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Abrahamic Covenant

(Category 2 of 16)

Category 2 Song called Covenant With Abraham

God makes a promise that He will bless all nations through Abraham’s family. But with aging husbands, impatient matriarchs, blessing-stealing children, and jealous siblings who keep mucking things up, how will God’s promise prevail?.

An animated walk through of Genesis 12 – 50

Explore Torah Series

Genesis 12-50 (TOR)


page 14

CHAPTER 19 References

1 aGen. 18:2,
16, 22 bGen.
2 a[Heb. 13:2] bGen. 18:4;
24:32 cLuke
3 aGen. 18:6–8
bEx. 12:8
5 aIs. 3:9
bJudg. 19:22
cGen. 4:1
6 aJudg. 19:23
8 aJudg. 19:24
bGen. 18:5
9 a2 Pet. 2:7, 8
bEx. 2:14 1As
a resident

Sodom’s Depravity


1 Now athe two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and bLot was sitting in the gate of Sodom.When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them, and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground.
2 And he said, “Here now, my lords, please aturn in to your servant’s house and spend the night, and bwash your feet; then you may rise early and go on your way.” And they said, c“No, but we will spend the night in the open square.”
3 But he insisted strongly; so they turned in to him and entered his house. aThen he made them a feast, and baked bunleavened bread, and they ate.
4 Now before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both old and young, all the people from every quarter, surrounded the house.
5 aAnd they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? bBring them out to us that we cmay know them carnally.”
6 So aLot went out to them through the doorway, shut the door behind him,
7 and said, “Please, my brethren, do not do so wickedly!
8 a“See now, I have two daughters who have not known a man; please, let me bring them out to you, and you may do to them as you wish; only do nothing to these men, bsince this is the reason they have come under the shadow of my roof.”
9 And they said, “Stand back!” Then they said, “This one acame in to 1stay here, band he keeps acting as a judge; now we will deal worse with you than with them.” So they pressed hard against the man Lot, and came near to break down the door.
10 But the men reached out their

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hands and pulled Lot into the house with them, and shut the door.
11 And they astruck the men who were at the doorway of the house with blindness, both small and great, so that they became weary trying to find the door.

Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed

12 Then the men said to Lot, “Have you anyone else here? Son-in-law, your sons, your daughters, and whomever you have in the city— atake them out of this place!
13 “For we will destroy this place, because the aoutcry against them has grown great before the face of the LORD, and bthe LORD has sent us to destroy it.”
14 So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, awho had married his daughters, and said, b“Get up, get out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city!” cBut to his sonsin- law he seemed to be joking.
15 When the morning dawned, the angels urged Lot to hurry, saying, a“Arise, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you be consumed in the punishment of the city.”
16 And while he lingered, the men atook hold of his hand, his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters, the bLORD being merciful to him, cand they brought him out and set him outside the city.
17 So it came to pass, when they had brought them outside, that 1he said, a“Escape for your life! bDo not look behind you nor stay anywhere in the plain. Escape cto the mountains, lest you be 2destroyed.”
18 Then Lot said to them, “Please, ano, my lords!
19 “Indeed now, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have increased your mercy which you have shown me by saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, lest some evil overtake me and I die.
20 “See now, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one; please let me escape there (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.”
21 And he said to him, “See, aI have favored you concerning this thing also, in that I will not overthrow this city for which you have spoken.
22 “Hurry, escape there. For aI cannot do anything until you arrive there.” Therefore bthe name of the city was called 1Zoar.
23 The sun had risen upon the earth when Lot entered Zoar.
24 Then the LORD rained abrimstone and bfire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the LORD out of the heavens.
25 So He 1overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and awhat grew on the ground.

11 aGen. 20:17
12 a2 Pet.
2:7, 9
13 aGen. 18:20
b1 Chr. 21:15
14 aMatt. 1:18
bNum. 16:21,
24, 26, 45
cEx. 9:21
15 aRev. 18:4
16 a2 Pet. 2:7
bLuke 18:13
cPs. 34:22
17 aJer. 48:6
cGen. 14:10
1LXX, Syr.,
Vg. they 2Lit.
swept away
18 aActs 10:14
21 aJob 42:8, 9
22 aEx. 32:10
bGen. 13:10;
14:2 1Lit. Little
or Insignificant
24 aDeut.
29:23 bLev.
25 aPs. 107:34
26 aLuke 17:32
27 aGen. 18:22
28 aRev. 9:2;
29 aGen. 8:1;
30 aGen. 19:17,
31 aGen. 16:2,
4; 38:8, 9
32 a[Mark
12:19] 1Lit.
34 1Lit. seed
37 aDeut. 2:9
38 aDeut. 2:19

CHAPTER 20 References

1 aGen. 18:1
bGen. 12:9;
16:7, 14 cGen.
26:1, 6
2 aGen. 12:11–
13; 26:7 bGen.
3 aPs. 105:14
bJob 33:15
cGen. 20:7


26 But his wife looked back behind him, and she became aa pillar of salt.
27 And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where ahe had stood before the LORD.
28 Then he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain; and he saw, and behold, athe smoke of the land which went up like the smoke of a furnace.
29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God aremembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew the cities in which Lot had dwelt.

The Descendants of Lot

30 Then Lot went up out of Zoar and adwelt in the mountains, and his two daughters were with him; for he was afraid to dwell in Zoar. And he and his two daughters dwelt in a cave.
31 Now the firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man on the earth ato come in to us as is the custom of all the earth.
32 “Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we amay preserve the 1lineage of our father.”
33 So they made their father drink wine that night. And the firstborn went in and lay with her father, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
34 It happened on the next day that the firstborn said to the younger, “Indeed I lay with my father last night; let us make him drink wine tonight also, and you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve the 1lineage of our father.”
35 Then they made their father drink wine that night also. And the younger arose and lay with him, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
36 Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father.
37 The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab; ahe is the father of the Moabites to this day.
38 And the younger, she also bore a son and called his name Ben- Ammi; ahe is the father of the people of Ammon to this day.

Abraham and Abimelech


1 And Abraham journeyed from athere to the South, and dwelt between bKadesh and Shur, and cstayed in Gerar.
2 Now Abraham said of Sarah his wife, a“She is my sister.” And Abimelech king of Gerar sent and btook Sarah.
3 But aGod came to Abimelech bin a dream by night, and said to him, c“Indeed you are a dead man

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because of the woman whom you have taken, for she is 1a man’s wife.”
4 But Abimelech had not come near her; and he said, “Lord, awill You slay a righteous nation also?
5 “Did he not say to me, ‘She is my sister’? And she, even she herself said, ‘He is my brother.’ aIn the 1integrity of my heart and innocence of my hands I have done this.”
6 And God said to him in a dream, “Yes, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart. For aI also withheld you from sinning bagainst Me; therefore I did not let you touch her.
7 “Now therefore, restore the man’s wife; afor he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you shall live. But if you do not restore her, bknow that you shall surely die, you cand all who are yours.”
8 So Abimelech rose early in the morning, called all his servants, and told all these things in their hearing; and the men were very much afraid.
9 And Abimelech called Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? How have I 1offended you, athat you have brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? You have done deeds to me bthat ought not to be done.”
10 Then Abimelech said to Abraham, “What did you have in view, that you have done this thing?”
11 And Abraham said, “Because I thought, surely athe fear of God is not in this place; and bthey will kill me on account of my wife.
12 “But indeed ashe is truly my sister. She is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.
13 “And it came to pass, when aGod caused me to wander from my father’s house, that I said to her, ‘This is your kindness that you should do for me: in every place, wherever we go, bsay of me, “He is my brother.” ’ ”
14 Then Abimelech atook sheep, oxen, and male and female servants, and gave them to Abraham; and he restored Sarah his wife to him.
15 And Abimelech said, “See, amy land is before you; dwell where it pleases you.”
16 Then to Sarah he said, “Behold, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver; aindeed this 1vindicates you bbefore all who are with you and before everybody.” Thus she was 2rebuked.
17 So Abraham aprayed to God; and God bhealed Abimelech, his wife, and his female servants. Then they bore children;
18 for the LORD ahad closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.

3 1Lit. married
to a husband
4 aGen.
5 a2 Kin. 20:3
6 a1 Sam.
25:26, 34
bGen. 39:9
7 a1 Sam. 7:5
bGen. 2:17
cNum. 16:32,
9 aGen. 26:10;
39:9 bGen.
34:7 1sinned
11 aProv. 16:6
bGen. 12:12;
12 aGen. 11:29
13 aGen.
12:1–9, 11
bGen. 12:13;
14 aGen. 12:16
15 aGen. 13:9;
34:10; 47:6
16 aGen. 26:11
bGen. 24:65
1Lit. is a covering
of the
eyes for you
to all 2Or justified
17 aJob 42:9
bGen. 21:2
18 aGen. 12:17

CHAPTER 21 References

1 a1 Sam. 2:21
b(Gal. 4:23,
2 aHeb. 11:11,
12 bGen.
17:21; 18:10,
3 aGen. 17:19,
21 1Lit.
4 aActs 7:8
bGen. 17:10,
5 aGen. 17:1,
6 aIs. 54:1
bLuke 1:58
1Lit. made
laughter for
7 aGen. 18:11,
9 aGen. 16:1,
4, 15 b[Gal.
4:29] 1Lit.
10 aGal. 3:18;
11 aGen. 17:18
12 a(Rom. 9:7,
13 aGen. 16:10;
17:20; 21:18;
14 aJohn 8:35
1A water bottle
made of
17 aEx. 3:7
bGen. 22:11

Isaac Is Born


1 And the LORD avisited Sarah as He had said, and the LORD did for Sarah bas He had spoken.
2 For Sarah aconceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age, bat the set time of which God had spoken to him.
3 And Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him— whom Sarah bore to him—aIsaac.1
4 Then Abraham acircumcised his son Isaac when he was eight days old, bas God had commanded him.
5 Now aAbraham was one hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.
6 And Sarah said, a“God has 1made me laugh, and all who hear bwill laugh with me.”
7 She also said, “Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? aFor I have borne him a son in his old age.”

Hagar and Ishmael Depart

8 So the child grew and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the same day that Isaac was weaned.
9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar athe Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, bscoffing.1
10 Therefore she said to Abraham, a“Cast out this bondwoman and her son; for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, namely with Isaac.”
11 And the matter was very 1displeasing in Abraham’s sight abecause of his son.
12 But God said to Abraham, “Do not let it be displeasing in your sight because of the lad or because of your bondwoman. Whatever Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice; for ain Isaac your seed shall be called.
13 “Yet I will also make aa nation of the son of the bondwoman, because he is your 1seed.”
14 So Abraham rose early in the morning, and took bread and 1a skin of water; and putting it on her shoulder, he gave it and the boy to Hagar, and asent her away. Then she departed and wandered in the Wilderness of Beersheba.
15 And the water in the skin was used up, and she placed the boy under one of the shrubs.
16 Then she went and sat down across from him at a distance of about a bowshot; for she said to herself, “Let me not see the death of the boy.” So she sat opposite him, and lifted her voice and wept.
17 And aGod heard the voice of the lad. Then the bangel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said to her, “What ails you, Hagar? Fear not, for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is.

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18 “Arise, lift up the lad and hold him with your hand, for aI will make him a great nation.” 19 Then aGod opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. And she went and filled the skin with water, and gave the lad a drink.
20 So God awas with the lad; and he grew and dwelt in the wilderness, band became an archer. 21 He dwelt in the Wilderness of Paran; and his mother atook a wife for him from the land of Egypt.

A Covenant with Abimelech

22 And it came to pass at that time that aAbimelech and Phichol, the commander of his army, spoke to Abraham, saying, b“God is with you in all that you do.
23 “Now therefore, aswear1 to me by God that you will not deal falsely with me, with my offspring, or with my posterity; but that according to the kindness that I have done to you, you will do to me and to the land in which you have dwelt.”
24 And Abraham said, “I will swear.”
25 Then Abraham rebuked Abimelech because of a well of water which Abimelech’s servants ahad seized.
26 And Abimelech said, “I do not know who has done this thing; you did not tell me, nor had I heard of it until today.”
27 So Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them to Abimelech, and the two of them amade a 1covenant.
28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves.
29 Then Abimelech asked Abraham, a“What is the meaning of these seven ewe lambs which you have set by themselves?”
30 And he said, “You will take these seven ewe lambs from my hand, that athey may be my witness that I have dug this well.”
31 Therefore he acalled that place 1Beersheba, because the two of them swore an oath there.
32 Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba. So Abimelech rose with Phichol, the commander of his army, and they returned to the land of the Philistines.
33 Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and athere called on the name of the LORD, bthe Everlasting God.
34 And Abraham stayed in the land of the Philistines many days.

18 aGen. 16:10;
19 aNum.
20 aGen. 28:15;
39:2, 3, 21
bGen. 16:12
21 aGen. 24:4
22 aGen. 20:2,
14; 26:26
bGen. 26:28
23 aJosh. 2:12
1take an oath
25 aGen. 26:15,
18, 20–22
27 aGen. 26:31;
31:44 1treaty
29 aGen. 33:8
30 aGen. 31:48,
31 aGen. 21:14;
26:33 1Lit.
Well of the
Oath or Well
of the Seven
33 aGen. 4:26;
12:8; 13:4;
26:25 bDeut.
32:40; 33:27

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A Prayer of Faith in Time of Distress

To the Chief Musician. With stringed instruments. aOn 1an eight-stringed harp. A Psalm of David.

1 O LORD, ado not rebuke me in Your anger, Nor chasten me in Your hot displeasure.
2 Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am weak; O LORD, aheal me, for my bones are troubled.
3 My soul also is greatly atroubled; But You, O LORD—how long?

4 Return, O LORD, deliver me! Oh, save me for Your mercies’ sake!
5 aFor in death there is no remembrance of You; In the grave who will give You thanks?

PSALM 6 References

title aPs. 12:
title 1Heb.
1 aPs. 38:1;
118:18; [Jer.
10:24] 2 aPs. 41:4;
147:3; [Hos.
6:1] 3 aPs. 88:3;
John 12:27
5 aPs. 30:9;
115:17; [Eccl.
9:10]; Is. 38:18
6 1Or Every
7 aJob 17:7;
Ps. 31:9
8 a[Matt.
25:41] 8 bPs. 3:4; 28:6

6 I am weary with my groaning; 1All night I make my bed swim; I drench my couch with my tears.
7 aMy eye wastes away because of grief; It grows old because of all my enemies.

8 aDepart from me, all you workers of iniquity; For the LORD has bheard the voice of my weeping.
9 The LORD has heard my supplication; The LORD will receive my prayer.
10 Let all my enemies be ashamed and greatly troubled; Let them turn back and be ashamed suddenly.




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