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The Wisdom of Israel

(Category 9 of 16)

page 461

Job’s Summary Defense


1 Job further continued his discourse, and said:

2 “Oh, that I were as in months apast, As in the days when God bwatched over me;
3 aWhen His lamp shone upon my head, And when by His light I walked through darkness;
4 Just as I was in the days of my prime, When athe friendly counsel of God was over my tent;
5 When the Almighty was yet with me, When my children were around me;
6 When amy steps were bathed with 1cream, And bthe rock poured out rivers of oil for me!

7 “When I went out to the gate by the city,

CHAPTER 29 References

2 aJob 1:1–5
bJob 1:10
3 aJob 18:6
4 aJob 15:8;
[Ps. 25:14;
Prov. 3:32] 6 aGen. 49:11;
Deut. 32:14;
Job 20:17
bDeut. 32:13;
Ps. 81:16 1So
with ancient
vss. and a few
Heb. mss. (cf.
Job 20:17);
MT wrath
9 aJob 21:5
10 aPs. 137:6
12 aJob
31:16–23; [Ps.
72:12; Prov.
21:13; 24:11] 14 aDeut.
24:13; Job
27:5, 6; Ps.
132:9; [Is.
59:17; 61:10;
Eph. 6:14] 15 aNum. 10:31
16 aProv. 29:7
17 aPs. 58:6;
Prov. 30:14
18 aPs. 30:6
19 aJob 18:16
bPs. 1:3; [Jer.
17:7, 8] 20 aGen. 49:24;
Ps. 18:34
23 a[Zech.

JOB 29:25

When I took my seat in the open square,
8 The young men saw me and hid, And the aged arose and stood;
9 The princes refrained from talking, And aput their hand on their mouth;
10 The voice of nobles was hushed, And their atongue stuck to the roof of their mouth.
11 When the ear heard, then it blessed me, And when the eye saw, then it approved me;
12 Because aI delivered the poor who cried out, The fatherless and the one who had no helper.
13 The blessing of a perishing man came upon me, And I caused the widow’s heart to sing for joy.
14 aI put on righteousness, and it clothed me; My justice was like a robe and a turban.
15 I was aeyes to the blind, And I was feet to the lame.
16 I was a father to the poor, And aI searched out the case that I did not know.
17 I broke athe fangs of the wicked, And plucked the victim from his teeth.

18 “Then I said, a‘I shall die in my nest, And multiply my days as the sand.
19 aMy root is spread out bto the waters, And the dew lies all night on my branch.
20 My glory is fresh within me, And my abow is renewed in my hand.’

21 “Men listened to me and waited, And kept silence for my counsel.
22 After my words they did not speak again, And my speech settled on them as dew.
23 They waited for me as for the rain, And they opened their mouth wide as for athe spring rain.
24 If I mocked at them, they did not believe it, And the light of my countenance they did not cast down.
25 I chose the way for them, and sat as chief; So I dwelt as a king in the army, As one who comforts mourners.

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JOB 30:1


1 “But now they mock at me, men 1younger than I, Whose fathers I disdained to put with the dogs of my flock.
2 Indeed, what profit is the strength of their hands to me? Their vigor has perished.
3 They are gaunt from want and famine, Fleeing late to the wilderness, desolate and waste,
4 Who pluck 1mallow by the bushes, And broom tree roots for their food.
5 They were driven out from among men, They shouted at them as at a thief.
6 They had to live in the clefts of the 1valleys, In 2caves of the earth and the rocks.
7 Among the bushes they brayed, Under the nettles they nestled.
8 They were sons of fools, Yes, sons of vile men; They were scourged from the land.

9 “Anda now I am their taunting song; Yes, I am their byword.
10 They abhor me, they keep far from me; They do not hesitate ato spit in my face.
11 Because aHe has loosed 1my bowstring and afflicted me, They have cast off restraint before me.
12 At my right hand the rabble arises; They push away my feet, And athey raise against me their ways of destruction.
13 They break up my path, They promote my calamity; They have no helper.
14 They come as broad breakers; Under the ruinous storm they roll along.
15 Terrors are turned upon me; They pursue my honor as the wind, And my prosperity has passed like a cloud.

16 “Anda now my soul is bpoured out because of my plight; The days of affliction take hold of me.
17 My bones are pierced in me at night, And my gnawing pains take no rest.
18 By great force my garment is disfigured; It binds me about as the collar of my coat.
19 He has cast me into the mire,

CHAPTER 30 References

1 1Lit. of fewer
4 1A plant of
the salty
6 1wadis 2Lit.
9 aJob 17:6;
Ps. 69:12;
Lam. 3:14, 63
10 aNum.
12:14; Deut.
25:9; Job 17:6;
Is. 50:6; Matt.
26:67; 27:30
11 aJob 12:18
1So with MT,
Syr., Tg.;
LXX,Vg. His
12 aJob 19:12
16 aPs. 42:4
bPs. 22:14; Is.
20 aJob 19:7
21 aJob 10:3;
16:9, 14; 19:6,
23 a[Heb. 9:27] 25 aPs. 35:13,
14; Rom.
26 aJob 3:25,
26; Jer. 8:15
27 1I seethe inside
28 aJob 30:31;
Ps. 38:6; 42:9;
29 aPs. 44:19;
102:6; Mic. 1:8
30 aPs. 119:83;
Lam. 4:8; 5:10
bPs. 102:3

CHAPTER 31 References

1 a[Matt. 5:28] 1look intently
or gaze
2 aJob 20:29
4 a[2 Chr.
16:9]; Job
24:23; 28:24;
34:21; 36:7;
[Prov. 5:21;
15:3; Jer.
32:19] 6 aJob 23:10;
27:5, 6 1Lit.
Let Him
weigh me
7 aNum. 15:39;
[Eccl. 11:9];
Ezek. 6:9;
[Matt. 5:29]

And I have become like dust and ashes.

20 “I acry out to You, but You do not answer me; I stand up, and You regard me.
21 But You have become cruel to me; With the strength of Your hand You aoppose me.
22 You lift me up to the wind and cause me to ride on it; You spoil my success.
23 For I know that You will bring me to death, And to the house aappointed for all living.

24 “Surely He would not stretch out His hand against a heap of ruins, If they cry out when He destroys it.
25 aHave I not wept for him who was in trouble? Has not my soul grieved for the poor?
26 aBut when I looked for good, evil came to me; And when I waited for light, then came darkness.
27 1My heart is in turmoil and cannot rest; Days of affliction confront me.
28 aI go about mourning, but not in the sun; I stand up in the assembly and cry out for help.
29 aI am a brother of jackals, And a companion of ostriches .
30 aMy skin grows black and falls from me; bMy bones burn with fever.
31 My harp is turned to mourning, And my flute to the voice of those who weep.


1 “I have made a covenant with my eyes; Why then should I 1look upon a ayoung woman?
2 For what is the aallotment of God from above, And the inheritance of the Almighty from on high?
3 Is it not destruction for the wicked, And disaster for the workers of iniquity?
4 aDoes He not see my ways, And count all my steps?

5 “If I have walked with falsehood, Or if my foot has hastened to deceit,
6 1Let me be weighed on honest scales, That God may know my aintegrity.
7 If my step has turned from the way, Or amy heart walked after my eyes,

page 463

Or if any spot adheres to my hands,
8 Then alet me sow, and another eat; Yes, let my harvest be 1rooted out.

9 “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, Or if I have lurked at my neighbor’s door,
10 Then let my wife grind for aanother, And let others bow down over her.
11 For that would be wickedness; Yes, ait would be iniquity deserving of judgment.
12 For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction, And would root out all my increase.

13 “If I have adespised the cause of my male or female servant When they complained against me,
14 What then shall I do when aGod rises up? When He punishes, how shall I answer Him?
15 aDid not He who made me in the womb make them? Did not the same One fashion us in the womb?

16 “If I have kept the poor from their desire, Or caused the eyes of the widow to afail,
17 Or eaten my morsel by myself, So that the fatherless could not eat of it
18 (But from my youth I reared him as a father, And from my mother’s womb I guided 1the widow);
19 If I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing, Or any poor man without covering;
20 If his 1heart has not ablessed me, And if he was not warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
21 If I have raised my hand aagainst the fatherless, When I saw I had help in the gate;
22 Then let my arm fall from my shoulder, Let my arm be torn from the socket.
23 For adestruction from God is a terror to me, And because of His magnificence I cannot endure .

24 “Ifa I have made gold my hope, Or said to fine gold, ‘You are my confidence’;
25 aIf I have rejoiced because my wealth was great,

8 aLev. 26:16;
Deut. 28:30,
38; Job 20:18;
Mic. 6:15 1uprooted
10 aDeut.
28:30; 2 Sam.
12:11; Jer.
11 aGen. 38:24;
[Lev. 20:10;
Deut. 22:22];
Job 31:28
13 a[Deut.
24:14, 15] 14 a[Ps. 44:21] 15 aJob 34:19;
Prov. 14:31;
22:2; [Mal.
2:10] 16 aJob 29:12
18 1Lit. her
20 a[Deut.
24:13] 1Lit.
21 aJob 22:9
23 aIs. 13:6
24 a[Matt. 6:19,
20; Mark
10:23–25] 25 aJob 1:3, 10;
Ps. 62:10
26 a[Deut.
4:19; 17:3];
Ezek. 8:16
1Lit. light
29 a[Prov. 17:5;
24:17]; Obad.
30 a[Matt.
5:44] 1Or life
32 aGen. 19:2,
3 1So with
LXX, Syr.,
Tg.,Vg.; MT
33 aGen. 3:10;
[Prov. 28:13] 1Or as men do
34 aEx. 23:2
35 aJob 19:7;
30:20, 24, 28
bJob 13:22, 24;
33:10 1Lit. Accuser
39 aJob 24:6,
10–12; [James
5:4] b1 Kin.
21:19 1Lit.
40 aGen. 3:18

And because my hand had gained much;
26 aIf I have observed the 1sun when it shines, Or the moon moving in brightness,
27 So that my heart has been secretly enticed , And my mouth has kissed my hand;
28 This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, For I would have denied God who is above.

29 “Ifa I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, Or lifted myself up when evil found him
30 a(Indeed I have not allowed my mouth to sin By asking for a curse on his 1soul);
31 If the men of my tent have not said, ‘Who is there that has not been satisfied with his meat?’
32 a(But no sojourner had to lodge in the street, For I have opened my doors to the 1traveler);
33 If I have covered my transgressions aas1 Adam, By hiding my iniquity in my bosom,
34 Because I feared the great amultitude, And dreaded the contempt of families, So that I kept silence And did not go out of the door—
35 aOh, that I had one to hear me! Here is my mark. Oh, bthat the Almighty would answer me, That my 1Prosecutor had written a book!
36 Surely I would carry it on my shoulder, And bind it on me like a crown;
37 I would declare to Him the number of my steps; Like a prince I would approach Him.

38 “If my land cries out against me, And its furrows weep together;
39 If aI have eaten its 1fruit without money, Or bcaused its owners to lose their lives;
40 Then let athistles grow instead of wheat, And weeds instead of barley.”

The words of Job are ended.

page 550


A Plea for Relief from Persecutors

A aContemplation1 of David. A Prayer bwhen he was in the cave.

1 I CRY out to the LORD with my voice; With my voice to the LORD I make my supplication.
2 I pour out my complaint before Him; I declare before Him my trouble.

3 When my spirit 1was aoverwhelmed within me, Then You knew my path. In the way in which I walk They have secretly bset a snare for me.

PSALM 142 References

title aPs. 32:
title b1 Sam.
22:1; Ps. 57:
title 1Heb.
3 aPs. 77:3 bPs.
141:9 1Lit.
6 1Give heed
7 aPs. 34:1, 2

4 Look on my right hand and see, For there is no one who acknowledges me; Refuge has failed me; No one cares for my soul.

5 I cried out to You, O LORD: I said, “You are my refuge, My portion in the land of the living.
6 1Attend to my cry, For I am brought very low; Deliver me from my persecutors, For they are stronger than I.
7 Bring my soul out of prison, That I may apraise Your name; The righteous shall surround me, For You shall deal bountifully with me.”




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