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Covenant with Abraham

(Category 2 of 16)

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CHAPTER 43 References

1 aGen. 41:54,
57; 42:5; 45:6,
2 aGen. 42:2;
3 aGen. 42:20;
43:5; 44:23
6 1Lit.
8 aGen. 42:2;
9 aGen. 42:37;
44:32; Philem.
18, 19

Joseph’s Brothers Return with Benjamin


1 Now the famine was asevere in the land.
2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go aback, buy us a little food.”
3 But Judah spoke to him, saying, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your abrother is with you.’
4 “If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.
5 “But if you will not send him, we will not go down; for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ”
6 And Israel said, “Why did you deal so 1wrongfully with me as to tell the man whether you had still another brother?”
7 But they said, “The man asked us pointedly about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ And we told him according to these words. Could we possibly have known that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”
8 Then Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go, that we may alive and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.
9 “I myself will be surety for him; from my hand you shall require him. aIf I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever.

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10 “For if we had not lingered, surely by now we would have returned this second time.”
11 And their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best fruits of the land in your vessels and acarry down a present for the man—a little bbalm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds.
12 “Take double money in your hand, and take back in your hand the money athat was returned in the mouth of your sacks; perhaps it was an oversight.
13 “Take your brother also, and arise, go back to the man.
14 “And may God aAlmighty bgive you mercy before the man, that he may release your other brother and Benjamin. cIf I am bereaved, I am bereaved!”
15 So the men took that present and Benjamin, and they took double money in their hand, and arose and went adown to Egypt; and they stood before Joseph.
16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the asteward of his house, “Take these men to my home, and slaughter 1an animal and make ready; for these men will dine with me at noon.”
17 Then the man did as Joseph ordered, and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house.
18 Now the men were aafraid because they were brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, “It is because of the money, which was returned in our sacks the first time, that we are brought in, so that he may 1make a case against us and seize us, to take us as slaves with our donkeys.”
19 When they drew near to the steward of Joseph’s house, they talked with him at the door of the house,
20 and said, “O sir, awe indeed came down the first time to buy food;
21 “but ait happened,when we came to the encampment, that we opened our sacks, and there, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight; so we have brought it back in our hand.
22 “And we have brought down other money in our hands to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our sacks.”
23 But he said, “Peace be with you, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks; I had your money.” Then he brought aSimeon out to them.
24 So the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and agave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their donkeys feed.
25 Then they made the present ready for Joseph’s coming at noon,

11 aGen. 32:20;
33:10; 43:25,
26; [Prov.
18:16] bGen.
37:25; Jer.
8:22; Ezek.
12 aGen. 42:25,
35; 43:21, 22
14 aGen. 17:1;
28:3; 35:11;
48:3 bGen.
39:21; Ps.
106:46 cGen.
42:36; Esth.
15 aGen. 39:1;
46:3, 6
16 aGen. 24:2;
39:4; 44:1 1Lit.
a slaughter
18 aGen. 42:28
1Lit. roll himself
upon us
20 aGen. 42:3,
21 aGen. 42:27,
23 aGen. 42:24
24 aGen. 18:4;
19:2; 24:32
26 aGen. 37:7,
10; 42:6; 44:14
27 aGen. 29:6;
42:11, 13;
43:7; 45:3;
2 Kin. 4:26
28 aGen. 37:7,
29 aGen. 35:17,
18 bGen. 42:13
30 a1 Kin. 3:26
bGen. 42:24;
45:2, 14, 15;
31 aGen. 43:25
32 aGen. 41:12;
Ex. 1:15 bGen.
46:34; Ex. 8:26
33 aGen. 27:36;
42:7; Deut.
21:16, 17
34 aGen. 35:24;

CHAPTER 44 References

1 aGen. 43:16
bGen. 42:25
1Lit. the one
4 a1 Sam.

for they heard that they would eat bread there.
26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and abowed down before him to the earth.
27 Then he asked them about their well-being, and said, “Is your father well, the old man aof whom you spoke? Is he still alive?”
28 And they answered, “Your servant our father is in good health; he is still alive.” aAnd they bowed their heads down and prostrated themselves.
29 Then he lifted his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, ahis mother’s son, and said, “Is this your younger brother bof whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “God be gracious to you, my son.”
30 Now ahis heart yearned for his brother; so Joseph made haste and sought somewhere to weep. And he went into his chamber and bwept there.
31 Then he washed his face and came out; and he restrained himself, and said, “Serve the abread.”
32 So they set him a place by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves; because the Egyptians could not eat food with the aHebrews, for that is ban abomination to the Egyptians.
33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his abirthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked in astonishment at one another.
34 Then he took servings to them from before him, but Benjamin’s serving was afive times as much as any of theirs. So they drank and were merry with him.

Joseph’s Cup


1 And he commanded 1the asteward of his house, saying, b“Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack.
2 “Also put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, and his grain money.” So he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.
3 As soon as the morning dawned, the men were sent away, they and their donkeys.
4 When they had gone out of the city, and were not yet far off, Joseph said to his steward, “Get up, follow the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you arepaid evil for good?
5 ‘Is not this the one from which my lord drinks, and with which he indeed practices divination? You have done evil in so doing.’ ”

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6 So he overtook them, and he spoke to them these same words.
7 And they said to him, “Why does my lord say these words? Far be it from us that your servants should do such a thing.
8 “Look, we brought back to you from the land of Canaan athe money which we found in the mouth of our sacks. How then could we steal silver or gold from your lord’s house?
9 “With whomever of your servants it is found, alet him die, and we also will be my lord’s slaves.”
10 And he said, “Now also let it be according to your words; he with whom it is found shall be my slave, and you shall be blameless.”
11 Then each man speedily let down his sack to the ground, and each opened his sack.
12 So he searched. He began with the oldest and 1left off with the youngest; and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.
13 Then they atore their clothes, and each man loaded his donkey and returned to the city.
14 So Judah and his brothers came to Joseph’s house, and he was still there; and they afell before him on the ground.
15 And Joseph said to them, “What deed is this you have done? Did you not know that such a man as I can certainly practice divination?”
16 Then Judah said, “What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how shall we clear ourselves? God has afound out the iniquity of your servants; here bwe are, my lord’s slaves, both we and he also with whom the cup was found.”
17 But he said, a“Far be it from me that I should do so; the man in whose hand the cup was found, he shall be my slave. And as for you, go up in peace to your father.”

Judah Intercedes for Benjamin

18 Then Judah came near to him and said: “O my lord, please let your servant speak a word in my lord’s hearing, and ado not let your anger burn against your servant; for you are even like Pharaoh.
19 “My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’
20 “And we said to my lord, ‘We have a father, an old man, and aa child of his old age, who is young; his brother is bdead, and he calone is left of his mother’s children, and his dfather loves him.’
21 “Then you said to your servants, a‘Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.’
22 “And we said to my lord, ‘The lad cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, his father would die.’
23 “But you said to your servants, a‘Unless your youngest brother

8 aGen. 43:21
9 aGen. 31:32
12 1finished
13 aGen. 37:29,
34; Num. 14:6;
2 Sam. 1:11
14 aGen. 37:7,
16 a[Num.
32:23] bGen.
17 aProv. 17:15
18 aGen. 18:30,
32; Ex. 32:22
20 aGen. 37:3;
43:8; 44:30
bGen. 42:38
cGen. 46:19
dGen. 42:4
21 aGen.
42:15, 20
23 aGen.
43:3, 5
25 aGen. 43:2
27 aGen.
28 aGen.
29 aGen. 42:36,
38; 44:31
30 a[1 Sam.
18:1; 25:29] 32 aGen. 43:9
33 aEx. 32:32
34 1Lit. find

CHAPTER 45 References

1 aActs 7:13
2 aGen. 43:30;
3 aGen. 43:27;
Acts 7:13
4 aGen. 37:28;
39:1; Ps.
5 aGen. 45:7,
8; 50:20; Ps.
105:16, 17
6 aGen. 43:1;
47:4, 13


comes down with you, you shall see my face no more.’
24 “So it was, when we went up to your servant my father, that we told him the words of my lord.
25 “And aour father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’
26 “But we said, ‘We cannot go down; if our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we may not see the man’s face unless our youngest brother is with us.’
27 “Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that amy wife bore me two sons;
28 ‘and the one went out from me, and I said, a“Surely he is torn to pieces”; and I have not seen him since.
29 ‘But if you atake this one also from me, and calamity befalls him, you shall bring down my gray hair with sorrow to the grave.’
30 “Now therefore, when I come to your servant my father, and the lad is not with us, since ahis life is bound up in the lad’s life,
31 “it will happen, when he sees that the lad is not with us, that he will die. So your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father with sorrow to the grave.
32 “For your servant became surety for the lad to my father, saying, a‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame before my father forever.’
33 “Now therefore, please alet your servant remain instead of the lad as a slave to my lord, and let the lad go up with his brothers.
34 “For how shall I go up to my father if the lad is not with me, lest perhaps I see the evil that would 1come upon my father?”

Joseph Revealed to His Brothers


1 Then Joseph could not restrain himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried out, “Make everyone go out from me!” So no one stood with him awhile Joseph made himself known to his brothers.
2 And he awept aloud, and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard it.
3 Then Joseph said to his brothers, a“I am Joseph; does my father still live?” But his brothers could not answer him, for they were dismayed in his presence.
4 And Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come near to me.” So they came near. Then he said: “I am Joseph your brother, awhom you sold into Egypt.
5 “But now, do not therefore be grieved or angry with yourselves because you sold me here; afor God sent me before you to preserve life.
6 “For these two years the afamine has been in the land, and there are

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still five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvesting.
7 “And God asent me before you to preserve a 1posterity for you in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.
8 “So now it was not you who sent me here, but aGod; and He has made me ba father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a cruler throughout all the land of Egypt.
9 “Hurry and go up to my father, and say to him, ‘Thus says your son Joseph: “God has made me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, do not 1tarry.
10 a“You shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near to me, you and your children, your children’s children, your flocks and your herds, and all that you have.
11 “There I will aprovide for you, lest you and your household, and all that you have, come to poverty; for there are still five years of famine.” ’
12 “And behold, your eyes and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see that it is amy mouth that speaks to you.
13 “So you shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that you have seen; and you shall hurry and abring my father down here.”
14 Then he fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck.
15 Moreover he akissed all his brothers and wept over them, and after that his brothers talked with him.
16 Now the report of it was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come.” So it pleased Pharaoh and his servants well.
17 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and depart; go to the land of Canaan.
18 ‘Bring your father and your households and come to me; I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and you will eat athe 1fat of the land.
19 ‘Now you are commanded—do this: Take carts out of the land of Egypt for your little ones and your wives; bring your father and come.
20 ‘Also do not be concerned about your goods, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’ ”
21 Then the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them acarts,1 according to the command of Pharaoh, and he gave them provisions for the journey.
22 He gave to all of them, to each man, achanges of garments; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and bfive changes of garments.
23 And he sent to his father these things: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female

7 aGen. 45:5;
8 a[Rom. 8:28] bIs. 22:21
cGen. 41:43;
9 1delay
10 aGen. 46:28,
34; 47:1, 6
11 aGen. 47:12
12 aGen. 42:23
13 aActs 7:14
15 aGen. 48:10
18 aGen. 27:28;
47:6 1The
21 aGen. 45:19;
46:5 1wagons
22 a2 Kin. 5:5
bGen. 43:34
26 aJob 29:24
27 aJudg. 15:19

donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and food for his father for the journey.
24 So he sent his brothers away, and they departed; and he said to them, “See that you do not become troubled along the way.”
25 Then they went up out of Egypt, and came to the land of Canaan to Jacob their father.
26 And they told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt.” aAnd Jacob’s heart stood still, because he did not believe them.
27 But when they told him all the words which Joseph had said to them, and when he saw the carts which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit aof Jacob their father revived.
28 Then Israel said, “It is enough. Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”

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Folly of the Godless, and God’s Final Triumph

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of

1 THE afool has said in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, They have done abominable works, There is none who does good.

2 aThe LORD looks down from heaven upon the children of men, To see if there are any who understand, who seek God.
3 aThey have all turned aside, They have together become corrupt; There is none who does good, No, not one.

PSALM 14 References

1 aPs. 10:4;
2 aPs. 33:13,
14; 102:19;
Rom. 3:11
3 aRom. 3:12
4 aPs. 79:6; Is.
64:7; Jer.
10:25; Amos
8:4; Mic. 3:3
6 aPs. 9:9;
40:17; 46:1;
7 aPs. 53:6;
11:25–27] bDeut. 30:3;
Job 42:10 1Lit.
Who will give
out of Zion
the salvation
of Israel? 2Or
His capt

4 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge, Who eat up my people as they eat bread, And ado not call on the LORD?
5 There they are in great fear, For God is with the generation of the righteous.
6 You shame the counsel of the poor, But the LORD is his arefuge.

7 aOh,1 that the salvation of Israel would come out of Zion! bWhen the LORD brings back 2the captivity of His people, Let Jacob rejoice and Israel be glad.




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