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The Exodus from Egypt

(Category 3 of 16)

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CHAPTER 10 References

1 aJohn 12:40
bEx. 7:4; 9:16
2 aJoel 1:3

The Eighth Plague: Locusts


1 Now the LORD said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh; afor I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, bthat I may show these signs of Mine before him,
2 “and that ayou may tell in the hearing of your son and your son’s son the mighty things I have done

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in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may bknow that I am the LORD.”
3 So Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says the LORD God of the Hebrews: ‘How long will you refuse to ahumble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may bserve Me.
4 ‘Or else, if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring alocusts into your territory.
5 ‘And they shall cover the face of the earth, so that no one will be able to see the earth; and athey shall eat the residue of what is left, which remains to you from the hail, and they shall eat every tree which grows up for you out of the field.
6 ‘They shall afill your houses, the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians—which neither your fathers nor your fathers’ fathers have seen, since the day that they were on the earth to this day.’ ” And he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
7 Then Pharaoh’s aservants said to him, “How long shall this man be ba snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed?”
8 So Moses and Aaron were brought again to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the LORD your God.Who are the ones that are going?”
9 And Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old; with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds we will go, for awe must hold a feast to the LORD.”
10 Then he said to them, “The LORD had better be with you when I let you and your little ones go! Beware, for evil is ahead of you.
11 “Not so! Go now, you who are men, and serve the LORD, for that is what you desired.” And they were driven aout from Pharaoh’s presence.
12 Then the LORD said to Moses, a“Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come upon the land of Egypt, and beat every herb of the land—all that the hail has left.”
13 So Moses stretched out his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind on the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
14 And athe locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested on all the territory of Egypt. They were very severe; bpreviously there had been no such locusts as they, nor shall there be such after them.
15 For they acovered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they bate every herb

2 bEx. 7:5, 17;
3 a[1 Kin.
21:29; 2 Chr.
34:27]; Job
42:6; [James
4:10; 1 Pet.
5:6] bEx. 4:23;
8:1; 9:1
4 aProv. 30:27;
Rev. 9:3
5 aEx. 9:32;
Joel 1:4; 2:25
6 aEx. 8:3, 21
7 aEx. 7:5;
8:19; 9:20;
12:33 bEx.
23:33; Josh.
23:13; 1 Sam.
18:21; Eccl.
7:26; 1 Cor.
9 aEx. 5:1; 7:16
11 aEx. 10:28
12 aEx. 7:19
bEx. 10:5, 15
14 aDeut.
28:38; Ps.
78:46; 105:34
bJoel 1:4, 7;
2:1–11; Rev.
15 aEx. 10:5
bPs. 105:35
16 aEx. 8:8
bEx. 9:27
17 aEx. 8:8, 28;
9:28; 1 Kin.
13:6 1make
18 aEx. 8:30
19 aJoel 2:20
20 aEx. 4:21;
10:1; 11:10
21 aEx. 9:22
1Lit. that one
may feel the
22 aPs. 105:28;
Rev. 16:10
bEx. 3:18
23 aEx. 8:22,
24 aEx. 8:8, 25;
10:8 bEx.
25 1Lit. into
our hands
26 aEx. 10:9
27 aEx. 4:21;
10:1, 20; 14:4,
28 aEx. 10:11
29 aEx. 11:8;
Heb. 11:27

CHAPTER 11 References

1 aEx. 12:31,
33, 39 bEx.
6:1; 12:39

of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. So there remained nothing green on the trees or on the plants of the field throughout all the land of Egypt.
16 Then Pharaoh called afor Moses and Aaron in haste, and said, b“I have sinned against the LORD your God and against you.
17 “Now therefore, please forgive my sin only this once, and aentreat1 the LORD your God, that He may take away from me this death only.”
18 So he awent out from Pharaoh and entreated the LORD.
19 And the LORD turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them ainto the Red Sea. There remained not one locust in all the territory of Egypt.
20 But the LORD ahardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go.

The Ninth Plague: Darkness

21 Then the LORD said to Moses, a“Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, 1darkness which may even be felt.”
22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was athick darkness in all the land of Egypt bthree days.
23 They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. aBut all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.
24 Then Pharaoh called to Moses and asaid, “Go, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be kept back. Let your blittle ones also go with you.”
25 But Moses said, “You must also give 1us sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.
26 “Our alivestock also shall go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind. For we must take some of them to serve the LORD our God, and even we do not know with what we must serve the LORD until we arrive there.”
27 But the LORD ahardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go.
28 Then Pharaoh said to him, a“Get away from me! Take heed to yourself and see my face no more! For in the day you see my face you shall die!”
29 So Moses said, “You have spoken well. aI will never see your face again.”

Death of the Firstborn Announced


1 And the LORD said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. aAfterward he will let you go from here. bWhen he lets you go, he will surely drive you out of here altogether.
2 “Speak now in the hearing of the

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people, and let every man ask from his neighbor and every woman from her neighbor, aarticles of silver and articles of gold.”
3 aAnd the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man bMoses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people.
4 Then Moses said, “Thus says the LORD: a‘About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt;
5 ‘and aall the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals.
6 a‘Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, bsuch as was not like it before, nor shall be like it again.
7 a‘But against none of the children of Israel bshall a dog 1move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that the LORD does make a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.’
8 “And aall these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, and all the people who follow you!’ After that I will go out.” bThen he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.
9 But the LORD said to Moses, a“Pharaoh will not heed you, so that bMy wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”
10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh; aand the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

The Passover Instituted


1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 a“This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3 “Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: ‘On the atenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.
4 ‘And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons; according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb.
5 ‘Your lamb shall be awithout1 blemish, a male 2of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
6 ‘Now you shall keep it until the afourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.

2 aEx. 3:22;
12:35, 36
3 aEx. 3:21;
12:36 bDeut.
4 aEx. 12:12,
23, 29
5 aEx. 4:23;
12:12, 29
6 aEx. 12:30
bEx. 10:14
7 aEx. 8:22
bJosh. 10:21
8 aEx.
bHeb. 11:27
9 aEx. 3:19;
7:4; 10:1 bEx.
7:3; 9:16
10 aRom. 2:5

CHAPTER 12 References

2 aDeut. 16:1
3 aJosh. 4:19
5 a[1 Pet. 1:19] 1perfect or
sound 2a year
6 aLev. 23:5
8 aNum. 9:12
bDeut. 16:7
c1 Cor. 5:8
9 aDeut. 16:7
10 aEx. 16:19;
23:18; 34:25
11 aEx. 12:13,
21, 27, 43
1Made ready
to travel
12 aEx. 11:4, 5
bNum. 33:4
cEx. 6:2
14 aEx. 13:9
bLev. 23:4, 5
cEx. 12:17, 24;
15 aLev. 23:6
bGen. 17:14
1soul 2Put to
16 aLev. 23:2,
7, 8
17 aEx. 12:14;
13:3, 10
bNum. 33:1
18 aLev. 23:5–8
19 aEx. 12:15;
23:15; 34:18
21 a[Heb.

EXODUS 12:21

7 ‘And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it.
8 ‘Then they shall eat the flesh on that anight; broasted in fire, with cunleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 ‘Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but aroasted in fire— its head with its legs and its entrails.
10 a‘You shall let none of it remain until morning, and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire.
11 ‘And thus you shall eat it: 1with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. aIt is the LORD’s Passover.
12 ‘For I awill pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and bagainst all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: cI am the LORD.
13 ‘Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 ‘So this day shall be to you aa memorial; and you shall keep it as a bfeast to the LORD throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast cby an everlasting ordinance.
15 a‘Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, bthat 1person shall be 2cut off from Israel.
16 ‘On the first day there shall be aa holy convocation, and on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation for you. No manner of work shall be done on them; but that which everyone must eat—that only may be prepared by you.
17 ‘So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for aon this same day I will have brought your 1armies bout of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance.
18 a‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.
19 ‘For aseven days no leaven shall be found in your houses, since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.
20 ‘You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’ ”
21 Then aMoses called for all the

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EXODUS 12:22

belders of Israel and said to them, c“Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb.
22 a“And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and bstrike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
23 a“For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; and when He sees the bblood on the 1lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and cnot allow dthe destroyer to come into your houses to strike you.
24 “And you shall aobserve this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever.
25 “It will come to pass when you come to the land which the LORD will give you, ajust as He promised, that you shall keep this service.
26 a“And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’
27 “that you shall say, a‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the LORD, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households.’ ” So the people bbowed their heads and worshiped.
28 Then the children of Israel went away and adid so; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn

29 aAnd it came to pass at midnight that bthe LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was 1in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of clivestock.
30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

The Exodus

31 Then he acalled for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise, go out from among my people, bboth you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the LORD as you have csaid.
32 a“Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.”
33 aAnd the Egyptians burged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.”
34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders.

21 bEx. 3:16
cNum. 9:4
22 aHeb. 11:28
bEx. 12:7
23 aEx. 11:4;
12:12, 13 bEx.
24:8 cRev. 7:3;
9:4 dHeb.
11:28 1Crosspiece
at top of
24 aEx. 12:14,
17; 13:5, 10
25 aEx. 3:8, 17
26 aEx. 10:2;
13:8, 14, 15
27 aEx. 12:11
bEx. 4:31
28 a[Heb.
11:28] 29 aEx. 11:4, 5
bNum. 8:17;
33:4 cEx. 9:6
1in prison
31 aEx. 10:28,
29 bEx. 8:25;
11:1 cEx. 10:9
32 aEx. 10:9,
33 aEx. 10:7
bPs. 105:38
35 aEx. 3:21,
22; 11:2, 3
36 aEx. 3:21
bGen. 15:14
37 aNum. 33:3,
5 bGen. 47:11
cEx. 38:26
38 aNum. 11:4
bDeut. 3:19
39 aEx. 6:1;
11:1; 12:31–33
40 aActs 7:6
1Length of the
stay 2Sam.,
LXX Egypt
and Canaan
41 aEx. 3:8, 10;
6:6; 7:4
42 aDeut. 16:1,
6 1night of
43 aNum. 9:14
44 aGen.
17:12, 13
45 aLev. 22:10
46 a[John
19:33, 36] 47 aEx. 12:6
48 aNum. 9:14
1As a resident
49 aNum.
15:15, 16
51 aEx. 12:41;
20:2 bEx. 6:26

35 Now the children of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, and they had asked from the Egyptians aarticles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing.
36 aAnd the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they granted them what they requested. Thus bthey plundered the Egyptians.
37 Then athe children of Israel journeyed from bRameses to Succoth, about csix hundred thousand men on foot, besides children.
38 A amixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds—a great deal of blivestock.
39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because athey were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared provisions for themselves.
40 Now the 1sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in 2Egypt was afour hundred and thirty years.
41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years— on that very same day—it came to pass that aall the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.
42 It is aa 1night of solemn observance to the LORD for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the LORD, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.

Passover Regulations

43 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is athe ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it.
44 “But every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have acircumcised him, then he may eat it.
45 a“A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it.
46 “In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house, anor shall you break one of its bones.
47 a“All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.
48 “And awhen a stranger 1dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it.
49 a“One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you.”
50 Thus all the children of Israel did; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.
51 aAnd it came to pass, on that very same day, that the LORD brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt baccording to their armies.

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The Assurance of God’s Saving Work

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 MAY the LORD answer you in the day of trouble; May the name of the God of Jacob 1defend you;
2 May He send you help from the sanctuary, And strengthen you out of Zion;
3 May He remember all your offerings, And accept your burnt sacrifice. Selah

4 May He grant you according to your heart’s desire, And afulfill all your 1purpose.

PSALM 20 References

1 1Lit. set you
on high
4 aPs. 21:2
6 1Commissioned
Heb. messiah
7 aDeut. 20:1;
Ps. 33:16, 17;
Prov. 21:31; Is.

5 We will rejoice in your salvation, And in the name of our God we will set up our banners! May the LORD fulfill all your petitions.

6 Now I know that the LORD saves His 1anointed; He will answer him from His holy heaven With the saving strength of His right hand.

7 Some trust in chariots, and some in ahorses; But we will remember the name of the LORD our God.
8 They have bowed down and fallen; But we have risen and stand upright.

9 Save, LORD! May the King answer us when we call.




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