The reading plan and the videos have been copied from The Bible Project. The only intension of this site is to facilitate the readers with a simple way to read and understand the bible as designed by The Bible Project and to finally commit to Jesus.

The People of the Kingdom

(Category 15 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This is the first of two Read Scripture videos dedicated to the book of Romans, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.

Paul shows how Jesus created the new covenant family of Abraham through his death and resurrection and the sending of the Spirit.

Explore Romans 1 – 4

ROMANS 1 – 4: (RS)


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The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the


ROMANS, Paul’s greatest work, is placed first among his thirteen epistles in the
New Testament. While the four Gospels present the words and works of Jesus
Christ, Romans explores the significance of His sacrificial death. Using a question-
and-answer format, Paul records the most systematic presentation of doctrine
in the Bible. Romans is more than a book of theology; it is also a book of practical
exhortation. The good news of Jesus Christ is more than facts to be believed;
it is also a life to be lived—a life of righteousness befitting the person, “justified
freely by [God’s] grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (3:24).
Although some manuscripts omit “in Rome” in 1:7, 15, the title Pros Romaious,
“To the Romans,” has been associated with the epistle almost from the beginning.



1 PAUL, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, acalled to be an apostle, bseparated to the gospel of God
2 awhich He promised before bthrough His prophets in the Holy Scriptures,
3 concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who 1was aborn of the seed of David according to the flesh,
4 and adeclared to be the Son of God with power according bto the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
5 Through Him awe have received grace and apostleship for bobedience to the faith among all nations cfor His name,
6 among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;

7 To all who are in Rome, beloved of God, acalled to be saints:

bGrace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Desire to Visit Rome

8 First, aI thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that byour faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
9 For aGod is my witness, bwhom I serve 1with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that cwithout ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers,
10 making request if, by some means, now at last I may find a way in the will of God to come to you.
11 For I long to see you, that aI may impart to you some spiritual gift, so that you may be established—
12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you by athe mutual faith both of you and me.
13 Now I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that I often planned to come to you (but awas hindered until now), that I might have some

CHAPTER 1 References

1 a1 Tim. 1:11
bActs 9:15;
2 aActs 26:6
bGal. 3:8
3 aPs. 89:3, 4;
132:11; Is.
11:1; Gal. 4:4
4 aPs. 2:7;
Acts 9:20;
13:33 b[Ps.
16:10, 11;
Heb. 9:14] 5 aEph. 3:8
bActs 6:7
cActs 9:15
7 a1 Cor. 1:2,
24 b1 Cor. 1:3
8 a1 Cor. 1:4
bRom. 16:19
9 aRom. 9:1
bActs 27:23
c1 Thess. 3:10
1Or in
11 aRom. 15:29
12 aTitus 1:4
13 a[1 Thess.
2:18] bPhil.
16 aPs. 40:9, 10
b1 Cor. 1:18,
24 cActs 3:26
1NU omits of
17 aRom. 3:21;
9:30 bHab. 2:4
18 a[Acts
17:30] b2 Thess. 2:10
1hold down
19 a[Acts
14:17; 17:24] b[John 1:9] 1evident
20 aPs. 19:1–6
nature, deity
21 aJer. 2:5
22 aJer. 10:14
23 a1 Tim.
1:17; 6:15, 16
bDeut. 4:16–18
24 aEph. 4:18,
19 b1 Cor. 6:18
cLev. 18:22

bfruit among you also, just as among the other Gentiles.
14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise.
15 So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also.

The Just Live by Faith

16 For aI am not ashamed of the gospel 1of Christ, for bit is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, cfor the Jew first and also for the Greek.
17 For ain it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, b“The just shall live by faith.”

God’s Wrath on Unrighteousness

18 aFor the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and bunrighteousness of men, who 1suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
19 because awhat may be known of God is 1manifest 2in them, for bGod has shown it to them.
20 For since the creation of the world aHis invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and 1Godhead, so that they are without excuse,
21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but abecame futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened.
22 aProfessing to be wise, they became fools,
23 and changed the glory of the aincorruptible bGod into an image made like 1corruptible man—and birds and four-footed animals and creeping things.
24 aTherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, bto dishonor their bodies camong themselves,

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25 who exchanged athe truth of God bfor the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
26 For this reason God gave them up to avile passions. For even their 1women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature.
27 Likewise also the 1men, leaving the natural use of the 2woman, burned in their lust for one another, 1men with 1men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.
28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a debased mind, to do those things awhich are not fitting;
29 being filled with all unrighteousness, 1sexual immorality, wickedness, 2covetousness, 3maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evilmindedness; they are whisperers,
30 backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31 1undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, 2unforgiving, unmerciful;
32 who, aknowing the righteous judgment of God, that those who practice such things bare deserving of death, not only do the same but also capprove of those who practice them.

God’s Righteous Judgment


1 Therefore you are ainexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, bfor in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.
2 But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things.
3 And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God?
4 Or do you despise athe riches of His goodness, bforbearance, and clongsuffering, dnot knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?
5 But in accordance with your hardness and your 1impenitent heart ayou are 2treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,
6 who a“will render to each one according to his deeds”:
7 eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality;
8 but to those who are self-seeking and ado not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness—indignation and wrath, 9 tribulation and anguish, on ev-

25 a1 Thess.
1:9 bIs. 44:20
26 aLev. 18:22
1Lit. females
27 1Lit. males
2Lit. female
28 aEph. 5:4
29 1NU omits
2greed 3malice
31 1without
2NU omits
32 a[Rom. 2:2] b[Rom. 6:21] cHos. 7:3

CHAPTER 2 References

1 a[Rom. 1:20] b[Matt. 7:1–5] 4 a[Eph. 1:7,
18; 2:7] b[Rom. 3:25] cEx. 34:6 dIs.
5 a[Deut.
32:34] 1unrepentant
6 aPs. 62:12;
Prov. 24:12
8 a[2 Thess.
1:8] 9 a1 Pet. 4:17
10 a[1 Pet. 1:7] 11 aDeut.
13 a[James
1:22, 25] 15 a1 Cor. 5:1
bActs 24:25
16 a[Matt.
25:31] bActs
10:42; 17:31
c1 Tim. 1:11
17 aJohn 8:33
bMic. 3:11 cIs.
48:1, 2 1NU
But if 2rely
18 aDeut. 4:8
bPhil. 1:10
19 aMatt. 15:14
20 a[2 Tim. 3:5] 21 aMatt. 23:3
22 aMal. 3:8
23 aRom. 2:17;
24 aEzek.
16:27 bIs. 52:5;
Ezek. 36:22
25 a[Gal. 5:3] 26 a[Acts
10:34] 27 aMatt. 12:41
1Lit. letter
28 a[Gal. 6:15]

ery soul of man who does evil, of the Jew afirst and also of the 1Greek;
10 abut glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
11 For athere is no partiality with God.
12 For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law
13 (for anot the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified;
14 for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves,
15 who show the awork of the law written in their hearts, their bconscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them)
16 ain the day when God will judge the secrets of men bby Jesus Christ, caccording to my gospel.

The Jews Guilty as the Gentiles

17 1Indeed ayou are called a Jew, and brest2 on the law, cand make your boast in God,
18 and aknow His will, and bapprove the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,
19 and aare confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,
20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, ahaving the form of knowledge and truth in the law.
21 aYou, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal?
22 You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, ado you rob temples?
23 You who amake your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law?
24 For a“the name of God is bblasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,” as it is written.

Circumcision of No Avail

25 aFor circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision.
26 Therefore, aif an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision?
27 And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, ajudge you who, even with your 1written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law?
28 For ahe is not a Jew who is one

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outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh;
29 but he is a Jew awho is one inwardly; and bcircumcision is that of the heart, cin the Spirit, not in the letter; dwhose 1praise is not from men but from God.

29 a[1 Pet. 3:4] bPhil. 3:3
cDeut. 30:6
d[1 Cor. 4:5] 1A play on
words—Jew is

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Blessed Unity of the People of God

A Song of Ascents. Of David.

1 BEHOLD, how good and how pleasant it is For abrethren to dwell together in unity!
2 It is like the precious oil upon the head, Running down on the beard, The beard of Aaron, Running down on the edge of his garments.

PSALM 133 References

1 aGen. 13:8
3 aDeut. 4:48
bLev. 25:21;
Deut. 28:8; Ps.

3 It is like the dew of aHermon, Descending upon the mountains of Zion; For bthere the LORD commanded the blessing— Life forevermore.




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