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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

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David and the Holy Bread


1 Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. And aAhimelech was bafraid when he met David, and said to him,“Why are you alone, and no one is with you?”
2 So David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has ordered me on some business, and said to me, ‘Do not let anyone know anything about the business on which I send you, or what I have commanded you.’ And I have directed my young men to such and such a place.
3 “Now therefore, what have you on hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever can be found.”
4 And the priest answered David and said, “There is no 1common bread on hand; but there is aholy2 bread, bif the young men have at least kept themselves from women.”
5 Then David answered the priest, and said to him, “Truly, women have been kept from us about three days since I came out. And 1the avessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in effect common, even though it was consecrated bin the vessel this day.”
6 So the priest agave him holy

CHAPTER 21 References

1 a1 Sam. 14:3;
Mark 2:26
b1 Sam. 16:4
4 aEx. 25:30;
Lev. 24:5–9;
Matt. 12:4
bEx. 19:15
5 aEx. 19:14,
15; 1 Thess.
4:4 bLev. 8:26
1The young
men are ceremonially
6 aMatt. 12:3,
4; Mark 2:25,
26; Luke 6:3, 4
bLev. 24:8, 9
7 a1 Sam.
14:47; 22:9;
Ps. 52:title
9 a1 Sam. 17:2,
50 b1 Sam.
11 aPs. 56:title
b1 Sam.
18:6–8; 29:5
12 aLuke 2:19
1Lit. in his
13 aPs. 34:title

CHAPTER 22 References

1 aPs. 57:title;
bJosh. 12:15;
15:35; 2 Sam.
2 aJudg. 11:3
b1 Sam. 25:13
1Lit. bitter of
3 a2 Sam. 8:2

bread; for there was no bread there but the showbread bwhich had been taken from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place on the day when it was taken away.
7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD. And his name was aDoeg, an Edomite, the chief of the herdsmen who belonged to Saul.
8 And David said to Ahimelech, “Is there not here on hand a spear or a sword? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king’s business required haste.”
9 So the priest said, “The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in athe Valley of Elah, bthere it is, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you will take that, take it. For there is no other except that one here.” And David said, “There is none like it; give it to me.”

David Flees to Gath

10 Then David arose and fled that day from before Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath.
11 And athe servants of Achish said to him, “Is this not David the king of the land? Did they not sing of him to one another in dances, saying:

b‘Saul has slain his thousands,
And David his ten thousands’?”

12 Now David atook these words 1to heart, and was very much afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
13 So ahe changed his behavior before them, pretended 1madness in their hands, 2scratched on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva fall down on his beard.
14 Then Achish said to his servants, “Look, you see the man is insane. Why have you brought him to me?
15 “Have I need of madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?”

David’s Four Hundred Men


1 David therefore departed from there and aescaped bto the cave of Adullam. So when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him.
2 aAnd everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was 1discontented gathered to him. So he became captain over them. And there were about bfour hundred men with him.
3 Then David went from there to Mizpah of aMoab; and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother come here with you, till I know what God will do for me.”
4 So he brought them before the

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king of Moab, and they dwelt with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.
5 Now the prophet aGad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah.” So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth.

Saul Murders the Priests

6 When Saul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered—now Saul was staying in aGibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him—
7 then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benjamites! Will the son of Jesse agive every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds?
8 “All of you have conspired against me, and there is no one who reveals to me that amy son has made a covenant with the son of Jesse; and there is not one of you who is sorry for me or reveals to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day.”
9 Then answered aDoeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, “I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to bAhimelech the son of cAhitub.
10 a“And he inquired of the LORD for him, bgave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”
11 So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests who were in Nob. And they all came to the king.
12 And Saul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub!” He answered, “Here I am, my lord.”
13 Then Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?”
14 So Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants is as afaithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house?
15 “Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? Far be it from me! Let not the king impute anything to his servant, or to any in the house of my father. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much.”
16 And the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all ayour father’s house!”
17 Then the king said to the guards who stood about him, “Turn and kill

5 a2 Sam.
24:11; 1 Chr.
21:9; 29:29;
2 Chr. 29:25
6 a1 Sam.
7 a1 Sam. 8:14
8 a1 Sam. 18:3;
20:16, 30
9 a1 Sam. 21:7;
22:22; Ps.
b1 Sam. 21:1
c1 Sam. 14:3
10 aNum.
27:21; 1 Sam.
10:22 b1 Sam.
21:6, 9
14 a1 Sam.
19:4, 5; 20:32;
16 aDeut. 24:16
17 aEx. 1:17
18 a1 Sam.
19 aJosh.
1 Sam. 22:9,
20 a1 Sam.
23:6, 9; 30:7;
1 Kin. 2:26, 27
b1 Sam. 2:33
22 1family
23 a1 Kin. 2:26

CHAPTER 23 References

1 aJosh. 15:44;
Neh. 3:17, 18
2 a1 Sam.
22:10; 23:4, 6,
9; 28:6; 30:8;
2 Sam. 5:19,
23 1Lit. strike
5 a1 Sam. 19:8;
2 Sam. 5:20
6 a1 Sam.

1 SAMUEL 23:9

the priests of the LORD, because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled and did not tell it to me.” But the servants of the king awould not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD.
18 And the king said to Doeg, “You turn and kill the priests!” So Doeg the Edomite turned and 1struck the priests, and akilled on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod.
19 aAlso Nob, the city of the priests, he struck with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and nursing infants, oxen and donkeys and sheep—with the edge of the sword.
20 aNow one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, bescaped and fled after David.
21 And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the LORD’s priests.
22 So David said to Abiathar, “I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s 1house.
23 “Stay with me; do not fear. aFor he who seeks my life seeks your life, but with me you shall be safe.”

David Saves the City of Keilah


1 Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against aKeilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.”
2 Therefore David ainquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go and 1attack these Philistines?” And the LORD said to David, “Go and attack the Philistines, and save Keilah.”
3 But David’s men said to him, “Look, we are afraid here in Judah. How much more then if we go to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?”
4 Then David inquired of the LORD once again. And the LORD answered him and said, “Arise, go down to Keilah. For I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.”
5 And David and his men went to Keilah and afought with the Philistines, struck them with a mighty blow, and took away their livestock. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6 Now it happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech afled to David at Keilah, that he went down with an ephod in his hand.
7 And Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah. So Saul said, “God has delivered him into my hand, for he has shut himself in by entering a town that has gates and bars.”
8 Then Saul called all the people together for war, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.
9 When David knew that Saul

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1 SAMUEL 23:10

plotted evil against him, ahe said to Abiathar the priest, “Bring the ephod here.”
10 Then David said, “O LORD God of Israel,Your servant has certainly heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah ato destroy the city for my sake.
11 “Will the men of Keilah deliver me into his hand? Will Saul come down, as Your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I pray, tell Your servant.” And the LORD said, “He will come down.”
12 Then David said, “Will the men of Keilah 1deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul?” And the LORD said, “They will deliver you.”
13 So David and his men, aabout six hundred, arose and departed from Keilah and went wherever they could go. Then it was told Saul that David had escaped from Keilah; so he halted the expedition.

David in Wilderness Strongholds

14 And David stayed in strongholds in the wilderness, and remained in athe mountains in the Wilderness of bZiph. Saul csought him every day, but God did not deliver him into his hand.
15 So David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. And David was in the Wilderness of Ziph 1in a forest.
16 Then Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David in the woods and 1strengthened his hand in God.
17 And he said to him, a“Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you.You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. bEven my father Saul knows that.”
18 So the two of them amade a covenant before the LORD. And David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his own house.
19 Then the Ziphites acame up to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “Is David not hiding with us in strongholds in the woods, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?
20 “Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to come down; and aour part shall be to deliver him into the king’s hand.”
21 And Saul said, “Blessed are you of the LORD, for you have compassion on me.
22 “Please go and find out for sure, and see the place where his hideout is, and who has seen him there. For I am told he is very crafty.
23 “See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides; and come back to me with certainty, and I will go with you. And it shall be, if he is in the land, that I will search for him throughout all the 1clans of Judah.”

9 aNum. 27:21;
1 Sam. 23:6;
10 a1 Sam.
12 1Lit. shut
13 a1 Sam.
22:2; 25:13
14 aPs. 11:1
bJosh. 15:55;
2 Chr. 11:8
cPs. 32:7; 54:3,
15 1Or in
16 1encouraged
17 a[Ps. 27:1–3;
Heb. 13:6] b1 Sam. 20:31;
18 a1 Sam.
18:3; 20:12–17,
42; 2 Sam. 9:1;
19 a1 Sam.
26:1; Ps.
20 aPs. 54:3
23 1thousands
24 aJosh.
15:55; 1 Sam.
25 1Or from
the rock
26 aPs. 31:22
bPs. 17:9
27 a2 Kin. 19:9
28 1Heb. Sela
29 aJosh.
15:62; 2 Chr.

CHAPTER 24 References

1 a1 Sam.
23:19, 28, 29
2 a1 Sam. 26:2;
Ps. 38:12
3 a1 Sam.
24:10 bJudg.
3:24 cPs.
4 a1 Sam.
5 a2 Sam.
6 a1 Sam.
7 aPs. 7:4;
[Matt. 5:44;
Rom. 12:17,

24 So they arose and went to Ziph before Saul. But David and his men were in the Wilderness aof Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.
25 When Saul and his men went to seek him, they told David. Therefore he went down 1to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued David in the Wilderness of Maon.
26 Then Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain. aSo David made haste to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men bwere encircling David and his men to take them.
27 aBut a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Hurry and come, for the Philistines have invaded the land!”
28 Therefore Saul returned from pursuing David, and went against the Philistines; so they called that place 1the Rock of Escape.
29 Then David went up from there and dwelt in strongholds at aEn Gedi.

David Spares Saul


1 Now it happened, awhen Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, “Take note! David is in the Wilderness of En Gedi.”
2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel, and awent to seek David and his men on the Rocks of the Wild Goats.
3 So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there was a cave; and aSaul went in to battend to his needs. (cDavid and his men were staying in the recesses of the cave.)
4 aThen the men of David said to him, “This is the day of which the LORD said to you, ‘Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you.’ ” And David arose and secretly cut off a corner of Saul’s robe.
5 Now it happened afterward that aDavid’s heart troubled him because he had cut Saul’s robe.
6 And he said to his men, a“The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD’s anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD.”
7 So David arestrained his servants with these words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul. And Saul got up from the cave and went on his way.
8 David also arose afterward, went out of the cave, and called out to Saul, saying, “My lord the king!” And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed down.

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9 And David said to Saul: a“Why do you listen to the words of men who say, ‘Indeed David seeks your harm’?
10 “Look, this day your eyes have seen that the LORD delivered you today into my hand in the cave, and someone urged me to kill you. But my eye spared you, and I said, ‘I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD’s anointed.’
11 “Moreover, my father, see! Yes, see the corner of your robe in my hand! For in that I cut off the corner of your robe, and did not kill you, know and see that there is aneither evil nor rebellion in my hand, and I have not sinned against you.Yet you bhunt my life to take it.
12 a“Let the LORD judge between you and me, and let the LORD avenge me on you. But my hand shall not be against you.
13 “As the proverb of the ancients says, a‘Wickedness proceeds from the wicked.’ But my hand shall not be against you.
14 “After whom has the king of Israel come out? Whom do you pursue? aA dead dog? bA flea?
15 a“Therefore let the LORD be judge, and judge between you and me, and bsee and cplead my case, and deliver me out of your hand.”
16 So it was, when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, a“Is this your voice, my son David?” And Saul lifted up his voice and wept.
17 aThen he said to David: “You are bmore righteous than I; for cyou have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil.
18 “And you have shown this day how you have dealt well with me; for when athe LORD delivered me into your hand, you did not kill me.
19 “For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him get away safely? Therefore may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day.
20 “And now aI know indeed that you shall surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand.
21 a“Therefore swear now to me by the LORD bthat you will not cut off my descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name from my father’s house.”
22 So David swore to Saul. And Saul went home, but David and his men went up to athe stronghold.

9 aPs. 141:6;
[Prov. 16:28;
17:9] 11 aJudg.
11:27; Ps. 7:3;
35:7 b1 Sam.
12 aGen. 16:5;
Judg. 11:27;
1 Sam.
26:10–23; Job
13 a[Matt.
7:16–20] 14 a1 Sam.
17:43; 2 Sam.
9:8 b1 Sam.
15 a1 Sam.
24:12 b2 Chr.
24:22 cPs.
35:1; 43:1;
119:154; Mic.
16 a1 Sam.
17 a1 Sam.
26:21 bGen.
38:26 c[Matt.
5:44] 18 a1 Sam.
20 a1 Sam.
21 aGen. 21:23;
1 Sam.
b2 Sam.
22 a1 Sam.

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The Blessedness of Dwelling in the House of God

To the Chief Musician. aOn1 an instrument of Gath. A Psalm of the sons of Korah.

1 HOW alovely 1is Your tabernacle, O LORD of hosts!
2 aMy soul longs, yes, even faints For the courts of the LORD; My heart and my flesh cry out for the living God.

3 Even the sparrow has found a home, And the swallow a nest for herself, Where she may lay her young— EvenYour altars, O LORD of hosts, My King and my God.
4 Blessed are those who dwell in Your ahouse; They will still be praising You. Selah

5 Blessed is the man whose strength is in You, Whose heart is set on pilgrimage.

PSALM 84 References

title aPs.
8:title 1Heb.
Al Gittith
1 aPs. 27:4;
46:4, 5 1are
2 aPs. 42:1, 2
4 a[Ps. 65:4] 6 a2 Sam.
5:22–25 1Lit.
Weeping 2Or
7 aProv. 4:18;
Is. 40:31; John
1:16; 2 Cor.
3:18 bEx.
34:23; Deut.
16:16 1LXX,
Syr.,Vg. The
God of gods
shall be seen
9 aGen. 15:1
Heb. messiah
10 1stand at
the threshold
11 aIs. 60:19,
20; Mal. 4:2;
Rev. 21:23
bGen. 15:1
cPs. 34:9, 10
12 a[Ps. 2:12;

6 As they pass through the Valley aof 1Baca, They make it a spring; The rain also covers it with 2pools.
7 They go afrom strength to strength; 1Each one bappears before God in Zion.

8 O LORD God of hosts, hear my prayer; Give ear, O God of Jacob! Selah
9 aO God, behold our shield, And look upon the face of Your 1anointed.

10 For a day in Your courts is better than a thousand. I would rather 1be a doorkeeper in the house of my God Than dwell in the tents of wickedness.
11 For the LORD God is aa sun and bshield; The LORD will give grace and glory; cNo good thing will He withhold From those who walk uprightly.

12 O LORD of hosts, aBlessed is the man who trusts in You!




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