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The Prophets of The Exile

(Category 10 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Jeremiah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Jeremiah, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how they work within the Bible’s overall framework.

Jeremiah announces that God will judge Israel’s sins with an exile to Babylon. And then, he lives through the horror of his predictions.

Explore Jeremiah



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The book of


THE Book of Jeremiah is the prophecy of a man divinely called in his youth from
the priest-city of Anathoth. A heartbroken prophet with a heartbreaking message,
Jeremiah labors for more than forty years proclaiming a message of doom to
the stiff-necked people of Judah. Despised and persecuted by his countrymen,
Jeremiah bathes his harsh prophecies in tears of compassion. His broken heart
causes him to write a broken book, which is difficult to arrange chronologically or
topically. But through his sermons and signs he faithfully declares that surrender
to God’s will is the only way to escape calamity.
Yirmeyahu or Yirmeyah literally means “Yahweh Throws,” perhaps in the sense
of laying a foundation. It may effectively mean “Yahweh Establishes, Appoints, or
Sends.” The Greek form of the Hebrew name in the Septuagint is Hieremias, and
the Latin form is Jeremias.


1 THE words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were ain Anathoth in the land of Benjamin,
2 to whom the word of the LORD came in the days of aJosiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, bin the thirteenth year of his reign.
3 It came also in the days of aJehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, buntil the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah, king of Judah, cuntil the carrying away of Jerusalem captive din the fifth month.

The Prophet Is Called

4 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying:

5 “Before I aformed you in the womb bI knew you; Before you were born I csanctified1 you; I 2ordained you a prophet to the nations.”

6 Then said I:

a“Ah, Lord GOD! Behold, I cannot speak, for I am a youth.”

7 But the LORD said to me:

“Do not say, ‘I am a youth,’ For you shall go to all to whom I send you, And awhatever I command you, you shall speak.
8 aDo not be afraid of their faces, For bI am with you to deliver you,” says the LORD.

9 Then the LORD put forth His hand and atouched my mouth, and the LORD said to me:

“Behold, I have bput My words in your mouth.
10 aSee, I have this day set you over the nations and over the kingdoms,

CHAPTER 1 References

1 aJosh. 21:18
2 a2 Kin. 21:24
bJer. 25:3
3 a2 Kin. 23:34
bJer. 39:2 cJer.
52:12 d2 Kin.
5 aIs. 49:1, 5
bEx. 33:12
c[Luke 1:15] 1set you apart
6 aEx. 4:10;
6:12, 30
7 aNum. 22:20,
8 aEzek. 2:6;
3:9 bEx. 3:12
9 aIs. 6:7 bIs.
10 a1 Kin.
19:17 b[2 Cor.
10:4, 5] 11 1Lit. rod
12 1Lit. watching
13 aEzek. 11:3;
14 aJer. 6:1
15 aJer. 6:22;
25:9 bJer. 39:3
16 aDeut.
28:20 bJer. 7:9
cIs. 37:19
17 aJob 38:3
bEzek. 2:6
18 aIs. 50:7

To broot out and to pull down, To destroy and to throw down, To build and to plant.”

11 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying, “Jeremiah,what do you see?” And I said, “I see a 1branch of an almond tree.”
12 Then the LORD said to me, “You have seen well, for I am 1ready to perform My word.”
13 And the word of the LORD came to me the second time, saying, “What do you see?” And I said, “I see aa boiling pot, and it is facing away from the north.”
14 Then the LORD said to me:

“Out of the anorth calamity shall break forth On all the inhabitants of the land.
15 For behold, I am acalling All the families of the kingdoms of the north,” says the LORD; “They shall come and beach one set his throne At the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, Against all its walls all around, And against all the cities of Judah.
16 I will utter My judgments Against them concerning all their wickedness, Because athey have forsaken Me, Burned bincense to other gods, And worshiped the works of their own chands.

17 “Therefore aprepare yourself and arise, And speak to them all that I command you. bDo not be dismayed before their faces, Lest I dismay you before them.
18 For behold, I have made you this day aA fortified city and an iron pillar,

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And bronze walls against the whole land— Against the kings of Judah, Against its princes, Against its priests, And against the people of the land.
19 They will fight against you, But they shall not prevail against you. For I am with you,” says the LORD, “to deliver you.”

God’s Case Against Israel


1 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
2 “Go and cry in the hearing of Jerusalem, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD:

“I remember you, The kindness of your ayouth, The love of your betrothal, bWhen you 1went after Me in the wilderness, In a land not sown.
3 aIsrael was holiness to the LORD, bThe firstfruits of His increase. cAll that devour him will offend; Disaster will dcome upon them,” says the LORD.’ ”

4 Hear the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob and all the families of the house of Israel.
5 Thus says the LORD:

a“What injustice have your fathers found in Me, That they have gone far from Me, bHave followed 1idols, And have become idolaters?
6 Neither did they say, ‘Where is the LORD, Who abrought us up out of the land of Egypt, Who led us through bthe wilderness, Through a land of deserts and pits, Through a land of drought and the shadow of death, Through a land that no one crossed And where no one dwelt?’
7 I brought you into aa bountiful country, To eat its fruit and its goodness. But when you entered, you bdefiled My land And made My heritage an abomination.
8 The priests did not say, ‘Where is the LORD?’ And those who handle the alaw did not know Me; The rulers also transgressed against Me; bThe prophets prophesied by Baal,

CHAPTER 2 References

2 aEzek. 16:8;
Hos. 2:15
bDeut. 2:7;
Jer. 2:6 1followed
3 a[Ex. 19:5, 6;
Deut. 7:6;
14:2] bJames
1:18; Rev. 14:4
cJer. 12:14
dGen. 12:3; Is.
41:11; Jer.
30:15, 16; 50:7
5 aIs. 5:4; Mic.
6:3 b2 Kin.
17:15; Jer.
8:19; [Jon.
2:8]; Rom.
1:21 1vanities
or futilities
6 aEx. 20:2; Is.
63:11 bDeut.
8:15; 32:10
7 aNum. 13:27
bNum. 35:33;
Is. 24:5; Hos.
8 aRom. 2:20
bJer. 23:13
9 aJer. 2:35;
Ezek. 20:35,
36; Mic. 6:2
1contend with
10 aJer. 18:13
1Heb. Kittim,
western cultures
northern Arabian
of eastern cultures
11 aMic. 4:5
bPs. 115:4; Is.
37:19 cPs.
106:20; Rom.
13 aPs. 36:9;
Jer. 17:13;
[John 4:14] 14 a[Ex. 4:22] 15 aIs. 1:7; Jer.
16 a2 Kin.
23:29–37; Jer.
43:7–9 1Memphis
ancient Egypt
2Or grazed
17 aJer. 4:18
bDeut. 32:10
18 aIs. 30:1–3
bJosh. 13:3
cHos. 5:13
1The Euphrates
19 aIs. 3:9; Jer.
4:18; Hos. 5:5
20 aLev. 26:13
bEx. 19:8;
Josh. 24:18;
Judg. 10:16;
1 Sam. 12:10
1Kt. serve

And walked after things that do not profit.

9 “Therefore aI will yet 1bring charges against you,” says the LORD, “And against your children’s children I will bring charges.
10 For pass beyond the coasts of 1Cyprus and see, Send to 2Kedar and consider diligently, And see if there has been such a athing.
11 aHas a nation changed its gods, Which are bnot gods? cBut My people have changed their Glory For what does not profit.
12 Be astonished, O heavens, at this, And be horribly afraid; Be very desolate,” says the LORD.
13 “For My people have committed two evils: They have forsaken Me, the afountain of living waters, And hewn themselves cisterns—broken cisterns that can hold no water.

14 “Is Israel aa servant? Is he a homeborn slave? Why is he plundered?
15 aThe young lions roared at him, and growled; They made his land waste; His cities are burned, without inhabitant.
16 Also the people of 1Noph and aTahpanhes Have 2broken the crown of your head.
17 aHave you not brought this on yourself, In that you have forsaken the LORD your God When bHe led you in the way?
18 And now why take athe road to Egypt, To drink the waters of bSihor? Or why take the road to cAssyria, To drink the waters of 1the River?
19 Your own wickedness will acorrect you, And your backslidings will rebuke you. Know therefore and see that it is an evil and bitter thing That you have forsaken the LORD your God, And the 1fear of Me is not in you,” Says the Lord GOD of hosts.

20 “For of old I have abroken your yoke and burst your bonds; And byou said, ‘I will not 1transgress,’

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When con every high hill and under every green tree You lay down, dplaying the harlot.
21 Yet I had aplanted you a noble vine, a seed of highest quality. How then have you turned before Me Into bthe degenerate plant of an alien vine?
22 For though you wash yourself with lye, and use much soap, Yet your iniquity is amarked1 before Me,” says the Lord GOD.

23 “Howa can you say, ‘I am not 1polluted, I have not gone after the Baals’? See your way in the valley; Know what you have done: You are a swift dromedary breaking loose in her ways,
24 A wild donkey used to the wilderness, That sniffs at the wind in her desire; In her time of mating , who can turn her away? All those who seek her will not weary themselves; In her month they will find her.
25 Withhold your foot from being unshod, and your throat from thirst. But you said, a‘There is no hope. No! For I have loved baliens, and after them I will go.’

26 “As the thief is ashamed when he is found out, So is the house of Israel ashamed; They and their kings and their princes, and their priests and their aprophets,
27 Saying to a tree, ‘You are my father,’ And to a astone, ‘You gave birth to me.’ For they have turned their back to Me, and not their face. But in the time of their btrouble They will say, ‘Arise and save us.’
28 But awhere are your gods that you have made for yourselves? Let them arise, If they bcan save you in the time of your 1trouble; For caccording to the number of your cities Are your gods, O Judah.

29 “Why will you plead with Me? You all have transgressed against Me,” says the LORD.
30 “In vain I have achastened your children;

20 cDeut. 12:2;
Is. 57:5, 7; Jer.
3:6 dEx. 34:15
21 aEx. 15:17;
Ps. 44:2; 80:8;
Is. 5:2 bDeut.
32:32; Is. 5:4
22 aJob 14:16,
17; Jer. 17:1,
2; Hos. 13:12
23 aProv. 30:12
25 aIs. 57:10;
Jer. 18:12 bJer.
26 aIs. 28:7;
Jer. 5:31
27 aJer. 3:9
bJudg. 10:10;
Is. 26:16; Hos.
28 aDeut.
32:37; Judg.
10:14 bIs.
45:20 c2 Kin.
17:30, 31; Jer.
11:13 1Or evil
30 aIs. 9:13 bIs.
1:5; Jer. 5:3;
7:28 cNeh.
9:26; Jer.
26:20–24; Acts
7:52; 1 Thess.
31 aDeut.
32:15; Jer.
2:20, 25 1have
32 aPs. 106:21;
Is. 17:10; Jer.
3:21; 13:25;
Hos. 8:14
34 a2 Kin.
21:16; 24:4;
Ps. 106:38;
Jer. 7:6; 19:4
35 aJer. 2:23,
29; Mal. 2:17;
3:8 bJer. 2:9
c[Prov. 28:13;
1 John 1:8, 10] 36 aJer. 31:22;
Hos. 5:13; 12:1
bIs. 30:3
c2 Chr. 28:16
37 a2 Sam.
13:19; Jer.
14:3, 4 bJer.

CHAPTER 3 References

1 aDeut.
24:1–4 bJer.
2:7 cJer. 2:20;
Ezek. 16:26
dJer. 4:1;
[Zech. 1:3] 2 aDeut. 12:2;
Jer. 2:20; 3:21;
7:29 bProv.
23:28 1Kt.
been violated


They breceived no correction. Your sword has cdevoured your prophets Like a destroying lion.

31 “O generation, see the word of the LORD! Have I been a wilderness to Israel, Or a land of darkness? Why do My people say, ‘We 1are lords; aWe will come no more to You’?
32 Can a virgin forget her ornaments, Or a bride her attire? Yet My people ahave forgotten Me days without number.

33 “Why do you beautify your way to seek love? Therefore you have also taught The wicked women your ways.
34 Also on your skirts is found aThe blood of the lives of the poor innocents. I have not found it by 1secret search, But plainly on all these things.
35 aYet you say, ‘Because I am innocent, Surely His anger shall turn from me.’ Behold, bI will plead My case against you, cBecause you say, ‘I have not sinned.’
36 aWhy do you gad about so much to change your way? Also byou shall be ashamed of Egypt cas you were ashamed of Assyria.
37 Indeed you will go forth from him With your hands on ayour head; For the LORD has rejected your trusted allies, And you will bnot prosper by them.

Israel Is Shameless


1 “They say, ‘If a man divorces his wife, And she goes from him And becomes another man’s, aMay he return to her again?’ Would not that bland be greatly polluted? But you have cplayed the harlot with many lovers; dYet return to Me,” says the LORD.

2 “Lift up your eyes to athe desolate heights and see: Where have you not 1lain with men? bBy the road you have sat for them Like an Arabian in the wilderness;

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cAnd you have polluted the land With your harlotries and your wickedness.
3 Therefore the ashowers have been withheld, And there has been no latter rain. You have had a bharlot’s forehead; You refuse to be ashamed.
4 Will you not from this time cry to Me, ‘My Father,You are athe guide of bmy youth?
5 aWill He remain angry forever? Will He keep it to the end?’ Behold, you have spoken and done evil things, As you were able.”

A Call to Repentance

6 The LORD said also to me in the days of Josiah the king: “Have you seen what abacksliding Israel has done? She has bgone up on every high mountain and under every green tree, and there played the harlot.
7 a“And I said, after she had done all these things, ‘Return to Me.’ But she did not return. And her treacherous bsister Judah saw it.
8 “Then I saw that afor all the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had bput her away and given her a certificate of divorce; cyet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear, but went and played the harlot also.
9 “So it came to pass, through her casual harlotry, that she adefiled the land and committed adultery with bstones and trees.
10 “And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah has not turned to Me awith her whole heart, but in pretense,” says the LORD.
11 Then the LORD said to me, a“Backsliding Israel has shown herself more righteous than treacherous Judah.
12 “Go and proclaim these words toward athe north, and say:

‘Return, backsliding Israel,’ says the LORD; ‘I will not cause My anger to fall on you. For I am bmerciful,’ says the LORD; ‘I will not remain angry forever.
13 aOnly acknowledge your iniquity, That you have transgressed against the LORD your God, And have bscattered your 1charms To calien deities dunder every green tree, And you have not obeyed My voice,’ says the LORD.

14 “Return, O backsliding children,” says the LORD; a“for I am mar

2 cJer. 2:7
3 aLev. 26:19;
Jer. 14:3–6
bZeph. 3:5
4 aPs. 71:17;
Prov. 2:17
bJer. 2:2; Hos.
5 aPs. 103:9;
[Is. 57:16]; Jer.
6 aJer. 7:24
bJer. 2:20
7 a2 Kin. 17:13
bJer. 3:11;
Ezek. 16:47,
8 aEzek. 23:9
b2 Kin. 17:6;
Is. 50:1 cEzek.
9 aJer. 2:7 bIs.
57:6; Jer. 2:27
10 aJer. 12:2;
Hos. 7:14
11 aEzek.
16:51, 52
12 a2 Kin. 17:6
bPs. 86:15; Jer.
12:15; 31:20;
13 aLev. 26:40;
Deut. 30:1, 2;
[Prov. 28:13;
1 John 1:9] bEzek. 16:15
cJer. 2:25
dDeut. 12:2
1Lit. ways
14 aJer. 31:32;
Hos. 2:19, 20
bJer. 31:6
c[Rom. 11:5] 15 aJer. 23:4;
31:10; [Ezek.
34:23]; Eph.
4:11 bActs
16 aIs. 49:19;
Jer. 23:3 bIs.
17 aIs. 60:9
bDeut. 29:19;
Jer. 7:24
1walk after
the stubbornness,
18 aIs. 11:13;
Jer. 50:4;
37:16–22; Hos.
1:11 bJer. 31:8
cAmos 9:15
19 aPs. 106:24
bIs. 63:16; Jer.
20 aIs. 48:8
1Lit. companion
21 aIs. 15:2
22 aJer. 30:17;
33:6; Hos. 6:1;
23 aPs. 121:1, 2
bPs. 3:8; Prov.
21:31; Jer.
17:14; 31:7;
Jon. 2:9
24 aJer. 11:13;
14:20; Hos.

married to you. I will take you, bone from a city and two from a family, and I will bring you to cZion.
15 “And I will give you ashepherds according to My heart, who will bfeed you with knowledge and understanding.
16 “Then it shall come to pass,when you are multiplied and aincreased in the land in those days,” says the LORD, “that they will say no more, ‘The ark of the covenant of the LORD.’ bIt shall not come to mind, nor shall they remember it, nor shall they visit it, nor shall it be made anymore.
17 “At that time Jerusalem shall be called The Throne of the LORD, and all the nations shall be gathered to it, ato the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem. No more shall they bfollow1 the dictates of their evil hearts.
18 “In those days athe house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of bthe north to cthe land that I have given as an inheritance to your fathers.
19 “But I said:

‘How can I put you among the children And give you aa pleasant land, A beautiful heritage of the hosts of nations?’

“And I said:

‘You shall call Me, b“My Father,” And not turn away from Me.’
20 Surely, as a wife treacherously departs from her 1husband, So ahave you dealt treacherously with Me, O house of Israel,” says the LORD.

21 A voice was heard on athe desolate heights, Weeping and supplications of the children of Israel. For they have perverted their way; They have forgotten the LORD their God.

22 “Return, you backsliding children, And I will aheal your backslidings.”

“Indeed we do come to You, For You are the LORD our God.
23 aTruly, in vain is salvation hoped for from the hills, And from the multitude of mountains; bTruly, in the LORD our God Is the salvation of Israel.
24 aFor shame has devoured The labor of our fathers from our youth—

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Their flocks and their herds, Their sons and their daughters.
25 We lie down in our shame, And our 1reproach covers us. aFor we have sinned against the LORD our God, We and our fathers, From our youth even to this day, And bhave not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.”

25 aEzra 9:6, 7
bJer. 22:21

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Trust in the Salvation of the LORD

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 HOW long, O LORD? Will You forget me forever? aHow long will You hide Your face from me?
2 How long shall I take counsel in my soul, Having sorrow in my heart daily? How long will my enemy be exalted over me?

PSALM 13 References

1 aJob 13:24;
Ps. 89:46
3 a1 Sam.
14:29; Ezra
9:8; Job 33:30;
Ps. 18:28 bJer.

3 Consider and hear me, O LORD my God; aEnlighten my eyes, bLest I sleep the sleep of death;
4 Lest my enemy say, “I have prevailed against him”; Lest those who trouble me rejoice when I am moved.

5 But I have trusted in Your mercy; My heart shall rejoice in Your salvation.
6 I will sing to the LORD, Because He has dealt bountifully with me.




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