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The People of the Kingdom

(Category 15 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on 2 Thessalonians, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to 2 Thessalonians, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.

In 2 Thessalonians, Paul clarified his earlier teachings about Jesus’ future return and rebukes the Christians who were disrupting the community.

Explore 2 Thessalonians



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The Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the


SINCE Paul’s first letter, the seeds of false doctrine have been sown among the
Thessalonians, causing them to waver in their faith. Paul removes these
destructive seeds and again plants the seeds of truth. He begins by commending
the believers on their faithfulness in the midst of persecution and encouraging
them that present suffering will be repaid with future glory. Therefore, in the
midst of persecution, expectation can be high.
Paul then deals with the central matter of his letter: a misunderstanding
spawned by false teachers regarding the coming day of the Lord. Despite reports
to the contrary, that Day has not yet come, and Paul recounts the events that must
first take place. Laboring for the gospel, rather than lazy resignation, is the proper
As the second letter in Paul’s Thessalonian correspondence, this was entitled
Pros Thessalonikeis B, the “Second to the Thessalonians.”



1 PAUL, Silvanus, and Timothy,

To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

2 aGrace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

God’s Final Judgment and Glory

3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is fitting, because your faith grows exceedingly, and the love of every one of you all abounds toward each other,
4 so that awe ourselves boast of

CHAPTER 1 References

2 a1 Cor. 1:3
4 a2 Cor. 7:4
b1 Thess. 1:3
c1 Thess. 2:14
5 aPhil. 1:28
b1 Thess. 2:14
6 aRev. 6:10
7 aRev. 14:13
bJude 14

you among the churches of God bfor your patience and faith cin all your persecutions and 1tribulations that you endure,
5 which is amanifest1 evidence of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, bfor which you also suffer;
6 asince it is a righteous thing with God to repay with 1tribulation those who trouble you,
7 and to give you who are troubled arest with us when bthe Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels,
8 in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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9 aThese shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and bfrom the glory of His power,
10 when He comes, in that Day, ato be bglorified in His saints and to be admired among all those who 1believe, because our testimony among you was believed.
11 Therefore we also pray always for you that our God would acount you worthy of this calling, and fulfill all the good pleasure of His goodness and bthe work of faith with power,
12 athat the name of our Lord Jesus Christ may be glorified in you, and you in Him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The Great Apostasy


1 Now, brethren, aconcerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ band our gathering together to Him, we ask you,
2 anot to be soon shaken in mind or troubled, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as if from us, as though the day of 1Christ had come.
3 Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come aunless the falling away comes first, and bthe man of 1sin is revealed, cthe son of perdition,
4 who opposes and aexalts himself babove all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits 1as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.
5 Do you not remember that when I was still with you I told you these things?
6 And now you know what is restraining, that he may be revealed in his own time.
7 For athe 1mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only 2He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way.
8 And then the lawless one will be revealed, awhom the Lord will consume bwith the breath of His mouth and destroy cwith the brightness of His coming.
9 The coming of the lawless one is aaccording to the working of Satan, with all power, bsigns, and lying wonders,
10 and with all unrighteous deception among athose who perish, because they did not receive bthe love of the truth, that they might be saved.
11 And afor this reason God will send them strong delusion, bthat they should believe the lie,
12 that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but ahad pleasure in unrighteousness.

9 aPhil. 3:19
bDeut. 33:2
10 aMatt. 25:31
bJohn 17:10
1NU, M have
11 aCol. 1:12
b1 Thess. 1:3
12 a[Col. 3:17]

CHAPTER 2 References

1 a[1 Thess.
4:15–17] bMatt. 24:31
2 aMatt. 24:4
1NU the Lord
3 a1 Tim. 4:1
bDan. 7:25;
8:25; 11:36
cJohn 17:12
1NU lawlessness
4 aIs. 14:13, 14
b1 Cor. 8:5
1NU omits as
7 a1 John 2:18
1hidden truth
2Or he
8 aDan. 7:10
bIs. 11:4 cHeb.
9 aJohn 8:41
bDeut. 13:1
10 a2 Cor. 2:15
b1 Cor. 16:22
11 aRom. 1:28
b1 Tim. 4:1
12 aRom. 1:32
13 aEph. 1:4
b1 Thess. 1:4
c[1 Pet. 1:2] 1under obligation
set apart by
14 a1 Pet. 5:10
15 a1 Cor.
16:13 b1 Cor.
11:2 1letter
16 a[Rev. 1:5] b1 Pet. 1:3
17 a1 Cor. 1:8

CHAPTER 3 References

1 aEph. 6:19
2 aRom. 15:31
bActs 28:24
3 a1 Cor. 1:9
bJohn 17:15
4 a2 Cor. 7:16
5 a1 Chr. 29:18
6 aRom. 16:17
b1 Cor. 5:1
c1 Thess. 4:11
1NU, M they
8 a1 Thess. 2:9
1Lit. for nothing
9 a1 Cor. 9:4,
11 a1 Pet. 4:15
12 aEph. 4:28

Stand Fast

13 But we are 1bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God afrom the beginning bchose you for salvation cthrough 2sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth,
14 to which He called you by our gospel, for athe obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
15 Therefore, brethren, astand fast and hold bthe traditions which you were taught, whether by word or our 1epistle.
16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself, and our God and Father, awho has loved us and given us everlasting consolation and bgood hope by grace,
17 comfort your hearts aand 1establish you in every good word and work.

Pray for Us


1 Finally, brethren, apray for us, that the word of the Lord may run swiftly and be glorified, just as it is with you,
2 and athat we may be delivered from unreasonable and wicked men; bfor not all have faith.
3 But athe Lord is faithful, who will establish you and bguard you from the evil one.
4 And awe have confidence in the Lord concerning you, both that you do and will do the things we command you.
5 Now may athe Lord direct your hearts into the love of God and into the patience of Christ.

Warning Against Idleness

6 But we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, athat you withdraw bfrom every brother who walks cdisorderly and not according to the tradition which 1he received from us.
7 For you yourselves know how you ought to follow us, for we were not disorderly among you;
8 nor did we eat anyone’s bread 1free of charge, but worked with alabor and toil night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you,
9 not because we do not have aauthority, but to make ourselves an example of how you should follow us.
10 For even when we were with you, we commanded you this: If anyone will not work, neither shall he eat.
11 For we hear that there are some who walk among you in a disorderly manner, not working at all, but are abusybodies.
12 Now those who are such we command and 1exhort through our Lord Jesus Christ athat they work in

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quietness and eat their own bread.
13 But as for you, brethren, ado not grow weary in doing good.
14 And if anyone does not obey our word in this 1epistle, note that person and ado not keep company with him, that he may be ashamed.
15 aYet do not count him as an enemy, bbut 1admonish him as a brother.

13 aGal. 6:9
14 aMatt. 18:17
15 aLev. 19:17
bTitus 3:10
16 aRom. 15:33
17 a1 Cor.
16:21 1letter
18 aRom.
16:20, 24


16 Now may athe Lord of peace Himself give you peace always in every way. The Lord be with you all.
17 aThe salutation of Paul with my own hand, which is a sign in every 1epistle; so I write.
18 aThe grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

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God the Sovereign Savior

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David athe servant of the LORD, who spoke to the LORD the words of bthis song on the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. And he said:

1 I aWILL love You, O LORD, my strength.
2 The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; My God, my 1strength, ain whom I will trust; My shield and the 2horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
3 I will call upon the LORD, awho is worthy to be praised; So shall I be saved from my enemies.

4 aThe pangs of death surrounded me, And the floods of 1ungodliness made me afraid.

PSALM 18 References

title aPs. 36:
title b2 Sam.
1 aPs. 144:1
2 aHeb. 2:13
1Lit. rock
3 aPs. 76:4;
Rev. 5:12
4 aPs. 116:3
1Lit. Belial
7 aActs 4:31
9 aPs. 144:5

5 The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me.
6 In my distress I called upon the LORD, And cried out to my God; He heard my voice from His temple, And my cry came before Him, even to His ears.

7 aThen the earth shook and trembled; The foundations of the hills also quaked and were shaken, Because He was angry.
8 Smoke went up from His nostrils, And devouring fire from His mouth; Coals were kindled by it.
9 aHe bowed the heavens also, and came down With darkness under His feet.

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PSALM 18:10

10 aAnd He rode upon a cherub, and flew; bHe flew upon the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness His secret place; aHis canopy around Him was dark waters And thick clouds of the skies.
12 aFrom the brightness before Him, His thick clouds passed with hailstones and coals of fire.

13 The LORD thundered from heaven, And the Most High uttered aHis voice, 1Hailstones and coals of fire.
14 aHe sent out His arrows and scattered 1the foe, Lightnings in abundance, and He vanquished them.
15 Then the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered At Your rebuke, O LORD, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.

16 aHe sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters.
17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, From those who hated me, For they were too strong for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity, But the LORD was my support.
19 aHe also brought me out into a broad place; He delivered me because He delighted in me.

20 aThe LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, And have not wickedly departed from my God.
22 For all His judgments were before me, And I did not put away His statutes from me.
23 I was also blameless 1before Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.
24 aTherefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness, According to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.

PSALM 18 References

10 aPs. 80:1;
99:1 b[Ps.
104:3] 11 aPs. 97:2
12 aPs. 97:3;
140:10; Hab.
13 a[Ps. 29:3–9;
104:7] 1So
with MT, Tg.,
Vg.; a few
Heb. mss.,
LXX omit
and coals of
14 aJosh.
10:10; Ps.
144:6; Is.
30:30; Hab.
3:11 1Lit.
16 aPs. 144:7
19 aPs. 4:1;
31:8; 118:5
20 a1 Sam.
24:19; [Job
33:26]; Ps. 7:8
23 1with
24 a1 Sam.
26:23; Ps.
25 a[1 Kin.
8:32; Ps.
62:12]; Matt.
26 a[Lev.
Prov. 3:34
27 a[Ps. 101:5];
Prov. 6:17
28 a1 Kin. 15:4;
Job 18:6; [Ps.
119:105] 29 1Or run
30 a[Deut.
32:4]; Rev.
15:3 bPs. 12:6;
[Prov. 30:5] c[Ps. 17:7] 1Lit. refined
31 a[Deut.
32:31, 39;
1 Sam. 2:2;
Ps. 86:8–10;
Is. 45:5] 32 a[Ps. 91:2] 33 a2 Sam.
2:18; Hab.
3:19 bDeut.
32:13; 33:29
34 aPs. 144:1
36 aPs. 66:9;
Prov. 4:12
39 1Lit. caused
to bow

25 aWith the merciful You will show Yourself merciful; With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless;
26 With the pure You will show Yourself pure; And awith the devious You will show Yourself shrewd.
27 For You will save the humble people, But will bring down ahaughty looks.

28 aFor You will light my lamp; The LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
29 For by You I can 1run against a troop, By my God I can leap over a wall.
30 As for God, aHis way is perfect; bThe word of the LORD is 1proven; He is a shield cto all who trust in Him.

31 aFor who is God, except the LORD? And who is a rock, except our God?
32 It is God who aarms me with strength, And makes my way perfect.
33 aHe makes my feet like the feet of deer, And bsets me on my high places.
34 aHe teaches my hands to make war, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.

35 You have also given me the shield of Your salvation; Your right hand has held me up, Your gentleness has made me great.
36 You enlarged my path under me, aSo my feet did not slip.

37 I have pursued my enemies and overtaken them; Neither did I turn back again till they were destroyed.
38 I have wounded them, So that they could not rise; They have fallen under my feet.
39 For You have armed me with strength for the battle; You have 1subdued under me those who rose up against me.
40 You have also given me the necks of my enemies, So that I destroyed those who hated me.
41 They cried out, but there was none to save;

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PSALM 18:42

aEven to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
42 Then I beat them as fine as the dust before the wind; I acast them out like dirt in the streets.

43 You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; aYou have made me the head of the 1nations; bA people I have not known shall serve me.
44 As soon as they hear of me they obey me; The foreigners 1submit to me.
45 aThe foreigners fade away, And come frightened from their hideouts.

46 The LORD lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let the God of my salvation be exalted.

PSALM 18 References

41 aJob 27:9;
Prov. 1:28; Is.
1:15; Ezek.
8:18; Zech.
42 aZech. 10:5
43 a2 Sam.
8; Ps. 89:27
bIs. 52:15
44 1feign submission
45 aMic. 7:17
47 aPs. 47:3
48 aPs. 27:6;
49 a2 Sam.
22:50; Rom.
15:9 1nations
50 a2 Sam.
7:12; Ps. 21:1;
144:10 1Lit.

47 It is God who avenges me, aAnd subdues the peoples under me;
48 He delivers me from my enemies. aYou also lift me up above those who rise against me; You have delivered me from the violent man.
49 aTherefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the 1Gentiles, And sing praises to Your name.

50 aGreat deliverance He gives to His king, And shows mercy to His anointed, To David and his 1descendants forevermore.




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