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Jesus & the Kingdom

(Category 14 of 16)

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The Soldiers Mock Jesus


1 So then aPilate took Jesus and scourged Him.
2 And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.
3 1Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they astruck Him with their hands.
4 Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, athat you may know that I find no fault in Him.”

Pilate’s Decision

5 Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!”
6 aTherefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him, crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him.”
7 The Jews answered him, a“We have a law, and according to 1our law He ought to die, because bHe made Himself the Son of God.”
8 Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid,
9 and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” aBut Jesus gave him no answer.
10 Then Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have 1power to crucify You, and 1power to release You?”
11 Jesus answered, a“You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore bthe one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”
12 From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, saying, “If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar’s friend. aWhoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.”
13 aWhen Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
14 Now ait was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”
15 But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, a“We have no king but Caesar!”
16 aThen he delivered Him to them

CHAPTER 19 References

1 aMatt. 20:19;
3 aIs. 50:6 1NU
And they
came up to
Him and said
4 aJohn 18:33,
6 aActs 3:13
7 aLev. 24:16
26:63–66 1NU
the law
9 aIs. 53:7
10 1authority
11 a[Luke
22:53] bRom.
12 aLuke 23:2
13 a1 Sam.
14 aMatt. 27:62
15 a[Gen.
49:10] 16 aLuke 23:24
1NU omits
and led Him
17 aMark
15:21, 22
bNum. 15:36
18 aIs. 53:12
19 aMatt. 27:37
23 aLuke 23:34
24 aPs. 22:18
25 aMark
15:40 bLuke
26 aJohn
13:23; 20:2;
21:7, 20, 24
bJohn 2:4
27 aJohn 1:11;
28 aPs. 22:15
1M seeing
29 aPs. 69:21;
Matt. 27:48,
30 aJohn 17:4

to be crucified. So they took Jesus 1and led Him away.

The King on a Cross

17 aAnd He, bearing His cross, bwent out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,
18 where they crucified Him, and atwo others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.
19 aNow Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was:


20 Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.
21 Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.” ’ ”
22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
23 aThen the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.
24 They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says:

a“They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots.

” Therefore the soldiers did these things.

Behold Your Mother

25 aNow there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of bClopas, and Mary Magdalene.
26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and athe disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, b“Woman, behold your son!”
27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her ato his own home.

It Is Finished

28 After this, Jesus, 1knowing that all things were now accomplished, athat the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!”
29 Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and athey filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth.
30 So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, a“It is finished!”

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And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

Jesus’ Side Is Pierced

31 aTherefore, because it was the Preparation Day, bthat the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a chigh day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
32 Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him.
33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, athey did not break His legs.
34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately ablood and water came out.
35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is atrue; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may bbelieve.
36 For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, a“Not one of His bones shall be broken.”
37 And again another Scripture says, a“They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb

38 aAfter this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, bfor fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus.
39 And aNicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of bmyrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.
40 Then they took the body of Jesus, and abound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.
41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.
42 So athere they laid Jesus, bbecause of the Jews’ Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.

The Empty Tomb


1 Now on the afirst day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the bstone had been taken away from the tomb.
2 Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the aother disciple, bwhom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.”
3 aPeter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb.
4 So they both ran together, and

31 aMark
15:42 bDeut.
21:23 cEx.
33 a[Ex. 12:46;
Num. 9:12];
Ps. 34:20
34 a[1 John
5:6, 8] 35 aJohn 21:24
b[John 20:31] 36 a[Ex. 12:46;
Num. 9:12];
Ps. 34:20
37 aPs. 22:16,
17; Zech.
12:10; 13:6
38 aLuke
b[John 7:13;
9:22; 12:42] 39 aJohn 3:1,
2; 7:50 bMatt.
40 aJohn 20:5,
42 aIs. 53:9
bJohn 19:14,

CHAPTER 20 References

1 aMatt.
28:1–8 bMatt.
27:60, 66; 28:2
2 aJohn 21:23,
24 bJohn
13:23; 19:26;
21:7, 20, 24
3 aLuke 24:12
5 aJohn 19:40
7 aJohn 11:44
1face cloth
8 aJohn 21:23,
9 aPs. 16:10
11 aMark 16:5
14 aMatt. 28:9
bJohn 21:4
16 aJohn 10:3
1NU adds in
17 aHeb. 4:14
bHeb. 2:11
cJohn 16:28;
17:11 dEph.
18 aLuke
24:10, 23 1NU
disciples, “I
have seen the
19 aLuke 24:36
bJohn 9:22;
19:38 cJohn
14:27; 16:33
1NU omits assembled
20 aActs 1:3
bJohn 16:20,

JOHN 20:20

the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first.
5 And he, stooping down and looking in, saw athe linen cloths lying there; yet he did not go in.
6 Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen cloths lying there,
7 and athe 1handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded together in a place by itself.
8 Then the aother disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed.
9 For as yet they did not 1know the aScripture, that He must rise again from the dead.
10 Then the disciples went away again to their own homes.

Mary Magdalene Sees the Risen Lord

11 aBut Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb.
12 And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
13 Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”
14 aNow when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and bdid not know that it was Jesus.
15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”
16 Jesus said to her, a“Mary!” She turned and said to 1Him, “Rabboni!” (which is to say, Teacher).
17 Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet aascended to My Father; but go to bMy brethren and say to them, c‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to dMy God and your God.’ ”
18 aMary Magdalene came and told the 1disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.

The Apostles Commissioned

19 aThen, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were 1assembled, for bfear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, c“Peace be with you.”
20 When He had said this, He ashowed them His hands and His side. bThen the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

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JOHN 20:21

21 So Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you! aAs the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”
22 And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
23 a“If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

Seeing and Believing

24 Now Thomas, acalled the Twin, one of the twelve,was not with them when Jesus came.
25 The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” So he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”
26 And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!”
27 Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and areach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be bunbelieving, but believing.”
28 And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!”
29 Jesus said to him, 1“Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. aBlessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

That You May Believe

30 And atruly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book;
31 abut these are written that byou may believe that Jesus cis the Christ, the Son of God, dand that believing you may have life in His name.

Breakfast by the Sea


1 After these things Jesus showed Himself again to the disciples at the aSea of Tiberias, and in this way He showed Himself:
2 Simon Peter, aThomas called the Twin, bNathanael of cCana in Galilee, dthe sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together.
3 Simon Peter said to them, “I am going fishing.” They said to him, “We are going with you also.” They went out and 1immediately got into the boat, and that night they caught nothing.
4 But when the morning had now come, Jesus stood on the shore; yet the disciples adid not know that it was Jesus.
5 Then aJesus said to them, “Children, have you any food?” They answered Him, “No.”
6 And He said to them, a“Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and

21 a[Matt.
John 17:18,
19; [2 Tim.
2:2]; Heb. 3:1
23 aMatt.
16:19; 18:18
24 aJohn 11:16
27 aPs. 22:16;
Zech. 12:10;
13:6; 1 John
1:1 bMark
29 a2 Cor. 5:7;
1 Pet. 1:8 1NU,
M omit
30 aJohn 21:25
31 aLuke 1:4
bJohn 19:35;
1 John 5:13
cLuke 2:11;
1 John 5:1
dJohn 3:15,
16; 5:24;
[1 Pet. 1:8, 9]

CHAPTER 21 References

1 aMatt. 26:32;
Mark 14:28;
John 6:1
2 aJohn 20:24
bJohn 1:45–51
cJohn 2:1
dMatt. 4:21;
Mark 1:19;
Luke 5:10
3 1NU omits
4 aLuke 24:16;
John 20:14
5 aLuke 24:41
6 aLuke 5:4, 6,
7 aJohn 13:23;
12 aActs 10:41
14 aJohn 20:19,
15 aActs 20:28;
1 Tim. 4:6;
1 Pet. 5:2 1NU
John 2have affection
16 aMatt. 2:6;
Acts 20:28;
Heb. 13:20;
1 Pet. 2:25;
5:2, 4 bPs.
79:13; Matt.
10:16; 15:24;
25:33; 26:31
1NU John
2have affection
17 aJohn 2:24,
25; 16:30 1NU
John 2have affection
18 aJohn 13:36;
Acts 12:3, 4
19 a2 Pet. 1:13,
14 b[Matt.
4:19; 16:24];
John 21:22
20 aJohn 13:23;

you will find some.” So they cast, and now they were not able to draw it in because of the multitude of fish.
7 Therefore athat disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment (for he had removed it), and plunged into the sea.
8 But the other disciples came in the little boat (for they were not far from land, but about two hundred cubits), dragging the net with fish.
9 Then, as soon as they had come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid on it, and bread.
10 Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish which you have just caught.”
11 Simon Peter went up and dragged the net to land, full of large fish, one hundred and fifty-three; and although there were so many, the net was not broken.
12 Jesus said to them, a“Come and eat breakfast.”Yet none of the disciples dared ask Him, “Who are You?”—knowing that it was the Lord.
13 Jesus then came and took the bread and gave it to them, and likewise the fish.
14 This is now athe third time Jesus showed Himself to His disciples after He was raised from the dead.

Jesus Restores Peter

15 So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of 1Jonah, do you love Me more than these?” He said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I 2love You.” He said to him, a“Feed My lambs.”
16 He said to him again a second time, “Simon, son of 1Jonah, do you love Me?” He said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I 2love You.” aHe said to him, “Tend My bsheep.”
17 He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of 1Jonah, do you 2love Me?” Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, “Do you 2love Me?” And he said to Him, “Lord, aYou know all things; You know that I 2love You.” Jesus said to him, “Feed My sheep.
18 a“Most assuredly, I say to you, when you were younger, you girded yourself and walked where you wished; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will gird you and carry you where you do not wish.”
19 This He spoke, signifying aby what death he would glorify God. And when He had spoken this, He said to him, b“Follow Me.”

The Beloved Disciple and His Book

20 Then Peter, turning around, saw the disciple awhom Jesus loved fol-

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lowing, bwho also had leaned on His breast at the supper, and said, “Lord, who is the one who betrays You?”
21 Peter, seeing him, said to Jesus, “But Lord, what about this man?”
22 Jesus said to him, “If I 1will that he remain atill I come, what is that to you? You follow Me.”
23 Then this saying went out among the brethren that this disciple would not die. Yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but, “If I will

20 bJohn 13:25
22 a[Matt.
16:27, 28;
25:31; 1 Cor.
4:5; 11:26;
Rev. 2:25;
3:11; 22:7, 20] 1desire
24 aJohn 19:35;
3 John 12
25 aJohn 20:30
bAmos 7:10

that he remain till I come, what is that to you?”
24 This is the disciple who atestifies of these things, and wrote these things; and we know that his testimony is true.
25 aAnd there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, bI suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen.

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Praise to God for His Faithfulness and Justice


1 aI will praise the LORD with my whole heart, In the assembly of the upright and in the congregation.

2 aThe works of the LORD are great, bStudied by all who have pleasure in them.
3 His work is ahonorable and glorious, And His righteousness endures forever.
4 He has made His wonderful works to be remembered; aThe LORD is gracious and full of compassion.
5 He has given food to those who fear Him; He will ever be mindful of His covenant.

PSALM 111 References

1 aPs. 35:18
1Heb. Hallelujah
2 aPs. 92:5 bPs.
3 aPs. 145:4, 5
4 a[Ps. 86:5] 6 1inheritance
7 a[Rev. 15:3] 1truth
8 aIs. 40:8;
Matt. 5:18
b[Rev. 15:3] 9 aLuke 1:68
bLuke 1:49
10 aJob 28:28;
[Prov. 1:7;
9:10]; Eccl.

6 He has declared to His people the power of His works, In giving them the 1heritage of the nations.
7 The works of His hands are averity1 and justice; All His precepts are sure.
8 aThey stand fast forever and ever, And are bdone in truth and uprightness.
9 aHe has sent redemption to His people; He has commanded His covenant forever: bHoly and awesome is His name.

10 aThe fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; A good understanding have all those who do His commandments. His praise endures forever.



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