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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 75

CHAPTER 30 References

1 aEx.
3 1border
6 aEx.
26:31–35 bEx.
25:21, 22
7 a1 Sam. 2:28
bEx. 27:20, 21
8 1Lit.
between the
two evenings
9 aLev. 10:1
10 aLev.
12 aNum. 1:2;
26:2 b[1 Pet.
1:18, 19] c2 Sam. 24:15
1the price of a
13 aMatt. 17:24
bNum. 3:47
cEx. 38:26

The Altar of Incense


1 “You shall make aan altar to burn incense on; you shall make it of acacia wood.
2 “A cubit shall be its length and a cubit its width—it shall be square— and two cubits shall be its height. Its horns shall be of one piece with it.
3 “And you shall overlay its top, its sides all around, and its horns with pure gold; and you shall make for it a 1molding of gold all around.
4 “Two gold rings you shall make for it, under the molding on both its sides. You shall place them on its two sides, and they will be holders for the poles with which to bear it.
5 “You shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold.
6 “And you shall put it before the aveil that is before the ark of the Testimony, before the bmercy seat that is over the Testimony, where I will meet with you.
7 “Aaron shall burn on it asweet incense every morning; when bhe tends the lamps, he shall burn incense on it.
8 “And when Aaron lights the lamps 1at twilight, he shall burn incense on it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.
9 “You shall not offer astrange incense on it, or a burnt offering, or a grain offering; nor shall you pour a drink offering on it.
10 “And aAaron shall make atonement upon its horns once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonement; once a year he shall make atonement upon it throughout your generations. It is most holy to the LORD.”

The Ransom Money

11 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
12 a“When you take the census of the children of Israel for their number, then every man shall give ba1 ransom for himself to the LORD, when you number them, that there may be no cplague among them when you number them.
13 a“This is what everyone among those who are numbered shall give: half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary b(a shekel is twenty gerahs). cThe half-shekel shall be an offering to the LORD.

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EXODUS 30:14

14 “Everyone included among those who are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an 1offering to the LORD.
15 “The arich shall not give more and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when you give an offering to the LORD, to make atonement for yourselves.
16 “And you shall take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and ashall 1appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of meeting, that it may be ba memorial for the children of Israel before the LORD, to make atonement for yourselves.”

The Bronze Laver

17 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
18 a“You shall also make a 1laver of bronze, with its base also of bronze, for washing. You shall bput it between the tabernacle of meeting and the altar. And you shall put water in it,
19 “for Aaron and his sons ashall wash their hands and their feet in water from it.
20 “When they go into the tabernacle of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to burn an offering made by fire to the LORD, they shall wash with water, lest they die.
21 “So they shall wash their hands and their feet, lest they die. And ait shall be a 1statute forever to them— to him and his descendants throughout their generations.”

The Holy Anointing Oil

22 Moreover the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
23 “Also take for yourself aquality spices—five hundred shekels of liquid bmyrrh, half as much sweetsmelling cinnamon (two hundred and fifty shekels), two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet-smelling ccane,
24 “five hundred shekels of acassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a bhin of olive oil.
25 “And you shall make from these a holy anointing oil, an ointment compounded according to the art of the perfumer. It shall be aa holy anointing oil.
26 a“With it you shall anoint the tabernacle of meeting and the ark of the Testimony;
27 “the table and all its utensils, the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense;
28 “the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the laver and its base.
29 “You shall consecrate them, that they may be most holy; awhatever touches them must be holy.
30 a“And you shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them,

14 1contribution
15 aJob 34:19;
Prov. 22:2;
[Eph. 6:9] 16 aEx.
bNum. 16:40
18 aEx. 38:8;
1 Kin. 7:38
bEx. 40:30;
19 aEx. 40:31,
32; Ps. 26:6;
Is. 52:11; John
13:8, 10; Heb.
21 aEx. 28:43
23 aSong 4:14;
Ezek. 27:22
bPs. 45:8;
Prov. 7:17
cSong 4:14;
Jer. 6:20
24 aPs. 45:8
bEx. 29:40
25 aEx. 37:29;
40:9; Lev.
8:10; Num.
35:25; Ps.
89:20; 133:2
26 aEx. 40:9;
Lev. 8:10;
Num. 7:1
29 aEx. 29:37;
Num. 4:15;
Hag. 2:11–13
30 aEx. 29:7;
Lev. 8:12
32 aEx. 30:25,
33 aEx. 30:38
bGen. 17:14;
Ex. 12:15; Lev.
7:20, 21
1mixes 1Put to
34 aEx. 25:6;
35 aEx. 30:25
36 aEx. 29:42;
Lev. 16:2 b[Ex.
29:37; 30:32];
Lev. 2:3
37 aEx. 30:32
1Lit. proportion
38 aEx. 30:33

CHAPTER 31 References

2 aEx.
b1 Chr. 2:20
3 aEx. 28:3;
35:31; 1 Kin.
7:14; Eph.
6 aEx. 35:34
bEx. 28:3;
35:10, 35; 36:1
7 aEx. 36:8
bEx. 37:1–5
cEx. 37:6–9
8 aEx.
37:10–16 bEx.
37:17–24; Lev.
9 aEx. 38:1–7
bEx. 38:8

that they may minister to Me as priests.
31 “And you shall speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘This shall be a holy anointing oil to Me throughout your generations.
32 ‘It shall not be poured on man’s flesh; nor shall you make any other like it, according to its composition. aIt is holy, and it shall be holy to you.
33 a‘Whoever 1compounds any like it, or whoever puts any of it on an outsider, bshall be 2cut off from his people.’ ”

The Incense

34 And the LORD said to Moses: a“Take sweet spices, stacte and onycha and galbanum, and pure frankincense with these sweet spices; there shall be equal amounts of each.
35 “You shall make of these an incense, a compound aaccording to the art of the perfumer, salted, pure, and holy.
36 “And you shall beat some of it very fine, and put some of it before the Testimony in the tabernacle of meeting awhere I will meet with you. bIt shall be most holy to you.
37 “But as for the incense which you shall make, ayou shall not make any for yourselves, according to its 1composition. It shall be to you holy for the LORD.
38 a“Whoever makes any like it, to smell it, he shall be cut off from his people.”

Artisans for Building the Tabernacle


1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 a“See, I have called by name Bezalel the bson of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah.
3 “And I have afilled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
4 “to design artistic works, to work in gold, in silver, in bronze,
5 “in cutting jewels for setting, in carving wood, and to work in all manner of workmanship.
6 “And I, indeed I, have appointed with him aAholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan; and I have put wisdom in the hearts of all the bgifted artisans, that they may make all that I have commanded you:
7 a“the tabernacle of meeting, bthe ark of the Testimony and cthe mercy seat that is on it, and all the furniture of the tabernacle
8 a“the table and its utensils, bthe pure gold lampstand with all its utensils, the altar of incense,
9 a“the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and bthe laver and its base—

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10 a“the 1garments of ministry, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests,
11 a“and the anointing oil and bsweet incense for the holy place. According to all that I have commanded you they shall do.”

The Sabbath Law

12 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
13 “Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: a‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who bsanctifies1 you.
14 a‘You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who 1profanes it shall surely be put to death; for bwhoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.
15 ‘Work shall be done for asix days, but the bseventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD.Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
16 ‘Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.
17 ‘It is aa sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for bin six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”
18 And when He had made an end of speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses atwo tablets of the Testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

10 aEx. 39:1,
41 1Or woven
11 aEx.
30:23–33 bEx.
13 aEzek.
20:12, 20 bLev.
20:8 1consecrates
14 aEx. 20:8
15 aEx.
20:9–11 bGen.
17 aEx. 31:13
bGen. 1:31;
2:2, 3
18 a[Ex. 24:12;
32:15, 16]

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An Exuberant Declaration of Faith

A Psalm of David.

1 THE LORD is my alight and my salvation; Whom shall I fear? The bLORD is the strength of my life; Of whom shall I be afraid?
2 When the wicked came against me To aeat1 up my flesh, My enemies and foes, They stumbled and fell.
3 aThough an army may encamp against me, My heart shall not fear; Though war may rise against me, In this I will be confident.

4 aOne thing I have desired of the LORD, That will I seek: That I may bdwell in the house of the LORD All the days of my life, To behold the 1beauty of the LORD, And to inquire in His temple.
5 For ain the time of trouble He shall hide me in His pavilion; In the secret place of His tabernacle He shall hide me; He shall bset me high upon a rock.

6 And now amy head shall be 1lifted up above my enemies all around me; Therefore I will offer sacrifices of 2joy in His tabernacle; I will sing, yes, I will sing praises to the LORD.

PSALM 27 References

1 aPs. 18:28;
84:11; [Is.
60:19, 20; Mic.
7:8] bEx. 15:2;
Ps. 62:7;
118:14; Is.
12:2; 33:2
2 aPs. 14:4 1devour
3 aPs. 3:6
4 aPs. 26:8;
65:4 bLuke
2:37 1delightfulness
5 aPs. 31:20;
91:1 bPs. 40:2
6 aPs. 3:3
1Lifted up in
honor 2joyous
9 aPs. 69:17;
10 aIs. 49:15
11 aPs. 25:4;
86:11; 119:33
12 aDeut.
19:18; Ps.
35:11; Matt.
26:60; Mark
14:56; John
13 aJob 28:13;
Ps. 52:5;
116:9; 142:5;
Is. 38:11; Jer.
11:19; Ezek.
14 aPs. 25:3;
37:34; 40:1;
62:5; 130:5;
Prov. 20:22; Is.
25:9; [Hab.
2:3] 1Wait in

7 Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice! Have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
8 When You said, “Seek My face,” My heart said to You, “Your face, LORD, I will seek.”
9 aDo not hide Your face from me; Do not turn Your servant away in anger; You have been my help; Do not leave me nor forsake me, O God of my salvation.
10 aWhen my father and my mother forsake me, Then the LORD will take care of me.

11 aTeach me Your way, O LORD, And lead me in a smooth path, because of my enemies.
12 Do not deliver me to the will of my adversaries; For afalse witnesses have risen against me, And such as breathe out violence.
13 I would have lost heart, unless I had believed That I would see the goodness of the LORD aIn the land of the living.

14 aWait1 on the LORD; Be of good courage, And He shall strengthen your heart; Wait, I say, on the LORD!




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