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The Prophets of The Exile

(Category 10 of 16)

page 710

Judgment on Ammon


1 Against the aAmmonites. Thus says the LORD:

“Has Israel no sons? Has he no heir? Why then does 1Milcom inherit bGad, And his people dwell in its cities?
2 aTherefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “That I will cause to be heard an alarm of war In bRabbah of the Ammonites;

CHAPTER 49 References

1 aDeut. 23:3,
4; 2 Chr. 20:1;
Jer. 25:21;
25:1–7 bAmos
1:13–15; Zeph.
2:8–11 1Heb.
Malcam, lit.
their king; an
god, 1 Kin.
11:5; Molech,
Lev. 18:21
2 aAmos
bEzek. 25:5
1Lit. daughters
3 aJer. 48:2 bIs.
32:11; Jer.
48:37 cJer.
48:7 1See v. 1
4 aJer. 9:23
bJer. 3:14 cJer.
48:7 dJer.
21:13 1Lit.
Your valley is
6 aJer. 48:47
7 aGen. 25:30;
32:3; Is. 34:5,
6; Jer. 25:21;
35:1–15; Joel
3:19; Amos
1:11, 12;
Obad. 1–9, 15,
16 bGen.
36:11; Job
2:11 cIs. 19:11
dJer. 8:9
8 aIs. 21:13;
Jer. 25:23
9 aObad. 5, 6
10 aObad. 5, 6;
Mal. 1:3 bIs.
12 aJer. 25:29;
Obad. 16

It shall be a desolate mound, And her 1villages shall be burned with fire. Then Israel shall take possession of his inheritance,” says the LORD.

3 “Wail, O aHeshbon, for Ai is plundered! Cry, you daughters of Rabbah, bGird yourselves with sackcloth! Lament and run to and fro by the walls; For 1Milcom shall go into captivity With his cpriests and his princes together.
4 Why ado you boast in the valleys, 1Your flowing valley, O bbacksliding daughter? Who trusted in her ctreasures, dsaying, ‘Who will come against me?’
5 Behold, I will bring fear upon you,” Says the Lord GOD of hosts, “From all those who are around you; You shall be driven out, everyone headlong, And no one will gather those who wander off.
6 But aafterward I will bring back The captives of the people of Ammon,” says the LORD.

Judgment on Edom

7 aAgainst Edom. Thus says the LORD of hosts:

b“Is wisdom no more in Teman? cHas counsel perished from the prudent? Has their wisdom dvanished?
8 Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of aDedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, The time that I will punish him.
9 aIf grape-gatherers came to you, Would they not leave some gleaning grapes? If thieves by night, Would they not destroy until they have enough?
10 aBut I have made Esau bare; I have uncovered his secret places, And he shall not be able to hide himself. His descendants are plundered, His brethren and his neighbors, And bhe is no more.
11 Leave your fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; And let your widows trust in Me.”

12 For thus says the LORD: “Behold, athose whose judgment was not to

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drink of the cup have assuredly drunk. And are you the one who will altogether go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you shall surely drink of it.
13 “For aI have sworn by Myself,” says the LORD, “that bBozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a 1waste, and a curse. And all its cities shall be perpetual 2wastes.”

14 aI have heard a message from the LORD, And an ambassador has been sent to the nations: “Gather together, come against her, And rise up to battle!

15 “For indeed, I will make you small among nations, Despised among men.
16 Your fierceness has deceived you, The apride of your heart, O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock, Who hold the height of the hill! bThough you make your cnest as high as the eagle, dI will bring you down from there,” says the LORD.
17 “Edom also shall be an astonishment; aEveryone who goes by it will be astonished And will hiss at all its plagues.
18 aAs in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah And their neighbors,” says the LORD, “No one shall remain there, Nor shall a son of man dwell in it.

19 “Behold,a he shall come up like a lion from bthe 1floodplain of the Jordan Against the dwelling place of the strong; But I will suddenly make him run away from her. And who is a chosen man that I may appoint over her? For cwho is like Me? Who will arraign Me? And dwho is that shepherd Who will withstand Me?”

20 aTherefore hear the counsel of the LORD that He has taken against Edom, And His purposes that He has proposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall 1draw them out; Surely He shall make their dwelling places desolate with them.
21 aThe earth shakes at the noise of their fall;

13 aGen. 22:16;
Is. 45:23; Jer.
44:26; Amos
6:8 bGen.
36:33; 1 Chr.
1:44; Is. 34:6;
63:1; Amos
1:12 1ruin 2ruins
14 aObad. 1–4
16 aJer. 48:29
bObad. 3, 4
cJob 39:27; Is.
dAmos 9:2
17 aJer. 18:16;
49:13; 50:13;
Ezek. 35:7
18 aGen. 19:24,
25; Deut.
29:23; Jer.
50:40; Amos
4:11; Zeph.
19 aJer. 50:44
bJosh. 3:15;
Jer. 12:5 cEx.
15:11; Is. 46:9
dJob 41:10 1Or
20 aIs. 14:24,
27; Jer. 50:45
1Or drag
them away
21 aJer. 50:46;
Ezek. 26:15,
22 aJer. 48:40,
23 aIs. 17:1–3;
Amos 1:3, 5;
Zech. 9:1, 2
bJer. 39:5;
Zech. 9:2 c[Is.
57:20] 1anxiety
24 aIs. 13:8;
Jer. 4:31; 6:24;
48:21 1childbirth
25 aJer. 33:9
26 aJer. 50:30;
Amos 4:10
27 aAmos 1:4
28 aGen. 25:13;
Ps. 120:5; Is.
21:16, 17; Jer.
2:10; Ezek.
27:21 bJudg.
6:3; Job 1:3
29 aPs. 120:5
bJer. 46:5
31 aEzek.
38:11 bNum.
23:9; Deut.
33:28; Mic.


At the cry its noise is heard at the Red Sea.
22 Behold, aHe shall come up and fly like the eagle, And spread His wings over Bozrah; The heart of the mighty men of Edom in that day shall be Like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.

Judgment on Damascus

23 aAgainst Damascus.

b“Hamath and Arpad are shamed, For they have heard bad news. They are fainthearted; cThere is 1trouble on the sea; It cannot be quiet.
24 Damascus has grown feeble; She turns to flee, And fear has seized her. aAnguish and sorrows have taken her like a woman in 1labor.
25 Why is athe city of praise not deserted, the city of My joy?
26 aTherefore her young men shall fall in her streets, And all the men of war shall be cut off in that day,” says the LORD of hosts.
27 “Ia will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, And it shall consume the palaces of Ben-Hadad.”

Judgment on Kedar and Hazor

28 aAgainst Kedar and against the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon shall strike.

Thus says the Lord:

“Arise, go up to Kedar, And devastate athe men of the East!
29 Their atents and their flocks they shall take away. They shall take for themselves their curtains, All their vessels and their camels; And they shall cry out to them, b‘Fear is on every side!’

30 “Flee, get far away! Dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Hazor!” says the LORD. “For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has taken counsel against you, And has conceived a plan against you.

31 “Arise, go up to athe wealthy nation that dwells securely,” says the LORD, “Which has neither gates nor bars, bDwelling alone.

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32 Their camels shall be for booty, And the multitude of their cattle for plunder. I will ascatter to all winds those 1in the farthest corners, And I will bring their calamity from all its sides,” says the LORD.
33 “Hazor ashall be a dwelling for jackals, a desolation forever; No one shall reside there, Nor son of man dwell in it.”

Judgment on Elam

34 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against aElam, in the bbeginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,
35 “Thus says the LORD of hosts:

‘Behold, I will break athe 1bow of Elam, The foremost of their might.
36 Against Elam I will bring the four winds From the four quarters of heaven, And scatter them toward all those winds; There shall be no nations where the outcasts of Elam will not go.
37 For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies And before those who seek their life. aI will bring disaster upon them, My fierce anger,’ says the LORD; ‘And I will send the sword after them Until I have consumed them.
38 I will aset My throne in Elam, And will destroy from there the king and the princes,’ says the LORD.

39 ‘But it shall come to pass ain the latter days: I will bring back the captives of Elam,’ says the LORD.”

Judgment on Babylon and Babylonia


1 The word that the LORD spoke aagainst Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet.

2 “Declare among the nations, Proclaim, and 1set up a standard; Proclaim—do not conceal it— Say, ‘Babylon is ataken, bBel is shamed. 2Merodach is broken in pieces; cHer idols are humiliated, Her images are broken in pieces.’
3 aFor out of the north ba nation comes up against her,

32 aEzek. 5:10
1Lit. cut off at
the corner,
Jer. 9:26;
33 aMal. 1:3
34 aJer. 25:25
b2 Kin. 24:17,
35 aIs. 22:6
37 aJer. 9:16
38 aJer. 43:10
39 aJer. 48:47
1 aIs. 13:1;
2 aIs. 21:9 bIs.
46:1 cJer.
43:12, 13 1lift
2Or Marduk; a
3 aJer. 51:48
bIs. 13:17, 18,
20 1Or wander
4 aHos. 1:11
bEzra 3:12, 13
cHos. 3:5
5 aJer. 31:31
6 aIs. 53:6 bJer.
23:1 c[Jer.
2:20; 3:6, 23] 7 aPs. 79:7
bZech. 11:5
cJer. 2:3 d[Ps.
90:1; 91:1] ePs. 22:4
8 aIs. 48:20
1male goats
9 aJer. 15:14;
51:27 b2 Sam.
1:22 1So with
some Heb.
mss., LXX,
Syr.; MT, Tg.,
Vg. a warrior
who makes
10 a[Rev.
17:16] 11 aIs. 47:6
bHos. 10:11
1Or neigh like

Which shall make her land desolate, And no one shall dwell therein. They shall 1move, they shall depart, Both man and beast.

4 “In those days and in that time,” says the LORD, “The children of Israel shall come, aThey and the children of Judah together; bWith continual weeping they shall come, cAnd seek the LORD their God.
5 They shall ask the way to Zion, With their faces toward it, saying, ‘Come and let us join ourselves to the LORD In aa perpetual covenant That will not be forgotten.’

6 “My people have been alost sheep. Their shepherds have led them bastray; They have turned them away on cthe mountains. They have gone from mountain to hill; They have forgotten their resting place.
7 All who found them have adevoured them; And btheir adversaries said, c‘We have not offended, Because they have sinned against the LORD, dthe habitation of justice, The LORD, ethe hope of their fathers.’

8 “Movea from the midst of Babylon, Go out of the land of the Chaldeans; And be like the 1rams before the flocks.
9 aFor behold, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon An assembly of great nations from the north country, And they shall array themselves against her; From there she shall be captured. Their arrows shall be like those of 1an expert warrior; bNone shall return in vain.
10 And Chaldea shall become plunder; aAll who plunder her shall be satisfied,” says the LORD.

11 “Becausea you were glad, because you rejoiced, You destroyers of My heritage, Because you have grown fat blike a heifer threshing grain, And you 1bellow like bulls,

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12 Your mother shall be deeply ashamed; She who bore you shall be ashamed. Behold, the least of the nations shall be a awilderness, A dry land and a desert.
13 Because of the wrath of the LORD She shall not be inhabited, aBut she shall be wholly desolate. bEveryone who goes by Babylon shall be horrified And hiss at all her plagues.

14 “Puta yourselves in array against Babylon all around, All you who bend the bow; Shoot at her, spare no arrows, For she has sinned against the LORD.
15 Shout against her all around; She has agiven her hand, Her foundations have fallen, bHer walls are thrown down; For cit is the vengeance of the LORD. Take vengeance on her. As she has done, so do to her.
16 Cut off the sower from Babylon, And him who handles the sickle at harvest time. For fear of the oppressing sword aEveryone shall turn to his own people, And everyone shall flee to his own land.

17 “Israel is like ascattered sheep; bThe lions have driven him away. First cthe king of Assyria devoured him; Now at last this dNebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has broken his bones.”

18 Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:

“Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land, As I have punished the king of aAssyria.
19 aBut I will bring back Israel to his home, And he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan; His soul shall be satisfied on Mount Ephraim and Gilead.
20 In those days and in that time,” says the LORD, a“The iniquity of Israel shall be sought, but there shall be none; And the sins of Judah, but they shall not be found; For I will pardon those bwhom I preserve.

12 aJer. 51:43
13 aJer. 25:12
bJer. 49:17
14 aJer. 51:2
15 a1 Chr.
29:24; 2 Chr.
30:8; Lam. 5:6;
Ezek. 17:18
bJer. 51:58
cJer. 51:6, 11
16 aIs. 13:14;
Jer. 51:9
17 a2 Kin.
24:10, 14 bJer.
2:15 c2 Kin.
15:29; 17:6;
d2 Kin.
18 aIs. 10:12;
Ezek. 31:3, 11,
12; Nah. 3:7,
18, 19
19 aIs. 65:10;
Jer. 33:12;
Ezek. 34:13
20 aNum.
23:21; Is.
43:25; [Jer.
31:34; Mic.
7:19] bIs. 1:9
21 aEzek.
23:23 b2 Sam.
16:11; 2 Kin.
18:25; 2 Chr.
36:23; Is. 10:6;
44:28; 48:14
1Or Attack
with the
22 aJer. 51:54
23 aIs. 14:6;
Jer. 51:20–24
24 aJer. 51:8,
31; Dan. 5:30
b[Is. 45:9] 25 aIs. 13:5
27 aPs. 22:12;
Is. 34:7; Jer.
46:21 bPs.
37:13; Jer.
48:44; Ezek.
28 aPs.
149:6–9; Jer.
29 aPs. 137:8;
Jer. 51:56;
[2 Thess. 1:6];
Rev. 18:6 b[Is.
47:10] 1Qr.,
some Heb.
mss., LXX,
Tg. add to her
30 aIs. 13:18;
Jer. 49:26;
31 1So with
MT, Tg.; LXX,
Vg. The time
of your punishment
32 aIs. 26:5;
Mal. 4:1


21 “Go up against the land of Merathaim, against it, And against the inhabitants of aPekod. 1Waste and utterly destroy them,” says the LORD, “And do baccording to all that I have commanded you.
22 aA sound of battle is in the land, And of great destruction.
23 How athe hammer of the whole earth has been cut apart and broken! How Babylon has become a desolation among the nations!
24 I have laid a snare for you; You have indeed been atrapped, O Babylon, And you were not aware; You have been found and also caught, Because you have bcontended against the LORD.
25 The LORD has opened His armory, And has brought out athe weapons of His indignation; For this is the work of the Lord GOD of hosts In the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come against her from the farthest border; Open her storehouses; Cast her up as heaps of ruins, And destroy her utterly; Let nothing of her be left.
27 Slay all her abulls, Let them go down to the slaughter. Woe to them! For their day has come, the time of btheir punishment.
28 The voice of those who flee and escape from the land of Babylon aDeclares in Zion the vengeance of the LORD our God, The vengeance of His temple.

29 “Call together the archers against Babylon. All you who bend the bow, encamp against it all around; Let none of them 1escape. aRepay her according to her work; According to all she has done, do to her; bFor she has been proud against the LORD, Against the Holy One of Israel.
30 aTherefore her young men shall fall in the streets, And all her men of war shall be cut off in that day,” says the LORD.
31 “Behold, I am against you, O most haughty one!” says the Lord GOD of hosts; “For your day has come, 1The time that I will punish you.
32 The most aproud shall stumble and fall,

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And no one will raise him up; bI will kindle a fire in his cities, And it will devour all around him.”

33 Thus says the LORD of hosts:

“The children of Israel were oppressed, Along with the children of Judah; All who took them captive have held them fast; They have refused to let them go.
34 aTheir Redeemer is strong; bThe LORD of hosts is His name. He will thoroughly plead their ccase, That He may give rest to the land, And disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.

35 “A sword is against the Chaldeans,” says the LORD, “Against the inhabitants of Babylon, And aagainst her princes and bher wise men.
36 A sword is aagainst the soothsayers, and they will be fools. A sword is against her mighty men, and they will be dismayed.
37 A sword is against their horses, Against their chariots, And against all athe mixed peoples who are in her midst; And bthey will become like women. A sword is against her treasures, and they will be robbed.
38 aA 1drought is against her waters, and they will be dried up. For it is the land of carved images, And they are insane with their idols.

39 “Thereforea the wild desert beasts shall dwell there with the jackals, And the ostriches shall dwell in it. bIt shall be inhabited no more forever, Nor shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation.
40 aAs God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah And their neighbors,” says the LORD, “So no one shall reside there, Nor son of man bdwell in it.

41 “Behold,a a people shall come from the north, And a great nation and many kings

32 bJer. 21:14
34 aProv.
23:11; Is.
43:14; Jer.
15:21; 31:11;
Rev. 18:8 bIs.
47:4 cJer.
35 aDan. 5:30
bIs. 47:13; Jer.
36 aIs. 44:25;
Jer. 48:30
37 aJer. 25:20;
Ezek. 30:5
bJer. 51:30;
Nah. 3:13
38 aIs. 44:27;
Jer. 51:36;
Rev. 16:12 1So
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; Syr.
sword; LXX
omits A
drought is
39 aIs. 13:21,
22; 34:14; Jer.
51:37; Rev.
18:2 bIs. 13:20;
Jer. 25:12
40 aGen. 19:24,
25; Is. 13:19;
Jer. 49:18;
2 Pet. 2:6;
Jude 7 bIs.
41 aIs. 13:2–5;
Jer. 6:22;
25:14; 51:27
42 aJer. 6:23
bIs. 13:18 cIs.
43 aJer. 51:31
bJer. 6:24
44 aJer.
49:19–21 bJob
41:10; Jer.
49:19 1Or
45 a[Ps. 33:11;
Is. 14:24]; Jer.
51:10, 11 bJer.
51:29 cJer.
49:19, 20
46 aRev. 18:9

Shall be raised up from the ends of the earth.
42 aThey shall hold the bow and the lance; bThey are cruel and shall not show mercy. cTheir voice shall roar like the sea; They shall ride on horses, Set in array, like a man for the battle, Against you, O daughter of Babylon.

43 “The king of Babylon has aheard the report about them, And his hands grow feeble; Anguish has taken hold of him, Pangs as of a woman in bchildbirth.

44 “Behold,a he shall come up like a lion from the 1floodplain of the Jordan Against the dwelling place of the strong; But I will make them suddenly run away from her. And who is a chosen man that I may appoint over her? For who is like Me? Who will arraign Me? And bwho is that shepherd Who will withstand Me?”

45 Therefore hear athe counsel of the LORD that He has taken against Babylon, And His bpurposes that He has proposed against the land of the Chaldeans: cSurely the least of the flock shall draw them out; Surely He will make their dwelling place desolate with them.
46 aAt the noise of the taking of Babylon The earth trembles, And the cry is heard among the nations.

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A Prayer for Divine Scrutiny and Redemption

A Psalm of David.

1 VINDICATE ame, O LORD, For I have bwalked in my integrity. cI have also trusted in the LORD; I shall not slip.
2 aExamine me, O LORD, and 1prove me; Try my mind and my heart.
3 For Your lovingkindness is before my eyes, And aI have walked in Your truth.
4 I have not asat with idolatrous mortals, Nor will I go in with hypocrites.
5 I have ahated the assembly of evildoers, And will not sit with the wicked.

6 I will wash my hands in innocence; So I will go about Your altar, O LORD,

PSALM 26 References

1 aPs. 7:8
b2 Kin. 20:3;
[Prov. 20:7] c[Ps. 13:5;
28:7] 2 aPs. 17:3;
139:23 1test
3 a2 Kin. 20:3;
Ps. 86:11
4 aPs. 1:1; Jer.
5 aPs. 31:6;
8 aPs. 27:4;
84:1–4, 10
1Lit. of the
tabernacle of
Your glory
9 aPs. 28:3 1Do
not take
10 a1 Sam. 8:3
12 aPs. 40:2

7 That I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving, And tell of all Your wondrous works.
8 LORD, aI have loved the habitation of Your house, And the place 1where Your glory dwells.

9 aDo1 not gather my soul with sinners, Nor my life with bloodthirsty men,
10 In whose hands is a sinister scheme, And whose right hand is full of abribes.

11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity; Redeem me and be merciful to me.
12 aMy foot stands in an even place; In the congregations I will bless the LORD.




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