The Wisdom of Israel
(Category 9 of 16)
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Job, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Job, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.
Job explores the difficult question of God’s relationship to human suffering and invites us to trust God’s wisdom and character.
The book of
JOB is perhaps the earliest book of the Bible. Set in the period of the patriarchs
(Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph), it tells the story of a man who loses everything—
his wealth, his family, his health—and wrestles with the question,Why?
The book begins with a heavenly debate between God and Satan, moves
through three cycles of earthly debates between Job and his friends, and concludes
with a dramatic “divine diagnosis” of Job’s problem. In the end, Job
acknowledges the sovereignty of God in his life and receives back more than he
had before his trials.
Iyyōb is the Hebrew title for this book, and the name has two possible meanings.
If derived from the Hebrew word for “Persecution,” it means “Persecuted
One.” It is more likely that it comes from the Arabic word meaning “To Come
Back” or “Repent.” If so, it may be defined “Repentant One.” Both meanings apply
to the book. The Greek title is Iob, and the Latin title is Iob.
Job and His Family in Uz
1 THERE was a man ain the land of Uz, whose name was bJob; and that man was cblameless and upright, and one who dfeared God and 1shunned evil.
2 And seven sons and three daughters were born to him.
3 Also, his possessions were seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five hundred female donkeys, and a very large household, so that this man was the greatest of all the 1people of the East.
4 And his sons would go and feast in their houses, each on his appointed day, and would send and invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them.
5 So it was, when the days of feasting had run their course, that Job would send and 1sanctify them, and he would rise early in the morning aand offer burnt offerings according to the number of them all. For Job said, “It may be that my sons have sinned and bcursed2 God in their hearts.” Thus Job did regularly.
Satan Attacks Job’s Character
6 Now athere was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and 1Satan also came among them.
7 And the LORD said to 1Satan, “From where do you come?” So Satan answered the LORD and said, “From agoing to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.”
8 Then the LORD said to Satan, “Have you 1considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and 2shuns evil?”
9 So Satan answered the LORD
CHAPTER 1 References
1 a1 Chr. 1:17
5:11 cGen. 6:9;
3 1Lit. sons
5 aGen. 8:20;
[Job 42:8] b1 Kin. 21:10,
blessed, but in
an evil sense;
cf. Job 1:11;
6 aJob 2:1 1Lit.
7 a[1 Pet. 5:8] 1Lit. the Adversary
8 1Lit. set your
heart on 2Lit.
10 aJob 29:2–6;
Ps. 34:7; Is.
128:1, 2; Prov.
11 aJob 2:5;
19:21 bIs. 8:21;
Mal. 3:13, 14
1Lit. bless, but
in an evil
sense; cf. Job
12 1Lit. hand
13 a[Eccl. 9:12] 15 1Lit. Sheba;
cf. Job 6:19
2Lit. fell upon
18 aJob 1:4, 13
and said, “Does Job fear God for nothing?
10 a“Have You not 1made a hedge around him, around his household, and around all that he has on every side? bYou have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land.
11 a“But now, stretch out Your hand and touch all that he has, and he will surely bcurse1 You to Your face!”
12 And the LORD said to Satan, “Behold, all that he has is in your 1power; only do not lay a hand on his person.” So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD.
Job Loses His Property and Children
13 Now there was a day awhen his sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house;
14 and a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys feeding beside them,
15 “when the 1Sabeans 2raided them and took them away—indeed they have killed the servants with the edge of the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell you!”
16 While he was still speaking, another also came and said, “The fire of God fell from heaven and burned up the sheep and the servants, and 1consumed them; and I alone have escaped to tell you!”
17 While he was still speaking, another also came and said, “The Chaldeans formed three bands, raided the camels and took them away, yes, and killed the servants with the edge of the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell you!”
18 While he was still speaking, another also came and said, a“Your sons and daughters were eating and
drinking wine in their oldest brother’s house,
19 “and suddenly a great wind came from 1across the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people, and they are dead; and I alone have escaped to tell you!”
20 Then Job arose, atore his robe, and shaved his head; and he bfell to the ground and worshiped.
21 And he said:
a“Naked I came from my mother’s womb, And naked shall I return there. The LORD bgave, and the LORD has ctaken away; dBlessed be the name of the LORD.”
22 aIn all this Job did not sin nor charge God with wrong.
Satan Attacks Job’s Health
1 Again athere was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
2 And the LORD said to Satan, “From where do you come?” aSatan answered the LORD and said, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.”
3 Then the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, aa blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil? And still he bholds fast to his integrity, although you incited Me against him, cto 1destroy him without cause.”
4 So Satan answered the LORD and said, “Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life.
5 a“But stretch out Your hand now, and touch his bbone and his flesh, and he will surely 1curse You to Your face!”
6 aAnd the LORD said to Satan, “Behold, he is in your hand, but spare his life.”
7 So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD, and struck Job with painful boils afrom the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.
8 And he took for himself a potsherd with which to scrape himself awhile he sat in the midst of the ashes.
9 Then his wife said to him, “Do you still hold fast to your integrity? 1Curse God and die!”
10 But he said to her, “You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. aShall we indeed accept good from God, and shall we not accept adversity?” bIn all this Job did not csin with his lips.
19 1LXX omits
20 aGen. 37:29,
34; Josh. 7:6;
b[1 Pet. 5:6] 21 a[Ps. 49:17;
1 Tim. 6:7
[James 1:17] cGen. 31:16;
[1 Sam. 2:6] dEph. 5:20;
[1 Thess. 5:18] 22 aJob 2:10
CHAPTER 2 References
1 aJob 1:6–8
2 aJob 1:7
3 aJob 1:1, 8
bJob 27:5, 6
cJob 9:17 1Lit.
5 aJob 1:11
1Lit. bless, but
in an evil
sense; cf. Job
6 aJob 1:12
7 aIs. 1:6
8 aJob 42:6;
Jon. 3:6; Matt.
9 1Lit. Bless,
but in an evil
sense; cf. Job
10 aJob 1:21,
22; [Heb. 12:6;
11] bJob 1:22;
[James 1:12] cPs. 39:1
11 aGen. 36:11;
1 Chr. 1:36;
Job 6:19; Jer.
49:7; Obad. 9
1 Chr. 1:32
12 aJosh. 7:6;
13 aGen. 50:10;
CHAPTER 3 References
2 1Lit. answered
3 aJob 10:18,
5 aJob 10:21,
22; Jer. 13:16;
6 1LXX, Syr.,
8 aJer. 9:17
9 1eyelids of
11 aJob 10:18,
12 aGen. 30:3
Job’s Three Friends
11 Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, each one came from his own place—Eliphaz the aTemanite, Bildad the bShuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite. For they had made an appointment together to come cand mourn with him, and to comfort him.
12 And when they raised their eyes from afar, and did not recognize him, they lifted their voices and wept; and each one tore his robe and asprinkled dust on his head toward heaven.
13 So they sat down with him on the ground aseven days and seven nights, and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his grief was very great.
Job Deplores His Birth
1 After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.
2 And Job 1spoke, and said:
3 “Maya the day perish on which I was born, And the night in which it was said, ‘A male child is conceived.’
4 May that day be darkness; May God above not seek it, Nor the light shine upon it.
5 May darkness and athe shadow of death claim it; May a cloud settle on it; May the blackness of the day terrify it.
6 As for that night, may darkness seize it; May it not 1rejoice among the days of the year, May it not come into the number of the months.
7 Oh, may that night be barren! May no joyful shout come into it!
8 May those curse it who curse the day, Those awho are ready to arouse .
9 May the stars of its morning be dark; May it look for light, but have none, And not see the 1dawning of the day;
10 Because it did not shut up the doors of my mother’s womb, Nor hide sorrow from my eyes.
11 “Whya did I not die at birth? Why did I not 1perish when I came from the womb?
12 aWhy did the knees receive me? Or why the breasts, that I should nurse?
13 For now I would have lain still and been quiet, I would have been asleep; Then I would have been at rest
14 With kings and counselors of the earth, Who abuilt ruins for themselves,
15 Or with princes who had gold, Who filled their houses with silver;
16 Or why was I not hidden alike a stillborn child, Like infants who never saw light?
17 There the wicked cease from troubling, And there the 1weary are at arest.
18 There the prisoners 1rest together; aThey do not hear the voice of the oppressor.
19 The small and great are there, And the servant is free from his master.
20 “Whya is light given to him who is in misery, And life to the bbitter of soul,
21 Who along1 for death, but it does not come, And search for it more than bhidden treasures;
22 Who rejoice exceedingly, And are glad when they can find the agrave?
23 Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, aAnd whom God has hedged in?
24 For my sighing comes before 1I eat, And my groanings pour out like water.
25 For the thing I greatly afeared has come upon me, And what I dreaded has happened to me.
26 I am not at ease, nor am I quiet; I have no rest, for trouble comes.”
14 aJob 15:28;
16 aPs. 58:8
17 aJob 17:16
1Lit. weary of
18 aJob 39:7
1are at ease
20 aJer. 20:18
b2 Kin. 4:27
21 aRev. 9:6
bProv. 2:4 1Lit.
22 aJob 7:15,
23 aJob 19:8;
Ps. 88:8; Lam.
24 1Lit. my
25 a[Job 9:28;
Praise to God in Creation and Redemption
PRAISE the LORD!
1 Praise the name of the LORD; aPraise Him, O you servants of the LORD!
2 aYou who stand in the house of the LORD, In bthe courts of the house of our God,
3 Praise the LORD, for athe LORD is good; Sing praises to His name, bfor it is pleasant.
4 For athe LORD has chosen Jacob for Himself, Israel for His 1special treasure.
5 For I know that athe LORD is great, And our Lord is above all gods.
6 aWhatever the LORD pleases He does, In heaven and in earth, In the seas and in all deep places.
7 aHe causes the 1vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; bHe makes lightning for the rain; He brings the wind out of His ctreasuries.
8 aHe 1destroyed the firstborn of Egypt, 2Both of man and beast.
9 aHe sent signs and wonders into the midst of you, O Egypt, bUpon Pharaoh and all his servants.
10 aHe defeated many nations And slew mighty kings
PSALM 135 References
1 aPs. 113:1
2 aLuke 2:37
3 a[Ps. 119:68] bPs. 147:1
4 a[Ex. 19:5];
Mal. 3:17; [Titus
2:14; 1 Pet.
5 aPs. 95:3;
6 aPs. 115:3
7 aJer. 10:13
bJob 28:25, 26;
8 aEx. 12:12;
Ps. 78:51 1Lit.
man to beast
9 aEx. 7:10;
Deut. 6:22; Ps.
12 aPs. 78:55;
136:21, 22 1inheritance
13 a[Ex. 3:15;
Ps. 102:12] 14 aDeut. 32:36
115:4–8] 19 a[Ps. 115:9] 21 aPs. 134:3
11 Sihon king of the Amorites, Og king of Bashan, And aall the kingdoms of
12 aAnd gave their land as a 1heritage, A heritage to Israel His people.
13 aYour name, O LORD, endures forever, Your fame, O LORD, throughout all generations.
14 aFor the LORD will judge His people, And He will have compassion on His servants.
15 aThe idols of the nations are silver and gold, The work of men’s hands.
16 They have mouths, but they do not speak; Eyes they have, but they do not see;
17 They have ears, but they do not hear; Nor is there any breath in their mouths.
18 Those who make them are like them; So is everyone who trusts in them.
19 aBless the LORD, O house of Israel! Bless the LORD, O house of Aaron!
20 Bless the LORD, O house of Levi! You who fear the LORD, bless the LORD!
21 Blessed be the LORD aout of Zion, Who dwells in Jerusalem!
Praise the LORD!
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
Want to share your testimony or comment ?
Thanking you in advance to help share the Word Of GOD on: