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Return from Exile

(Category 11 of 16)

page 438

CHAPTER 6 References

1 aEsth. 2:23;
10:2 1Lit. the
king’s sleep
fled away
2 1Bigthan,
Esth. 2:21

The King Honors Mordecai


1 That night 1the king could not sleep. So one was commanded to bring athe book of the records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.
2 And it was found written that Mordecai had told of 1Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king’s eunuchs, the doorkeepers who had sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus.
3 Then the king said, “What honor or dignity has been bestowed on Mordecai for this?” And the king’s servants who attended him said, “Nothing has been done for him.”
4 So the king said, “Who is in the court?” Now Haman had just en-

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tered athe outer court of the king’s palace bto suggest that the king hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.
5 The king’s servants said to him, “Haman is there, standing in the court.” And the king said, “Let him come in.”
6 So Haman came in, and the king asked him, “What shall be done for the man whom the king delights to honor?” Now Haman thought in his heart, “Whom would the king delight to honor more than ame?”
7 And Haman answered the king, “For the man whom the king delights to honor,
8 “let a royal robe be brought which the king has worn, and aa horse on which the king has ridden, which has a royal 1crest placed on its head.
9 “Then let this robe and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king’s most noble princes, that he may array the man whom the king delights to honor. Then 1parade him on horseback through the city square, aand proclaim before him: ‘Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor!’ ”
10 Then the king said to Haman, “Hurry, take the robe and the horse, as you have suggested, and do so for Mordecai the Jew who sits within the king’s gate! Leave nothing undone of all that you have spoken.”
11 So Haman took the robe and the horse, arrayed Mordecai and led him on horseback through the city square, and proclaimed before him, “Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor!”
12 Afterward Mordecai went back to the king’s gate. But Haman ahurried to his house, mourning band with his head covered.
13 When Haman told his wife Zeresh and all his friends everything that had happened to him, his wise men and his wife Zeresh said to him, “If Mordecai, before whom you have begun to fall, is of Jewish descent, you will not prevail against ahim but will surely fall before him.”
14 While they were still talking with him, the king’s eunuchs came, and hastened to bring Haman to athe banquet which Esther had prepared.

Haman Hanged Instead of Mordecai


1 So the king and Haman went to dine with Queen Esther.
2 And on the second day, aat the banquet of wine, the king again said to Esther, “What is your petition, Queen Esther? It shall be granted you. And what is your request, up to half the kingdom? It shall be done!”
3 Then Queen Esther answered and said, “If I have found favor in

4 aEsth. 5:1
bEsth. 5:14
6 a[Prov. 16:18;
18:12] 8 a1 Kin. 1:33
9 aGen. 41:43
1Lit. cause
him to ride
12 a2 Chr.
26:20 b2 Sam.
15:30; Jer.
14:3, 4
13 a[Gen.
12:3]; Zech.
14 aEsth. 5:8

CHAPTER 7 References

2 aEsth. 5:6
4 aEsth. 3:9;
4:7 bDeut.
6 aEsth. 3:10
8 aEsth. 1:6
bJob 9:24
9 aEsth. 1:10
bEsth. 5:14;
[Ps. 7:16;
Prov. 11:5, 6] cEsth. 6:2 1Lit.
tree or wood
10 a[Ps. 7:16;
94:23; Prov.
11:5, 6] bPs.
37:35, 36;
Dan. 6:24

CHAPTER 8 References

1 aEsth. 7:6
bEsth. 2:7, 15
2 aEsth. 3:10
4 aEsth. 4:11;
5 aEsth. 3:13


your sight, O king, and if it pleases the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request.
4 “For we have been asold,my people and I, to be destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated. Had we been sold as bmale and female slaves, I would have held my tongue, although the enemy could never compensate for the king’s loss.”
5 So King Ahasuerus answered and said to Queen Esther, “Who is he, and where is he,who would dare presume in his heart to do such a thing?”
6 And Esther said, “The adversary and aenemy is this wicked Haman!” So Haman was terrified before the king and queen.
7 Then the king arose in his wrath from the banquet of wine and went into the palace garden; but Haman stood before Queen Esther, pleading for his life, for he saw that evil was determined against him by the king.
8 When the king returned from the palace garden to the place of the banquet of wine, Haman had fallen across athe couch where Esther was. Then the king said, “Will he also assault the queen while I am in the house?” As the word left the king’s mouth, they bcovered Haman’s face.
9 Now aHarbonah, one of the eunuchs, said to the king, “Look! bThe 1gallows, fifty cubits high, which Haman made for Mordecai, who spoke cgood on the king’s behalf, is standing at the house of Haman.” Then the king said, “Hang him on it!”
10 So athey bhanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the king’s wrath subsided.

Esther Saves the Jews


1 On that day King Ahasuerus gave Queen Esther the house of Haman, the aenemy of the Jews. And Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had told bhow he was related to her.
2 So the king took off ahis signet ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai; and Esther appointed Mordecai over the house of Haman.
3 Now Esther spoke again to the king, fell down at his feet, and implored him with tears to counteract the evil of Haman the Agagite, and the scheme which he had devised against the Jews.
4 And athe king held out the golden scepter toward Esther. So Esther arose and stood before the king,
5 and said, “If it pleases the king, and if I have found favor in his sight and the thing seems right to the king and I am pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to revoke the aletters

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devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to annihilate the Jews who are in all the king’s provinces.
6 “For how can I endure to see athe evil that will come to my people? Or how can I endure to see the destruction of my countrymen?”
7 Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and Mordecai the Jew, “Indeed, aI have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him on the gallows because he tried to lay his hand on the Jews.
8 “You yourselves write a decree concerning the Jews, 1as you please, in the king’s name, and seal it with the king’s signet ring; for whatever is written in the king’s name and sealed with the king’s signet ring ano one can revoke.”
9 aSo the king’s scribes were called at that time, in the third month,which is the month of Sivan, on the twenty-third day; and it was written, according to all that Mordecai commanded, to the Jews, the satraps, the governors, and the princes of the provinces bfrom India to Ethiopia, one hundred and twenty-seven provinces in all, to every province cin its own script, to every people in their own language, and to the Jews in their own script and language.
10 aAnd he wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, sealed it with the king’s signet ring, and sent letters by couriers on horseback, riding on royal horses 1bred from swift steeds.
11 By these letters the king permitted the Jews who were in every city to agather together and protect their lives—to bdestroy, kill, and annihilate all the forces of any people or province that would assault them, both little children and women, and to plunder their possessions,
12 aon one day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of 1Adar.
13 aA copy of the document was to be issued as a decree in every province and published for all people, so that the Jews would be ready on that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
14 The couriers who rode on royal horses went out, hastened and pressed on by the king’s command. And the decree was issued in 1Shushan the 2citadel.
15 So Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of 1blue and white, with a great crown of gold and a garment of fine linen and purple; and athe city of 2Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
16 The Jews had alight and gladness, joy and honor.
17 And in every province and city, wherever the king’s command and decree came, the Jews had joy and

6 aNeh. 2:3;
Esth. 7:4; 9:1
7 aEsth. 8:1;
Prov. 13:22
8 aEsth. 1:19;
Dan. 6:8, 12,
15 1Lit. as is
good in your
9 aEsth. 3:12
bEsth. 1:1
cEsth. 1:22;
10 a1 Kin. 21:8;
Esth. 3:12, 13
1Lit. sons of
the swift
11 aEsth. 9:2
bEsth. 9:10,
15, 16
12 aEsth. 3:13;
9:1 1LXX
adds the text
of the letter
13 aEsth. 3:14,
14 1Or Susa
15 aEsth. 3:15;
Prov. 29:2 1violet
2Or Susa
16 aPs. 97:11;
17 a1 Sam.
25:8; Esth.
9:19 bPs. 18:43
cGen. 35:5;
Ex. 15:16;
Deut. 2:25;
11:25; 1 Chr.
14:17; Esth.

CHAPTER 9 References

1 aEsth. 8:12
bEsth. 3:13
c2 Sam. 22:41
2 aEsth. 8:11;
9:15–18 bPs.
71:13, 14
cEsth. 8:17
4 a2 Sam. 3:1;
1 Chr. 11:9;
[Prov. 4:18] 6 aEsth. 1:2;
3:15; 4:16 1Or
Susa 2palace
10 aEsth. 5:11;
9:7–10; Job
27:13–15; Ps.
21:10 bEsth.
8:11 1spoil
11 1Or Susa
2palace 3Lit.
12 aEsth. 5:6;
13 aEsth. 8:11;
9:15 b2 Sam.
21:6, 9

gladness, a feast aand a holiday. Then many of the people of the land bbecame Jews, because cfear of the Jews fell upon them.

The Jews Destroy Their Tormentors


1 Now ain the twelfth month, that is, the month of Adar, on the thirteenth day, bthe time came for the king’s command and his decree to be executed. On the day that the enemies of the Jews had hoped to overpower them, the opposite occurred, in that the Jews themselves coverpowered those who hated them.
2 The Jews agathered together in their cities throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus to lay hands on those who bsought their harm. And no one could withstand them, cbecause fear of them fell upon all people.
3 And all the officials of the provinces, the satraps, the governors, and all those doing the king’s work, helped the Jews, because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.
4 For Mordecai was great in the king’s palace, and his fame spread throughout all the provinces; for this man Mordecai abecame increasingly prominent.
5 Thus the Jews defeated all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, with slaughter and destruction, and did what they pleased with those who hated them.
6 And in aShushan1 the 2citadel the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men.
7 Also Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha,
8 Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha,
9 Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai, and Vajezatha—
10 athe ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews—they killed; bbut they did not lay a hand on the 1plunder.
11 On that day the number of those who were killed in 1Shushan the 2citadel 3was brought to the king.
12 And the king said to Queen Esther, “The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the citadel, and the ten sons of Haman. What have they done in the rest of the king’s provinces? Now awhat is your petition? It shall be granted to you. Or what is your further request? It shall be done.”
13 Then Esther said, “If it pleases the king, let it be granted to the Jews who are in Shushan to do again tomorrow aaccording to today’s decree, and let Haman’s ten sons bbe hanged on the gallows.”
14 So the king commanded this to be done; the decree was issued in Shushan, and they hanged Haman’s ten sons.
15 And the Jews who were in

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1Shushan agathered together again on the fourteenth day of the month of Adar and killed three hundred men at Shushan; bbut they did not lay a hand on the plunder.
16 The remainder of the Jews in the king’s provinces agathered together and protected their lives, had rest from their enemies, and killed seventy-five thousand of their enemies; bbut they did not lay a hand on the plunder.
17 This was on the thirteenth day of the month of Adar. And on the fourteenth of 1the month they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

The Feast of Purim

18 But the Jews who were at 1Shushan assembled together aon the thirteenth day, as well as on the fourteenth; and on the fifteenth of 2the month they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
19 Therefore the Jews of the villages who dwelt in the unwalled towns celebrated the fourteenth day of the month of Adar awith gladness and feasting, bas a holiday, and for csending presents to one another.
20 And Mordecai wrote these things and sent letters to all the Jews, near and far, who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus,
21 to establish among them that they should celebrate yearly the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar,
22 as the days on which the Jews had rest from their enemies, as the month which was turned from sorrow to joy for them, and from mourning to a holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and joy, of asending presents to one another and gifts to the bpoor.
23 So the Jews accepted the custom which they had begun, as Mordecai had written to them,
24 because Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, ahad plotted against the Jews to annihilate them, and had cast Pur (that is, the lot), to consume them and destroy them;
25 but awhen 1Esther came before the king, he commanded by letter that 2this wicked plot which Haman had devised against the Jews should breturn on his own head, and that

15 aEsth. 8:11;
9:2 bEsth. 9:10
1Or Susa
16 aEsth. 9:2
bEsth. 8:11
17 1Lit. it
18 aEsth. 9:11,
15 1Or Susa
2Lit. it
19 aDeut.
16:11, 14
bEsth. 8:16, 17
cNeh. 8:10, 12;
Esth. 9:22
22 aNeh. 8:10;
Esth. 9:19
15:7–11]; Job
24 aEsth. 3:6,
7; 9:26
25 aEsth.
7:4–10; 8:3;
9:13, 14 bEsth.
7:10 1Lit. she
or it 2Lit. his
26 aEsth. 9:20
1Lit. Lot
27 aEsth. 8:17;
[Is. 56:3, 6];
Zech. 2:11
29 aEsth. 2:15
bEsth. 8:10;
9:20, 21
30 aEsth. 1:1
31 aEsth. 4:3,

CHAPTER 10 References

1 aGen. 10:5;
Ps. 72:10; Is.
11:11; 24:15
2 aEsth. 8:15;
9:4 bEsth. 6:1
1Lit. made
him great
3 aGen. 41:40,
43, 44; 2 Chr.
28:7 bNeh.
2:10; Ps.
122:8, 9 1Lit.
seed. LXX,
Vg. add a
dream of
here; Vg. adds
six more


he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
26 So they called these days Purim, after the name 1Pur. Therefore, because of all the words of athis letter, what they had seen concerning this matter, and what had happened to them,
27 the Jews established and imposed it upon themselves and their descendants and all who would ajoin them, that without fail they should celebrate these two days every year, according to the written instructions and according to the prescribed time,
28 that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city, that these days of Purim should not fail to be observed among the Jews, and that the memory of them should not perish among their descendants.
29 Then Queen Esther, athe daughter of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm this bsecond letter about Purim.
30 And Mordecai sent letters to all the Jews, to athe one hundred and twenty-seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,
31 to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had prescribed for them, and as they had decreed for themselves and their descendants concerning matters of their afasting and lamenting.
32 So the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim, and it was written in the book.

Mordecai’s Advancement


1 And King Ahasuerus imposed tribute on the land and on athe islands of the sea.
2 Now all the acts of his power and his might, and the account of the greatness of Mordecai, ato which the king 1advanced him, are they not written in the book of the bchronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?
3 For Mordecai the Jew was asecond to King Ahasuerus, and was great among the Jews and well received by the multitude of his brethren, bseeking the good of his people and speaking peace to all his 1countrymen.

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Answered Prayer for Deliverance from Adversaries

To the Chief Musician. With 1stringed instruments. A 2Contemplation of David awhen the Ziphites went and said to Saul, “Is David not hiding with us?”

1 SAVE me, O God, by Your name, And vindicate me by Your strength.
2 Hear my prayer, O God; Give ear to the words of my mouth.
3 For strangers have risen up against me, And oppressors have sought after my life; They have not set God before them. Selah

PSALM 54 References

title a1 Sam.
23:19 1Heb.
2Heb. Maschil
4 1sustain my
5 1Destroy
them 2Or
7 aPs. 59:10

4 Behold, God is my helper; The Lord is with those who 1uphold my life.
5 He will repay my enemies for their evil. 1Cut them off in Your 2truth.

6 I will freely sacrifice to You; I will praise Your name, O LORD, for it is good.
7 For He has delivered me out of all trouble; aAnd my eye has seen its desire upon my enemies.




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