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Return from Exile

(Category 11 of 16)

page 417

CHAPTER 8 References

2 a1 Chr. 3:22;
Ezra 2:68
3 aEzra 2:3
4 aEzra 10:30
5 1So with
the sons of
10 1So with
the sons of
11 aEzra 10:28
12 1Or the
youngest son,
14 1Or Zakkur

Heads of Families Who Returned with Ezra


1 These are the heads of their fathers’ houses, and this is the genealogy of those who went up with me from Babylon, in the reign of King Artaxerxes:
2 of the sons of Phinehas, Gershom; of the sons of Ithamar, Daniel; of the sons of David, aHattush;
3 of the sons of Shecaniah, of the sons of aParosh, Zechariah; and registered with him were one hundred and fifty males;
4 of the sons of aPahath-Moab, Eliehoenai the son of Zerahiah, and with him two hundred males;
5 of 1the sons of Shechaniah, Ben- Jahaziel, and with him three hundred males;
6 of the sons of Adin, Ebed the son of Jonathan, and with him fifty males;
7 of the sons of Elam, Jeshaiah the son of Athaliah, and with him seventy males;
8 of the sons of Shephatiah, Zebadiah the son of Michael, and with him eighty males;
9 of the sons of Joab, Obadiah the son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred and eighteen males;
10 of 1the sons of Shelomith, Ben- Josiphiah, and with him one hundred and sixty males;
11 of the sons of aBebai, Zechariah the son of Bebai, and with him twenty-eight males;
12 of the sons of Azgad, Johanan 1the son of Hakkatan, and with him one hundred and ten males;
13 of the last sons of Adonikam, whose names are these—Eliphelet, Jeiel, and Shemaiah—and with them sixty males;
14 also of the sons of Bigvai, Uthai and 1Zabbud, and with them seventy males.

Servants for the Temple

15 Now I gathered them by the river that flows to Ahava, and we camped

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EZRA 8:16

there three days. And I looked among the people and the priests, and found none of the asons of Levi there.
16 Then I sent for Eliezer, Ariel, Shemaiah, Elnathan, Jarib, Elnathan, Nathan, Zechariah, and aMeshullam, leaders; also for Joiarib and Elnathan, men of understanding.
17 And I gave them a command for Iddo the chief man at the place Casiphia, and 1I told them what they should say to 2Iddo and his brethren the Nethinim at the place Casiphia— that they should bring us servants for the house of our God.
18 Then, by the good hand of our God upon us, they abrought us a man of understanding, of the sons of Mahli the son of Levi, the son of Israel, namely Sherebiah, with his sons and brothers, eighteen men;
19 and aHashabiah, and with him Jeshaiah of the sons of Merari, his brothers and their sons, twenty men;
20 aalso of the Nethinim, whom David and the leaders had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinim. All of them were designated by name.

Fasting and Prayer for Protection

21 Then I aproclaimed a fast there at the river of Ahava, that we might bhumble ourselves before our God, to seek from Him the cright way for us and our little ones and all our possessions.
22 For aI was ashamed to request of the king an escort of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy on the road, because we had spoken to the king, saying, b“The hand of our God is upon all those for cgood who seek Him, but His power and His wrath are dagainst all those who eforsake Him.”
23 So we fasted and entreated our God for this, and He aanswered our prayer.

Gifts for the Temple

24 And I separated twelve of the leaders of the priests—Sherebiah, Hashabiah, and ten of their brethren with them—
25 and weighed out to them athe silver, the gold, and the articles, the offering for the house of our God which the king and his counselors and his princes, and all Israel who were present, had offered.
26 I weighed into their hand six hundred and fifty talents of silver, silver articles weighing one hundred talents, one hundred talents of gold,
27 twenty gold basins worth a thousand drachmas, and two vessels of fine polished bronze, precious as gold.
28 And I said to them, “You are aholy1 to the LORD; the articles are bholy also; and the silver and the

15 aEzra 7:7;
16 aEzra 10:15
17 1Lit. I put
words in their
mouths to say
2So with Vg.;
MT to Iddo
his brother;
LXX to their
18 a2 Chr.
30:22; Neh.
19 aNeh. 12:24
20 aEzra 2:43;
21 a1 Sam. 7:6;
2 Chr. 20:3
bLev. 16:29;
23:29; Is.
58:3, 5 cPs. 5:8
22 a1 Cor. 9:15
bEzra 7:6, 9,
28 c[Ps. 33:18,
19; 34:15, 22;
Rom. 8:28] d[Ps. 34:16] e[2 Chr. 15:2] 23 a[1 Chr.
5:20]; 2 Chr.
33:13; Is.
25 aEzra 7:15,
28 aLev.
21:6–9; Deut.
33:8 bLev.
22:2, 3; Num.
4:4, 15, 19, 20
29 aEzra 4:3
31 aEzra 7:6, 9,
32 aNeh. 2:11
33 aEzra 8:26,
30 bNeh. 11:16
35 aEzra 2:1
bEzra 6:17
36 aEzra
7:21–24 1The

CHAPTER 9 References

1 aEzra 6:21;
Neh. 9:2
bDeut. 12:30,
2 aEx. 34:16;
[Deut. 7:3];
Ezra 10:2;
Neh. 13:23
bEx. 22:31;
[Deut. 7:6] c[2 Cor. 6:14] 1unfaithfulness
3 aJob 1:20
bPs. 143:4

gold are a freewill offering to the LORD God of your fathers.
29 “Watch and keep them until you weigh them before the leaders of the priests and the Levites and aheads of the fathers’ houses of Israel in Jerusalem, in the chambers of the house of the LORD.”
30 So the priests and the Levites received the silver and the gold and the articles by weight, to bring them to Jerusalem to the house of our God.

The Return to Jerusalem

31 Then we departed from the river of Ahava on the twelfth day of the first month, to go to Jerusalem. And athe hand of our God was upon us, and He delivered us from the hand of the enemy and from ambush along the road.
32 So we acame to Jerusalem, and stayed there three days.
33 Now on the fourth day the silver and the gold and the articles were aweighed in the house of our God by the hand of Meremoth the son of Uriah the priest, and with him was Eleazar the son of Phinehas; with them were the Levites, bJozabad the son of Jeshua and Noadiah the son of Binnui,
34 with the number and weight of everything. All the weight was written down at that time.
35 The children of those who had been acarried away captive, who had come from the captivity, boffered burnt offerings to the God of Israel: twelve bulls for all Israel, ninety-six rams, seventy-seven lambs, and twelve male goats as a sin offering. All this was a burnt offering to the LORD.
36 And they delivered the king’s aorders to the king’s satraps and the governors in the region beyond 1the River. So they gave support to the people and the 2house of God.

Intermarriage with Pagans


1 When these things were done, the leaders came to me, saying, “The people of Israel and the priests and the Levites have not aseparated themselves from the peoples of the lands, bwith respect to the abominations of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
2 “For they have ataken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and their sons, so that the bholy seed is cmixed with the peoples of those lands. Indeed, the hand of the leaders and rulers has been foremost in this 1trespass.”
3 So when I heard this thing, aI tore my garment and my robe, and plucked out some of the hair of my head and beard, and sat down bastonished.

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4 Then everyone who atrembled at the words of the God of Israel assembled to me, because of the transgression of those who had been carried away captive, and I sat astonished until the bevening sacrifice.
5 At the evening sacrifice I arose from my fasting; and having torn my garment and my robe, I fell on my knees and aspread out my hands to the LORD my God.
6 And I said: “O my God, I am too aashamed and humiliated to lift up my face to You, my God; for bour iniquities have risen higher than our heads, and our guilt has cgrown up to the heavens.
7 “Since the days of our fathers to this day awe have been very guilty, and for our iniquities bwe, our kings, and our priests have been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the csword, to captivity, to plunder, and to dhumiliation,1 as it is this day.
8 “And now for a little while grace has been shown from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a peg in His holy place, that our God may aenlighten our eyes and give us a measure of revival in our bondage.
9 a“For we were slaves. bYet our God did not forsake us in our bondage; but cHe extended mercy to us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to revive us, to repair the house of our God, to rebuild its ruins, and to give us da wall in Judah and Jerusalem.
10 “And now, O our God,what shall we say after this? For we have forsaken Your commandments,
11 “which You commanded by Your servants the prophets, saying, ‘The land which you are entering to possess is an unclean land, with the auncleanness of the peoples of the lands, with their abominations which have filled it from one end to another with their impurity.
12 ‘Now therefore, ado not give your daughters as wives for their sons, nor take their daughters to your sons; and bnever seek their peace or prosperity, that you may be strong and eat the good of the land, and cleave it as an inheritance to your children forever.’
13 “And after all that has come upon us for our evil deeds and for our great guilt, since You our God ahave punished us less than our iniquities deserve, and have given us such deliverance as this,
14 “should we aagain break Your commandments, and bjoin in marriage with the people committing these abominations? Would You not be cangry with us until You had 1consumed us, so that there would be no remnant or survivor?
15 “O LORD God of Israel, aYou are

4 aEzra 10:3;
Is. 66:2 bEx.
5 aEx. 9:29
6 aDan. 9:7, 8
bPs. 38:4
c2 Chr. 28:9;
[Ezra 9:13,
15]; Rev. 18:5
7 a2 Chr.
36:14–17; Ps.
106:6; Dan.
9:5, 6 bDeut.
28:36; Neh.
9:30 cDeut.
32:25 dDan.
9:7, 8 1Lit.
shame of
8 aPs. 34:5
9 aNeh. 9:36;
Esth. 7:4
bNeh. 9:17;
Ps. 136:23
cEzra 7:28
dIs. 5:2
11 aEzra 6:21
12 a[Ex. 23:32;
34:15, 16;
Deut. 7:3, 4];
Ezra 9:2
bDeut. 23:6
c[Prov. 13:22;
20:7] 13 a[Ps.
103:10] 14 a[John 5:14;
2 Pet. 2:20] bNeh. 13:23
cDeut. 9:8
15 aNeh. 9:33;
Dan. 9:14
b[Rom. 3:19] c1 Cor. 15:17

CHAPTER 10 References

1 aDan. 9:4, 20
b2 Chr. 20:9
cNeh. 8:1–9
2 aEzra 10:10,
13, 14, 17, 18;
Neh. 13:23–27
1been unfaithful
3 a2 Chr. 34:31
bEzra 9:4
cDeut. 7:2, 3
dDeut. 24:1, 2
4 a1 Chr. 28:10
5 aEzra 10:12,
19; Neh. 5:12;
6 aDeut. 9:18
9 a1 Sam.
12:18; Ezra
9:4; 10:3
10 1acted
2Heb. have
caused to
dwell or have
brought back
11 a[Lev.
Josh. 7:19;
[Prov. 28:13] bEzra 10:3

EZRA 10:12

righteous, for we are left as a remnant, as it is this day. bHere we are before You, cin our guilt, though no one can stand before You because of this!”

Confession of Improper Marriages


1 Now awhile Ezra was praying, and while he was confessing, weeping, and bowing down bbefore the house of God, a very large assembly of men, women, and children gathered to him from Israel; for the people wept very cbitterly.
2 And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, spoke up and said to Ezra, “We have atrespassed1 against our God, and have taken pagan wives from the peoples of the land; yet now there is hope in Israel in spite of this.
3 “Now therefore, let us make aa covenant with our God to put away all these wives and those who have been born to them, according to the advice of my master and of those who btremble at cthe commandment of our God; and let it be done according to the dlaw.
4 “Arise, for this matter is your responsibility. We also are with you. aBe of good courage, and do it.”
5 Then Ezra arose, and made the leaders of the priests, the Levites, and all Israel aswear an oath that they would do according to this word. So they swore an oath.
6 Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib; and when he came there, he aate no bread and drank no water, for he mourned because of the guilt of those from the captivity.
7 And they issued a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem to all the descendants of the captivity, that they must gather at Jerusalem,
8 and that whoever would not come within three days, according to the instructions of the leaders and elders, all his property would be confiscated, and he himself would be separated from the assembly of those from the captivity.
9 So all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered at Jerusalem within three days. It was the ninth month, on the twentieth of the month; and aall the people sat in the open square of the house of God, trembling because of this matter and because of heavy rain.
10 Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, “You have 1transgressed and 2have taken pagan wives, adding to the guilt of Israel.
11 “Now therefore, amake confession to the LORD God of your fathers, and do His will; bseparate yourselves from the peoples of the land, and from the pagan wives.”
12 Then all the assembly answered

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EZRA 10:13

and said with a loud voice, “Yes! As you have said, so we must do.
13 “But there are many people; it is the season for heavy rain, and we are not able to stand outside. Nor is this the work of one or two days, for there are many of us who have transgressed in this matter.
14 “Please, let the leaders of our entire assembly stand; and let all those in our cities who have taken pagan wives come at appointed times, together with the elders and judges of their cities, until athe fierce wrath of our God is turned away from us in this matter.”
15 Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah opposed this, and aMeshullam and Shabbethai the Levite gave them support.
16 Then the descendants of the captivity did so. And Ezra the priest, with certain aheads of the fathers’ households, were set apart by the fathers’ households, each of them by name; and they sat down on the first day of the tenth month to examine the matter.
17 By the first day of the first month they finished questioning all the men who had taken pagan wives. Pagan Wives Put Away
18 And among the sons of the priests who had taken pagan wives the following were found of the sons of aJeshua the son of 1Jozadak, and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah.
19 And they agave their promise that they would put away their wives; and being bguilty, they presented a ram of the flock as their ctrespass offering.
20 Also of the sons of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah;
21 of the sons of Harim: Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah;
22 of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai,

14 a2 Kin.
23:26; 2 Chr.
29:10; 30:8
15 aEzra 8:16;
Neh. 3:4
16 aEzra 4:3
18 aEzra 5:2;
Hag. 1:1, 12;
2:4; Zech. 3:1;
1 Chr. 6:14
19 a2 Kin.
10:15 bLev.
6:4, 6 cLev.
5:6, 15
25 aEzra 2:3;
8:3; Neh. 7:8
28 aEzra 8:11
29 1Or Jeremoth
30 aEzra 8:4
35 1Or Cheluhi
or Cheluhu
37 1Or Jaasu
43 1Or Jaddu

Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah.
23 Also of the Levites: Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (the same is Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer.
24 Also of the singers: Eliashib; and of the gatekeepers: Shallum, Telem, and Uri.
25 And others of Israel: of the asons of Parosh: Ramiah, Jeziah, Malchiah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Malchijah, and Benaiah;
26 of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Eliah;
27 of the sons of Zattu: Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza;
28 of the asons of Bebai: Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai;
29 of the sons of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and 1Ramoth;
30 of the asons of Pahath-Moab: Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui, and Manasseh;
31 of the sons of Harim: Eliezer, Ishijah, Malchijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon,
32 Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah;
33 of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and Shimei;
34 of the sons of Bani: Maadai, Amram, Uel,
35 Benaiah, Bedeiah, 1Cheluh,
36 Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib,
37 Mattaniah, Mattenai, 1Jaasai,
38 Bani, Binnui, Shimei,
39 Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah,
40 Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai,
41 Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah,
42 Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph;
43 of the sons of Nebo: Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, 1Jaddai, Joel, and Benaiah.
44 All these had taken pagan wives, and some of them had wives by whom they had children.

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Praise to God, the Ruler of the Earth

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of the sons of Korah.

1 OH, clap your hands, all you peoples! Shout to God with the voice of triumph!
2 For the LORD Most High is awesome; He is a great aKing over all the earth.
3 aHe will subdue the peoples under us, And the nations under our feet.
4 He will choose our ainheritance for us, The excellence of Jacob whom He loves. Selah

PSALM 47 References

2 aDeut. 7:21;
Neh. 1:5; Ps.
3 aPs. 18:47
4 a[1 Pet. 1:4] 5 aPs. 68:24, 25
7 aZech. 14:9
b1 Cor. 14:15
8 a1 Chr. 16:31
bPs. 97:2 cPs.
9 a[Rom. 4:11,
12] b[Ps.
89:18] PSALM 48
1 aPs. 46:4;
87:3; Matt.
2 aPs. 50:2
4 a2 Sam. 10:6,
6 aEx. 15:15

5 aGod has gone up with a shout, The LORD with the sound of a trumpet.
6 Sing praises to God, sing praises! Sing praises to our King, sing praises!
7 aFor God is the King of all the earth; bSing praises with understanding.

8 aGod reigns over the nations; God bsits on His choly throne.
9 The princes of the people have gathered together, aThe people of the God of Abraham. bFor the shields of the earth belong to God; He is greatly exalted.




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