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The Story So Far

(Category 13 of 16)

page 369

David’s Further Conquests


1 After this ait came to pass that David 1attacked the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines.
2 Then he 1defeated aMoab, and the Moabites became David’s bservants, and brought tribute.
3 And aDavid 1defeated 2Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates.
4 David took from him one thousand chariots, 1seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David 2hamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.
5 When the aSyrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.
6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought tribute. So the LORD preserved David wherever he went.
7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 Also from 1Tibhath and from 2Chun, cities of 3Hadadezer, David brought a large amount of abronze, with which bSolomon made the bronze 4Sea, the pillars, and the articles of bronze.
9 Now when 1Tou king of Hamath heard that David had 2defeated all the army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,
10 he sent 1Hadoram his son to King David, to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and 2defeated him (for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou); and Hadoram brought with him all kinds of aarticles of gold, silver, and bronze.
11 King David also dedicated these to the LORD, along with the silver and gold that he had brought from all these nations—from Edom, from Moab, from the apeople of Ammon, from the bPhilistines, and from cAmalek.
12 Moreover aAbishai the son of

CHAPTER 18 References

1 a2 Sam.
8:1–18 1Lit.
2 a2 Sam. 8:2;
Zeph. 2:9 bPs.
60:8 1Lit.
3 a2 Sam. 8:3
1Lit. struck
4 1seven hundred,
2 Sam.
8:4 2crippled
5 a2 Sam. 8:5,
6; 1 Kin.
8 a2 Sam. 8:8
b1 Kin. 7:15,
23; 2 Chr.
4:12, 15, 16
2 Sam. 8:8
2 Sam. 8:8
4Great laver
or basin
9 1Toi, 2 Sam.
8:9, 10 2Lit.
10 a2 Sam.
2 Sam. 8:10
2Lit. struck
11 a2 Sam.
10:14 b2 Sam.
c2 Sam. 1:1
12 a2 Sam.
23:18; 1 Chr.
2:16 b2 Sam.
8:13 1Syrians,
2 Sam. 8:13
13 aGen.
Num. 24:18;
2 Sam. 8:14
16 1Ahimelech,
2 Sam. 8:17
2 Sam. 8:17,
or Shisha,
1 Kin. 4:3
17 a2 Sam.
8:18 1Lit. at
the hand of
the king

CHAPTER 19 References

1 a1 Sam. 11:1;
2 Sam.
3 1Lit. In your
eyes is David
your father
4 aIs. 20:4 1in
6 a1 Chr. 18:5,
9 1Heb. Aram
2Zoba, 2 Sam.


Zeruiah killed beighteen thousand 1Edomites in the Valley of Salt.
13 aHe also put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the LORD preserved David wherever he went.

David’s Administration

14 So David reigned over all Israel, and administered judgment and justice to all his people.
15 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
16 Zadok the son of Ahitub and 1Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; 2Shavsha was the scribe;
17 aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were 1chief ministers at the king’s side.

The Ammonites and Syrians Defeated


1 Ita happened after this that Nahash the king of the people of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place.
2 Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. And David’s servants came to Hanun in the land of the people of Ammon to comfort him.
3 And the princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun, 1“Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you? Did his servants not come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?”
4 Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved them, and cut off their garments 1in the middle, at their abuttocks, and sent them away.
5 Then some went and told David about the men; and he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.”
6 When the people of Ammon saw that they had made themselves repulsive to David, Hanun and the people of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from 1Mesopotamia, from Syrian Maacah, aand from 2Zobah.
7 So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, with the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. Also the people of Ammon gathered together from their cities, and came to battle.
8 Now when David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of the mighty men.
9 Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle

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array before the gate of the city, and the kings who had come were by themselves in the field.
10 When Joab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Israel’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians.
11 And the rest of the people he put under the command of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in battle array against the people of Ammon.
12 Then he said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the people of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will help you.
13 “Be of good courage, and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our God. And may the LORD do what is good in His sight.”
14 So Joab and the people who were with him drew near for the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him.
15 When the people of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fleeing, they also fled before Abishai his brother, and entered the city. So Joab went to Jerusalem.
16 Now when the Syrians saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought the Syrians who were beyond 1the River, and 2Shophach the commander of Hadadezer’s army went before them.
17 When it was told David, he gathered all Israel, crossed over the Jordan and came upon them, and set up in battle array against them. So when David had set up in battle array against the Syrians, they fought with him.
18 Then the Syrians fled before Israel; and David killed 1seven thousand charioteers and forty thousand 2foot soldiers of the Syrians, and killed Shophach the commander of the army.
19 And when the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with David and became his servants. So the Syrians were not willing to help the people of Ammon anymore.

Rabbah Is Conquered


1 Ita happened 1in the spring of the year, at the time kings go out to battle, that Joab led out the armed forces and ravaged the country of the people of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But bDavid stayed at Jerusalem. And cJoab defeated Rabbah and overthrew it.
2 Then David atook their king’s crown from his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it. And it was set on David’s head. Also he brought

16 1The
2Zoba, 2 Sam.
10:6, or
2 Sam. 10:16
18 1seven hundred,
2 Sam.
10:18 2horsemen,
2 Sam.

CHAPTER 20 References

1 a2 Sam. 11:1
b2 Sam.
c2 Sam. 12:26
1Lit. at the
return of the
2 a2 Sam.
12:30, 31
3 1LXX cut
them with
4 a2 Sam.
21:18 b1 Chr.
11:29 1Gob,
2 Sam. 21:18
2Saph, 2 Sam.
21:18 3Or
5 a1 Sam.
17:7; 1 Chr.
11:23 1Jaare-
2 Sam. 21:19
6 a1 Sam. 5:8;
2 Sam. 21:20
1Or Raphah
7 1Shammah,
1 Sam. 16:9 or
2 Sam. 21:21

CHAPTER 21 References

1 a2 Sam.
24:1–25; Job
1:6 1take a
census of
2 a1 Chr.
27:23, 24
6 a1 Chr. 27:24
7 1Lit. it was
evil in the
eyes of God
8 a2 Sam.
24:10 b2 Sam.

out the 1spoil of the city in great abundance.
3 And he brought out the people who were in it, and 1put them to work with saws, with iron picks, and with axes. So David did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

Philistine Giants Destroyed

4 Now it happened afterward athat war broke out at 1Gezer with the Philistines, at which time bSibbechai the Hushathite killed 2Sippai, who was one of the sons of 3the giant. And they were subdued.
5 Again there was war with the Philistines, and Elhanan the son of 1Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s abeam.
6 Yet again athere was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, with twenty-four fingers and toes, six on each hand and six on each foot; and he also was born to 1the giant.
7 So when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of 1Shimea, David’s brother, killed him.
8 These were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

The Census of Israel and Judah


1 Now aSatan stood up against Israel, and moved David to 1number Israel.
2 So David said to Joab and to the leaders of the people, “Go, number Israel from Beersheba to Dan, aand bring the number of them to me that I may know it.”
3 And Joab answered, “May the LORD make His people a hundred times more than they are. But,my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? Why then does my lord require this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt in Israel?”
4 Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab. Therefore Joab departed and went throughout all Israel and came to Jerusalem.
5 Then Joab gave the sum of the number of the people to David. All Israel had one million one hundred thousand men who drew the sword, and Judah had four hundred and seventy thousand men who drew the sword.
6 aBut he did not count Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king’s 1word was abominable to Joab.
7 And 1God was displeased with this thing; therefore He struck Israel.
8 So David said to God, a“I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing; bbut now, I pray, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.”

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9 Then the LORD spoke to Gad, David’s aseer, saying,
10 “Go and tell David, asaying, ‘Thus says the LORD: “I offer you three things; choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you.” ’ ”
11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Choose for yourself,
12 a‘either 1three years of famine, or three months to be defeated by your foes with the sword of your enemies overtaking you, or else for three days the sword of the LORD— the plague in the land, with the 2angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now consider what answer I should take back to Him who sent me.”
13 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let me fall into the hand of the LORD, for His amercies are very great; but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”
14 So the LORD sent a aplague upon Israel, and seventy thousand men of Israel fell.
15 And God sent 1an aangel to Jerusalem to destroy it. As 2he was destroying, the LORD looked and brelented of the disaster, and said to the angel who was destroying, “It is enough; now restrain 3your hand.” And the angel of the LORD stood by the cthreshing floor of 4Ornan the Jebusite.
16 Then David lifted his eyes and asaw the angel of the LORD standing between earth and heaven, having in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Jerusalem. So David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell on their faces.
17 And David said to God, “Was it not I who commanded the people to be numbered? I am the one who has sinned and done evil indeed; but these asheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, O LORD my God, be against me and my father’s house, but not against Your people that they should be plagued.”
18 Therefore, the aangel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David that David should go and erect an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.
19 So David went up at the word of Gad, which he had spoken in the name of the LORD.
20 Now Ornan turned and saw the angel; and his four sons who were with him hid themselves, but Ornan continued threshing wheat.
21 So David came to Ornan, and Ornan looked and saw David. And he went out from the threshing floor, and bowed before David with his face to the ground.
22 Then David said to Ornan, 1“Grant me the place of this threshing floor, that I may build an altar on it to the LORD.You shall grant it

9 a1 Sam. 9:9;
2 Kin. 17:13;
1 Chr. 29:29;
2 Chr. 16:7,
10; Is. 30:9,
10; Amos
7:12, 13
10 a2 Sam.
12 a2 Sam.
24:13 1seven,
2 Sam. 24:13
2Or Angel,
and so
the chapter
13 aPs. 51:1;
130:4, 7
14 a1 Chr.
15 a2 Sam.
24:16 bGen.
6:6 c2 Chr. 3:1
1Or the Angel
2Or He 3Or
Your 4Araunah,
2 Sam.
24:16, 18–24
16 aJosh. 5:13;
2 Chr. 3:1
17 a2 Sam. 7:8;
Ps. 74:1
18 a1 Chr.
21:11, 12;
2 Chr. 3:1
22 1Lit. Give
25 a2 Sam.
26 aLev. 9:24;
Judg. 6:21;
1 Kin.
2 Chr. 3:1; 7:1
29 a1 Kin. 3:4;
2 Chr. 1:3
b1 Chr. 16:39

to me at the full price, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people.”
23 But Ornan said to David, “Take it to yourself, and let my lord the king do what is good in his eyes. Look, I also give you the oxen for burnt offerings, the threshing implements for wood, and the wheat for the grain offering; I give it all.”
24 Then King David said to Ornan, “No, but I will surely buy it for the full price, for I will not take what is yours for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings with that which costs me nothing.”
25 So aDavid gave Ornan six hundred shekels of gold by weight for the place.
26 And David built there an altar to the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called on the LORD; and aHe answered him from heaven by fire on the altar of burnt offering.
27 So the LORD commanded the angel, and he returned his sword to its sheath.
28 At that time, when David saw that the LORD had answered him on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he sacrificed there.
29 aFor the tabernacle of the LORD and the altar of the burnt offering, which Moses had made in the wilderness, were at that time at the high place in bGibeon.
30 But David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

page 507


The Glory of God in His Goodness to Israel

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. A Song.

1 LET aGod arise, Let His enemies be scattered; Let those also who hate Him flee before Him.
2 aAs smoke is driven away, So drive them away; bAs wax melts before the fire, So let the wicked perish at the presence of God.
3 But alet the righteous be glad; Let them rejoice before God; Yes, let them rejoice exceedingly.

4 Sing to God, sing praises to His name; aExtol1 Him who rides on the 2clouds, bBy His name 3YAH, And rejoice before Him.

5 aA father of the fatherless, a defender of widows, Is God in His holy habitation.
6 aGod sets the solitary in families; bHe brings out those who are bound into prosperity; But cthe rebellious dwell in a dry land.

7 O God, awhen You went out before Your people, When You marched through the wilderness, Selah
8 The earth shook; The heavens also dropped rain at the presence of God; Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel.
9 aYou, O God, sent a plentiful rain, Whereby You confirmed Your inheritance, When it was weary.
10 Your congregation dwelt in it; aYou, O God, provided from Your goodness for the poor.

11 The Lord gave the word; Great was the 1company of those who proclaimed it:
12 “Kingsa of armies flee, they flee, And she who remains at home divides the 1spoil.
13 aThough you lie down among the 1sheepfolds, bYou will be like the wings of a dove covered with silver, And her feathers with yellow gold.”
14 aWhen the Almighty scattered kings in it, It was white as snow in Zalmon.

15 A mountain of God is the mountain of Bashan; A mountain of many peaks is the mountain of Bashan.
16 Why do you 1fume with envy, you mountains of many peaks? aThis is the mountain which God desires to dwell in; Yes, the LORD will dwell in it forever.

17 aThe chariots of God are twenty thousand, Even thousands of thousands; The Lord is among them as in Sinai, in the Holy Place.

PSALM 68 References

1 aNum. 10:35
2 a[Is. 9:18];
Hos. 13:3 bPs.
97:5; Mic. 1:4
3 aPs. 32:11
4 aDeut. 33:26
b[Ex. 6:3] 1Praise 2MT
deserts; Tg.
heavens (cf. v.
34 and Is.
19:1) 3Lit.
Heb. form
5 a[Ps. 10:14,
18; 146:9] 6 aPs. 107:4–7
bActs 12:6
cPs. 107:34
7 aEx. 13:21;
[Hab. 3:13] 9 aLev. 26:4;
Deut. 11:11;
Job 5:10;
Ezek. 34:26
10 aDeut. 26:5;
Ps. 74:19
11 1host
12 aNum. 31:8;
Josh. 10:16;
Judg. 5:19
13 aPs. 81:6
bPs. 105:37
1Or saddlebags
14 aJosh. 10:10
16 a[Deut.
12:5]; 1 Kin.
9:3 1Lit. stare
17 aDeut. 33:2;
Dan. 7:10
18 aMark
16:19; Acts
1:9; Eph. 4:8;
Phil. 2:9; Col.
3:1; Heb. 1:3
bJudg. 5:12
cActs 2:4, 33;
[1 Cor.
12:4–11; Eph.
4:7–12] d[1 Tim. 1:13] ePs. 78:60
20 a[Deut.
32:39] 21 aHab. 3:13
bPs. 55:23
22 aNum.
21:33; Deut.
30:1–9; Amos
9:1–3 bEx.
23 aPs. 58:10
b1 Kin. 21:19;
Jer. 15:3
1LXX, [Syr.],
Tg.,Vg. you
may dip your
24 1Lit. goings
25 a1 Chr. 13:8
26 aDeut.
33:28; Is. 48:1
27 aJudg. 5:14;
1 Sam. 9:21
28 aPs. 42:8; Is.
26:12 1LXX,
[Syr.], Tg.,Vg.
Command, O
29 a1 Kin.
10:10, 25;
2 Chr. 32:23;
Ps. 45:12;
72:10; Is. 18:7
30 aPs. 22:12
b2 Sam. 8:2
31 aIs.
19:19–23 bIs.
45:14; Zeph.
3:10 cPs. 44:20
32 a[Ps. 67:3,
4] 33 aDeut.
33:26; Ps.
18:10 bPs.
46:6; Is. 30:30
34 aPs. 29:1
35 aPs. 76:12

18 aYou have ascended on high, bYou have led captivity captive; cYou have received gifts among men, Even from dthe rebellious, eThat the LORD God might dwell there.

19 Blessed be the Lord, Who daily loads us with benefits, The God of our salvation! Selah
20 Our God is the God of salvation; And ato GOD the Lord belong escapes from death.
21 But aGod will wound the head of His enemies, bThe hairy scalp of the one who still goes on in his trespasses.
22 The Lord said, “I will bring aback from Bashan, I will bring them back bfrom the depths of the sea,
23 aThat 1your foot may crush them in blood, bAnd the tongues of your dogs may have their portion from your enemies.”
24 They have seen Your 1procession, O God, The procession of my God, my King, into the sanctuary.
25 aThe singers went before, the players on instruments followed after; Among them were the maidens playing timbrels.
26 Bless God in the congregations, The Lord, from athe fountain of Israel.
27 aThere is little Benjamin, their leader, The princes of Judah and their 1company, The princes of Zebulun and the princes of Naphtali.

28 1Your God has acommanded your strength; Strengthen, O God, what You have done for us.
29 Because of Your temple at Jerusalem, aKings will bring presents to You.
30 Rebuke the beasts of the reeds, aThe herd of bulls with the calves of the peoples, Till everyone bsubmits himself with pieces of silver. Scatter the peoples who delight in war.
31 aEnvoys will come out of Egypt; bEthiopia will quickly cstretch out her hands to God.
32 Sing to God, you akingdoms of the earth; Oh, sing praises to the Lord, Selah

33 To Him awho rides on the heaven of heavens, which were of old! Indeed, He sends out His voice, a bmighty voice.
34 aAscribe strength to God; His excellence is over Israel, And His strength is in the clouds.
35 O God, aYou are more awesome than Your holy places. The God of Israel is He who gives strength and power to His people. Blessed be God!




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