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The Prophets of The Exile

(Category 10 of 16)

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CHAPTER 51 References

1 aIs. 47:1; Jer.
50:1 b2 Kin.
19:7; Jer. 4:11;
Hos. 13:15
1Lit. The
Midst of
Those Who
Rise Up
Against Me; a
code word for
2 aIs. 41:16;
Jer. 15:7;
Matt. 3:12
bJer. 50:14
3 aJer. 50:14,
29 bJer. 50:21

The Utter Destruction of Babylon


1 Thus says the LORD:

“Behold, I will raise up against aBabylon, Against those who dwell in 1Leb Kamai, bA destroying wind.
2 And I will send awinnowers to Babylon, Who shall winnow her and empty her land. bFor in the day of doom They shall be against her all around.
3 Against her alet the archer bend his bow, And lift himself up against her in his armor. Do not spare her young men; bUtterly destroy all her army.

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4 Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, aAnd those thrust through in her streets.
5 For Israel is anot forsaken, nor Judah, By his God, the LORD of hosts, Though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.”

6 aFlee from the midst of Babylon, And every one save his life! Do not be cut off in her iniquity, For bthis is the time of the LORD’s vengeance; cHe shall recompense her.
7 aBabylon was a golden cup in the LORD’s hand, That made all the earth drunk. bThe nations drank her wine; Therefore the nations care deranged.
8 Babylon has suddenly afallen and been destroyed. bWail for her! cTake balm for her pain; Perhaps she may be healed.

9 We would have healed Babylon, But she is not healed. Forsake her, and alet us go everyone to his own country; bFor her judgment reaches to heaven and is lifted up to the skies.
10 The LORD has arevealed our righteousness. Come and let us bdeclare in Zion the work of the LORD our God.

11 aMake1 the arrows bright! Gather the shields! bThe LORD has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes. cFor His plan is against Babylon to destroy it, Because it is dthe vengeance of the LORD, The vengeance for His temple.
12 aSet up the standard on the walls of Babylon; Make the guard strong, Set up the watchmen, Prepare the ambushes. For the LORD has both devised and done What He spoke against the inhabitants of Babylon.
13 aO you who dwell by many waters, Abundant in treasures, Your end has come, The measure of your covetousness.
14 aThe LORD of hosts has sworn by Himself: “Surely I will fill you with men, bas with locusts,

4 aJer. 49:26;
50:30, 37
5 a[Is. 54:7, 8;
Jer. 33:24–26;
46:28] 6 aJer. 50:8;
Rev. 18:4 bJer.
50:15 cJer.
7 aJer. 25:15;
Hab. 2:16;
Rev. 17:4
bRev. 14:8
cJer. 25:16
8 aIs. 21:9; Jer.
50:2; Rev.
14:8; 18:2 b[Is.
48:20]; Rev.
18:9, 11, 19
cJer. 46:11
9 aIs. 13:14;
Jer. 46:16;
50:16 bEzra
9:6; Rev. 18:5
10 aPs. 37:6;
Mic. 7:9 b[Is.
40:2]; Jer.
11 aJer. 46:4, 9;
Joel 3:9, 10
bIs. 13:17 cJer.
50:45 dJer.
50:28 1Polish
the arrows!
12 aNah. 2:1;
13 aRev. 17:1,
14 aJer. 49:13;
Amos 6:8 bJer.
51:27; Nah.
3:15 cJer.
15 aGen. 1:1, 6;
Jer. 10:12–16
bJob 9:8; Ps.
104:2; Is.
16 aPs. 135:7;
Jer. 10:13
17 a[Is.
44:18–20]; Jer.
10:14 bJer.
20 aIs. 10:5, 15;
Jer. 50:23
22 a2 Chr.
36:17; Is.
13:15, 16
24 aJer. 50:15,
25 aIs. 13:2;
Zech. 4:7


And they shall lift cup a shout against you.”

15 aHe has made the earth by His power; He has established the world by His wisdom, And bstretched out the heaven by His understanding.
16 When He utters His voice— There is a multitude of waters in the heavens: a“He causes the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; He makes lightnings for the rain; He brings the wind out of His treasuries.”

17 aEveryone is dull-hearted, without knowledge; Every metalsmith is put to shame by the carved image; bFor his molded image is falsehood, And there is no breath in them.
18 They are futile, a work of errors; In the time of their punishment they shall perish.
19 The Portion of Jacob is not like them, For He is the Maker of all things; And Israel is the tribe of His inheritance. The LORD of hosts is His name.

20 “Youa are My battle-ax and weapons of war: For with you I will break the nation in pieces; With you I will destroy kingdoms;
21 With you I will break in pieces the horse and its rider; With you I will break in pieces the chariot and its rider;
22 With you also I will break in pieces man and woman; With you I will break in pieces aold and young; With you I will break in pieces the young man and the maiden;
23 With you also I will break in pieces the shepherd and his flock; With you I will break in pieces the farmer and his yoke of oxen; And with you I will break in pieces governors and rulers.

24 “Anda I will repay Babylon And all the inhabitants of Chaldea For all the evil they have done In Zion in your sight,” says the LORD.

25 “Behold, I am against you, aO destroying mountain,

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Who destroys all the earth,” says the LORD. “And I will stretch out My hand against you, Roll you down from the rocks, bAnd make you a burnt mountain.
26 They shall not take from you a stone for a corner Nor a stone for a foundation, aBut you shall be desolate forever,” says the LORD.

27 aSet up a banner in the land, Blow the trumpet among the nations! bPrepare the nations against her, Call cthe kingdoms together against her: Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. Appoint a general against her; Cause the horses to come up like the bristling locusts.
28 Prepare against her the nations, With the kings of the Medes, Its governors and all its rulers, All the land of his dominion.
29 And the land will tremble and sorrow; For every apurpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, bTo make the land of Babylon a desolation without inhabitant.
30 The mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting, They have remained in their strongholds; Their might has failed, aThey became like women; They have burned her dwelling places, bThe bars of her gate are broken.
31 aOne runner will run to meet another, And one messenger to meet another, To show the king of Babylon that his city is taken on all sides;
32 aThe passages are blocked, The reeds they have burned with fire, And the men of war are terrified.

33 For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel:

“The daughter of Babylon is alike a threshing floor When bit is time to thresh her; Yet a little while cAnd the time of her harvest will come.”

34 “Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon Has adevoured me, he has crushed me;

25 bRev. 8:8
26 aJer. 50:26,
27 aIs. 13:2;
Jer. 50:2;
51:12 bJer.
25:14 cJer.
50:41, 42
29 aJer. 50:45
bIs. 13:19, 20;
47:11; Jer.
50:13; 51:26,
30 aIs. 19:16;
Jer. 48:41 bIs.
45:1, 2; Lam.
2:9; Amos 1:5;
Nah. 3:13
31 aJer. 50:24
32 aJer. 50:38
33 aIs. 21:10;
Dan. 2:35;
Amos 1:3;
Mic. 4:13 bIs.
41:15; Hab.
3:12 cIs. 17:15;
Hos. 6:11; Joel
3:13; Rev.
34 aJer. 50:17
bIs. 24:1–3
36 a[Ps.
140:12]; Jer.
50:34 bJer.
37 aIs. 13:22;
Jer. 50:39;
[Rev. 18:2] bJer. 25:9, 11
39 aJer. 51:57
41 aJer. 25:26
bIs. 13:19; Jer.
49:25; [Dan.
4:30] 1A code
word for
Babylon, Jer.
42 aIs. 8:7, 8;
Jer. 51:55;
Dan. 9:26
43 aJer. 50:39,
40 bIs. 13:20
44 aJer. 50:2;
Is. 46:1 bJer.
50:15 1A
45 aIs. 48:20;
[Jer. 50:8, 28;
51:6; Rev.
18:4] 1Lit. his
46 a2 Kin. 19:7;
Is. 13:3–5

He has made me an bempty vessel, He has swallowed me up like a monster; He has filled his stomach with my delicacies, He has spit me out.
35 Let the violence done to me and my flesh be upon Babylon,” The inhabitant of Zion will say; “And my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea!” Jerusalem will say.

36 Therefore thus says the LORD:

“Behold, aI will plead your case and take vengeance for you. bI will dry up her sea and make her springs dry.
37 aBabylon shall become a heap, A dwelling place for jackals, bAn astonishment and a hissing, Without an inhabitant.
38 They shall roar together like lions, They shall growl like lions’ whelps.
39 In their excitement I will prepare their feasts; aI will make them drunk, That they may rejoice, And sleep a perpetual sleep And not awake,” says the LORD.
40 “I will bring them down Like lambs to the slaughter, Like rams with male goats.

41 “Oh, how aSheshach1 is taken! Oh, how bthe praise of the whole earth is seized! How Babylon has become desolate among the nations!
42 aThe sea has come up over Babylon; She is covered with the multitude of its waves.
43 aHer cities are a desolation, A dry land and a wilderness, A land where bno one dwells, Through which no son of man passes.
44 I will punish aBel1 in Babylon, And I will bring out of his mouth what he has swallowed; And the nations shall not stream to him anymore. Yes, bthe wall of Babylon shall fall.

45 “Mya people, go out of the midst of her! And let everyone deliver 1himself from the fierce anger of the LORD.
46 And lest your heart faint, And you fear afor the rumor that will be heard in the land (A rumor will come one year, And after that, in another year A rumor will come,

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And violence in the land, Ruler against ruler),
47 Therefore behold, the days are coming That I will bring judgment on the carved images of Babylon; Her whole land shall be ashamed, And all her slain shall fall in her midst.
48 Then athe heavens and the earth and all that is in them Shall sing joyously over Babylon; bFor the plunderers shall come to her from the north,” says the LORD.

49 As Babylon has caused the slain of Israel to fall, So at Babylon the slain of all the earth shall fall.
50 aYou who have escaped the sword, Get away! Do not stand still! bRemember the LORD afar off, And let Jerusalem come to your mind.

51 aWe are ashamed because we have heard reproach. Shame has covered our faces, For strangers bhave come into the 1sanctuaries of the LORD’s house.

52 “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “That I will bring judgment on her carved images, And throughout all her land the wounded shall groan.
53 aThough Babylon were to 1mount up to heaven, And though she were to fortify the height of her strength, Yet from Me plunderers would come to her,” says the LORD.

54 aThe sound of a cry comes from Babylon, And great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans,
55 Because the LORD is plundering Babylon And silencing her loud voice, Though her waves roar like great waters, And the noise of their voice is uttered,
56 Because the plunderer comes against her, against Babylon, And her mighty men are taken. Every one of their bows is broken; aFor the LORD is the God of recompense, He will surely repay.

57 “And I will make drunk Her princes and awise men,

48 aIs. 44:23;
48:20; 49:13;
Rev. 18:20
bJer. 50:3, 41
50 aJer. 44:28
Ezek. 6:9
51 aPs. 44:15;
79:4 bPs.
74:3–8; Jer.
52:13; Lam.
1:10 1holy
53 aGen. 11:4;
Job 20:6; [Ps.
139:8–10; Is.
14:12–14]; Jer.
49:16; Amos
9:2; Obad. 4
54 aJer. 50:22
56 aPs. 94:1;
Jer. 50:29
57 aJer. 50:35
bJer. 46:18;
58 aJer. 50:15
bHab. 2:13
1Lit. laid utterly
59 aJer. 32:12
60 aIs. 30:8;
Jer. 36:2
62 aIs. 13:20;
14:22, 23; Jer.
50:3, 39
63 aJer. 19:10,
11; Rev. 18:21
1 a2 Kin.
24:18; 2 Chr.
36:11 bJosh.
10:29; 2 Kin.
8:22; Is. 37:8
3 a2 Chr. 36:13
4 a2 Kin. 25:1;
Jer. 39:1;
Ezek. 24:1, 2;
Zech. 8:19


Her governors, her deputies, and her mighty men. And they shall sleep a perpetual sleep And not awake,” says bthe King, Whose name is the LORD of hosts.

58 Thus says the LORD of hosts:

“The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly abroken,1 And her high gates shall be burned with fire; bThe people will labor in vain, And the nations, because of the fire; And they shall be weary.”

Jeremiah’s Command to Seraiah

59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of aNeriah, the son of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And Seraiah was the quartermaster.
60 So Jeremiah awrote in a book all the evil that would come upon Babylon, all these words that are written against Babylon.
61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “When you arrive in Babylon and see it, and read all these words,
62 “then you shall say, ‘O LORD, You have spoken against this place to cut it off, so that anone shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but it shall be desolate forever.’
63 “Now it shall be, when you have finished reading this book, athat you shall tie a stone to it and throw it out into the Euphrates.
64 “Then you shall say, ‘Thus Babylon shall sink and not rise from the catastrophe that I will bring upon her. And they shall be weary.’ ” Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

The Fall of Jerusalem Reviewed


1 Zedekiah was atwenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of bLibnah.
2 He also did evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
3 For because of the anger of the LORD this happened in Jerusalem and Judah, till He finally cast them out from His presence. Then Zedekiah arebelled against the king of Babylon.
4 Now it came to pass in the aninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against

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Jerusalem and encamped against it; and they built a siege wall against it all around.
5 So the city was besieged until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.
6 By the fourth month, on the ninth day of the month, the famine had become so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.
7 Then the city wall was broken through, and all the men of war fled and went out of the city at night by way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king’s garden, even though the Chaldeans were near the city all around. And they went by way of the 1plain.
8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king, and they overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho. All his army was scattered from him.
9 aSo they took the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah in the land of Hamath, and he pronounced judgment on him.
10 aThen the king of Babylon killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes. And he killed all the princes of Judah in Riblah.
11 He also aput out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in 1bronze fetters, took him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.

The Temple and City Plundered and Burned

12 aNow in the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month (bwhich was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), cNebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, who served the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.
13 He burned the house of the LORD and the king’s house; all the houses of Jerusalem, that is, all the houses of the great, he burned with fire.
14 And all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard broke down all the walls of Jerusalem all around.
15 aThen Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive some of the poor people, the rest of the people who remained in the city, the defectors who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the craftsmen.
16 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left some of the poor of the land as vinedressers and farmers.
17 aThe bbronze pillars that were in the house of the LORD, and the carts and the bronze Sea that were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces, and carried all their bronze to Babylon.
18 They also took away athe pots,

7 1Or Arabah;
the Jordan
9 a2 Kin. 25:6;
Jer. 32:4; 39:5
10 aEzek.
11 aEzek.
12:13 1shackles
12 a2 Kin.
25:8–21 bJer.
52:29 cJer.
15 aJer. 39:9
17 aJer. 27:19
b1 Kin. 7:15,
23, 27, 50
18 aEx. 27:3;
1 Kin. 7:40,
45; 2 Kin.
25:14 1basins
20 a1 Kin. 7:47;
2 Kin. 25:16
21 a1 Kin. 7:15;
2 Kin. 25:17;
2 Chr. 3:15 118
inches each 23
23 a1 Kin. 7:20
24 a2 Kin.
25:18; 1 Chr.
6:14; Ezra 7:1
bJer. 21:1;
25 1Lit. eunuch
28 a2 Kin. 24:2
b2 Kin. 24:12
c2 Kin. 24:14
29 a2 Kin.
25:11; Jer.

the shovels, the trimmers, the 1bowls, the spoons, and all the bronze utensils with which the priests ministered.
19 The basins, the firepans, the bowls, the pots, the lampstands, the spoons, and the cups, whatever was solid gold and whatever was solid silver, the captain of the guard took away.
20 The two pillars, one Sea, the twelve bronze bulls which were under it, and the carts, which King Solomon had made for the house of the LORD—athe bronze of all these articles was beyond measure.
21 Now concerning the apillars: the height of one pillar was eighteen 1cubits, a measuring line of twelve cubits could measure its circumference, and its thickness was 2four fingers; it was hollow.
22 A capital of bronze was on it; and the height of one capital was five cubits, with a network and pomegranates all around the capital, all of bronze. The second pillar, with pomegranates was the same.
23 There were ninety-six pomegranates on the sides; aall the pomegranates, all around on the network, were one hundred.

The People Taken Captive to Babylonia

24 aThe captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, bZephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.
25 He also took out of the city an 1officer who had charge of the men of war, seven men of the king’s close associates who were found in the city, the principal scribe of the army who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the midst of the city.
26 And Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took these and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.
27 Then the king of Babylon struck them and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive from its own land.
28 aThese are the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive: bin the seventh year, cthree thousand and twenty-three Jews;
29 ain the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred and thirty-two persons;
30 in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred and forty-five persons. All the persons were four thousand six hundred.

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Jehoiachin Released from Prison

31 aNow it came to pass in the thirty-seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twentyfifth day of the month, that 1Evil- Merodach king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, blifted2 up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah and brought him out of prison.
32 And he spoke kindly to him and

31 a2 Kin.
bGen. 40:13,
20; Ps. 3:3;
27:6 1Or Awil-
Marduk; lit.
The Man of
favor to
33 a2 Sam. 9:7,
13; 1 Kin. 2:7
1Lit. he

gave him a more prominent seat than those of the kings who were with him in Babylon.
33 So 1Jehoiachin changed from his prison garments, aand he ate bread regularly before the king all the days of his life.
34 And as for his provisions, there was a regular ration given him by the king of Babylon, a portion for each day until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

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An Exuberant Declaration of Faith

A Psalm of David.

1 THE LORD is my alight and my salvation; Whom shall I fear? The bLORD is the strength of my life; Of whom shall I be afraid?
2 When the wicked came against me To aeat1 up my flesh, My enemies and foes, They stumbled and fell.
3 aThough an army may encamp against me, My heart shall not fear; Though war may rise against me, In this I will be confident.

4 aOne thing I have desired of the LORD, That will I seek: That I may bdwell in the house of the LORD All the days of my life, To behold the 1beauty of the LORD, And to inquire in His temple.
5 For ain the time of trouble He shall hide me in His pavilion; In the secret place of His tabernacle He shall hide me; He shall bset me high upon a rock.

6 And now amy head shall be 1lifted up above my enemies all around me; Therefore I will offer sacrifices of 2joy in His tabernacle; I will sing, yes, I will sing praises to the LORD.

PSALM 27 References

1 aPs. 18:28;
84:11; [Is.
60:19, 20; Mic.
7:8] bEx. 15:2;
Ps. 62:7;
118:14; Is.
12:2; 33:2
2 aPs. 14:4 1devour
3 aPs. 3:6
4 aPs. 26:8;
65:4 bLuke
2:37 1delightfulness
5 aPs. 31:20;
91:1 bPs. 40:2
6 aPs. 3:3
1Lifted up in
honor 2joyous
9 aPs. 69:17;
10 aIs. 49:15
11 aPs. 25:4;
86:11; 119:33
12 aDeut.
19:18; Ps.
35:11; Matt.
26:60; Mark
14:56; John
13 aJob 28:13;
Ps. 52:5;
116:9; 142:5;
Is. 38:11; Jer.
11:19; Ezek.
14 aPs. 25:3;
37:34; 40:1;
62:5; 130:5;
Prov. 20:22; Is.
25:9; [Hab.
2:3] 1Wait in

7 Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice! Have mercy also upon me, and answer me.
8 When You said, “Seek My face,” My heart said to You, “Your face, LORD, I will seek.”
9 aDo not hide Your face from me; Do not turn Your servant away in anger; You have been my help; Do not leave me nor forsake me, O God of my salvation.
10 aWhen my father and my mother forsake me, Then the LORD will take care of me.

11 aTeach me Your way, O LORD, And lead me in a smooth path, because of my enemies.
12 Do not deliver me to the will of my adversaries; For afalse witnesses have risen against me, And such as breathe out violence.
13 I would have lost heart, unless I had believed That I would see the goodness of the LORD aIn the land of the living.

14 aWait1 on the LORD; Be of good courage, And He shall strengthen your heart; Wait, I say, on the LORD!




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