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Covenant with Abraham

(Category 2 of 16)

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CHAPTER 41 References

1 aGen. 40:5

Pharaoh’s Dreams


1 Then it came to pass, at the end of two full years, that aPharaoh had a dream; and behold, he stood by the river.
2 Suddenly there came up out of the river seven cows, fine looking and fat; and they fed in the meadow.
3 Then behold, seven other cows

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came up after them out of the river, ugly and gaunt, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the river.
4 And the ugly and gaunt cows ate up the seven fine looking and fat cows. So Pharaoh awoke.
5 He slept and dreamed a second time; and suddenly seven heads of grain came up on one stalk, plump and good.
6 Then behold, seven thin heads, blighted by the aeast wind, sprang up after them.
7 And the seven thin heads devoured the seven plump and full heads. So Pharaoh awoke, and indeed, it was a dream.
8 Now it came to pass in the morning athat his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all bthe magicians of Egypt and all its cwise men. And Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them for Pharaoh.
9 Then the achief butler spoke to Pharaoh, saying: “I remember my faults this day.
10 “When Pharaoh was aangry with his servants, band put me in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, both me and the chief baker,
11 a“we each had a dream in one night, he and I. Each of us dreamed according to the interpretation of his own dream.
12 “Now there was a young aHebrew man with us there, a bservant of the captain of the guard. And we told him, and he cinterpreted our dreams for us; to each man he interpreted according to his own dream.
13 “And it came to pass, just aas he interpreted for us, so it happened. He restored me to my office, and he hanged him.”
14 aThen Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they bbrought him quickly cout of the dungeon; and he shaved, dchanged his clothing, and came to Pharaoh.
15 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. aBut I have heard it said of you that you can understand a dream, to interpret it.”
16 So Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, a“It is not in me;
God will give Pharaoh an answer of peace.”
17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph: “Behold, ain my dream I stood on the bank of the river.
18 “Suddenly seven cows came up out of the river, fine looking and fat; and they fed in the meadow.
19 “Then behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and gaunt, such ugliness as I have never seen in all the land of Egypt.
20 “And the gaunt and ugly cows ate up the first seven, the fat cows.
21 “When they had eaten them up, no one would have known that they

6 aEx. 10:13;
Ezek. 17:10
8 aDan. 2:1, 3;
4:5, 19 bEx.
7:11, 22; Is.
29:14; Dan.
1:20; 2:2; 4:7
cMatt. 2:1
9 aGen. 40:1,
14, 23
10 aGen. 40:2,
3 bGen. 39:20
11 aGen. 40:5;
Judg. 7:15
12 aGen. 39:14;
43:32 bGen.
37:36 cGen.
13 aGen. 40:21,
14 aPs. 105:20
bDan. 2:25
c[1 Sam. 2:8] d2 Kin.
15 aGen. 41:8,
12; Dan. 5:16
16 aDan. 2:30;
Acts 3:12;
[2 Cor. 3:5] bGen. 40:8;
41:25, 28, 32;
Deut. 29:29;
Dan. 2:22, 28,
17 aGen. 41:1
22 1Heads of
24 aGen. 41:8;
Ex. 7:11; Is.
8:19; Dan. 4:7
25 aGen. 41:28,
32; Dan. 2:28,
29, 45; Rev.
26 1Heads of
27 a2 Kin. 8:1
28 a[Gen.
41:25, 32;
Dan. 2:28] 29 aGen. 41:47
30 aGen. 41:54,
56 bGen.
47:13; Ps.
32 aGen. 41:25,
28; Num.
23:19; Is.
46:10, 11
34 a[Prov.
6:6–8] 1overseers
35 aGen. 41:48
1Lit. hand
36 aGen. 47:15,
19 1Lit. supply
2be cut off
37 aPs. 105:19;
Acts 7:10
38 aNum.
27:18; [Job
32:8; Prov.
2:6]; Dan. 4:8,
9, 18; 5:11, 14;


had eaten them, for they were just as ugly as at the beginning. So I awoke.
22 “Also I saw in my dream, and suddenly seven 1heads came up on one stalk, full and good.
23 “Then behold, seven heads, withered, thin, and blighted by the east wind, sprang up after them.
24 “And the thin heads devoured the seven good heads. So aI told this to the magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”
25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one; aGod has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do:
26 “The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good 1heads are seven years; the dreams are one.
27 “And the seven thin and ugly cows which came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty heads blighted by the east wind are aseven years of famine.
28 a“This is the thing which I have spoken to Pharaoh. God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do.
29 “Indeed aseven years of great plenty will come throughout all the land of Egypt;
30 “but after them seven years of famine will aarise, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine bwill deplete the land.
31 “So the plenty will not be known in the land because of the famine following, for it will be very severe. 32 “And the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice because the athing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.
33 “Now therefore, let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt.
34 “Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint 1officers over the land, ato collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven plentiful years.
35 “And alet them gather all the food of those good years that are coming, and store up grain under the 1authority of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.
36 “Then that food shall be as a 1reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which shall be in the land of Egypt, that the land amay not 2perish during the famine.”

Joseph’s Rise to Power

37 So athe advice was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants.
38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this, a man ain whom is the Spirit of God?”
39 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Inasmuch as God has shown you all this, there is no one as discerning and wise as you.

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40 a“You shall be 1over my house, and all my people shall be ruled according to your word; only in regard to the throne will I be greater than you.”
41 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have aset you over all the land of Egypt.”
42 Then Pharaoh atook his signet ring off his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand; and he bclothed him in garments of fine linen cand put a gold chain around his neck.
43 And he had him ride in the second achariot which he had; band they cried out before him, “Bow the knee!” So he set him cover all the land of Egypt.
44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no man may lift his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.”
45 And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name 1Zaphnath-Paaneah. And he gave him as a wife aAsenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On. So Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.
46 Joseph was thirty years old when he astood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
47 Now in the seven plentiful years the ground brought forth 1abundantly.
48 So he gathered up all the food of the seven years which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities; he laid up in every city the food of the fields which surrounded them.
49 Joseph gathered very much grain, aas the sand of the sea, until he stopped counting, for it was immeasurable.
50 aAnd to Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, whom Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On, bore to him.
51 Joseph called the name of the firstborn 1Manasseh: “For God has made me forget all my toil and all my afather’s house.”
52 And the name of the second he called 1Ephraim: “For God has caused me to be afruitful in the land of my affliction.”
53 Then the seven years of plenty which were in the land of Egypt ended,
54 aand the seven years of famine began to come, bas Joseph had said. The famine was in all lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.
55 So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. Then Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; awhatever he says to you, do.” 56 The famine was over all the face of the earth, and Joseph opened 1all

40 aPs. 105:21;
Acts 7:10 1In
charge of
41 aGen. 42:6;
Ps. 105:21;
Dan. 6:3; Acts
42 aEsth. 3:10
bEsth. 8:2, 15
cDan. 5:7, 16,
43 aGen. 46:29
bEsth. 6:9
cGen. 42:6
45 aGen. 46:20
Egyptian for
God Speaks
and He Lives
46 a1 Sam.
16:21; 1 Kin.
12:6, 8; Dan.
47 1Lit. by
49 aGen. 22:17;
Judg. 7:12;
1 Sam. 13:5
50 aGen. 46:20;
51 aPs. 45:10
1Lit. Making
52 aGen. 17:6;
28:3; 49:22
1Lit. Fruitfulness
54 aPs. 105:16;
Acts 7:11
bGen. 41:30
55 aJohn 2:5
56 aGen. 42:6
1Lit. all that
was in them
57 aEzek.
29:12 bGen.
27:28, 37; 42:3

CHAPTER 42 References

1 aActs 7:12
2 aGen. 43:8;
Ps. 33:18, 19;
Is. 38:1
4 aGen. 42:38
5 aGen. 12:10;
26:1; 41:57;
Acts 7:11
6 aGen. 41:41,
55 bGen.
37:7–10; 41:43;
Is. 60:14
7 aGen. 45:1, 2
9 aGen. 37:5–9
13 aGen. 37:30;
42:32; 44:20;
Lam. 5:7
15 a1 Sam.
1:26; 17:55
16 1Lit. bound

the storehouses and asold to the Egyptians. And the famine became severe in the land of Egypt.
57 aSo all countries came to Joseph in Egypt to bbuy grain, because the famine was severe in all lands.

Joseph’s Brothers Go to Egypt


1 When aJacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, Jacob said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?”
2 And he said, “Indeed I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down to that place and buy for us there, that we may alive and not die.”
3 So Joseph’s ten brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.
4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, aLest some calamity befall him.”
5 And the sons of Israel went to buy grain among those who journeyed, for the famine was ain the land of Canaan.
6 Now Joseph was governor aover the land; and it was he who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and bbowed down before him with their faces to the earth.
7 Joseph saw his brothers and recognized them, but he acted as aa stranger to them and spoke 1roughly to them. Then he said to them, “Where do you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.”
8 So Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him.
9 Then Joseph aremembered the dreams which he had dreamed about them, and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the 1nakedness of the land!”
10 And they said to him, “No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food.
11 “We are all one man’s sons; we are honest men; your servants are not spies.”
12 But he said to them, “No, but you have come to see the nakedness of the land.”
13 And they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and in fact, the youngest is with our father today, and one ais no more.”
14 But Joseph said to them, “It is as I spoke to you, saying, ‘You are spies!’
15 “In this manner you shall be tested: aBy the life of Pharaoh, you shall not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.
16 “Send one of you, and let him bring your brother; and you shall be 1kept in prison, that your words may be tested to see whether there is any

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truth in you; or else, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies!”
17 So he 1put them all together in prison athree days.
18 Then Joseph said to them the third day, “Do this and live, afor I fear God:
19 “If you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined to your prison house; but you, go and carry grain for the famine of your houses.
20 “And abring your youngest brother to me; so your words will be verified, and you shall not die.” And they did so.
21 Then they said to one another, a“We are truly guilty concerning our brother, for we saw the anguish of his soul when he pleaded with us, and we would not hear; btherefore this distress has come upon us.”
22 And Reuben answered them, saying, a“Did I not speak to you, saying, ‘Do not sin against the boy’; and you would not listen? Therefore behold, his blood is now brequired of us.”
23 But they did not know that Joseph understood them, for he spoke to them through an interpreter.
24 And he turned himself away from them and awept. Then he returned to them again, and talked with them. And he took bSimeon from them and bound him before their eyes.

The Brothers Return to Canaan

25 Then Joseph agave a command to fill their sacks with grain, to brestore every man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. cThus he did for them.
26 So they loaded their donkeys with the grain and departed from there.
27 But as aone of them opened his sack to give his donkey feed at the encampment, he saw his money; and there it was, in the mouth of his sack.
28 So he said to his brothers, “My money has been restored, and there it is, in my sack!” Then their hearts 1failed them and they were afraid, saying to one another, “What is this that God has done to us?”
29 Then they went to Jacob their father in the land of Canaan and told him all that had happened to them, saying:
30 “The man who is lord of the land aspoke 1roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
31 “But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies.
32 ‘We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no more, and the youngest is with our father this day in the land of Canaan.’
33 “Then the man, the lord of the country, said to us, a‘By this I will know that you are honest men: Leave one of your brothers here with me,

17 aGen. 40:4,
7, 12 1Lit.
18 aGen. 22:12;
39:9; Ex. 1:17;
Lev. 25:43;
Neh. 5:15;
Prov. 1:7; 9:10
20 aGen. 42:34;
43:5; 44:23
21 aGen.
44:16; 45:3;
Job 36:8, 9;
Hos. 5:15
bProv. 21:13;
Matt. 7:2
22 aGen. 37:21,
22, 29 bGen.
9:5, 6; 1 Kin.
2:32; 2 Chr.
24:22; Ps.
9:12; Luke
11:50, 51
24 aGen. 43:30;
45:14, 15
bGen. 34:25,
30; 43:14, 23
25 aGen. 44:1
bGen. 43:12
c[Matt. 5:44;
Rom. 12:17,
20, 21; 1 Pet.
3:9] 27 aGen. 43:21,
28 1sank
30 aGen. 42:7
33 aGen. 42:15,
19, 20
34 aGen. 42:20;
43:3, 5 bGen.
35 aGen. 43:12,
15, 21
36 aGen. 43:14
bGen. 35:18;
[Rom. 8:28,
31] 38 aGen. 37:22;
42:13; 44:20,
28 bGen. 42:4;
44:29 cGen.
37:35; 44:31

take food for the famine of your households, and be gone.
34 ‘And bring your ayoungest brother to me; so I shall know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. I will grant your brother to you, and you may btrade in the land.’ ”
35 Then it happened as they emptied their sacks, that surprisingly aeach man’s bundle of money was in his sack; and when they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
36 And Jacob their father said to them, “You have abereaved me: Joseph is no more, Simeon is no more, and you want to take bBenjamin.All these things are against me.”
37 Then Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “Kill my two sons if I do not bring him back to you; put him in my hands, and I will bring him back to you.”
38 But he said, “My son shall not go down with you, for ahis brother is dead, and he is left alone. bIf any calamity should befall him along the way in which you go, then you would cbring down my gray hair with sorrow to the grave.”

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Trust in the Salvation of the LORD

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 HOW long, O LORD? Will You forget me forever? aHow long will You hide Your face from me?
2 How long shall I take counsel in my soul, Having sorrow in my heart daily? How long will my enemy be exalted over me?

PSALM 13 References

1 aJob 13:24;
Ps. 89:46
3 a1 Sam.
14:29; Ezra
9:8; Job 33:30;
Ps. 18:28 bJer.

3 Consider and hear me, O LORD my God; aEnlighten my eyes, bLest I sleep the sleep of death;
4 Lest my enemy say, “I have prevailed against him”; Lest those who trouble me rejoice when I am moved.

5 But I have trusted in Your mercy; My heart shall rejoice in Your salvation.
6 I will sing to the LORD, Because He has dealt bountifully with me.




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