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The Prophets Before the Exile

(Category 8 of 16)

In this video we trace the origins of the word “gospel” and how it ties the story of the Old Testament together with the story of Jesus and his announcement of God’s kingdom. Jesus brought God’s rule and reign to the world in a very upside-down way, which is the best news you could ask for.

Explore Gospel of the Kingdom

Gospel of The Kingdom: (THM)


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CHAPTER 42 References

1 aIs. 43:10;
49:3, 6; Matt.
12:18; [Phil.
2:7] bMatt.
3:17; 17:5;
Mark 1:11;
Luke 3:22;
Eph. 1:6 c[Is.
11:2]; Matt.
3:16; [Luke
4:18, 19, 21];
John 3:34
3 1dimly
4 a[Gen. 49:10] 5 aIs. 44:24;
Zech. 12:1
bJob 12:10;
33:4; Is. 57:16;
Dan. 5:23;
Acts 17:25
6 aIs. 43:1 bIs.
49:8 cIs. 49:6;
Luke 2:32;
[Acts 10:45;
13:47; Gal.
3:14] 7 aIs. 35:5 bIs.
61:1; Luke
4:18; [2 Tim.
2:26; Heb.
2:14] cIs. 9:2
8 aEx. 20:3–5;
Is. 48:11

The Servant of the LORD


1 “Behold! aMy Servant whom I uphold, My 1Elect One in whom My soul bdelights! cI have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the Gentiles.
2 aHe will not cry out, nor raise His voice, Nor cause His voice to be heard in the street.
3 A bruised reed He will not break, And 1smoking flax He will not 2quench; He will bring forth justice for truth.
4 He will not fail nor be discouraged, Till He has established justice in the earth; aAnd the coastlands shall wait for His law.”

5 Thus says God the LORD, aWho created the heavens and stretched them out, Who spread forth the earth and that which comes from it, bWho gives breath to the people on it, And spirit to those who walk on it:
6 “I,a the LORD, have called You in righteousness, And will hold Your hand; I will keep You band give You as a covenant to the people, As ca light to the Gentiles,
7 aTo open blind eyes, To bbring out prisoners from the prison, Those who sit in cdarkness from the prison house.
8 I am the LORD, that is My name; And My aglory I will not give to another, Nor My praise to carved images.
9 Behold, the former things have come to pass,

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And new things I declare; Before they spring forth I tell you of them.”

Praise to the LORD

10 aSing to the LORD a new song, And His praise from the ends of the earth, bYou who go down to the sea, and 1all that is in it, You coastlands and you inhabitants of them!
11 Let the wilderness and its cities lift up their voice, The villages that Kedar inhabits. Let the inhabitants of Sela sing, Let them shout from the top of the mountains.
12 Let them give glory to the LORD, And declare His praise in the coastlands.
13 The LORD shall go forth like a mighty man; He shall stir up His zeal like a man of war. He shall cry out, ayes, shout aloud; He shall prevail against His enemies.

Promise of the LORD’s Help

14 “I have held My peace a long time, I have been still and restrained Myself. Now I will cry like a woman in 1labor, I will pant and gasp at once.
15 I will lay waste the mountains and hills, And dry up all their vegetation; I will make the rivers coastlands, And I will dry up the pools.
16 I will bring the blind by a way they did not know; I will lead them in paths they have not known. I will make darkness light before them, And crooked places straight. These things I will do for them, And not forsake them.
17 They shall be aturned back, They shall be greatly ashamed, Who trust in carved images, Who say to the molded images, ‘You are our gods.’

18 “Hear, you deaf; And look, you blind, that you may see.
19 aWho is blind but My servant, Or deaf as My messenger whom I send? Who is blind as he who is perfect, And blind as the LORD’s servant?

10 aPs. 33:3;
40:3; 98:1 bPs.
107:23 1Lit. its
13 aIs. 31:4
14 1childbirth
17 aPs. 97:7; Is.
1:29; 44:11;
19 aIs. 43:8;
Ezek. 12:2;
[John 9:39,
41] 20 aRom. 2:21
22 1Or trapped
in caves
24 aIs. 65:2
25 a2 Kin. 25:9
bIs. 1:3; 5:13;
Hos. 7:9 cIs.

CHAPTER 43 References

1 aIs. 43:5;
44:6 bIs. 42:6;
2 a[Ps. 66:12;
91:3] b[Deut.
31:6]; Jer.
30:11 cDan.
3 a[Prov. 11:8;
21:18] 4 aIs. 63:9


20 Seeing many things, abut you do not observe; Opening the ears, but he does not hear.”

Israel’s Obstinate Disobedience

21 The LORD is well pleased for His righteousness’ sake; He will exalt the law and make it honorable.
22 But this is a people robbed and plundered; All of them are 1snared in holes, And they are hidden in prison houses; They are for prey, and no one delivers; For plunder, and no one says, “Restore!”

23 Who among you will give ear to this? Who will listen and hear for the time to come?
24 Who gave Jacob for plunder, and Israel to the robbers? Was it not the LORD, He against whom we have sinned? aFor they would not walk in His ways, Nor were they obedient to His law.
25 Therefore He has poured on him the fury of His anger And the strength of battle; aIt has set him on fire all around, bYet he did not know; And it burned him, Yet he did not take it to cheart.

The Redeemer of Israel


1 But now, thus says the LORD, who created you, O Jacob, And He who formed you, O Israel: “Fear not, afor I have redeemed you; bI have called you by your name; You are Mine.
2 aWhen you pass through the waters, bI will be with you; And through the rivers, they shall not overflow you. When you cwalk through the fire, you shall not be burned, Nor shall the flame scorch you.
3 For I am the LORD your God, The Holy One of Israel, your Savior; aI gave Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba in your place.
4 Since you were precious in My sight, You have been honored, And I have aloved you;

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Therefore I will give men for you, And people for your life.
5 aFear not, for I am with you; I will bring your descendants from the east, And bgather you from the west;
6 I will say to the anorth, ‘Give them up!’ And to the south, ‘Do not keep them back!’ Bring My sons from afar, And My daughters from the ends of the earth—
7 Everyone who is acalled by My name, Whom bI have created for My glory; I have formed him, yes, I have made him.”

8 aBring out the blind people who have eyes, And the bdeaf who have ears.
9 Let all the nations be gathered together, And let the people be assembled. aWho among them can declare this, And show us former things? Let them bring out their witnesses, that they may be justified; Or let them hear and say, “It is truth.”
10 “Youa are My witnesses,” says the LORD, b“And My servant whom I have chosen, That you may know and cbelieve Me, And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me.
11 I, even I, aam the LORD, And besides Me there is no savior.
12 I have declared and saved, I have proclaimed, And there was no aforeign god among you; bTherefore you are My witnesses,” Says the LORD, “that I am God.
13 aIndeed before the day was, I am He; And there is no one who can deliver out of My hand; I work, and who will breverse it?”

14 Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, The Holy One of Israel: “For your sake I will send to Babylon, And bring them all down as fugitives— The Chaldeans, who rejoice in their ships.
15 I am the LORD, your Holy One,

5 aIs. 41:10;
44:2; Jer.
30:10; 46:27,
28 bIs. 54:7
6 aIs. 49:12
7 aIs. 63:19;
James 2:7 bPs.
100:3; Is.
29:23; [John
3:2, 3; 2 Cor.
5:17; Eph.
2:10] 8 aIs. 6:9;
42:19; Ezek.
12:2 bIs. 29:18
9 aIs. 41:21, 22,
10 aIs. 44:8 bIs.
55:4 cIs. 41:4;
11 aIs. 45:21;
Hos. 13:4
12 aDeut.
32:16; Ps. 81:9
bIs. 44:8
13 aPs. 90:2; Is.
48:16 bJob
9:12; Is. 14:27
15 aIs. 41:20,
16 aEx. 14:16,
21, 22; Ps.
77:19; Is.
51:10 bJosh.
17 aEx. 14:4–9,
18 aJer. 16:14
19 aIs. 42:9;
48:6; [2 Cor.
5:17; Rev.
21:5] bEx.
17:6; Num.
20:11; Deut.
8:15; Ps.
78:16; Is.
35:1, 6
20 aIs. 48:21
21 aPs. 102:18;
Is. 42:12;
[Luke 1:74,
75; Eph. 1:5, 6;
1 Pet. 2:9] bJer. 13:11
22 aMic. 6:3;
Mal. 1:13; 3:14
23 aAmos 5:25
24 aPs. 95:10;
Is. 1:14; 7:13;
Ezek. 6:9;
Mal. 2:17
25 aIs. 44:22;
Jer. 50:20;
[Acts 3:19] bEzek. 36:22
cIs. 1:18; Jer.
26 1justified
27 1interpreters

The Creator of Israel, your aKing.”

16 Thus says the LORD, who amakes a way in the sea And a bpath through the mighty waters,
17 Who abrings forth the chariot and horse, The army and the power (They shall lie down together, they shall not rise; They are extinguished, they are quenched like a wick):
18 “Doa not remember the former things, Nor consider the things of old.
19 Behold, I will do a anew thing, Now it shall spring forth; Shall you not know it? bI will even make a road in the wilderness And rivers in the desert.
20 The beast of the field will honor Me, The jackals and the ostriches, Because aI give waters in the wilderness And rivers in the desert, To give drink to My people, My chosen.
21 aThis people I have formed for Myself; They shall declare My bpraise.

Pleading with Unfaithful Israel

22 “But you have not called upon Me, O Jacob; And you ahave been weary of Me, O Israel.
23 aYou have not brought Me the sheep for your burnt offerings, Nor have you honored Me with your sacrifices. I have not caused you to serve with grain offerings, Nor wearied you with incense.
24 You have bought Me no sweet cane with money, Nor have you satisfied Me with the fat of your sacrifices; But you have burdened Me with your sins, You have awearied Me with your iniquities.

25 “I, even I, am He who ablots out your transgressions bfor My own sake; cAnd I will not remember your sins.
26 Put Me in remembrance; Let us contend together; State your case, that you may be 1acquitted.
27 Your first father sinned, And your 1mediators have transgressed against Me.
28 Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary;

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aI will give Jacob to the curse, And Israel to reproaches.

God’s Blessing on Israel


1 “Yet hear now, O Jacob My servant, And Israel whom I have chosen.
2 Thus says the LORD who made you And formed you from the womb, who will help you: ‘Fear not, O Jacob My servant; And you, Jeshurun, whom I have chosen.
3 For I will pour water on him who is thirsty, And floods on the dry ground; I will pour My Spirit on your descendants, And My blessing on your offspring;
4 They will spring up among the grass Like willows by the watercourses.’
5 One will say, ‘I am the LORD’s’; Another will call himself by the name of Jacob; Another will write with his hand, ‘The LORD’s,’ And name himself by the name of Israel.

There Is No Other God

6 “Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel, And his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: a‘I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God.
7 And awho can proclaim as I do? Then let him declare it and set it in order for Me, Since I appointed the ancient people. And the things that are coming and shall come, Let them show these to them.
8 Do not fear, nor be afraid; aHave I not told you from that time, and declared it? bYou are My witnesses. Is there a God besides Me? Indeed cthere is no other Rock; I know not one.’ ”

Idolatry Is Foolishness

9 aThose who make an image, all of them are useless, And their precious things shall not profit; They are their own witnesses; bThey neither see nor know, that they may be ashamed.
10 Who would form a god or mold an image aThat profits him nothing?
11 Surely all his companions would be aashamed;

28 aPs. 79:4;
Jer. 24:9; Dan.
9:11; Zech.

CHAPTER 44 References

6 aIs. 41:4;
[Rev. 1:8, 17;
22:13] 7 aIs. 41:4, 22,
8 aIs. 41:22 bIs.
43:10, 12
cDeut. 4:35;
32:39; 1 Sam.
2:2; 2 Sam.
22:32; Is. 45:5;
Joel 2:27
9 aIs. 41:24
bPs. 115:4
10 aIs. 41:29;
Jer. 10:5; Hab.
2:18; Acts
11 aPs. 97:7; Is.
1:29; 42:17
12 aIs. 40:19;
Jer. 10:3–5
14 1Lit. appropriates
18 aIs. 45:20
b[Ps. 81:12];
Is. 6:9, 10;
2 Thess. 2:11
cJer. 10:14
1Lit. smeared

ISAIAH 44:18

And the workmen, they are mere men. Let them all be gathered together, Let them stand up; Yet they shall fear, They shall be ashamed together.

12 aThe blacksmith with the tongs works one in the coals, Fashions it with hammers, And works it with the strength of his arms. Even so, he is hungry, and his strength fails; He drinks no water and is faint.

13 The craftsman stretches out his rule, He marks one out with chalk; He fashions it with a plane, He marks it out with the compass, And makes it like the figure of a man, According to the beauty of a man, that it may remain in the house.
14 He cuts down cedars for himself, And takes the cypress and the oak; He 1secures it for himself among the trees of the forest. He plants a pine, and the rain nourishes it.

15 Then it shall be for a man to burn, For he will take some of it and warm himself; Yes, he kindles it and bakes bread; Indeed he makes a god and worships it; He makes it a carved image, and falls down to it.
16 He burns half of it in the fire; With this half he eats meat; He roasts a roast, and is satisfied. He even warms himself and says, “Ah! I am warm, I have seen the fire.”
17 And the rest of it he makes into a god, His carved image. He falls down before it and worships it, Prays to it and says, “Deliver me, for you are my god!”

18 aThey do not know nor understand; For bHe has 1shut their eyes, so that they cannot see, And their hearts, so that they cannot cunderstand.

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ISAIAH 44:19

19 And no one aconsiders in his heart, Nor is there knowledge nor understanding to say, “I have burned half of it in the fire, Yes, I have also baked bread on its coals; I have roasted meat and eaten it; And shall I make the rest of it an abomination? Shall I fall down before a block of wood?”
20 He feeds on ashes; aA deceived heart has turned him aside; And he cannot deliver his soul, Nor say, “Is there not a blie in my right hand?”

Israel Is Not Forgotten

21 “Remember these, O Jacob, And Israel, for you are My servant; I have formed you, you are My servant; O Israel, you will not be aforgotten by Me!
22 aI have blotted out, like a thick cloud, your transgressions, And like a cloud, your sins. Return to Me, for bI have redeemed you.”

23 aSing, O heavens, for the LORD has done it! Shout, you lower parts of the earth; Break forth into singing, you mountains, O forest, and every tree in it! For the LORD has redeemed Jacob, And bglorified Himself in Israel.

Judah Will Be Restored

24 Thus says the LORD, ayour Redeemer, And bHe who formed you from the womb: “I am the LORD, who makes all things, cWho stretches out the heavens 1all alone, Who spreads abroad the earth by Myself;
25 Who afrustrates the signs bof the babblers, And drives diviners mad; Who turns wise men backward, cAnd makes their knowledge foolishness;
26 aWho confirms the word of His servant, And performs the counsel of His messengers; Who says to Jerusalem, ‘You shall be inhabited,’ To the cities of Judah, ‘You shall be built,’

19 aIs. 46:8
20 aJob 15:31;
Hos. 4:12;
Rom. 1:21, 22;
2 Thess. 2:11;
2 Tim. 3:13
bIs. 57:11;
59:3, 4, 13;
Rom. 1:25
21 aIs. 49:15
22 aIs. 43:25
bIs. 43:1;
1 Cor. 6:20;
[1 Pet. 1:18,
19] 23 aPs. 69:34;
Is. 42:10;
49:13; Jer.
51:48; Rev.
18:20 bIs. 49:3;
24 aIs. 43:14
bIs. 43:1 cJob
9:8 1By Himself
25 aIs. 47:13
bJer. 50:36
c2 Sam. 15:31;
Job 5:12–14;
Ps. 33:10; Is.
29:14; Jer.
51:57; 1 Cor.
1:20, 27
26 aZech. 1:6;
Matt. 5:18
27 aJer. 50:38;
28 a2 Chr.
36:22; Ezra
1:1; Is. 45:13
bEzra 6:7

And I will raise up her waste places;
27 aWho says to the deep, ‘Be dry! And I will dry up your rivers’;
28 Who says of aCyrus, ‘He is My shepherd, And he shall perform all My pleasure, Saying to Jerusalem, b“You shall be built,” And to the temple, “Your foundation shall be laid.” ’

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PSALM 119 vv. 1 – 32

Meditations on the Excellencies of the Word of God


1 BLESSED are the 1undefiled in the way, aWho walk in the law of the LORD!
2 Blessed are those who keep His testimonies, Who seek Him with the awhole heart!
3 aThey also do no iniquity; They walk in His ways.
4 You have commanded us To keep Your precepts diligently.
5 Oh, that my ways were directed To keep Your statutes!
6 aThen I would not be ashamed, When I look into all Your commandments.
7 I will praise You with uprightness of heart, When I learn Your righteous judgments.
8 I will keep Your statutes; Oh, do not forsake me utterly!


9 How can a young man cleanse his way? By taking heed according to Your word.
10 With my whole heart I have asought You; Oh, let me not wander from Your commandments!
11 aYour word I have hidden in my heart, That I might not sin against You.
12 Blessed are You, O LORD! Teach me Your statutes.
13 With my lips I have adeclared All the judgments of Your mouth.
14 I have rejoiced in the way of Your testimonies, As much as in all riches.
15 I will meditate on Your precepts, And 1contemplate Your ways.
16 I will adelight myself in Your statutes; I will not forget Your word.

PSALM 119 vv. 1 – 32 References

10 a2 Chr.
11 aPs. 37:31;
Luke 2:19
13 aPs. 34:11
15 1look into
16 aPs. 1:2
17 aPs. 116:7
19 aGen. 47:9;
Lev. 25:23;
1 Chr. 29:15;
Ps. 39:12;
Heb. 11:13
20 aPs. 42:1, 2;
63:1; 84:2 1is
22 aPs. 39:8
25 aPs. 44:25
bPs. 143:11
26 aPs. 25:4;
27:11; 86:11
27 aPs. 145:5, 6
28 aPs. 107:26
1Lit. drops
32 a1 Kin. 4:29;
Is. 60:5; 2 Cor.
6:11, 13


17 aDeal bountifully with Your servant, That I may live and keep Your word.
18 Open my eyes, that I may see Wondrous things from Your law.
19 aI am a stranger in the earth; Do not hide Your commandments from me.
20 aMy soul 1breaks with longing For Your judgments at all times.
21 You rebuke the proud—the cursed, Who stray from Your commandments.
22 aRemove from me reproach and contempt, For I have kept Your testimonies.
23 Princes also sit and speak against me, But Your servant meditates on Your statutes.
24 Your testimonies also are my delight And my counselors.


25 aMy soul clings to the dust; bRevive me according to Your word.
26 I have declared my ways, and You answered me; aTeach me Your statutes.
27 Make me understand the way of Your precepts; So ashall I meditate on Your wonderful works.
28 aMy soul 1melts from 2heaviness; Strengthen me according to Your word.
29 Remove from me the way of lying, And grant me Your law graciously.
30 I have chosen the way of truth; Your judgments I have laid before me.
31 I cling to Your testimonies; O LORD, do not put me to shame!
32 I will run the course of Your commandments, For You shall aenlarge my heart.




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