The Prophets Before the Exile
(Category 8 of 16)
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Isaiah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This is the second of two Read Scripture videos dedicated to the book of Isaiah, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.
Isaiah announces that God’s judgment will purify Israel and prepare his people for the coming messianic king and the new Jerusalem.
Isaiah 40-66: (RS)
CHAPTER 39 References
1 a2 Kin.
2 Chr. 32:31;
2 Kin. 20:12
2 a2 Chr.
32:25, 31; Job
3 aDeut. 28:49;
6 a2 Kin.
7 aDan. 1:1–7
8 a1 Sam. 3:18
CHAPTER 40 References
2 aIs. 61:7 1Lit.
to the heart
3 aMatt. 3:3;
The Babylonian Envoys
1 At athat time 1Merodach-Baladan the son of Baladan,king of
2 aAnd Hezekiah was pleased with them, and showed them the house of his treasures—the silver and gold, the spices and precious ointment, and all his armory—all that was found among his treasures. There was nothing in his house or in all his dominion that Hezekiah did not show them.
3 Then Isaiah the prophet went to King Hezekiah, and said to him,“What did these men say, and from where did they come to you?” So Hezekiah said, “They came to me from a afar country, from .”
4 And he said, “What have they seen in your house?” So Hezekiah answered, “They have seen all that is in my house; there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shown them.”
5 Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah,“Hear the word of the LORD of hosts:
6 ‘Behold, the days are coming awhen all that is in your house, and what your fathers have accumulated until this day, shall be carried to ; nothing shall be left,’ says the LORD.
7 ‘And they shall take away some of your asons who will descend from you, whom you will beget; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of .’ ”
8 So Hezekiah said to Isaiah,a“The word of the LORD which you have spoken is good!” For he said,“At least there will be peace and truth in my days.”
God’s People Are Comforted
1 “Comfort, yes, comfort My people!”Says your God.
2 “Speak 1comfort to Jerusalem,and cry out to her,That her warfare is ended,That her iniquity is pardoned;aFor she has received from the LORD’s hand Double for all her sins.”
3 aThe voice of one crying in the wilderness:b“Prepare the way of the LORD;
cMake straight 1in the desert A highway for our God.
4 Every valley shall be exalted And every mountain and hill brought low;aThe crooked places shall be made 1straight And the rough places smooth;
5 The aglory of the LORD shall be revealed,And all flesh shall see it together;For the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”
6 The voice said, “Cry out!”And 1he said, “What shall I cry?”
a“All flesh is grass,And all its loveliness is like the flower of the field.
7 The grass withers, the flower fades,Because the breath of the LORD blows upon it;Surely the people are grass.
8 The grass withers, the flower fades,But at he word of our God stands forever.”
9 O Zion,You who bring good tidings,Get up into the high mountain;O Jerusalem,You who bring good tidings,Lift up your voice with strength,Lift it up, be not afraid;Say to the cities of,“Behold your God!”
10 Behold, the Lord GOD shall come 1with a strong hand,And aHis arm shall rule for Him;Behold, bHis reward is with Him,And His 2work before Him.
11 He will afeed His flock like a shepherd;He will gather the lambs with His arm,And carry them in His bosom,And gently lead those who are with young.
12 aWho has measured the 1waters in the hollow of His hand,Measured heaven with a 2span And calculated the dust of the earth in a measure?Weighed the mountains in scales And the hills in a balance?
13 aWho has directed the Spirit of the LORD,Or as His counselor has taught Him?
14 With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him,
3 cPs. 68:4 1So
with MT, Tg.,
omits in the
4 aIs. 45:2 1Or
5 aIs. 35:2
6 aJob 14:2;
1 Pet. 1:24, 25
1So with MT,
8 a[John 12:34] 10 aIs. 59:16,
18 bIs. 62:11;
Rev. 22:12 1in
11 aJer. 31:10;
31]; Mic. 5:4;
13:20; 1 Pet.
2:25] 12 aProv. 30:4
1So with MT,
DSS adds of
the sea; Tg.
adds of the
world 2A span
= 1⁄2 cubit, 9
inches; or the
width of His
13 aJob 21:22;
[1 Cor. 2:16] 14 aJob 36:22,
17 aDan. 4:35
18 aEx. 8:10;
15:11; 1 Sam.
2:2; Is. 46:5;
Hab. 2:18, 19
20 a1 Sam. 5:3,
4; Is. 41:7;
46:7; Jer. 10:3
21 aPs. 19:1; Is.
22 aJob 9:8; Ps.
104:2; Is. 42:5;
36:29; Ps. 19:4
23 aJob 12:21;
Ps. 107:40; Is.
34:12; [1 Cor.
And ataught Him in the path of justice?Who taught Him knowledge,And showed Him the way of understanding?
15 Behold, the nations are as a drop in a bucket,And are counted as the small dust on the scales;Look, He lifts up the isles as a very little thing.
16 And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn,Nor its beasts sufficient for aburnt offering.
17 All nations before Him are as anothing,And bthey are counted by Him less than nothing and worthless.
18 To whom then will you aliken God?Or what likeness will you compare to Him?
19 aThe workman molds an image,The goldsmith overspreads it with gold,And the silversmith casts silver chains.
20 Whoever is too impoverished for such 1a contribution Chooses a tree that will not rot;He seeks for himself a skillful workman aTo prepare a carved image that will not totter.
21 aHave you not known?Have you not heard?Has it not been told you from the beginning?Have you not understood from the foundations of the earth?
22 It is He who sits above the circle of the earth,And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers,Who astretches out the heavens like a curtain,And spreads them out like a btent to dwell in.
23 He 1brings the aprinces to nothing;He makes the judges of the earth useless.
24 Scarcely shall they be planted,Scarcely shall they be sown,Scarcely shall their stock take root in the earth,When He will also blow on them,And they will wither,And the whirlwind will take them away like stubble.
25 “Toa whom then will you liken Me,
Or to whom shall I be equal?”says the Holy One.
26 Lift up your eyes on high,And see who has created these things,Who brings out their host by number;aHe calls them all by name,By the greatness of His might And the strength of His power;Not one is missing.
27 aWhy do you say, O Jacob,And speak, O Israel:“My way is hidden from the LORD,And my just claim is passed over by my God”?
28 Have you not known?Have you not heard?The everlasting God, the LORD,The Creator of the ends of the earth,Neither faints nor is weary.aHis understanding is unsearchable.
29 He gives power to the weak,And to those who have no might He increases strength.
30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary,And the young men shall utterly fall,
31 But those who await on the LORD bShall renew their strength;They shall mount up with wings like eagles,They shall run and not be weary,They shall walk and not faint.
Israel Assured of God’s Help
1 “Keep asilence before Me,O coastlands,And let the people renew their strength!Let them come near, then let them speak;Let us bcome near together for judgment.
2 “Who raised up one afrom the east?Who in righteousness called him to His feet?Who bgave the nations before him,And made him rule over kings?Who gave them as the dust to his sword,As driven stubble to his bow?
3 Who pursued them, and passed 1safely By the way that he had not gone with his feet?
4 aWho has performed and done it,Calling the generations from the beginning?‘I, the LORD, am bthe first;And with the last I am cHe.’ ”
26 aPs. 147:4
27 aIs. 54:7, 8
28 aPs. 147:5;
31 aIs. 30:15;
103:5; [2 Cor.
CHAPTER 41 References
1 aHab. 2:20;
Zech. 2:13 bIs.
2 aIs. 46:11
Is. 45:1, 13
3 1Lit. in
4 aIs. 41:26
bRev. 1:8, 17;
6 aIs. 40:19
7 aIs. 44:13 bIs.
2Or The soldering
8 aDeut. 7:6;
43:1] b2 Chr.
10 aIs. 41:13,
b[Deut. 31:6] 11 aEx. 23:22;
12 1Lit. Men of
14 aJob 25:6;
15 aMic. 4:13;
[2 Cor. 10:4] 16 aJer. 51:2
5 The coastlands saw it and feared,The ends of the earth were afraid;They drew near and came.
6 aEveryone helped his neighbor,And said to his brother,1“Be of good courage!”
7 aSo the craftsman encouraged the bgoldsmith;1He who smooths with the hammer inspired him who strikes the ,Saying, 2“It is ready for the soldering”;Then he fastened it with ,cThat it might not totter.
8 “But you, Israel, are My servant,Jacob whom I have achosen,The descendants of Abraham My bfriend.
9 You whom I have taken from the ends of the earth,And called from its farthest regions,And said to you,‘You are My servant,I have chosen you and have not cast you away:
10 aFear not, bfor I am with you;Be not dismayed, for I am your God.I will strengthen you,Yes, I will help you,I will uphold you with My righteous right hand.’
11 “Behold, all those who were incensed against you Shall be aashamed and disgraced;They shall be as nothing,And those who strive with you shall perish.
12 You shall seek them and not find them—1Those who contended with you.Those who war against you Shall be as nothing,As a nonexistent thing.
13 For I, the LORD your God, will hold your right hand,Saying to you, ‘Fear not, I will help you.’
14 “Fear not, you aworm Jacob,You men of Israel!I will help you,” says the LORD And your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
15 “Behold, aI will make you into a new sledge with sharp teeth;You shall thresh the mountains and beat them small,And make the hills like chaff.
16 You shall awinnow them, the wind shall carry them away,And the whirlwind shall scatter them;You shall rejoice in the LORD,
And bglory in the Holy One of Israel.
17 “The poor and needy seek water,but there is none,Their tongues fail for thirst.I, the LORD, will hear them;I, the God of Israel, will not aforsake them.
18 I will open arivers in desolate heights,And fountains in the midst of the valleys;I will make the bwilderness apool of water,And the dry land springs of water.
19 I will plant in the wilderness the cedar and the acacia tree,The myrtle and the oil tree;I will set in the adesert the cypress tree and the pine And the box tree together,
20 aThat they may see and know,And consider and understand together,That the hand of the LORD has done this,And the Holy One of Israel has created it.
The Futility of Idols
21 “Present your case,” says the LORD.“Bring forth your strong reasons,” says the aKing of Jacob.
22 “Leta them bring forth and show us what will happen;Let them show the bformer things, what they were,That we may 1consider them,And know the latter end of them;Or declare to us things to come.
23 aShow the things that are to come hereafter,That we may know that you are gods;Yes, bdo good or do evil,That we may be dismayed and see it together.
24 Indeed ayou are nothing,And your work is nothing;He who chooses you is an abomination.
25 “I have raised up one from the north,And he shall come;From the 1rising of the sun ahe shall call on My name;bAnd he shall come against princes as though mortar,As the potter treads clay.
26 aWho has declared from the beginning, that we may know?And former times, that we may say, ‘He is righteous’?Surely there is no one who shows,
16 bIs. 45:25
17 aPs. 94:14;
18 aIs. 35:6, 7;
19 aIs. 35:1
20 aJob 12:9;
21 aIs. 43:15
22 aIs. 45:21
bIs. 43:9 1Lit.
set our heart
23 aIs. 42:9;
44:7, 8; 45:3;
[John 13:19] bJer. 10:5
24 aPs. 115:8;
Is. 44:9; [Rom.
1 Cor. 8:4] 25 aEzra 1:2
bIs. 41:2; Jer.
26 aIs. 43:9
27 aIs. 41:4 bIs.
28 aIs. 63:5
29 aIs. 41:24
1So with MT,
Syr., Tg. nothing;
Surely there is no one who declares,Surely there is no one who hears your words.
27 aThe first time bI said to Zion,‘Look, there they are!’And I will give to Jerusalem one who brings good tidings.
28 aFor I looked, and there was no man;I looked among them, but there was no counselor,Who, when I asked of them,could answer a word.
29 aIndeed they are all 1worthless;Their works are nothing;Their molded images are wind and confusion.
Praise to God for His Everlasting Mercy
1 OH, agive thanks to the LORD, for He is good! bFor His mercy endures forever.
2 aLet Israel now say, “His mercy endures forever.”
3 Let the house of Aaron now say, “His mercy endures forever.”
4 Let those who fear the LORD now say, “His mercy endures forever.”
5 aI called on the LORD in distress; The LORD answered me and bset me in a broad place.
6 aThe LORD is on my side; I will not fear. What can man do to me?
7 aThe LORD is for me among those who help me; Therefore bI shall see my desire on those who hate me.
8 aIt is better to trust in the LORD Than to put confidence in man.
9 aIt is better to trust in the LORD Than to put confidence in princes.
10 All nations surrounded me, But in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
11 They asurrounded me, Yes, they surrounded me; But in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
12 They surrounded me alike bees; They were quenched blike a fire of thorns; For in the name of the LORD I will 1destroy them.
13 You pushed me violently, that I might fall, But the LORD helped me.
14 aThe LORD is my strength and song, And He has become my salvation.
15 The voice of rejoicing and salvation Is in the tents of the righteous; The right hand of the LORD does valiantly.
PSALM 118 References
1 a1 Chr. 16:8,
34; Jer. 33:11
b2 Chr. 5:13;
7:3; Ezra 3:11;
[Ps. 136:1–26] 2 a[Ps. 115:9] 5 aPs. 120:1
6 aPs. 27:1;
13:6] 7 aPs. 54:4 bPs.
8 a2 Chr. 32:7,
8; Ps. 40:4; Is.
31:1, 3; 57:13;
9 aPs. 146:3
11 aPs. 88:17
12 aDeut. 1:44
Nah. 1:10 1cut
14 aEx. 15:2;
16 aEx. 15:6
17 a[Ps. 6:5];
Hab. 1:12 bPs.
18 aPs. 73:14;
[1 Cor. 11:32];
2 Cor. 6:9
19 aIs. 26:2
20 aPs. 24:7
bIs. 35:8; [Rev.
15] 21 aPs. 116:1
1 Pet. 2:7, 8] 23 1Lit. This is
26 aMatt. 21:9;
27 aEsth. 8:16;
[1 Pet. 2:9] 28 aEx. 15:2;
16 aThe right hand of the LORD is exalted; The right hand of the LORD does valiantly.
17 aI shall not die, but live, And bdeclare the works of the LORD.
18 The LORD has achastened1 me severely, But He has not given me over to death.
19 aOpen to me the gates of righteousness;
I will go through them, And I will praise the LORD.
20 aThis is the gate of the LORD, bThrough which the righteous shall enter.
21 I will praise You, For You have aanswered me, And have become my salvation.
22 aThe stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone.
23 1This was the LORD’s doing; It is marvelous in our eyes.
24 This is the day the LORD has made; We will rejoice and be glad in it.
25 Save now, I pray, O LORD; O LORD, I pray, send now prosperity.
26 aBlessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD! We have blessed you from the house of the LORD.
27 God is the LORD, And He has given us alight; Bind the sacrifice with cords to the horns of the altar.
28 You are my God, and I will praise You; aYou are my God, I will exalt You.
29 Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever.
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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