Rise & Fall of Israel’s Kingdom
(Category 7 of 16)
Azariah Reigns in
1 In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel, aAzariah the son of Amaziah, king of
2 He was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.
3 And he did what was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father Amaziah had done,
4 aexcept that the 1high places were not removed; the people still sacrificed and burned on the high places.
5 Then the LORD astruck the king, so that he was a leper until the day of his bdeath; so he cdwelt in an isolated house. And Jotham the king’s son was over the royal house, judging the people of the land.
6 Now the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of ?
7 So Azariah 1rested with his fathers, and athey buried him with his fathers in the City of David. Then Jotham his son reigned in his place.
Zechariah Reigns in Israel
8 In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah king of
9 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, aas his fathers had done; he did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin.
10 Then Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and astruck and killed him in front of the people; and he reigned in his place.
11 Now the rest of the acts of Zechariah, indeed they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
12 This was the word of the LORD which He spoke to Jehu, saying, a“Your sons shall sit on the throne of Israel to the fourth generation.” And so it was.
CHAPTER 15 References
1 a2 Kin.
b2 Kin. 14:21;
26:1, 3, 4
4 a2 Kin. 12:3;
5 a2 Chr.
78:31 bIs. 6:1
7 a2 Chr. 26:23
8 a2 Kin. 14:29
9 a2 Kin. 14:24
10 aAmos 7:9
12 a2 Kin.
2 Kin. 14:21ff.;
14 a1 Kin.
15 1Lit. conspired
16 a1 Kin. 4:24
b2 Kin. 8:12;
19 a1 Chr. 5:26;
Is. 66:19; Hos.
8:9 b2 Kin.
Pileser III, v.
20 a2 Kin.
22 1Died and
25 a1 Kin.
2 KINGS 15:26
Shallum Reigns in Israel
13 Shallum the son of Jabesh became king in the thirty-ninth year of 1Uzziah king of
14 For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from aTirzah, came to , and struck Shallum the son of Jabesh in and killed him; and he reigned in his place.
15 Now the rest of the acts of Shallum, and the conspiracy which he 1led, indeed they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
16 Then from Tirzah, Menahem attacked aTiphsah, all who were there, and its territory. Because they did not surrender, therefore he attacked it. All bthe women there who were with child he ripped open.
Menahem Reigns in Israel
17 In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah king of
18 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not depart all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin.
19 aPul1 king of Assyria came against the land; and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his 2hand might be with him to bstrengthen the kingdom under his control.
20 And Menahem aexacted1 the money from Israel, from all the very wealthy, from each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and did not stay there in the land.
21 Now the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
22 So Menahem 1rested with his fathers. Then Pekahiah his son reigned in his place.
Pekahiah Reigns in Israel
23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of
24 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin.
25 Then Pekah the son of Remaliah, an officer of his, conspired against him and 1killed him in , in the acitadel of the king’s house, along with Argob and Arieh; and with him were fifty men of Gilead. He killed him and reigned in his place.
26 Now the rest of the acts of Pekahiah, and all that he did, indeed they
2 KINGS 15:27
are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
Pekah Reigns in Israel
27 In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of
28 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD; he did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had made Israel sin.
29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel, 1Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria acame and took bIjon, Abel Beth Maachah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he ccarried them captive to Assyria.
30 Then Hoshea the son of Elah led a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and struck and killed him; so he areigned in his place in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
31 Now the rest of the acts of Pekah, and all that he did, indeed they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
Jotham Reigns in
32 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, aJotham the son of Uzziah, king of
33 He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was 1Jerusha the daughter of Zadok.
34 And he did what was right in the sight of the LORD; he did aaccording to all that his father Uzziah had done.
35 aHowever the 1high places were not removed; the people still sacrificed and burned on the high places. bHe built the Upper Gate of the house of the LORD.
36 Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of ?
37 In those days the LORD began to send aRezin king of Syria and bPekah the son of Remaliah against .
38 So Jotham 1rested with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the City of David his father. Then Ahaz his son reigned in his place.
Ahaz Reigns in
1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham, king of
2 Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem; and he did not do what was right in the sight
27 a2 Chr. 28:6;
29 a2 Kin.
1 Chr. 5:26
b1 Kin. 15:20
c2 Kin. 17:6
1A later name
of Pul, v. 19
30 a2 Kin. 17:1;
[Hos. 10:3, 7,
15] 32 a2 Chr. 27:1
2 Chr. 27:1
34 a2 Kin.
2 Chr. 26:4, 5
35 a2 Kin. 15:4
b2 Chr. 23:20;
37 a2 Kin.
7:1–17 b2 Kin.
38 1Died and
CHAPTER 16 References
3 a[Lev. 18:21];
2 Kin. 17:17;
2 Chr. 28:3;
Ps. 106:37, 38;
Is. 1:1 b[Deut.
12:31]; 2 Kin.
4 a2 Kin.
1 Kin. 14:23
5 a2 Kin.
Is. 7:1, 4
6 a2 Kin.
14:22; 2 Chr.
sing. of Eloth
7 a2 Kin.
15:29; 1 Chr.
5:26; 2 Chr.
28:20 1A later
name of Pul,
2 Kin. 15:19
8 a2 Kin.
2 Chr. 28:21
9 a2 Kin. 14:28
bAmos 1:5 cIs.
11 aIs. 8:2
12 a2 Chr.
14 aEx. 27:1, 2;
2 Chr. 4:1 1Lit.
of the LORD his God, as his father David had done.
3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel; indeed ahe made his son pass through the fire, according to the babominations of the nations whom the LORD had cast out from before the children of Israel.
4 And he sacrificed and burned on the ahigh places, bon the hills, and under every green tree.
5 aThen Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, came up to Jerusalem to make war; and they besieged Ahaz but could not overcome him.
6 At that time Rezin king of Syria acaptured 1Elath for Syria, and drove the men of from Elath. Then the 2Edomites went to Elath, and dwell there to this day.
7 So Ahaz sent messengers to aTiglath-Pileser1 king of Assyria, saying, “I am your servant and your son. Come up and save me from the hand of the king of Syria and from the hand of the king of Israel, who rise up against me.”
8 And Ahaz atook the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasuries of the king’s house, and sent it as a present to the king of Assyria.
9 So the king of Assyria heeded him; for the king of Assyria went up against aDamascus and btook it, carried its people captive to cKir, and killed Rezin.
10 Now King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus; and King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the design of the altar and its pattern, according to all its workmanship.
11 Then aUrijah the priest built an altar according to all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus. So Urijah the priest made it before King Ahaz came back from Damascus.
12 And when the king came back from Damascus, the king saw the altar; and athe king approached the altar and made offerings on it.
13 So he burned his burnt offering and his grain offering; and he poured his drink offering and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings on the altar.
14 He also brought athe bronze altar which was before the LORD, from the front of the 1temple—from between the new altar and the house of the LORD—and put it on the north side of the new altar.
15 Then King Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, “On the great new altar burn athe morning burnt offering, the evening grain offering, the king’s burnt sacrifice, and his grain offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, their grain offering, and their drink
offerings; and sprinkle on it all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of the sacrifice. And the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by.”
16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that King Ahaz commanded.
17 aAnd King Ahaz cut off bthe panels of the carts, and removed the lavers from them; and he took down cthe Sea from the bronze oxen that were under it, and put it on a pavement of stones.
18 Also he removed the Sabbath pavilion which they had built in the temple, and he removed the king’s outer entrance from the house of the LORD, on account of the king of Assyria.
19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of ?
20 So Ahaz rested with his fathers, and awas buried with his fathers in the City of David. Then Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.
Hoshea Reigns in Israel
1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of
2 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel who were before him.
3 aShalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him; and Hoshea bbecame his vassal, and paid him tribute money.
4 And the king of Assyria uncovered a conspiracy by Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So, king of Egypt, and brought no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
Israel Carried Captive to Assyria
5 Now athe king of Assyria went throughout all the land, and went up to
6 aIn the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took and bcarried Israel away to Assyria, cand placed them in Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
7 For aso it was that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, who had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and they had bfeared other gods,
8 and ahad walked in the statutes of the nations whom the LORD had cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.
17 a2 Chr.
28:24 b1 Kin.
20 a2 Chr.
CHAPTER 17 References
1 a2 Kin. 15:30
3 a2 Kin.
b2 Kin. 24:1
5 aHos. 13:16
6 aHos. 1:4;
29:27, 28] c1 Chr. 5:26
8 a[Lev. 18:3] 9 a2 Kin. 18:8
10 aIs. 57:5
b[Ex. 34:12–14] c[Deut. 12:2] 1Heb. Asherim,
20:3–5] b[Deut. 4:19] 13 aNeh. 9:29,
30 b1 Sam.
35:15] 14 a[Acts 7:51] bDeut. 9:23
15 aJer. 44:3
1:21–23] e[Deut. 12:30,
31] 16 a1 Kin.
12:28 b[1 Kin.
4:19] d1 Kin.
17 a2 Kin. 16:3
18:10–12] c1 Kin. 21:20
18 a1 Kin.
19 aJer. 3:8
20 a2 Kin.
b2 Kin. 24:20
21 a1 Kin.
2 KINGS 17:22
9 Also the children of Israel secretly did against the LORD their God things that were not right, and they built for themselves 1high places in all their cities, afrom watchtower to fortified city.
10 aThey set up for themselves sacred pillars and bwooden images1 con every high hill and under every green tree.
11 There they burned on all the high places, like the nations whom the LORD had carried away before them; and they did wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger,
12 for they served idols, aof which the LORD had said to them, b“You shall not do this thing.”
13 Yet the LORD testified against Israel and against , by all of His aprophets, bevery seer, saying, c“Turn from your evil ways, and keep My commandments and My statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by My servants the prophets.”
14 Nevertheless they would not hear, but astiffened their necks, like the necks of their fathers, who bdid not believe in the LORD their God.
15 And they arejected His statutes band His covenant that He had made with their fathers, and His testimonies which He had testified against them; they followed cidols, dbecame idolaters, and went after the nations who were all around them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them that they should enot do like them.
16 So they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, amade for themselves a molded image and two calves, bmade a wooden image and worshiped all the chost of heaven, dand served Baal.
17 aAnd they caused their sons and daughters to pass through the fire, bpracticed witchcraft and soothsaying, and csold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger.
18 Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left abut the tribe of alone.
19 Also a did not keep the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.
20 And the LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and adelivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His bsight.
21 For aHe tore Israel from the house of David, and bthey made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam drove Israel from following the LORD, and made them commit a great sin.
22 For the children of Israel walked
2 KINGS 17:23
in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them,
23 until the LORD removed Israel out of His sight, aas He had said by all His servants the prophets. bSo Israel was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day.
24 aThen the king of Assyria brought people from
25 And it was so, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they did not fear the LORD; therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which killed some of them.
26 So they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, “The nations whom you have removed and placed in the cities of do not know the rituals of the God of the land; therefore He has sent lions among them, and indeed, they are killing them because they do not know the rituals of the God of the land.”
27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, “Send there one of the priests whom you brought from there; let him go and dwell there, and let him teach them the rituals of the God of the land.”
28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from came and dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the LORD.
29 However every nation continued to make gods of its own, and put them ain the shrines on the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in the cities where they dwelt.
30 The men of a made Succoth Benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the men of Hamath made Ashima,
31 aand the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites bburned their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.
32 So they feared the LORD, aand from every class they appointed for themselves priests of the 1high places, who sacrificed for them in the shrines of the high places.
33 aThey feared the LORD, yet served their own gods—according to the rituals of the nations from among whom they were carried away.
34 To this day they continue practicing the former rituals; they do not fear the LORD, nor do they follow their statutes or their ordinances, or the law and commandment which the LORD had commanded the children of Jacob, awhom He named Israel,
23 a1 Kin.
14:16; Is. 8:4
b2 Kin. 17:6
24 aEzra 4:2,
10 b2 Kin.
29 a1 Kin.
30 a2 Kin.
31 aEzra 4:9
Deut. 12:31] 32 a1 Kin.
33 aZeph. 1:5
34 aGen. 32:28;
35 aJudg. 6:10
b[Ex. 20:5] 36 aEx.
bEx. 6:6; 9:15
c[Deut. 10:20] 37 aDeut. 5:32
38 aDeut. 4:23;
41 a2 Kin.
35 with whom the LORD had made a covenant and charged them, saying: a“You shall not fear other gods, nor bbow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them;
36 “but the LORD,who abrought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and ban outstretched arm, cHim you shall fear, Him you shall worship, and to Him you shall offer sacrifice.
37 “And the statutes, the ordinances, the law, and the commandment which He wrote for you, ayou shall be careful to observe forever; you shall not fear other gods.
38 “And the covenant that I have made with you, ayou shall not forget, nor shall you fear other gods.
39 “But the LORD your God you shall fear; and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies.”
40 However they did not obey, but they followed their former rituals.
41 aSo these nations feared the LORD, yet served their carved images; also their children and their children’s children have continued doing as their fathers did, even to this day.
The Eternal Faithfulness of the LORD
1 OH, agive thanks to the LORD! Call upon His name; bMake known His deeds among the peoples!
2 Sing to Him, sing psalms to Him; aTalk of all His wondrous works!
3 Glory in His holy name; Let the hearts of those rejoice who seek the LORD!
4 Seek the LORD and His strength; aSeek His face evermore!
5 aRemember His marvelous works which He has done, His wonders, and the judgments of His mouth,
6 O seed of Abraham His servant, You children of Jacob, His chosen ones!
7 He is the LORD our God; aHis judgments are in all the earth.
8 He aremembers His covenant forever, The word which He commanded, for a thousand generations,
9 aThe covenant which He made with Abraham, And His oath to Isaac,
10 And confirmed it to Jacob for a statute, To Israel as an everlasting covenant,
11 Saying, a“To you I will give the land of As the allotment of your inheritance,”
12 aWhen they were few in number, Indeed very few, band strangers in it.
13 When they went from one nation to another, From one kingdom to another people,
14 aHe permitted no one to do them wrong; Yes, bHe rebuked kings for their sakes,
15 Saying, “Do not touch My anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm.”
PSALM 105 References
1 a1 Chr.
Ps. 106:1; Is.
2 aPs. 119:27
4 aPs. 27:8
5 aPs. 77:11
7 a[Is. 26:9] 8 aLuke 1:72
9 aGen. 17:2;
11 aGen. 13:15;
12 aGen. 34:30;
[Deut. 7:7] bGen. 23:4;
14 aGen. 35:5
16 aGen. 41:54
bLev. 26:26; Is.
3:1; Ezek. 4:16
17 a[Gen. 45:5] bGen. 37:28,
36; Acts 7:9
18 aGen. 40:15
41:25, 42, 43
20 aGen. 41:14
22 1Bind as
23 aGen. 46:6;
Acts 7:15 bPs.
24 aEx. 1:7, 9
25 aEx. 1:8–10;
26 aEx. 3:10;
27 aEx. 7—12;
29 aEx. 7:20,
21; Ps. 78:44
30 aEx. 8:6
31 aEx. 8:16,
32 aEx. 9:23–25
33 aPs. 78:47
34 aEx. 10:4
17 aHe sent a man before them— Joseph—who bwas sold as a slave.
18 aThey hurt his feet with fetters, 1He was laid in irons.
19 Until the time that his word came to pass, aThe word of the LORD tested him.
20 aThe king sent and released him, The ruler of the people let him go free.
21 aHe made him lord of his house, And ruler of all his possessions,
22 To 1bind his princes at his pleasure, And teach his elders wisdom.
23 aIsrael also came into Egypt, And Jacob dwelt bin the land of Ham.
24 aHe increased His people greatly, And made them stronger than their enemies.
25 aHe turned their heart to hate His people, To deal craftily with His servants.
26 aHe sent Moses His servant, And Aaron whom He had chosen.
27 They aperformed His signs among them, And wonders in the land of Ham.
28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; And they did not rebel against His word.
29 aHe turned their waters into blood, And killed their fish.
30 aTheir land abounded with frogs, Even in the chambers of their kings.
31 aHe spoke, and there came swarms of flies, And lice in all their territory.
32 aHe gave them hail for rain, And flaming fire in their land.
33 aHe struck their vines also, and their fig trees, And splintered the trees of their territory.
34 aHe spoke, and locusts came, Young locusts without number,
36 aHe also 1destroyed all the firstborn in their land, bThe first of all their strength.
37 aHe also brought them out with silver and gold, And there was none feeble among His tribes.
38 aEgypt was glad when they departed, For the fear of them had fallen upon them.
39 aHe spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to give light in the night.
37 aEx. 12:35,
38 aEx. 12:33
39 aEx. 13:21
40 aEx. 16:12
41 aEx. 17:6
42 aGen. 15:13,
43 1a joyful
45 a[Deut. 4:1,
40] 1Heb. Hallelujah
41 aHe opened the rock, and water gushed out; It ran in the dry places like a river.
42 For He remembered aHis holy promise, And Abraham His servant.
43 He brought out His people with joy, His chosen ones with 1gladness.
44 aHe gave them the lands of the 1Gentiles, And they inherited the labor of the nations,
45 aThat they might observe His statutes And keep His laws. 1Praise the LORD!
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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