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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

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CHAPTER 13 References

1 aJer. 50; 51;
Matt. 1:11;
Rev. 14:8 1oracle,
2 aIs. 18:3 bJer.
51:25 cIs.
3 aJoel 3:11
bPs. 149:2
or set apart
4 aIs. 17:12;
Joel 3:14
5 aIs. 42:13 bIs.
24:1; 34:2 1Or
6 aIs. 2:12;
Ezek. 30:3;
Amos 5:18;
Zeph. 1:7;
Rev. 6:17 bIs.
10:25; Job
31:23; Joel
8 aPs. 48:6
1Sharp pains
9 aMal. 4:1
bPs. 104:35;
Prov. 2:22
10 aIs.
Ezek. 32:7;
Joel 2:31;
Matt. 24:29;
Mark 13:24;
Luke 21:25
11 aIs. 26:21
b[Is. 2:17] 1Or

Proclamation Against Babylon


1 The aburden1 against Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.

2 “Lifta up a banner bon the high mountain, Raise your voice to them; cWave your hand, that they may enter the gates of the nobles.
3 I have commanded My 1sanctified ones; I have also called aMy mighty ones for My anger— Those who brejoice in My exaltation.”

4 The anoise of a multitude in the mountains, Like that of many people! A tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together! The LORD of hosts musters The army for battle.
5 They come from a far country, From the end of heaven— The aLORD and His 1weapons of indignation, To destroy the whole bland.

6 Wail, afor the day of the LORD is at hand! bIt will come as destruction from the Almighty.
7 Therefore all hands will be limp, Every man’s heart will melt,
8 And they will be afraid. aPangs1 and sorrows will take hold of them; They will be in pain as a woman in childbirth; They will be amazed at one another; Their faces will be like flames.

9 Behold, athe day of the LORD comes, Cruel, with both wrath and fierce anger, To lay the land desolate; And He will destroy bits sinners from it.
10 For the stars of heaven and their constellations Will not give their light; The sun will be adarkened in its going forth, And the moon will not cause its light to shine.

11 “I will apunish the world for its evil, And the wicked for their iniquity; bI will halt the arrogance of the proud, And will lay low the haughtiness of the 1terrible.

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12 I will make a mortal more rare than fine gold, A man more than the golden wedge of Ophir.
13 aTherefore I will shake the heavens, And the earth will move out of her place, In the wrath of the LORD of hosts And in bthe day of His fierce anger.
14 It shall be as the hunted gazelle, And as a sheep that no man 1takes up; aEvery man will turn to his own people, And everyone will flee to his own land.
15 Everyone who is found will be thrust through, And everyone who is captured will fall by the sword.
16 Their children also will be adashed to pieces before their eyes; Their houses will be plundered And their wives bravished.

17 “Behold,a I will stir up the Medes against them, Who will not 1regard silver; And as for gold, they will not delight in it.
18 Also their bows will dash the young men to pieces, And they will have no pity on the fruit of the womb; Their eye will not spare children.
19 aAnd Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, The beauty of the Chaldeans’ pride, Will be as when God overthrew bSodom and Gomorrah.
20 aIt will never be inhabited, Nor will it be settled from generation to generation; Nor will the Arabian pitch tents there, Nor will the shepherds make their sheepfolds there.
21 aBut wild beasts of the desert will lie there, And their houses will be full of 1owls; Ostriches will dwell there, And wild goats will caper there.
22 The hyenas will howl in their citadels, And jackals in their pleasant palaces. aHer time is near to come, And her days will not be prolonged.”

Mercy on Jacob


1 For the LORD awill have mercy on Jacob, and bwill still

13 aIs. 34:4;
51:6; Hag. 2:6
bPs. 110:5;
Lam. 1:12
14 aJer. 50:16;
51:9 1gathers
16 aPs. 137:8,
9; Is. 13:18;
14:21; Hos.
10:14; Nah.
3:10 bZech.
17 aIs. 21:2;
Jer. 51:11, 28;
Dan. 5:28, 31
19 aIs. 14:4;
Dan. 4:30;
Rev. 18:11–16,
19, 21 bGen.
19:24; Deut.
29:23; Jer.
50:40; Amos
20 aJer. 50:3
21 aIs.
Zeph. 2:14;
Rev. 18:2 1Or
howling creatures
22 aJer. 51:33

CHAPTER 14 References

1 aPs. 102:13;
Is. 49:13, 15;
54:7, 8 bIs.
41:8, 9; Zech.
1:17; 2:12 cIs.
60:4, 5, 10
2 aIs. 49:22;
60:9; 66:20 bIs.
4 aIs. 13:19;
Hab. 2:6 bRev.
18:16 1Or insolent
5 aPs. 125:3
8 aIs. 55:12;
Ezek. 31:16
1have lain
9 aEzek. 32:21
1Or Sheol
10 aEzek.
12 aIs. 34:4;
Luke 10:18;
[Rev. 12:7–9] 1Lit. Day Star

ISAIAH 14:12

choose Israel, and settle them in their own land. cThe strangers will be joined with them, and they will cling to the house of Jacob.
2 Then people will take them aand bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will possess them for servants and maids in the land of the LORD; they will take them captive whose captives they were, band rule over their oppressors.

Fall of the King of Babylon

3 It shall come to pass in the day the LORD gives you rest from your sorrow, and from your fear and the hard bondage in which you were made to serve,
4 that you awill take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say:

“How the oppressor has ceased, The bgolden1 city ceased!
5 The LORD has broken athe staff of the wicked, The scepter of the rulers;
6 He who struck the people in wrath with a continual stroke, He who ruled the nations in anger, Is persecuted and no one hinders.
7 The whole earth is at rest and quiet; They break forth into singing.
8 aIndeed the cypress trees rejoice over you, And the cedars of Lebanon, Saying, ‘Since you 1were cut down, No woodsman has come up against us.’

9 “Hella1 from beneath is excited about you, To meet you at your coming; It stirs up the dead for you, All the chief ones of the earth; It has raised up from their thrones All the kings of the nations.
10 They all shall aspeak and say to you: ‘Have you also become as weak as we? Have you become like us?
11 Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, And the sound of your stringed instruments; The maggot is spread under you, And worms cover you.’

The Fall of Lucifer

12 “Howa you are fallen from heaven, O 1Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!

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ISAIAH 14:13

13 For you have said in your heart: a‘I will ascend into heaven, bI will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the cmount of the congregation dOn the farthest sides of the north;
14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, aI will be like the Most High.’
15 Yet you ashall be brought down to Sheol, To the 1lowest depths of the Pit.

16 “Those who see you will gaze at you, And consider you, saying: ‘Is this the man who made the earth tremble, Who shook kingdoms,
17 Who made the world as a wilderness And destroyed its cities, Who 1did not open the house of his prisoners?’

18 “All the kings of the nations, All of them, sleep in glory, Everyone in his own house;
19 But you are cast out of your grave Like an 1abominable branch, Like the garment of those who are slain, 2Thrust through with a sword, Who go down to the stones of the pit, Like a corpse trodden underfoot.
20 You will not be joined with them in burial, Because you have destroyed your land And slain your people. aThe brood of evildoers shall never be named.
21 Prepare slaughter for his children aBecause of the iniquity of their fathers, Lest they rise up and possess the land, And fill the face of the world with cities.”

Babylon Destroyed

22 “For I will rise up against them,” says the LORD of hosts, “And cut off from Babylon athe name and bremnant, cAnd offspring and posterity,” says the LORD.
23 “I will also make it a possession for the aporcupine, And marshes of muddy water; I will sweep it with the broom of destruction,” says the LORD of hosts.

13 aEzek. 28:2;
Matt. 11:23
bDan. 8:10;
2 Thess. 2:4
cEzek. 28:14
dPs. 48:2
14 aIs. 47:8;
2 Thess. 2:4
15 aEzek. 28:8;
Matt. 11:23;
Luke 10:15
1Lit. recesses
17 1Would not
19 1despised
20 aJob 18:19;
Ps. 21:10;
109:13; Is. 1:4;
21 aEx. 20:5;
Lev. 26:39; Is.
13:16; Matt.
22 aProv. 10:7;
Is. 26:14; Jer.
51:62 b1 Kin.
14:10 cJob
18:19; Is. 47:9
23 aIs. 34:11;
Zeph. 2:14
24 aIs. 43:13
25 aMic. 5:5, 6;
Zeph. 2:13 bIs.
10:27; Nah.
26 aIs. 23:9;
Zeph. 3:6, 8
27 a2 Chr. 20:6;
Job 9:12;
23:13; Ps.
33:11; Prov.
19:21; 21:30;
Is. 43:13; Dan.
4:31, 35
28 a2 Kin.
16:20; 2 Chr.
28:27 1oracle,
29 a2 Chr. 26:6
b2 Kin. 18:8
31 1Or ranks
32 aPs. 87:1, 5
bZech. 11:11

CHAPTER 15 References

1 a2 Kin. 3:4
bDeut. 2:9;
Num. 21:28
cIs. 15:1—
16:14; Jer.
25:21; 48:1–47;
Amos 2:1–3;
Zeph. 2:8–11

Assyria Destroyed

24 The LORD of hosts has sworn, saying, “Surely, as I have thought, so it shall come to pass, And as I have purposed, so it shall astand:
25 That I will break the aAssyrian in My land, And on My mountains tread him underfoot. Then bhis yoke shall be removed from them, And his burden removed from their shoulders.
26 This is the apurpose that is purposed against the whole earth, And this is the hand that is stretched out over all the nations.
27 For the LORD of hosts has apurposed, And who will annul it? His hand is stretched out, And who will turn it back?”

Philistia Destroyed

28 This is the 1burden which came in the year that aKing Ahaz died.

29 “Do not rejoice, all you of Philistia, aBecause the rod that struck you is broken; For out of the serpent’s roots will come forth a viper, bAnd its offspring will be a fiery flying serpent.
30 The firstborn of the poor will feed, And the needy will lie down in safety; I will kill your roots with famine, And it will slay your remnant.
31 Wail, O gate! Cry, O city! All you of Philistia are dissolved; For smoke will come from the north, And no one will be alone in his 1appointed times.”

32 What will they answer the messengers of the nation? That athe LORD has founded Zion, And bthe poor of His people shall take refuge in it.

Proclamation Against Moab


1 The aburden1 against Moab. Because in the night bAr of cMoab is laid waste And destroyed, Because in the night Kir of Moab is laid waste And destroyed,

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2 He has gone up to the 1temple and Dibon, To the high places to weep. Moab will wail over Nebo and over Medeba; aOn all their heads will be baldness, And every beard cut off.
3 In their streets they will clothe themselves with sackcloth; On the tops of their houses And in their streets Everyone will wail, aweeping bitterly.
4 Heshbon and Elealeh will cry out, Their voice shall be heard as far as aJahaz; Therefore the 1armed soldiers of Moab will cry out; His life will be burdensome to him.

5 “Mya heart will cry out for Moab; His fugitives shall flee to Zoar, Like 1a three-year-old heifer. For bby the Ascent of Luhith They will go up with weeping; For in the way of Horonaim They will raise up a cry of destruction,
6 For the waters aof Nimrim will be desolate, For the green grass has withered away; The grass fails, there is nothing green.
7 Therefore the abundance they have gained, And what they have laid up, They will carry away to the Brook of the Willows.
8 For the cry has gone all around the borders of Moab, Its wailing to Eglaim And its wailing to Beer Elim.
9 For the waters of 1Dimon will be full of blood; Because I will bring more upon 2Dimon, aLions upon him who escapes from Moab, And on the remnant of the land.”

Moab Destroyed


1 Send athe lamb to the ruler of the land, bFrom 1Sela to the wilderness, To the mount of the daughter of Zion.
2 For it shall be as a awandering bird thrown out of the nest; So shall be the daughters of Moab at the fords of the bArnon.

3 “Take counsel, execute judgment; Make your shadow like the

2 aLev. 21:5;
Jer. 48:37
1Heb. bayith,
3 aJer. 48:38
4 aNum. 21:28;
32:3; Jer.
48:34 1So with
MT, Tg.,Vg.;
LXX, Syr.
5 aIs. 16:11;
Jer. 48:31 bJer.
48:5 1Or The
Third Eglath,
an unknown
city, Jer. 48:34
6 aNum. 32:36
9 a2 Kin.
17:25; Jer.
50:17 1So with
MT, Tg.; DSS,
Vg. Dibon;
LXX Rimon
2See preceding

CHAPTER 16 References

1 a2 Kin. 3:4;
Ezra 7:17
b2 Kin. 14:7;
Is. 42:11 1Lit.
2 aProv. 27:8
bNum. 21:13
4 1devastator
5 a[Is. 9:6, 7;
32:1; 55:4;
Dan. 7:14;
Mic. 4:7; Luke
1:33; Rev.
11:15] bPs.
72:2 cIs. 9:7
6 aJer. 48:29;
Amos 2:1;
Obad. 3, 4;
Zeph. 2:8, 10
bIs. 28:15 1Lit.
vain talk
7 aJer. 48:20
b2 Kin. 3:25;
Jer. 48:31
8 aIs. 24:7 bIs.
16:9 cJer.
9 aIs. 15:4 1Or
shouting has
10 aIs. 24:8;
Jer. 48:33
11 aIs. 15:5;
63:15; Jer.
48:36; Hos.
11:8; Phil. 2:1
1Lit. belly 2Kir
Hareseth, v. 7
12 aIs. 15:2

ISAIAH 16:12

night in the middle of the day; Hide the outcasts, Do not betray him who escapes.
4 Let My outcasts dwell with you, O Moab; Be a shelter to them from the face of the 1spoiler. For the extortioner is at an end, Devastation ceases, The oppressors are consumed out of the land.
5 In mercy athe throne will be established; And One will sit on it in truth, in the tabernacle of David, bJudging and seeking justice and hastening crighteousness.”

6 We have heard of the apride of Moab— He is very proud— Of his haughtiness and his pride and his wrath; bBut his 1lies shall not be so.
7 Therefore Moab shall awail for Moab; Everyone shall wail. For the foundations bof Kir Hareseth you shall mourn; Surely they are stricken.

8 For athe fields of Heshbon languish, And bthe vine of Sibmah; The lords of the nations have broken down its choice plants, Which have reached to Jazer And wandered through the wilderness. Her branches are stretched out, They are gone over the csea.
9 Therefore I will bewail the vine of Sibmah, With the weeping of Jazer; I will drench you with my tears, aO Heshbon and Elealeh; For 1battle cries have fallen Over your summer fruits and your harvest.

10 aGladness is taken away, And joy from the plentiful field; In the vineyards there will be no singing, Nor will there be shouting; No treaders will tread out wine in the presses; I have made their shouting cease.
11 Therefore amy 1heart shall resound like a harp for Moab, And my inner being for 2Kir Heres.

12 And it shall come to pass, When it is seen that Moab is weary on athe high place, That he will come to his sanctuary to pray; But he will not prevail.

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ISAIAH 16:13

13 This is the word which the LORD has spoken concerning Moab since that time.
14 But now the LORD has spoken, saying, “Within three years, aas the years of a hired man, the glory of Moab will be despised with all that great multitude, and the remnant will be very small and feeble.”

Proclamation Against Syria and Israel


1 The aburden1 against Damascus. “Behold, Damascus will cease from being a city, And it will be a ruinous heap.
2 1The cities of aAroer are forsaken; They will be for flocks Which lie down, and bno one will make them afraid.
3 aThe fortress also will cease from Ephraim, The kingdom from Damascus, And the remnant of Syria; They will be as the glory of the children of Israel,” Says the LORD of hosts.
4 “In that day it shall come to pass That the glory of Jacob will 1wane, And athe fatness of his flesh grow lean.
5 aIt shall be as when the harvester gathers the grain, And reaps the heads with his arm; It shall be as he who gathers heads of grain In the Valley of Rephaim.
6 aYet gleaning grapes will be left in it, Like the shaking of an olive tree, Two or three olives at the top of the uppermost bough, Four or five in its most fruitful branches,” Says the LORD God of Israel.

7 In that day a man will alook to his Maker, And his eyes will have respect for the Holy One of Israel.
8 He will not look to the altars, The work of his hands; He will not respect what his afingers have made, Nor the 1wooden images nor the incense altars.

9 In that day his strong cities will be as a forsaken 1bough And 2an uppermost branch, Which they left because of the children of Israel; And there will be desolation.

14 aJob 7:1;
14:6; Is. 21:16

CHAPTER 17 References

1 aGen. 14:15;
15:2; 2 Kin.
16:9; Jer.
49:23; Amos
1:3–5; Zech.
9:1; Acts 9:2
2 aNum. 32:34
bJer. 7:33 1So
with MT,Vg.;
LXX It shall
be forsaken
forever; Tg.
Its cities shall
be forsaken
and desolate
3 aIs. 7:16; 8:4
4 aIs. 10:16
5 aIs. 17:11;
Jer. 51:33;
Joel 3:13;
Matt. 13:30
6 aDeut. 4:27;
Is. 24:13;
Obad. 5
7 aIs. 10:20;
Hos. 3:5; Mic.
8 aIs. 2:8; 31:7
1Or Asherim,
9 1LXX
Hivites; Tg.
laid waste;
Vg. as the
ploughs 2LXX
Amorites; Tg.
in ruins; Vg.
10 aPs. 68:19;
Is. 51:13
12 aIs. 5:30;
Jer. 6:23;
Ezek. 43:2;
Luke 21:25
13 aPs. 9:5; Is.
41:11 bPs.
83:13; Hos.

10 Because you have forgotten athe God of your salvation, And have not been mindful of the Rock of your 1stronghold, Therefore you will plant pleasant plants And set out foreign seedlings;
11 In the day you will make your plant to grow, And in the morning you will make your seed to flourish; But the harvest will be a heap of ruins In the day of grief and desperate sorrow.

12 Woe to the multitude of many people Who make a noise alike the roar of the seas, And to the rushing of nations That make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!
13 The nations will rush like the rushing of many waters; But God will arebuke them and they will flee far away, And bbe chased like the chaff of the mountains before the wind, Like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
14 Then behold, at eventide, trouble! And before the morning, he is no more. This is the portion of those who plunder us, And the lot of those who rob us.

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The Blessed State of the Righteous


1 Blessed is the man who fears the LORD, Who adelights greatly in His commandments.

2 aHis descendants will be mighty on earth; The generation of the upright will be blessed.
3 aWealth and riches will be in his house, And his righteousness 1endures forever.
4 aUnto the upright there arises light in the darkness; He is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.
5 aA good man deals graciously and lends; He will guide his affairs bwith discretion.

PSALM 112 References

1 aPs. 128:1
1Heb. Hallelujah
2 a[Ps. 102:28] 3 aProv. 3:16;
8:18; [Matt.
6:33] 1stands
4 aJob 11:17;
Ps. 97:11
5 aPs. 37:26;
[Luke 6:35] b[Eph. 5:15;
Col. 4:5] 6 aProv. 10:7
7 a[Prov. 1:33] 8 aHeb. 13:9
b[Ps. 27:1;
56:11]; Prov.
1:33; 3:24; [Is.
12:2] cPs.
9 1Strength

6 Surely he will never be shaken; aThe righteous will be in everlasting remembrance.
7 aHe will not be afraid of evil tidings; His heart is steadfast, trusting in the LORD.
8 His aheart is established; bHe will not be afraid, Until he csees his desire upon his enemies.

9 He has dispersed abroad, He has given to the poor; His righteousness endures forever; His 1horn will be exalted with honor.
10 The wicked will see it and be grieved; He will gnash his teeth and melt away; The desire of the wicked shall perish.




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