His government and peace aThere will be no end, Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with judgment and justice From that time forward, even forever. The bzeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

The Punishment of Samaria

8 The Lord sent a word against aJacob, And it has fallen on Israel.
9 All the people will know— Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria— Who say in pride and arrogance of heart:
10 “The bricks have fallen down, But we will rebuild with hewn stones; The sycamores are cut down,

CHAPTER 9 References

1 aIs. 8:22
b2 Kin. 15:29;
2 Chr. 16:4
cMatt. 4:13–16
2 aMatt. 4:16;
Luke 1:79;
2 Cor. 4:6;
Eph. 5:8
3 aJudg. 5:30
1So with Qr.,
Tg.; Kt.,Vg.
not increased
joy; LXX
Most of the
people You
brought down
in Your joy
4 aJudg. 7:22
5 aIs. 66:15
1boot 2for the
6 a[Is. 7:14;
Luke 2:11];
John 1:45
bLuke 2:7;
[John 3:16;
1 John 4:9] c[Matt. 28:18;
1 Cor. 15:25];
Rev. 12:5
dJudg. 13:18
eTitus 2:13
fEph. 2:14
7 aDan. 2:44;
Matt. 1:1, 6;
Luke 1:32, 33;
John 7:42 bIs.
8 aGen. 32:28
12 1In judgment
14 aRev. 18:8
16 aIs. 3:12;
Mic. 3:1, 5, 9;
Matt. 15:14
17 aPs. 147:10
bIs. 5:25 1foolishness
18 aPs. 83:14;
[Is. 1:7; 10:17];
Nah. 1:10;
Mal. 4:1
19 aIs. 8:22
bMic. 7:2, 6
20 aLev. 26:26
bJer. 19:9
1slice off or
21 a2 Chr. 28:6,
8; Is. 11:13


But we will replace them with cedars.”
11 Therefore the LORD shall set up The adversaries of Rezin against him, And spur his enemies on,
12 The Syrians before and the Philistines behind; And they shall devour Israel with an open mouth. For all this His anger is not turned away, But His hand is 1stretched out still.

13 For the people do not turn to Him who strikes them, Nor do they seek the LORD of hosts.
14 Therefore the LORD will cut off head and tail from Israel, Palm branch and bulrush ain one day.
15 The elder and honorable, he is the head; The prophet who teaches lies, he is the tail.
16 For athe leaders of this people cause them to err, And those who are led by them are destroyed.
17 Therefore the Lord awill have no joy in their young men, Nor have mercy on their fatherless and widows; For everyone is a hypocrite and an evildoer, And every mouth speaks 1folly.
bFor all this His anger is not turned away, But His hand is stretched out still.

18 For wickedness aburns as the fire; It shall devour the briers and thorns, And kindle in the thickets of the forest; They shall mount up like rising smoke.
19 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts aThe land is burned up, And the people shall be as fuel for the fire; bNo man shall spare his brother.
20 And he shall 1snatch on the right hand And be hungry; He shall devour on the left hand aAnd not be satisfied; bEvery man shall eat the flesh of his own arm.
21 Manasseh shall devour Ephraim, and Ephraim Manasseh; Together they shall be aagainst Judah.

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bFor all this His anger is not turned away, But His hand is stretched out still.


1 “Woe to those who adecree unrighteous decrees, Who write misfortune, Which they have prescribed
2 To rob the needy of justice, And to take what is right from the poor of My people, That widows may be their prey, And that they may rob the fatherless.
3 aWhat will you do in bthe day of punishment, And in the desolation which will come from cafar? To whom will you flee for help? And where will you leave your glory?
4 Without Me they shall bow down among the aprisoners, And they shall fall 1among the slain.”

bFor all this His anger is not turned away, But His hand is stretched out still.

Arrogant Assyria Also Judged

5 “Woe to Assyria, athe rod of My anger And the staff in whose hand is My indignation.
6 I will send him against aan ungodly nation, And against the people of My wrath I will bgive him charge, To seize the spoil, to take the prey, And to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
7 aYet he does not mean so, Nor does his heart think so; But it is in his heart to destroy, And cut off not a few nations.
8 aFor he says, ‘Are not my princes altogether kings?
9 Is not aCalno blike Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad? Is not Samaria clike Damascus?
10 As my hand has found the kingdoms of the idols, Whose carved images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria,
11 As I have done to Samaria and her idols, Shall I not do also to Jerusalem and her idols?’ ”

12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Lord has 1performed all His work aon Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, that He will say, b“I will punish the fruit of the arrogant heart

21 bIs. 9:12, 17

CHAPTER 10 References

1 aPs. 58:2
3 aJob 31:14
bIs. 13:6; Jer.
9:9; Hos. 9:7;
Luke 19:44
cIs. 5:26
4 aIs. 24:22 bIs.
5:25 1Lit.
5 aJer. 51:20
6 aIs. 9:17
b2 Kin. 17:6;
Jer. 34:22
7 aGen. 50:20;
Mic. 4:11, 12;
Acts 2:23, 24
8 a2 Kin. 19:10
9 aGen. 10:10;
Amos 6:2
b2 Chr. 35:20
c2 Kin. 16:9
12 a2 Kin.
19:31; Is.
28:21 b2 Kin.
19:35; 2 Chr.
32:21; Jer.
50:18 1completed
13 a[2 Kin.
19:22–24]; Is.
Ezek. 28:4;
Dan. 4:30
14 aJob 31:25
15 aJer. 51:20
16 1So with
Bg.; MT, DSS
YHWH (the
17 aIs. 9:18
18 a2 Kin.
20 a2 Kin. 16:7
1Lit. struck
21 a[Is. 9:6]

of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his haughty looks.”
13 aFor he says:

“By the strength of my hand I have done it, And by my wisdom, for I am prudent; Also I have removed the boundaries of the people, And have robbed their treasuries; So I have put down the inhabitants like a 1valiant man.
14 aMy hand has found like a nest the riches of the people, And as one gathers eggs that are left, I have gathered all the earth; And there was no one who moved his wing, Nor opened his mouth with even a peep.”

15 Shall athe ax boast itself against him who chops with it? Or shall the saw exalt itself against him who saws with it? As if a rod could wield itself against those who lift it up, Or as if a staff could lift up, as if it were not wood!
16 Therefore the Lord, the 1Lord of hosts, Will send leanness among his fat ones; And under his glory He will kindle a burning Like the burning of a fire.
17 So the Light of Israel will be for a fire, And his Holy One for a flame; aIt will burn and devour His thorns and his briers in one day.
18 And it will consume the glory of his forest and of ahis fruitful field, Both soul and body; And they will be as when a sick man wastes away.
19 Then the rest of the trees of his forest Will be so few in number That a child may write them.

The Returning Remnant of Israel

20 And it shall come to pass in that day That the remnant of Israel, And such as have escaped of the house of Jacob, aWill never again depend on him who 1defeated them, But will depend on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
21 The remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, To the aMighty God.

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22 aFor though your people, O Israel, be as the sand of the sea, bA remnant of them will return; The destruction decreed shall overflow with righteousness.
23 aFor the Lord GOD of hosts Will make a determined end In the midst of all the land.

24 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD of hosts: “O My people, who dwell in Zion, ado not be afraid of the Assyrian. He shall strike you with a rod and lift up his staff against you, in the manner of bEgypt.
25 “For yet a very little while aand the indignation will cease, as will My anger in their destruction.”
26 And the LORD of hosts will 1stir up aa scourge for him like the slaughter of bMidian at the rock of Oreb; cas His rod was on the sea, so will He lift it up in the manner of Egypt.

27 It shall come to pass in that day That his burden will be taken away from your shoulder, And his yoke from your neck, And the yoke will be destroyed because of athe anointing oil.

28 He has come to Aiath, He has passed Migron; At Michmash he has attended to his equipment.
29 They have gone 1along athe ridge, They have taken up lodging at Geba. Ramah is afraid, bGibeah of Saul has fled.
30 1Lift up your voice, O daughter aof Gallim! Cause it to be heard as far as bLaish— 2O poor Anathoth!
31 aMadmenah has fled, The inhabitants of Gebim seek refuge.
32 As yet he will remain aat Nob that day; He will bshake his fist at the mount of cthe daughter of Zion, The hill of Jerusalem.

33 Behold, the Lord, The LORD of hosts, Will lop off the bough with terror; aThose of high stature will be hewn down, And the haughty will be humbled.
34 He will cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, And Lebanon will fall by the Mighty One.

The Reign of Jesse’s Offspring


1 There ashall come forth a 1Rod from the 2stem of bJesse

22 aRom. 9:27,
28 bIs. 6:13
23 aIs. 28:22;
Dan. 9:27;
Rom. 9:28
24 aIs. 7:4; 12:2
bEx. 14
25 aIs. 10:5;
26:20; Dan.
26 a2 Kin.
19:35 bJudg.
7:25; Is. 9:4
cEx. 14:26, 27
27 aPs. 105:15;
[1 John 2:20] 29 a1 Sam.
13:23 b1 Sam.
11:4 1Or over
the pass
30 a1 Sam.
25:44 bJudg.
18:7 1Or Cry
shrilly 2So
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; LXX,
Syr. Listen to
her, O
31 aJosh. 15:31
32 a1 Sam.
21:1; Neh.
11:32 bIs. 13:2
cIs. 37:22
33 aIs. 37:24,
36–38; Ezek.
31:3; Amos

CHAPTER 11 References

1 a[Zech.
6:12]; Rev. 5:5
b[Is. 9:7;
11:10]; Matt.
1:5; [Acts
13:23] cIs. 4:2
1Shoot 2stock
or trunk 3be
2 a[Is. 42:1;
48:16; 61:1;
Matt. 3:16];
Mark 1:10;
Luke 3:22;
[John 1:32] 4 aRev. 19:11
bJob 4:9; Is.
30:28, 33; Mal.
4:6; 2 Thess.
6 aHos. 2:18
9 aJob 5:23; Is.
65:25; Ezek.
34:25; Hos.
2:18 bPs. 98:2,
3; Is. 45:6;
Hab. 2:14
10 aIs. 2:11 bIs.
11:1; Rom.
15:12 cIs.
27:12, 13
dRom. 15:10
11 aIs.
19:23–25; Hos.
11:11; Zech.
10:10 1Or

ISAIAH 11:11

And ca Branch shall 3grow out of his roots.
2 aThe Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon Him, The Spirit of wisdom and understanding, The Spirit of counsel and might, The Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD.

3 His delight is in the fear of the LORD, aAnd He shall not judge by the sight of His eyes, Nor decide by the hearing of His ears;
4 But awith righteousness He shall judge the poor, And decide with equity for the meek of the earth; He shall bstrike the earth with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.
5 Righteousness shall be the belt of His loins, And faithfulness the belt of His waist.

6 “Thea wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, The leopard shall lie down with the young goat, The calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little child shall lead them.
7 The cow and the bear shall graze; Their young ones shall lie down together; And the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 The nursing child shall play by the cobra’s hole, And the weaned child shall put his hand in the viper’s den.
9 aThey shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, For bthe earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD As the waters cover the sea.

10 “Anda in that day bthere shall be a Root of Jesse, Who shall stand as a cbanner to the people; For the dGentiles shall seek Him, And His resting place shall be glorious.”

11 It shall come to pass in that day That the Lord shall set His hand again the second time To recover the remnant of His people who are left, aFrom Assyria and Egypt, From Pathros and Cush, From Elam and Shinar, From Hamath and the 1islands of the sea.

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ISAIAH 11:12

12 He will set up a banner for the nations, And will 1assemble the outcasts of Israel, And gather together athe dispersed of Judah From the four 2corners of the earth.
13 Also athe envy of Ephraim shall depart, And the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off; Ephraim shall not envy Judah, And Judah shall not harass Ephraim.
14 But they shall fly down upon the shoulder of the Philistines toward the west; Together they shall plunder the 1people of the East; aThey shall lay their hand on Edom and Moab; And the people of Ammon shall obey them.
15 The LORD awill utterly 1destroy the tongue of the Sea of Egypt; With His mighty wind He will shake His fist over 2the River, And strike it in the seven streams, And make men cross over 3dry-shod.
16 aThere will be a highway for the remnant of His people Who will be left from Assyria, bAs it was for Israel In the day that he came up from the land of Egypt.

A Hymn of Praise


1 And ain that day you will say: “O LORD, I will praise You; Though You were angry with me, Your anger is turned away, and You comfort me.
2 Behold, God is my salvation, I will trust and not be afraid; a‘For bYAH, the LORD, is my strength and song; He also has become my salvation.’ ”

3 Therefore with joy you will draw awater From the wells of salvation.

4 And in that day you will say:

a“Praise the LORD, call upon His name; bDeclare His deeds among the peoples, Make mention that His cname is exalted.
5 aSing to the LORD, For He has done excellent things; This is known in all the earth.
6 aCry out and shout, O inhabitant of Zion,

12 aJohn 7:35
1gather 2Lit.
13 aIs. 9:21;
Jer. 3:18;
Ezek. 37:16,
17, 22; Hos.
14 aIs. 63:1;
Dan. 11:41;
Joel 3:19;
Amos 9:12
1Lit. sons
15 aIs. 50:2;
51:10, 11;
Zech. 10:10,
11 1So with
MT,Vg.; LXX,
Syr., Tg. dry
up 2The Euphrates
in sandals
16 aIs. 19:23
bEx. 14:29

CHAPTER 12 References

1 aIs. 2:11
2 aPs. 83:18
bEx. 15:2; Ps.
3 a[John 4:10,
14; 7:37, 38] 4 a1 Chr. 16:8;
Ps. 105:1 bPs.
145:4–6 cPs.
5 aEx. 15:1; Ps.
98:1; Is. 24:14;
42:10, 11;
6 aIs. 52:9;
54:1; Zeph.
3:14, 15 bPs.

For great is bthe Holy One of Israel in your midst!”

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Praise to God for His Faithfulness and Justice


1 aI will praise the LORD with my whole heart, In the assembly of the upright and in the congregation.

2 aThe works of the LORD are great, bStudied by all who have pleasure in them.
3 His work is ahonorable and glorious, And His righteousness endures forever.
4 He has made His wonderful works to be remembered; aThe LORD is gracious and full of compassion.
5 He has given food to those who fear Him; He will ever be mindful of His covenant.

PSALM 111 References

1 aPs. 35:18
1Heb. Hallelujah
2 aPs. 92:5 bPs.
3 aPs. 145:4, 5
4 a[Ps. 86:5] 6 1inheritance
7 a[Rev. 15:3] 1truth
8 aIs. 40:8;
Matt. 5:18
b[Rev. 15:3] 9 aLuke 1:68
bLuke 1:49
10 aJob 28:28;
[Prov. 1:7;
9:10]; Eccl.

6 He has declared to His people the power of His works, In giving them the 1heritage of the nations.
7 The works of His hands are averity1 and justice; All His precepts are sure.
8 aThey stand fast forever and ever, And are bdone in truth and uprightness.
9 aHe has sent redemption to His people; He has commanded His covenant forever: bHoly and awesome is His name.

10 aThe fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; A good understanding have all those who do His commandments. His praise endures forever.




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