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The Prophets of The Exile

(Category 10 of 16)

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Egypt Cut Down Like a Great Tree


1 Now it came to pass in the aeleventh year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying,

CHAPTER 31 References

1 aJer. 52:5, 6;
Ezek. 30:20;
2 aEzek. 31:18
3 aIs. 10:33, 34;
Ezek. 17:3, 4,
22; 31:16;
Dan. 4:10,
4 aJer. 51:36;
Ezek. 29:3–9
1Or channels
5 aDan. 4:11
6 aEzek. 17:23;
31:13; Dan.
4:12, 21; Matt.
13:32 1Lit.
8 aGen. 2:8, 9;
13:10; Is. 51:3;
Ezek. 28:13;
31:16, 18 1Or
plane, Heb.
10 a2 Chr.
32:25; Is.
10:12; 14:13,
14; Ezek.
28:17; Dan.
5:20 1Proud
11 aEzek.
30:10; Dan.
5:18, 19
12 aEzek. 28:7;
30:11; 32:12
bEzek. 32:5;
35:8 cEzek.
30:24, 25


2 “Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his multitude:

a‘Whom are you like in your greatness?
3 aIndeed Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon, With fine branches that shaded the forest, And of high stature; And its top was among the thick boughs.
4 aThe waters made it grow; Underground waters gave it height, With their rivers running around the place where it was planted, And sent out 1rivulets to all the trees of the field.

5 ‘Therefore aits height was exalted above all the trees of the field; Its boughs were multiplied, And its branches became long because of the abundance of water, As it sent them out.
6 All the abirds of the heavens made their nests in its boughs; Under its branches all the beasts of the field brought forth their young; And in its shadow all great nations 1made their home.

7 ‘Thus it was beautiful in greatness and in the length of its branches, Because its roots reached to abundant waters.
8 The cedars in the agarden of God could not hide it; The fir trees were not like its boughs, And the 1chestnut trees were not like its branches; No tree in the garden of God was like it in beauty.
9 I made it beautiful with a multitude of branches, So that all the trees of Eden envied it, That were in the garden of God.’

10 “Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: ‘Because you have increased in height, and it set its top among the thick boughs, and aits heart was 1lifted up in its height,
11 ‘therefore I will deliver it into the hand of the amighty one of the nations, and he shall surely deal with it; I have driven it out for its wickedness.
12 ‘And aliens, athe most terrible of the nations, have cut it down and left it; its branches have fallen bon the mountains and in all the valleys; its boughs lie cbroken by all the rivers

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of the land; and all the peoples of the earth have gone from under its shadow and left it.

13 ‘On aits ruin will remain all the birds of the heavens, And all the beasts of the field will come to its branches—

14 ‘So that no trees by the waters may ever again exalt themselves for their height, nor set their tops among the thick boughs, that no tree which drinks water may ever be high enough to reach up to them.

‘For athey have all been delivered to death, bTo the depths of the earth, Among the children of men who go down to the Pit.’

15 “Thus says the Lord GOD: ‘In the day when it awent down to 1hell, I caused mourning. I covered the deep because of it. I restrained its rivers, and the great waters were held back. I caused Lebanon to 2mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted because of it.
16 ‘I made the nations ashake at the sound of its fall,when I bcast it down to 1hell together with those who descend into the Pit; and call the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, dwere comforted in the depths of the earth.
17 ‘They also went down to hell with it, with those slain by the sword; and those who were its strong arm adwelt in its shadows among the nations.
18 a‘To which of the trees in Eden will you then be likened in glory and greatness? Yet you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the depths of the earth; byou shall lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, with those slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude,’ says the Lord GOD.”

Lamentation for Pharaoh and Egypt


1 And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the atwelfth month, on the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
2 “Son of man, atake up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him:

b‘You are like a young lion among the nations, And cyou are like a monster in the seas, dBursting forth in your rivers, Troubling the waters with your feet, And efouling their rivers.

3 ‘Thus says the Lord GOD:

13 aIs. 18:6;
Ezek. 32:4
14 aPs. 82:7
bEzek. 32:18
15 aEzek.
32:22, 23 1Or
Sheol 2Lit. be
16 aEzek.
26:15; Hag.
2:7 bIs. 14:15;
Ezek. 32:18
cIs. 14:8; Hab.
2:17 dEzek.
32:31 1Or
17 aLam. 4:20
18 aEzek.
32:19 bJer.
9:25, 26; Ezek.
28:10; 32:19,

CHAPTER 32 References

1 aEzek. 31:1;
2 aEzek. 27:2
bJer. 4:7;
Ezek. 19:2–6;
Nah. 2:11–13
cIs. 27:1;
Ezek. 29:3
dJer. 46:7, 8
eEzek. 34:18
3 aEzek. 12:13;
4 aEzek. 29:5
bIs. 18:6;
Ezek. 31:13
1Lit. sit or
5 aEzek. 31:12
7 aIs. 13:10;
Joel 2:31;
3:15; Amos
8:9; Matt.
24:29; Mark
13:24; Luke
21:25; Rev.
6:12, 13; 8:12
8 1Or shining
10 aEzek.
11 aJer. 46:26;
Ezek. 30:4
12 aEzek. 28:7;
30:11; 31:12
bEzek. 29:19
13 aEzek.
14 1Lit. sink;
settle, grow

“I will therefore aspread My net over you with a company of many people, And they will draw you up in My net.
4 Then aI will leave you on the land; I will cast you out on the open fields, bAnd cause to 1settle on you all the birds of the heavens. And with you I will fill the beasts of the whole earth.
5 I will lay your flesh aon the mountains, And fill the valleys with your carcass.

6 “I will also water the land with the flow of your blood, Even to the mountains; And the riverbeds will be full of you.
7 When I put out your light, aI will cover the heavens, and make its stars dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, And the moon shall not give her light.
8 All the 1bright lights of the heavens I will make dark over you, And bring darkness upon your land,” Says the Lord GOD.

9 ‘I will also trouble the hearts of many peoples, when I bring your destruction among the nations, into the countries which you have not known.
10 ‘Yes, I will make many peoples astonished at you, and their kings shall be horribly afraid of you when I brandish My sword before them; and athey shall tremble every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of your fall.
11 a‘For thus says the Lord GOD: “The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon you.
12 “By the swords of the mighty warriors, all of them athe most terrible of the nations, I will cause your multitude to fall.

b“They shall plunder the pomp of Egypt, And all its multitude shall be destroyed.
13 Also I will destroy all its animals From beside its great waters; aThe foot of man shall muddy them no more, Nor shall the hooves of animals muddy them.
14 Then I will make their waters 1clear, And make their rivers run like oil,” Says the Lord GOD.

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15 “When I make the land of Egypt desolate, And the country is destitute of all that once filled it, When I strike all who dwell in it, aThen they shall know that I am the LORD.

16 “This is the alamentation With which they shall lament her; The daughters of the nations shall lament her; They shall lament for her, for Egypt, And for all her multitude,” Says the Lord GOD.’ ”

Egypt and Others Consigned to the Pit

17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, on the fifteenth day of the month, athat the word of the LORD came to me, saying:

18 “Son of man, wail over the multitude of Egypt, And acast them down to the depths of the earth, Her and the daughters of the famous nations, With those who go down to the Pit:
19 ‘Whom ado you surpass in beauty? bGo down, be placed with the uncircumcised.’

20 “They shall fall in the midst of those slain by the sword; She is delivered to the sword, aDrawing her and all her multitudes.
21 aThe strong among the mighty Shall speak to him out of the midst of hell With those who help him: ‘They have bgone down, They lie with the uncircumcised, slain by the sword.’

22 “Assyriaa is there, and all her company, With their graves all around her, All of them slain, fallen by the sword.
23 aHer graves are set in the recesses of the Pit, And her company is all around her grave, All of them slain, fallen by the sword, Who bcaused terror in the land of the living.

24 “There is aElam and all her multitude, All around her grave, All of them slain, fallen by the sword,

15 aEx. 7:5;
14:4, 18; Ps.
9:16; Ezek. 6:7
16 a2 Sam.
1:17; 2 Chr.
35:25; Jer.
9:17; Ezek.
17 aEzek. 32:1;
18 aEzek.
26:20; 31:14
19 aJer. 9:25,
26; Ezek. 31:2,
18 bEzek.
20 aPs. 28:3
21 aIs. 1:31;
14:9, 10; Ezek.
32:27 bEzek.
32:19, 25
22 aEzek. 31:3,
23 aIs. 14:15
32:24–27, 32
24 aGen. 10:22;
14:1; Is. 11:11;
Jer. 25:25;
bEzek. 32:21
cEzek. 32:23
25 aPs. 139:8
26 aGen. 10:2;
Ezek. 27:13;
38:2, 3; 39:1
bEzek. 32:19
27 aIs. 14:18,
29 aIs. 9:25, 26;
34:5, 6; Jer.
49:7–22; Ezek.
30 aJer. 1:15;
25:26; Ezek.
38:6, 15; 39:2
bJer. 25:22;
31 aEzek.
14:22; 31:16


Who have bgone down uncircumcised to the lower parts of the earth, cWho caused their terror in the land of the living; Now they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.
25 They have set her abed in the midst of the slain, With all her multitude, With her graves all around it, All of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; Though their terror was caused In the land of the living, Yet they bear their shame With those who go down to the Pit; It was put in the midst of the slain.

26 “There are aMeshech and Tubal and all their multitudes, With all their graves around it, All of them buncircumcised, slain by the sword, Though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
27 aThey do not lie with the mighty Who are fallen of the uncircumcised, Who have gone down to hell with their weapons of war; They have laid their swords under their heads, But their iniquities will be on their bones, Because of the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
28 Yes, you shall be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, And lie with those slain by the sword.

29 “There is aEdom, Her kings and all her princes, Who despite their might Are laid beside those slain by the sword; They shall lie with the uncircumcised, And with those who go down to the Pit.
30 aThere are the princes of the north, All of them, and all the bSidonians, Who have gone down with the slain In shame at the terror which they caused by their might; They lie uncircumcised with those slain by the sword, And bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.

31 “Pharaoh will see them And be acomforted over all his multitude,

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Pharaoh and all his army, Slain by the sword,” Says the Lord GOD.

32 “For I have caused My terror in the land of the living; And he shall be placed in the midst of the uncircumcised With those slain by the sword, Pharaoh and all his multitude,” Says the Lord GOD.

The Watchman and His Message


1 Again the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
2 “Son of man, speak to athe children of your people, and say to them: b‘When I bring the sword upon a land, and the people of the land take a man from their territory and make him their cwatchman,
3 ‘when he sees the sword coming upon the land, if he blows the trumpet and warns the people,
4 ‘then whoever hears the sound of the trumpet and does anot take warning, if the sword comes and takes him away, bhis blood shall be on his own head.
5 ‘He heard the sound of the trumpet, but did not take warning; his blood shall be upon himself. But he who takes warning will 1save his life.
6 ‘But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet, and the people are not warned, and the sword comes and takes any person from among them, ahe is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood I will require at the watchman’s hand.’
7 a“So you, son of man: I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel; therefore you shall hear a word from My mouth and warn them for Me.
8 “When I say to the wicked, ‘O wicked man, you shall surely die!’ and you do not speak to warn the wicked from his way, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood I will require at your hand.
9 “Nevertheless if you warn the wicked to turn from his way, and he does not turn from his way, he shall die in his iniquity; but you have 1delivered your soul.
10 “Therefore you, O son of man, say to the house of Israel: ‘Thus you say, “If our transgressions and our sins lie upon us, and we apine1 away in them, bhow can we then live?” ’
11 “Say to them: ‘As I live,’ says the Lord GOD, a‘I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked bturn from his way and live. Turn, turn from your evil ways! For cwhy should you die, O house of Israel?’

The Fairness of God’s Judgment

12 “Therefore you, O son of man, say to the children of your people:

CHAPTER 33 References

2 aEzek. 3:11
bEzek. 14:17
c2 Sam. 18:24,
4 aZech. 1:4
b[Acts 18:6] 5 1Or deliver
his soul
6 aEzek. 33:8
7 aIs. 62:6
9 1Or saved
your life
10 aEzek.
24:23 bIs.
49:14 1Or
waste away
11 a[2 Sam.
14:14] b[Acts
3:19] cEzek.
18:30, 31
12 aEzek. 3:20;
18:24, 26
b[2 Chr. 7:14] 13 aEzek. 3:20;
14 aEzek. 3:18,
19; 18:27 1justice
15 aEzek. 18:7
bLev. 6:2, 4, 5
cEzek. 20:11,
13, 21
16 a[Is. 1:18;
43:25] 17 aEzek.
18:25, 29 1Or
18 aEzek.
20 aEzek.
18:25, 29 1Or
21 aEzek. 1:2
bEzek. 24:26
c2 Kin. 25:4
1Lit. struck
22 aEzek. 1:3;
8:1; 37:1
bEzek. 24:27
24 aEzek. 34:2
bEzek. 36:4
cIs. 51:2
d[Matt. 3:9] eEzek. 11:15
25 aLev. 3:17;
7:26; 17:10–14;
19:26 bEzek.
18:6 cEzek.
22:6, 9 dDeut.

‘The arighteousness of the righteous man shall not deliver him in the day of his transgression; as for the wickedness of the wicked, bhe shall not fall because of it in the day that he turns from his wickedness; nor shall the righteous be able to live because of his righteousness in the day that he sins.’
13 “When I say to the righteous that he shall surely live, abut he trusts in his own righteousness and commits iniquity, none of his righteous works shall be remembered; but because of the iniquity that he has committed, he shall die.
14 “Again, awhen I say to the wicked, ‘You shall surely die,’ if he turns from his sin and does 1what is lawful and 2right,
15 “if the wicked arestores the pledge, bgives back what he has stolen, and walks in cthe statutes of life without committing iniquity, he shall surely live; he shall not die.
16 a“None of his sins which he has committed shall be remembered against him; he has done what is lawful and right; he shall surely live.
17 a“Yet the children of your people say, ‘The way of the Lord is not 1fair.’ But it is their way which is not fair!
18 a“When the righteous turns from his righteousness and commits iniquity, he shall die because of it.
19 “But when the wicked turns from his wickedness and does what is lawful and right, he shall live because of it.
20 “Yet you say, a‘The way of the Lord is not 1fair.’ O house of Israel, I will judge every one of you according to his own ways.”

The Fall of Jerusalem

21 And it came to pass in the twelfth year aof our captivity, in the tenth month, on the fifth day of the month, bthat one who had escaped from Jerusalem came to me and said, c“The city has been 1captured!”
22 Now athe hand of the LORD had been upon me the evening before the man came who had escaped. And He had bopened my mouth; so when he came to me in the morning, my mouth was opened, and I was no longer mute.

The Cause of Judah’s Ruin

23 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying:
24 “Son of man, athey who inhabit those bruins in the land of Israel are saying, c‘Abraham was only one, and he inherited the land. dBut we are many; the land has been given to us as a epossession.’
25 “Therefore say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: a“You eat meat with blood, you blift up your eyes toward your idols, and cshed blood. Should you then possess the dland?

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26 “You rely on your sword, you commit abominations, and you adefile one another’s wives. Should you then possess the land?” ’
27 “Say thus to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: “As I live, surely athose who are in the ruins shall fall by the sword, and the one who is in the open field bI will give to the beasts to be devoured, and those who are in the strongholds and ccaves shall die of the pestilence.
28 a“For I will make the land most desolate, 1her barrogant strength shall cease, and cthe mountains of Israel shall be so desolate that no one will pass through.
29 “Then they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have made the land most desolate because of all their abominations which they have committed.” ’

Hearing and Not Doing

30 “As for you, son of man, the children of your people are talking about you beside the walls and in the doors of the houses; and they aspeak to one another, everyone saying to his brother, ‘Please come and hear what the word is that comes from the LORD.’
31 “So athey come to you as people do, they bsit before you as My people, and they chear your words, but they do not do them; dfor with their mouth they show much love, but etheir hearts pursue their own gain.
32 “Indeed you are to them as a very lovely song of one who has a pleasant voice and can play well on an instrument; for they hear your words, but they do anot do them.
33 a“And when this comes to pass— surely it will come—then bthey will know that a prophet has been among them.”

26 aEzek. 18:6;
27 aEzek.
33:24 bEzek.
39:4 c1 Sam.
28 aJer. 44:2, 6,
22 bEzek.
7:24; 24:21
cEzek. 6:2, 3, 6
1Lit. pride of
her strength
30 aIs. 29:13
31 aEzek. 14:1
bEzek. 8:1 cIs.
58:2 dPs.
78:36, 37
e[Matt. 13:22] 32 a[Matt.
7:21–28] 33 a1 Sam.
3:20 bEzek.

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Faith Persevering in Trial

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 I aWAITED patiently for the LORD; And He inclined to me, And heard my cry.
2 He also brought me up out of a horrible pit, Out of athe miry clay, And bset my feet upon a rock, And established my steps.
3 aHe has put a new song in my mouth— Praise to our God; Many will see it and fear, And will trust in the LORD.

4 aBlessed is that man who makes the LORD his trust, And does not respect the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies.
5 aMany, O LORD my God, are Your wonderful works Which You have done; bAnd Your thoughts toward us Cannot be recounted to You in order; If I would declare and speak of them, They are more than can be numbered.

6 aSacrifice and offering You did not desire; My ears You have opened. Burnt offering and sin offering You did not require.
7 Then I said, “Behold, I come; In the scroll of the book it is written of me.
8 aI delight to do Your will, O my God, And Your law is bwithin my heart.”

9 aI have proclaimed the good news of righteousness In the great assembly; Indeed, bI do not restrain my lips, O LORD,You Yourself know.
10 aI have not hidden Your

PSALM 40 References

1 aPs. 25:5;
27:14; 37:7
2 aPs. 69:2, 14;
Jer. 38:6 bPs.
3 aPs. 32:7;
4 aPs. 34:8;
5 aJob 9:10
bPs. 139:17;
[Is. 55:8] 6 a[1 Sam.
15:22]; Ps.
51:16; Is. 1:11;
[Jer. 6:20;
7:22, 23];
Amos 5:22;
[Mic. 6:6–8;
Heb. 10:5–9] 8 a[Matt.
26:39; John
4:34; 6:38];
Heb. 10:7
b[Ps. 37:31;
Jer. 31:33;
2 Cor. 3:3] 9 aPs. 22:22, 25
bPs. 119:13
10 aActs 20:20,
11 aPs. 61:7;
Prov. 20:28
12 aPs. 38:4;
13 aPs. 70:1
14 aPs. 35:4,
26; 70:2; 71:13
1Lit. soul
15 aPs. 73:19
16 aPs. 70:4
bPs. 35:27
17 aPs. 70:5;
86:1; 109:22
bPs. 40:5;
1 Pet. 5:7

righteousness within my heart; I have declared Your faithfulness and Your salvation; I have not concealed Your lovingkindness and Your truth From the great assembly.

11 Do not withhold Your tender mercies from me, O LORD; aLet Your lovingkindness and Your truth continually preserve me.
12 For innumerable evils have surrounded me; aMy iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not able to look up; They are more than the hairs of my head; Therefore my heart fails me.

13 aBe pleased, O LORD, to deliver me; O LORD, make haste to help me!
14 aLet them be ashamed and brought to mutual confusion Who seek to destroy my 1life; Let them be driven backward and brought to dishonor Who wish me evil.
15 Let them be aconfounded because of their shame, Who say to me, “Aha, aha!”

16 aLet all those who seek You rejoice and be glad in You; Let such as love Your salvation bsay continually, “The LORD be magnified!”
17 aBut I am poor and needy; bYet the LORD thinks upon me. You are my help and my deliverer; Do not delay, O my God.




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