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The Wilderness

(Category 5 of 16)

YHWH, Adonai, LORD, Jehova… God seems to have a lot of names, what exactly am I supposed to call Him? We invite you into the fascinating journey behind all the different names Jews and Christians have referred to their creator throughout the centuries, and more importantly, why!

For thousands of years, Jewish people have daily prayed the “Shema.” It’s a prayer that calls God’s people to respond to the divine love with faithfulness and devotion.

Explore the 2nd part of a 6 part exploration from The Shema Series about the ancient biblical prayer called “The Shema”.

YHWH – “LORD”

 

page 163

CHAPTER 7 References

1 aDeut. 6:10
bGen. 15:19–21
cEx. 33:2
2 aNum. 31:17
bJosh. 2:14
3 a1 Kin. 11:2
4 aDeut. 6:15
5 aEx. 23:24;
34:13 1Heb.
Asherim,
Canaanite
deities
6 aEx. 19:5, 6
1set-apart
7 aDeut. 4:37

A Chosen People

7

1 “When the Lord your God brings you into the land which you go to apossess, and has cast out many bnations before you, cthe Hittites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than you,
2 “and when the LORD your God delivers athem over to you, you shall conquer them and utterly destroy them. bYou shall make no covenant with them nor show mercy to them.
3 a“Nor shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son.
4 “For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; aso the anger of the LORD will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly.
5 “But thus you shall deal with them: you shall adestroy their altars, and break down their sacred pillars, and cut down their 1wooden images, and burn their carved images with fire.
6 “For you are a 1holy people to the LORD your God; athe LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth.
7 “The LORD did not set His alove on you nor choose you because you

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DEUTERONOMY 7:8

were more in number than any other people, for you were bthe least of all peoples;
8 “but abecause the LORD loves you, and because He would keep bthe oath which He swore to your fathers, cthe LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of 1bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.
9 “Therefore know that the LORD your God, He is God, athe faithful God bwho keeps covenant and mercy for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commandments;
10 “and He repays those who hate Him to their face, to destroy them. He will not 1be aslack with him who hates Him; He will repay him to his face.
11 “Therefore you shall keep the commandment, the statutes, and the judgments which I command you today, to observe them.

Blessings of Obedience

12 “Then it shall come to pass, because you listen to these judgments, and keep and do them, that the LORD your God will keep with you the covenant and the mercy which He swore to your fathers.
13 “And He will alove you and bless you and 1multiply you; bHe will also bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your flock, in the land of which He 2swore to your fathers to give you.
14 “You shall be blessed above all peoples; there shall not be a male or female abarren among you or among your livestock.
15 “And the LORD will take away from you all sickness, and will afflict you with none of the aterrible diseases of Egypt which you have known, but will lay them on all those who hate you.
16 “Also you shall 1destroy all the peoples whom the LORD your God delivers over to you; your eye shall have no pity on them; nor shall you serve their gods, for that will abe a snare to you.
17 “If you should say in your heart, ‘These nations are greater than I; how can I dispossess them?’—
18 “you shall not be afraid of them, but you shall aremember well what the LORD your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt:
19 a“the great trials which your eyes saw, the signs and the wonders, the mighty hand and the outstretched arm, by which the LORD your God brought you out. So shall the LORD your God do to all the peoples of whom you are afraid.
20 a“Moreover the LORD your God

7 bDeut. 10:22
8 aDeut. 10:15
bLuke 1:55,
72, 73 cEx.
13:3, 14 1slavery
9 a1 Cor. 1:9;
2 Thess. 3:3;
2 Tim. 2:13
bEx. 20:6;
Deut. 5:10;
Neh. 1:5; Dan.
9:4
10 a[2 Pet. 3:9,
10] 1delay
13 aPs. 146:8;
Prov. 15:9;
John 14:21
bDeut. 28:4
1cause you to
increase
2promised
14 aEx. 23:26
15 aEx. 9:14;
15:26; Deut.
28:27, 60
16 aEx. 23:33;
Judg. 8:27; Ps.
106:36 1consume
18 aPs. 105:5
19 aDeut. 4:34;
29:3
20 aEx. 23:28;
Josh. 24:12
22 aEx. 23:29,
30 1consume
24 aJosh.
10:24, 42;
12:1–24 bJosh.
23:9 1before
25 aProv. 23:6
1desire
26 aDeut. 13:17
1devoted or
banned

CHAPTER 8 References

1 aDeut. 4:1;
6:24 bDeut.
30:16
1observe to
do 2increase
in number
3promised
2 aDeut. 1:3;
2:7; 29:5; Ps.
136:16; Amos
2:10 bEx. 16:4
c[John 2:25] 3 aEx. 16:2, 3
bEx. 16:12, 14,
35 cMatt. 4:4;
Luke 4:4
4 aDeut. 29:5;
Neh. 9:21
5 a2 Sam. 7:14;
Ps. 89:30–33;
Prov. 3:11, 12;
Heb. 12:5–11;
Rev. 3:19
1consider
6 a[Deut. 5:33] 7 aDeut.
11:9–12; Jer.
2:7

will send the hornet among them until those who are left, who hide themselves from you, are destroyed.
21 “You shall not be terrified of them; for the LORD your God, the great and awesome God, is among you.
22 “And the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you alittle by little; you will be unable to 1destroy them at once, lest the beasts of the field become too numerous for you.
23 “But the LORD your God will deliver them over to you, and will inflict defeat upon them until they are destroyed.
24 “And aHe will deliver their kings into your hand, and you will destroy their name from under heaven; bno one shall be able to stand 1against you until you have destroyed them.
25 “You shall burn the carved images of their gods with fire; you shall not acovet1 the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, lest you be snared by it; for it is an abomination to the LORD your God.
26 “Nor shall you bring an abomination into your house, lest you be doomed to destruction like it. You shall utterly detest it and utterly abhor it, afor it is an 1accursed thing.

Remember the LORD Your God

8

1 “Every commandment which I command you today ayou must 1be careful to observe, that you may live and bmultiply,2 and go in and possess the land of which the LORD 3swore to your fathers.
2 “And you shall remember that the LORD your God aled you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you and btest you, cto know what was in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not.
3 “So He humbled you, aallowed you to hunger, and bfed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man shall cnot live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD.
4 a“Your garments did not wear out on you, nor did your foot swell these forty years.
5 a“You should 1know in your heart that as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you.
6 “Therefore you shall keep the commandments of the LORD your God, ato walk in His ways and to fear Him.
7 “For the LORD your God is bringing you into a good land, aa land of brooks of water, of fountains and springs, that flow out of valleys and hills;
8 “a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegran-

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ates, a land of olive oil and honey;
9 “a land in which you will eat bread without scarcity, in which you will lack nothing; a land whose stones are iron and out of whose hills you can dig copper.
10 a“When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you.
11 “Beware that you do not forget the LORD your God by not keeping His commandments, His judgments, and His statutes which I command you today,
12 alest—when you have eaten and are 1full, and have built beautiful houses and dwell in them;
13 “and when your herds and your flocks multiply, and your silver and your gold are 1multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied;
14 a“when your heart 1is lifted up, and you bforget the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage;
15 “who aled you through that great and terrible wilderness, bin which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; cwho brought water for you out of the flinty rock;
16 “who fed you in the wilderness with amanna,which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, bto do you good in the end—
17 “then you say in your heart, ‘My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.’
18 “And you shall remember the LORD your God, afor it is He who gives you power to get wealth, bthat He may 1establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is this day.
19 “Then it shall be, if you by any means forget the LORD your God, and follow other gods, and serve them and worship them, aI testify against you this day that you shall surely perish.
20 “As the nations which the LORD destroys before you, aso you shall perish, because you would not be obedient to the voice of the LORD your God.

Israel’s Rebellions Reviewed

9

1 “Hear, O Israel: You are to cross over the Jordan today, and go in to dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourself, cities great and fortified up to heaven,
2 “a people great and tall, the adescendants of the Anakim,whom you know, and of whom you heard it said, ‘Who can stand before the descendants of Anak?’
3 “Therefore understand today that the LORD your God is He who agoes over before you as a bconsuming fire. cHe will destroy them and

10 aDeut. 6:11,
12
12 aDeut.
28:47; Prov.
30:9; Hos. 13:6
1satisfied
13 1increased
14 a1 Cor. 4:7
bDeut. 8:11;
Ps. 106:21
1becomes
proud
15 aIs.
63:12–14
bNum. 21:6
cEx. 17:6;
Num. 20:11
16 aEx. 16:15
bJer. 24:5, 6;
[Heb. 12:11] 18 aProv.
10:22; Hos. 2:8
bDeut. 7:8, 12
1confirm
19 aDeut. 4:26;
30:18
20 a[Dan. 9:11,
12]

CHAPTER 9 References

2 aNum. 13:22,
28, 33; Josh.
11:21, 22
3 aDeut. 1:33;
31:3; Josh.
3:11; 5:14;
John 10:4
bDeut. 4:24;
Heb. 12:29
cDeut. 7:24
dEx. 23:31
4 aDeut. 8:17;
[Rom. 11:6,
20; 1 Cor. 4:4,
7] bGen.
15:16; Lev.
18:3, 24–30;
Deut. 12:31;
18:9–14
5 a[Titus 3:5] bGen. 50:24
1perform
6 aEx. 34:9;
Deut. 31:27
1stubborn or
rebellious
7 aNum. 14:22
bEx. 14:11
8 aEx. 32:1–8;
Ps. 106:19
9 aEx. 24:12,
15; Deut.
5:2–22 bEx.
24:18
10 aEx. 31:18;
Deut. 4:13
bEx. 19:17
1when you
were all gathered
together
12 aEx. 32:7, 8
bDeut. 31:29
13 aEx. 32:9
bDeut. 9:6
1stubborn or
rebellious
14 aEx. 32:10
bDeut. 29:20
cNum. 14:12


DEUTERONOMY 9:14

bring them down before you; dso you shall drive them out and destroy them quickly, as the LORD has said to you.
4 a“Do not think in your heart, after the LORD your God has cast them out before you, saying, ‘Because of my righteousness the LORD has brought me in to possess this land’; but it is bbecause of the wickedness of these nations that the LORD is driving them out from before you.
5 a“It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you go in to possess their land, but because of the wickedness of these nations that the LORD your God drives them out from before you, and that He may 1fulfill the bword which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
6 “Therefore understand that the LORD your God is not giving you this good land to possess because of your righteousness, for you are a astiff-necked1 people.
7 “Remember! Do not forget how you aprovoked the LORD your God to wrath in the wilderness. bFrom the day that you departed from the land of Egypt until you came to this place, you have been rebellious against the LORD.
8 “Also ain Horeb you provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry enough with you to have destroyed you.
9 a“When I went up into the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I stayed on the mountain forty days and bforty nights. I neither ate bread nor drank water.
10 a“Then the LORD delivered to me two tablets of stone written with the finger of God, and on them were all the words which the LORD had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire bin1 the day of the assembly.
11 “And it came to pass, at the end of forty days and forty nights, that the LORD gave me the two tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant.
12 “Then the LORD said to me, a‘Arise, go down quickly from here, for your people whom you brought out of Egypt have acted corruptly; they have bquickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them; they have made themselves a molded image.’
13 “Furthermore athe LORD spoke to me, saying, ‘I have seen this people, and indeed bthey are a 1stiffnecked people.
14 a‘Let Me alone, that I may destroy them and bblot out their name from under heaven; cand I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.’

page 166

DEUTERONOMY 9:15

15 a“So I turned and came down from the mountain, and bthe mountain burned with fire; and the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands.
16 “And aI looked, and behold, you had sinned against the LORD your God—had made for yourselves a molded calf! You had turned aside quickly from the way which the LORD had commanded you.
17 “Then I took the two tablets and threw them out of my two hands and abroke them before your eyes.
18 “And I afell1 down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water, because of all your sin which you committed in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger.
19 a“For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure with which the LORD was angry with you, to destroy you. bBut the LORD listened to me at that time also.
20 “And the LORD was very angry with Aaron and would have destroyed him; so I prayed for Aaron also at the same time.
21 “Then I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burned it with fire and crushed it and ground it very small, until it was as fine as dust; and I athrew its dust into the brook that descended from the mountain.
22 “Also at aTaberah and bMassah and cKibroth Hattaavah you 1provoked the LORD to wrath.
23 “Likewise, awhen the LORD sent you from Kadesh Barnea, saying, ‘Go up and possess the land which I have given you,’ then you rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and byou did not believe Him nor obey His voice.
24 a“You have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.
25 a“Thus I 1prostrated myself before the LORD; forty days and forty nights I kept prostrating myself, because the LORD had said He would destroy you.
26 “Therefore I prayed to the LORD, and said: ‘O Lord GOD, do not destroy Your people and aYour inheritance whom You have redeemed through Your greatness, whom You have brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
27 ‘Remember Your servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; do not look on the stubbornness of this people, or on their wickedness or their sin,
28 ‘lest the land from which You brought us should say, “Because the LORD was not able to bring them to the land which He promised them, and because He hated them, He has

15 aEx.
32:15–19 bEx.
19:18
16 aEx. 32:19
17 aEx. 32:19
18 aEx. 34:28;
Ps. 106:23
1prostrated
myself
19 aEx. 32:10,
11; Heb. 12:21
bEx. 32:14
21 aEx. 32:20
22 aNum. 11:1,
3 bEx. 17:7
cNum. 11:4, 34
1caused the
LORD to be
angry
23 aNum. 13:3
bPs. 106:24, 25
24 aDeut. 9:7;
31:27
25 aDeut. 9:18
1fell down
26 aDeut. 32:9

brought them out to kill them in the wilderness.”
29 ‘Yet they are Your people and Your inheritance, whom You brought out by Your mighty power and by Your outstretched arm.’

page 501

PSALM 55

Trust in God Concerning the Treachery of Friends

To the Chief Musician.With 1stringed instruments. A 2Contemplation of David.

1 GIVE ear to my prayer, O God, And do not hide Yourself from my supplication.
2 Attend to me, and hear me; I aam1 restless in my complaint, and moan noisily,
3 Because of the voice of the enemy, Because of the oppression of the wicked; aFor they bring down trouble upon me, And in wrath they hate me.

4 aMy heart is severely pained within me, And the terrors of death have fallen upon me.
5 Fearfulness and trembling have come upon me, And horror has overwhelmed me.
6 So I said, “Oh, that I had wings like a dove! I would fly away and be at rest.
7 Indeed, I would wander far off, And remain in the wilderness. Selah

8 I would hasten my escape From the windy storm and tempest.”

9 Destroy, O Lord, and divide their 1tongues, For I have seen aviolence and strife in the city.
10 Day and night they go around it on its walls; aIniquity and trouble are also in the midst of it.
11 Destruction is in its midst; aOppression and deceit do not depart from its streets.

12 aFor it is not an enemy who reproaches me; Then I could bear it. Nor is it one who hates me who has bexalted himself against me; Then I could hide from him.

PSALM 55 References

title 1Heb.
neginoth
2Heb. Maschil
2 aIs. 38:14;
59:11; Ezek.
7:16 1wander
3 a2 Sam. 16:7,
8
4 aPs. 116:3
9 aJer. 6:7
1speech, their
counsel
10 aPs. 10:7
11 aPs. 10:7
12 aPs. 41:9
bPs. 35:26;
38:16
13 a2 Sam.
15:12
14 aPs. 42:4
15 aNum.
16:30, 33 1Or
Sheol
17 aDan. 6:10;
Luke 18:1;
Acts 3:1; 10:3,
30
18 a2 Chr. 32:7,
8
19 a[Deut.
33:27] 20 aActs 12:1
bPs. 7:4
1treaty
21 aPs. 28:3;
57:4; [Prov.
5:3, 4; 12:18] 22 a[Ps. 37:5;
Matt. 6:25–34;
Luke
12:22–31;
1 Pet. 5:7] bPs.
37:24 1shaken
23 aPs. 5:6
bProv. 10:27

13 But it was you, a man my equal, aMy companion and my acquaintance.
14 We took sweet counsel together, And awalked to the house of God in the throng.
15 Let death seize them; Let them ago down alive into 1hell, For wickedness is in their dwellings and among them.

16 As for me, I will call upon God, And the LORD shall save me.
17 aEvening and morning and at noon I will pray, and cry aloud, And He shall hear my voice.
18 He has redeemed my soul in peace from the battle that was against me, For athere were many against me.
19 God will hear, and afflict them, aEven He who abides from of old. Selah Because they do not change, Therefore they do not fear God.

20 He has aput forth his hands against those who bwere at peace with him; He has broken his 1covenant.
21 aThe words of his mouth were smoother than butter, But war was in his heart; His words were softer than oil, Yet they were drawn swords.

22 aCast your burden on the LORD, And bHe shall sustain you; He shall never permit the righteous to be 1moved.

23 But You, O God, shall bring them down to the pit of destruction; aBloodthirsty and deceitful men bshall not live out half their days; But I will trust in You.

 
 

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