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Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom

(Category 7 of 16)

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Mephibosheth’s Servant


1 When aDavid was a little past the top of the mountain, there was bZiba the servant of Mephibosheth, who met him with a couple of saddled donkeys, and on them two hundred loaves of bread, one hundred clusters of raisins, one hundred summer fruits, and a skin of wine.
2 And the king said to Ziba, “What do you mean to do with these?” So Ziba said, “The donkeys are for the king’s household to ride on, the bread and summer fruit for the young men to eat, and the wine for athose who are faint in the wilderness to drink.”
3 Then the king said, “And where is your amaster’s son?” bAnd Ziba said to the king, “Indeed he is staying in Jerusalem, for he said, ‘Today the house of Israel will restore the kingdom of my father to me.’ ”
4 So the king said to Ziba, “Here, all that belongs to Mephibosheth is yours.” And Ziba said, “I humbly bow before you, that I may find favor in your sight,my lord, O king!”

Shimei Curses David

5 Now when King David came to aBahurim, there was a man from the family of the house of Saul, whose name was bShimei the son of Gera, coming from there. He came out, cursing continuously as he came.
6 And he threw stones at David and at all the servants of King David. And all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.
7 Also Shimei said thus when he cursed: “Come out! Come out! You 1bloodthirsty man, ayou 2rogue!
8 “The LORD has abrought upon you all bthe blood of the house of Saul, in whose place you have reigned; and the LORD has delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom your son. So now you are caught in your own evil, because you are a 1bloodthirsty man!”
9 Then Abishai the son of Zeruiah said to the king, “Why should this

CHAPTER 16 References

1 a2 Sam.
15:30, 32
b2 Sam. 9:2;
19:17, 29
2 a2 Sam.
15:23; 17:29
3 a2 Sam. 9:9,
10 b2 Sam.
5 a2 Sam. 3:16
b2 Sam. 19:21;
1 Kin. 2:8, 9,
7 aDeut. 13:13
1Lit. man of
8 aJudg. 9:24,
56, 57; 1 Kin.
2:32, 33
b2 Sam. 1:16;
3:28, 29; 4:11,
12 1Lit. man
of bloodshed
9 a1 Sam.
24:14; 2 Sam.
9:8 bEx. 22:28
10 a2 Sam.
3:39; 19:22;
[1 Pet. 2:23] b2 Kin. 18:25;
[Lam. 3:38] c[Rom. 9:20] 11 a2 Sam.
12:11 bGen.
12 aDeut. 23:5;
Neh. 13:2;
Prov. 20:22
bDeut. 23:5;
[Rom. 8:28;
Heb. 12:10,
11] 1So with
Kt., LXX,
Syr.,Vg.; Qr.
my eyes; Tg.
tears of my
13 1Lit. dusted
him with dust
15 a2 Sam.
15:12, 37
16 a2 Sam.
15:37 b2 Sam.
17 a2 Sam.
19:25; [Prov.
17:17] 19 a2 Sam.
20 a2 Sam.
21 a2 Sam.
15:16; 20:3
bGen. 34:30;
1 Sam. 13:4
c2 Sam. 2:7;
Zech. 8:13
22 a2 Sam.
12:11, 12
23 a2 Sam.

adead dog bcurse my lord the king? Please, let me go over and take off his head!”
10 But the king said, a“What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah? So let him curse, because bthe LORD has said to him, ‘Curse David.’ cWho then shall say, ‘Why have you done so?’ ”
11 And David said to Abishai and all his servants, “See how amy son who bcame from my own body seeks my life. How much more now may this Benjamite? Let him alone, and let him curse; for so the LORD has ordered him.
12 “It may be that the LORD will look on 1my affliction, and that the LORD will arepay me with bgood for his cursing this day.”
13 And as David and his men went along the road, Shimei went along the hillside opposite him and cursed as he went, threw stones at him and 1kicked up dust.
14 Now the king and all the people who were with him became weary; so they refreshed themselves there.

The Advice of Ahithophel

15 Meanwhile aAbsalom and all the people, the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem; and Ahithophel was with him.
16 And so it was, when Hushai the Archite, aDavid’s friend, came to Absalom, that bHushai said to Absalom, “Long live the king! Long live the king!”
17 So Absalom said to Hushai, “Is this your loyalty to your friend? aWhy did you not go with your friend?”
18 And Hushai said to Absalom, “No, but whom the LORD and this people and all the men of Israel choose, his I will be, and with him I will remain.
19 “Furthermore, awhom should I serve? Should I not serve in the presence of his son? As I have served in your father’s presence, so will I be in your presence.”
20 Then Absalom said to aAhithophel, “Give advice as to what we should do.”
21 And Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Go in to your father’s aconcubines, whom he has left to keep the house; and all Israel will hear that you bare abhorred by your father. Then cthe hands of all who are with you will be strong.”
22 So they pitched a tent for Absalom on the top of the house, and Absalom went in to his father’s concubines ain the sight of all Israel.
23 Now the advice of Ahithophel, which he gave in those days, was as if one had inquired at the oracle of God. So was all the advice of Ahithophel aboth with David and with Absalom.

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1 Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Now let me choose twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue David tonight.
2 “I will come upon him while he is aweary and weak, and make him 1afraid. And all the people who are with him will flee, and I will bstrike only the king.
3 “Then I will bring back all the people to you. When all return except the man whom you seek, all the people will be at peace.”
4 And the saying pleased Absalom and all the aelders of Israel.

The Advice of Hushai

5 Then Absalom said, “Now call Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear what he asays too.”
6 And when Hushai came to Absalom, Absalom spoke to him, saying, “Ahithophel has spoken in this manner. Shall we do as he says? If not, speak up.”
7 So Hushai said to Absalom: “The advice that Ahithophel has given is not good at this time.
8 “For,” said Hushai, “you know your father and his men, that they are mighty men, and they are enraged in their minds, like aa bear robbed of her cubs in the field; and your father is a man of war, and will not camp with the people.
9 “Surely by now he is hidden in some pit, or in some other place. And it will be, when some of them are overthrown at the first, that whoever hears it will say, ‘There is a slaughter among the people who follow Absalom.’
10 “And even he who is valiant, whose heart is like the heart of a lion, will amelt completely. For all Israel knows that your father is a mighty man, and those who are with him are valiant men.
11 “Therefore I advise that all Israel be fully gathered to you, afrom Dan to Beersheba, blike the sand that is by the sea for multitude, and that you go to battle in person.
12 “So we will come upon him in some place where he may be found, and we will fall on him as the dew falls on the ground. And of him and all the men who are with him there shall not be left so much as one.
13 “Moreover, if he has withdrawn into a city, then all Israel shall bring ropes to that city; and we will apull it into the river, until there is not one small stone found there.”
14 So Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “The advice of Hushai the Archite is better than the advice of Ahithophel.” For athe LORD had purposed to defeat the good advice of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring disaster on Absalom.

CHAPTER 17 References

2 aDeut. 25:18;
2 Sam. 16:14
bZech. 13:7
1tremble with
4 a2 Sam. 5:3;
5 a2 Sam.
8 aHos. 13:8
10 aJosh. 2:11
11 aJudg. 20:1;
2 Sam. 3:10
bGen. 22:17;
Josh. 11:4;
1 Kin. 20:10
13 aMic. 1:6
14 a2 Sam.
15:31, 34
15 a2 Sam.
15:35, 36
16 a2 Sam.
17 a2 Sam.
15:27, 36;
1 Kin. 1:42, 43
bJosh. 2:4–6
cJosh. 15:7;
18 a2 Sam.
3:16; 16:5
19 aJosh.
20 aEx. 1:19;
[Lev. 19:11];
Josh. 2:3–5
21 a2 Sam.
17:15, 16
23 a2 Sam.
15:12 b2 Kin.
20:1 cMatt.
27:5 1Lit. gave
charge concerning
24 aGen. 32:2;
Josh. 13:26;
2 Sam. 2:8;
25 a2 Sam.
19:13; 20:9–12;
1 Kin. 2:5, 32
b1 Chr. 2:16
1 Chr. 2:17
2So with MT,
some LXX
mss., Tg.;
some LXX
mss. Ishmaelite
1 Chr. 2:17);
Vg. of Jezrael
27 a1 Sam.
11:1; 2 Sam.
10:1; 12:29
b2 Sam. 9:4

2 SAMUEL 17:27

Hushai Warns David to Escape

15 aThen Hushai said to Zadok and Abiathar the priests, “Thus and so Ahithophel advised Absalom and the elders of Israel, and thus and so I have advised.
16 “Now therefore, send quickly and tell David, saying, ‘Do not spend this night ain the plains of the wilderness, but speedily cross over, lest the king and all the people who are with him be swallowed up.’ ”
17 aNow Jonathan and Ahimaaz bstayed at cEn Rogel, for they dared not be seen coming into the city; so a female servant would come and tell them, and they would go and tell King David.
18 Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom. But both of them went away quickly and came to a man’s house ain Bahurim, who had a well in his court; and they went down into it.
19 aThen the woman took and spread a covering over the well’s mouth, and spread ground grain on it; and the thing was not known.
20 And when Absalom’s servants came to the woman at the house, they said, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?” So athe woman said to them, “They have gone over the water brook.” And when they had searched and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.
21 Now it came to pass, after they had departed, that they came up out of the well and went and told King David, and said to David, a“Arise and cross over the water quickly. For thus has Ahithophel advised against you.”
22 So David and all the people who were with him arose and crossed over the Jordan. By morning light not one of them was left who had not gone over the Jordan.
23 Now when Ahithophel saw that his advice was not followed, he saddled a donkey, and arose and went home to ahis house, to his city. Then he 1put his bhousehold in order, and changed himself, and died; and he was buried in his father’s tomb.
24 Then David went to aMahanaim. And Absalom crossed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
25 And Absalom made aAmasa captain of the army instead of Joab. This Amasa was the son of a man whose name was 1Jithra, an 2Israelite, who had gone in to bAbigail the daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, Joab’s mother.
26 So Israel and Absalom encamped in the land of Gilead.
27 Now it happened, when David had come to Mahanaim, that aShobi the son of Nahash from Rabbah of the people of Ammon, bMachir the

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2 SAMUEL 17:28

son of Ammiel from Lo Debar, and cBarzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim,
28 brought beds and basins, earthen vessels and wheat, barley and flour, parched grain and beans, lentils and parched seeds,
29 honey and curds, sheep and cheese of the herd, for David and the people who were with him to eat. For they said, “The people are hungry and weary and thirsty ain the wilderness.”

Absalom’s Defeat and Death


1 And David 1numbered the people who were with him, and aset captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over them.
2 Then David sent out one third of the people under the hand of Joab, aone third under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother, and one third under the hand of bIttai the Gittite. And the king said to the people, “I also will surely go out with you myself.”
3 aBut the people answered, “You shall not go out! For if we flee away, they will not care about us; nor if half of us die, will they care about us. But you are worth ten thousand of us now. For you are now more help to us in the city.”
4 Then the king said to them, “Whatever seems best to you I will do.” So the king stood beside the gate, and all the people went out by hundreds and by thousands.
5 Now the king had commanded Joab, Abishai, and Ittai, saying, “Deal gently for my sake with the young man Absalom.” aAnd all the people heard when the king gave all the captains orders concerning Absalom.
6 So the people went out into the field of battle against Israel. And the battle was in the awoods of Ephraim.
7 The people of Israel were overthrown there before the servants of David, and a great slaughter of twenty thousand took place there that day.
8 For the battle there was scattered over the face of the whole countryside, and the woods devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.
9 Then Absalom met the servants of David. Absalom rode on a mule. The mule went under the thick boughs of a great terebinth tree, and ahis head caught in the terebinth; so he was left hanging between heaven and earth. And the mule which was under him went on.
10 Now a certain man saw it and told Joab, and said, “I just saw Absalom hanging in a terebinth tree!”
11 So Joab said to the man who told him, “You just saw him! And why did you not strike him there to the

27 c2 Sam.
19:31, 32;
1 Kin. 2:7
29 a2 Sam.
16:2, 14

CHAPTER 18 References

1 aEx. 18:25;
Num. 31:14;
1 Sam. 22:7
1Lit. attended
2 aJudg. 7:16;
1 Sam. 11:11
b2 Sam.
3 a2 Sam.
5 a2 Sam.
6 aJosh. 17:15,
18; 2 Sam.
9 a2 Sam.
12 a2 Sam.
18:5 1Vss.
‘Protect the
young man
Absalom for
17 aDeut.
21:20, 21;
Josh. 7:26;
8:29 b2 Sam.
19:8; 20:1, 22
18 aGen. 14:17
b2 Sam. 14:27
19 a2 Sam.
15:36; 17:17
22 1Lit. be
what may
24 aJudg. 5:11;
2 Sam. 13:34;
2 Kin. 9:17

ground? I would have given you ten shekels of silver and a belt.”
12 But the man said to Joab, “Though I were to receive a thousand shekels of silver in my hand, I would not raise my hand against the king’s son. aFor in our hearing the king commanded you and Abishai and Ittai, saying, 1‘Beware lest anyone touch the young man Absalom!’
13 “Otherwise I would have dealt falsely against my own life. For there is nothing hidden from the king, and you yourself would have set yourself against me.”
14 Then Joab said, “I cannot linger with you.” And he took three spears in his hand and thrust them through Absalom’s heart, while he was still alive in the midst of the terebinth tree.
15 And ten young men who bore Joab’s armor surrounded Absalom, and struck and killed him.
16 So Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing Israel. For Joab held back the people.
17 And they took Absalom and cast him into a large pit in the woods, and alaid a very large heap of stones over him. Then all Israel bfled, everyone to his tent.
18 Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up a 1pillar for himself, which is in athe King’s Valley. For he said, b“I have no son to keep my name in remembrance.” He called the pillar after his own name. And to this day it is called Absalom’s Monument.

David Hears of Absalom’s Death

19 Then aAhimaaz the son of Zadok said, “Let me run now and take the news to the king, how the LORD has 1avenged him of his enemies.”
20 And Joab said to him, “You shall not take the news this day, for you shall take the news another day. But today you shall take no news, because the king’s son is dead.”
21 Then Joab said to the Cushite, “Go, tell the king what you have seen.” So the Cushite bowed himself to Joab and ran.
22 And Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said again to Joab, “But 1whatever happens, please let me also run after the Cushite.” So Joab said, “Why will you run, my son, since you have no news ready?”
23 “But whatever happens,” he said, “let me run.” So he said to him, “Run.” Then Ahimaaz ran by way of the plain, and outran the Cushite.
24 Now David was sitting between the atwo gates. And the watchman went up to the roof over the gate, to the wall, lifted his eyes and looked, and there was a man, running alone.
25 Then the watchman cried out and told the king. And the king said,

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“If he is alone, there is news in his mouth.” And he came rapidly and drew near.
26 Then the watchman saw another man running, and the watchman called to the gatekeeper and said, “There is another man, running alone!” And the king said, “He also brings news.”
27 So the watchman said, 1“I think the running of the first is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok.” And the king said, “He is a good man, and comes with agood news.”
28 So Ahimaaz called out and said to the king, 1“All is well!” Then he bowed down with his face to the earth before the king, and said, a“Blessed be the LORD your God, who has delivered up the men who raised their hand against my lord the king!”
29 The king said, “Is the young man Absalom safe?” Ahimaaz answered, “When Joab sent the king’s servant and me your servant, I saw a great tumult, but I did not know what it was about.”
30 And the king said, “Turn aside and stand here.” So he turned aside and stood still.
31 Just then the Cushite came, and the Cushite said, “There is good news, my lord the king! For the LORD has avenged you this day of all those who rose against you.”
32 And the king said to the Cushite, “Is the young man Absalom safe?” So the Cushite answered, “May the enemies of my lord the king, and all who rise against you to do harm, be like that young man!”

David’s Mourning for Absalom

33 Then the king was deeply moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept. And as he went, he said thus: a“O my son Absalom—my son, my son Absalom— if only I had died in your place! O Absalom my son, bmy son!”

27 a1 Kin. 1:42
1Lit. I see the
28 a2 Sam.
16:12 1Peace
be to you
33 a2 Sam.
12:10 b2 Sam.

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Safety of Abiding in the Presence of God

1 HE awho dwells in the secret place of the Most High Shall abide bunder the shadow of the Almighty.
2 aI will say of the LORD, “He is my refuge and my fortress; My God, in Him I will trust.”
3 Surely aHe shall deliver you from the snare of the 1fowler And from the perilous pestilence.
4 aHe shall cover you with His feathers, And under His wings you shall take refuge; His truth shall be your shield and 1buckler.
5 aYou shall not be afraid of the terror by night, Nor of the arrow that flies by day,
6 Nor of the pestilence that walks in darkness, Nor of the destruction that lays waste at noonday.

7 A thousand may fall at your side, And ten thousand at your right hand; But it shall not come near you.

PSALM 91 References

1 aPs. 27:5;
31:20; 32:7
bPs. 17:8; Is.
25:4; 32:2
2 aPs. 142:5
3 aPs. 124:7;
Prov. 6:5 1One
who catches
birds in a trap
or snare
4 aPs. 17:8 1A
small shield
5 a[Job 5:19;
Ps. 112:7; Is.
43:2] 8 aPs. 37:34;
Mal. 1:5
9 aPs. 91:2 bPs.
10 a[Prov.
12:21] 11 aPs. 34:7;
Matt. 4:6;
Luke 4:10;
[Heb. 1:14] 12 aMatt. 4:6;
Luke 4:11 1lift
14 a[Ps. 9:10] 1exalt him
15 aJob 12:4;
Ps. 50:15 bIs.
16 1Lit. length
of days

8 Only awith your eyes shall you look, And see the reward of the wicked.

9 Because you have made the LORD, who is amy refuge, Even the Most High, byour dwelling place,
10 aNo evil shall befall you, Nor shall any plague come near your dwelling;
11 aFor He shall give His angels charge over you, To keep you in all your ways.
12 In their hands they shall 1bear you up, aLest you 2dash your foot against a stone.
13 You shall tread upon the lion and the cobra, The young lion and the serpent you shall trample underfoot.

14 “Because he has set his love upon Me, therefore I will deliver him; I will 1set him on high, because he has aknown My name.
15 He shall acall upon Me, and I will answer him; I will be bwith him in trouble; I will deliver him and honor him.
16 With 1long life I will satisfy him, And show him My salvation.”




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