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The Wisdom of Israel

(Category 9 of 16)

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1 A agood name is to be chosen rather than great riches, Loving favor rather than silver and gold.

2 The arich and the poor have this in common, The bLORD is the maker of them all.

3 A prudent man foresees evil and hides himself, But the simple pass on and are apunished.

4 By humility and the fear of the LORD Are riches and honor and life.

5 Thorns and snares are in the way of the perverse;

CHAPTER 22 References

1 a[Prov. 10:7];
Eccl. 7:1
2 aProv. 29:13
bJob 31:15;
[Prov. 14:31] 3 aProv. 27:12;
Is. 26:20
6 aEph. 6:4;
2 Tim. 3:15
7 aProv. 18:23;
James 2:6
8 aJob 4:8
9 a2 Cor. 9:6
b[Prov. 19:17] 1Lit. good
10 aPs. 101:5
11 aPs. 101:6
13 aProv. 26:13
14 aProv. 2:16;
5:3; 7:5 bEccl.
15 aProv.
13:24; 23:13,


He who guards his soul will be far from them.

6 aTrain up a child in the way he should go, 1And when he is old he will not depart from it.

7 The arich rules over the poor, And the borrower is servant to the lender.

8 He who sows iniquity will reap asorrow,1 And the rod of his anger will fail.

9 aHe who has a 1generous eye will be bblessed, For he gives of his bread to the poor.

10 aCast out the scoffer, and contention will leave; Yes, strife and reproach will cease.

11 aHe who loves purity of heart And has grace on his lips, The king will be his friend.

12 The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge, But He overthrows the words of the faithless.

13 aThe lazy man says, “There is a lion outside! I shall be slain in the streets!”

14 aThe mouth of an immoral woman is a deep pit; bHe who is abhorred by the LORD will fall there.

15 Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child; aThe rod of correction will drive it far from him.

16 He who oppresses the poor to increase his riches, And he who gives to the rich, will surely come to poverty.

Sayings of the Wise

17 Incline your ear and hear the words of the wise, And apply your heart to my knowledge;
18 For it is a pleasant thing if you keep them within you; Let them all be fixed upon your lips,
19 So that your trust may be in the LORD; I have instructed you today, even you.
20 Have I not written to you excellent things Of counsels and knowledge,

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21 aThat I may make you know the certainty of the words of truth, bThat you may answer words of truth To those who 1send to you?

22 Do not rob the apoor because he is poor, Nor oppress the afflicted at the gate;
23 aFor the LORD will plead their cause, And plunder the soul of those who plunder them.

24 Make no friendship with an angry man, And with a afurious man do not go,
25 Lest you learn his ways And set a snare for your soul.

26 aDo not be one of those who 1shakes hands in a pledge, One of those who is 2surety for debts;
27 If you have nothing with which to pay, Why should he take away your bed from under you?

28 aDo not remove the ancient 1landmark Which your fathers have set.

29 Do you see a man who 1excels in his work? He will stand before kings; He will not stand before 2unknown men.


1 When you sit down to eat with a ruler, Consider carefully what is before you;
2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a man given to appetite.
3 Do not desire his delicacies , For they are deceptive food.

4 aDo not overwork to be rich; bBecause of your own understanding, cease!
5 1Will you set your eyes on that which is not? For riches certainly make themselves wings; They fly away like an eagle toward heaven.

6 Do not eat the bread of aa1 miser, Nor desire his delicacies ;
7 For as he thinks in his heart, so is he. “Eat and drink!” ahe says to you, But his heart is not with you.
8 The morsel you have eaten, you will vomit up,

21 aLuke 1:3, 4
bProv. 25:13;
1 Pet. 3:15 1Or
send you
22 aEx. 23:6;
Job 31:16–21;
Zech. 7:10
23 a1 Sam.
24:12; Ps.
12:5; 140:12
24 aProv. 29:22
26 aProv. 11:15
1Lit. strikes
28 aDeut.
19:14; 27:17;
Job 24:2;
Prov. 23:10
29 1is prompt
in his business

CHAPTER 23 References

4 a[Prov. 28:20;
Matt. 6:19;
1 Tim. 6:9, 10;
Heb. 13:5] bRom. 12:16
5 1Lit.Will
you cause
your eyes to
fly upon it
and it is not?
6 aDeut. 15:9;
Prov. 28:22
1Lit. one who
has an evil
7 aProv. 12:2
9 aProv. 9:8;
Matt. 7:6
10 1boundary
11 aProv. 22:23
13 aProv. 13:24
14 1Or Sheol
16 1Lit. kidneys
17 aPs. 37:1;
Prov. 24:1, 19
bProv. 28:14
18 a[Ps. 37:37] 1Future, lit.
latter end
20 aProv. 20:1;
23:29, 30; Is.
5:22; Matt.
24:49; [Luke
21:34]; Rom.
13:13; [Eph.
5:18] 22 aProv. 1:8;
Eph. 6:1
23 aProv. 4:7;
18:15; [Matt.
13:44] 24 aProv. 10:1

And waste your pleasant words.

9 aDo not speak in the hearing of a fool, For he will despise the wisdom of your words.

10 Do not remove the ancient 1landmark, Nor enter the fields of the fatherless;
11 aFor their Redeemer is mighty; He will plead their cause against you.

12 Apply your heart to instruction, And your ears to words of knowledge.

13 aDo not withhold correction from a child, For if you beat him with a rod, he will not die.
14 You shall beat him with a rod, And deliver his soul from 1hell.

15 My son, if your heart is wise, My heart will rejoice—indeed, I myself;
16 Yes, my 1inmost being will rejoice When your lips speak right things.

17 aDo not let your heart envy sinners, But bbe zealous for the fear of the LORD all the day;
18 aFor surely there is a 1hereafter, And your hope will not be cut off.

19 Hear, my son, and be wise; And guide your heart in the way.
20 aDo not mix with winebibbers, Or with gluttonous eaters of meat;
21 For the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty, And drowsiness will clothe a man with rags.

22 aListen to your father who begot you, And do not despise your mother when she is old.

23 aBuy the truth, and do not sell it, Also wisdom and instruction and understanding.

24 aThe father of the righteous will greatly rejoice, And he who begets a wise child will delight in him.
25 Let your father and your mother be glad, And let her who bore you rejoice.

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26 My son, give me your heart, And let your eyes observe my ways.
27 aFor a harlot is a deep pit, And a seductress is a narrow well.
28 aShe also lies in wait as for a victim, And increases the unfaithful among men.

29 aWho has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaints? Who has wounds without cause? Who bhas redness of eyes?
30 aThose who linger long at the wine, Those who go in search of bmixed wine.
31 Do not look on the wine when it is red, When it sparkles in the cup, When it 1swirls around smoothly;
32 At the last it bites like a serpent, And stings like a viper.
33 Your eyes will see strange things, And your heart will utter perverse things.
34 Yes, you will be like one who lies down in the 1midst of the sea, Or like one who lies at the top of the mast, saying:
35 “Theya have struck me, but I was not hurt; They have beaten me, but I did not feel it. When shall bI awake, that I may seek another drink?”


1 Do not be aenvious of evil men, Nor desire to be with them;
2 For their heart devises violence, And their lips talk of troublemaking.

3 Through wisdom a house is built, And by understanding it is established;
4 By knowledge the rooms are filled With all precious and pleasant riches.

5 aA wise man is strong, Yes, a man of knowledge increases strength;
6 aFor by wise counsel you will wage your own war, And in a multitude of counselors there is safety.

7 aWisdom is too lofty for a fool; He does not open his mouth in the gate.

27 aProv. 22:14
28 aProv. 7:12;
Eccl. 7:26
29 aIs. 5:11, 22
bGen. 49:12
30 a1 Sam.
25:36; Prov.
20:1; 21:17; Is.
5:11; 28:7;
[Eph. 5:18] bPs. 75:8
31 1goes
34 1Lit. heart
35 aProv.
27:22; Jer. 5:3
bEph. 4:19

CHAPTER 24 References

1 aPs. 1:1;
37:1; Prov.
5 aProv. 21:22;
Eccl. 9:16
6 aLuke 14:31
7 aPs. 10:5;
Prov. 14:6
8 aProv. 6:14;
14:22; Rom.
1:30 1Lit. master
of evil
10 aDeut. 20:8;
Job 4:5; Jer.
51:46; Heb.
11 aPs. 82:4; Is.
58:6, 7; 1 John
12 a1 Sam.
16:7; Prov.
21:2 bJob
34:11; Ps.
62:12; Rev.
2:23; 22:12
13 aPs. 19:10;
119:103; Prov.
25:16; Song
14 aPs. 19:10;
58:11; Prov.
23:18 1Lit. latter
16 aJob 5:19;
[Ps. 34:19;
37:24; Mic.
7:8] bEsth.
7:10; Amos
17 aJob 31:29;
Ps. 35:15, 19;
[Prov. 17:5];
Obad. 12
18 1Lit. it be
evil in His
19 aPs. 37:1
21 a[Rom. 13:7;
1 Pet. 2:17]


8 He who aplots to do evil Will be called a 1schemer.
9 The devising of foolishness is sin, And the scoffer is an abomination to men.

10 If you afaint in the day of adversity, Your strength is small.

11 aDeliver those who are drawn toward death, And hold back those stumbling to the slaughter.
12 If you say, “Surely we did not know this,” Does not aHe who weighs the hearts consider it? He who keeps your soul, does He not know it? And will He not render to each man baccording to his deeds?

13 My son, aeat honey because it is good, And the honeycomb which is sweet to your taste;
14 aSo shall the knowledge of wisdom be to your soul; If you have found it, there is a 1prospect, And your hope will not be cut off.

15 Do not lie in wait, O wicked man, against the dwelling of the righteous; Do not plunder his resting place;
16 aFor a righteous man may fall seven times And rise again, bBut the wicked shall fall by calamity.

17 aDo not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles;
18 Lest the LORD see it, and 1it displease Him, And He turn away His wrath from him.
19 aDo not fret because of evildoers, Nor be envious of the wicked;
20 For there will be no prospect for the evil man; The lamp of the wicked will be put out.

21 My son, afear the LORD and the king; Do not associate with those given to change;
22 For their calamity will rise suddenly, And who knows the ruin those two can bring?

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Further Sayings of the Wise

23 These things also belong to the wise:

aIt is not good to 1show partiality in judgment.
24 aHe who says to the wicked, “You are righteous,” Him the people will curse; Nations will abhor him.
25 But those who rebuke the wicked will have adelight, And a good blessing will come upon them.

26 He who gives a right answer kisses the lips.

27 aPrepare your outside work, Make it fit for yourself in the field; And afterward build your house.

28 aDo not be a witness against your neighbor without cause, 1For would you deceive with your lips?
29 aDo not say, “I will do to him just as he has done to me; I will render to the man according to his work.”

30 I went by the field of the lazy man, And by the vineyard of the man devoid of understanding;
31 And there it was, aall overgrown with thorns; Its surface was covered with nettles; Its stone wall was broken down.
32 When I saw it, I considered it well; I looked on it and received instruction:
33 aA little sleep, a little slumber, A little folding of the hands to rest;
34 aSo shall your poverty come like 1a prowler, And your need like 2an armed man.

23 aLev. 19:15;
Deut. 1:17;
16:19; [John
7:24] 1Lit. recognize
24 aProv.
17:15; Is. 5:23
25 aProv. 28:23
27 a1 Kin. 5:17;
Prov. 27:23–27
28 aLev. 6:2, 3;
19:11; Eph.
4:25 1LXX,
Vg. Do not
29 a[Prov.
20:22; Matt.
5:39–44; Rom.
12:17–19] 31 aGen. 3:18
33 aProv. 6:9,
34 aProv.
6:9–11 1Lit.
one who
walks about
1Lit. a man
with a shield

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A Prayer for Guidance

To the Chief Musician.With 1flutes. A Psalm of David.

1 GIVE aear to my words, O LORD, Consider my 1meditation.
2 Give heed to the voice of my cry, My King and my God, For to You I will pray.
3 My voice You shall hear in the morning, O LORD; aIn the morning I will direct it to You, And I will look up.

4 For You are not a God who takes pleasure in wickedness, Nor shall evil 1dwell with You.
5 The aboastful shall not bstand in Your sight; You hate all workers of iniquity.
6 You shall destroy those who speak falsehood; The LORD abhors the abloodthirsty and deceitful man.

7 But as for me, I will come into Your house in the multitude of Your mercy; In fear of You I will worship toward 1Your holy temple.

PSALM 5 References

title 1Heb. nehiloth
1 aPs. 4:1 1Lit.
3 aPs. 55:17;
4 1Lit. sojourn
5 a[Hab. 1:13] bPs. 1:5
6 aPs. 55:23
7 1Lit. the
temple of
Your holiness
8 aPs. 25:4, 5;
27:11; 31:3
9 aRom. 3:13
11 1protect, lit.

8 aLead me, O LORD, in Your righteousness because of my enemies; Make Your way straight before my face.
9 For there is no 1faithfulness in their mouth; Their inward part is destruction; aTheir throat is an open tomb; They flatter with their tongue.
10 Pronounce them guilty, O God! Let them fall by their own counsels; Cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions, For they have rebelled against You.
11 But let all those rejoice who put their trust in You; Let them ever shout for joy, because You 1defend them; Let those also who love Your name Be joyful in You.
12 For You, O LORD, will bless the righteous; With favor You will surround him as with a shield.




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