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The Exodus from Egypt

(Category 3 of 16)

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The Firstborn Consecrated


1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 aConsecrate1 to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and beast; it is Mine.”

The Feast of Unleavened Bread

3 And Moses said to the people: a“Remember this day in which you went out of Egypt, out of the house of 1bondage; for bby strength of hand the LORD brought you out of this place. cNo leavened bread shall be eaten. 4 a“On this day you are going out, in the month Abib.
5 “And it shall be, when the LORD abrings you into the bland of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, which He cswore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, dthat you shall keep this service in this month.
6 a“Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the LORD.
7 “Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days. And ano leavened bread shall be seen among you, nor shall leaven be seen among you in all your quarters.
8 “And you shall atell your son in that day, saying, ‘This is done because of what the LORD did for me when I came up from Egypt.’
9 “It shall be as aa sign to you on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD’s law may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt.
10 a“You shall therefore keep this 1ordinance in its season from year to year.

The Law of the Firstborn

11 “And it shall be, when the LORD abrings you into the land of the bCanaanites, as He swore to you and your fathers, and gives it to you,
12 a“that you shall 1set apart to the LORD all that open the womb, that is, every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have; the males shall be the LORD’s.
13 “But aevery firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons byou shall redeem.
14 a“So it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you shall say to him, b‘By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
15 ‘And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us

CHAPTER 13 References

2 aLuke 2:23
1Set apart
3 aDeut. 16:3
bEx. 3:20; 6:1
cEx. 12:8, 19
1Lit. slaves
4 aEx. 12:2;
23:15; 34:18
5 aEx. 3:8, 17
bGen. 17:8
cEx. 6:8 dEx.
12:25, 26
6 aEx.
7 aEx. 12:19
8 aEx. 10:2;
12:26; 13:14
9 aDeut. 6:8;
10 aEx. 12:14,
24 1regulation
11 aEx. 13:5
bNum. 21:3
12 aLev. 27:26
1Lit. cause to
pass over
13 aEx. 34:20
bNum. 3:46,
47; 18:15, 16
14 aDeut. 6:20
bEx. 13:3, 9
15 aEx. 12:29
16 aEx. 13:9
17 aEx. 14:11
bDeut. 17:16
18 aNum. 33:6
19 aGen. 50:24,
25 bEx. 1:6;
33:13–17 cEx.
4:31 1give attention
20 aNum.
33:6–8 bEx.
21 aDeut. 1:33

CHAPTER 14 References

2 aEx. 13:18
bNum. 33:7
cJer. 44:1
3 aPs. 71:11
4 aEx. 4:21;
7:3; 14:17 bEx.
9:16; 14:17,
18, 23 cEx.
7:5; 14:25
5 aPs. 105:25
6 1harnessed
7 aEx. 15:4


go, that athe LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all males that open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’
16 “It shall be as aa sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt.”

The Wilderness Way

17 Then it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, “Lest perhaps the people achange their minds when they see war, and breturn to Egypt.”
18 So God aled the people around by way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt.
19 And Moses took the abones of bJoseph with him, for he had placed the children of Israel under solemn oath, saying, c“God will surely 1visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here with you.”
20 So athey took their journey from bSuccoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the wilderness.
21 And athe LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so as to go by day and night. 22 He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night from before the people.

The Red Sea Crossing


1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, athat they turn and camp before bPi Hahiroth, between cMigdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon; you shall camp before it by the sea.
3 “For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, a‘They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in.’
4 “Then aI will harden Pharaoh’s heart, so that he will pursue them; and I bwill gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, cthat the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD.” And they did so.
5 Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled, and athe heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people; and they said, “Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?”
6 So he 1made ready his chariot and took his people with him.
7 Also, he took asix hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots

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of Egypt with captains over every one of them.
8 And the LORD ahardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; and bthe children of Israel went out with boldness.
9 So the aEgyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army, and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon.
10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Israel lifted their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid, and the children of Israel acried out to the LORD.
11 aThen they said to Moses, “Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt?
12 a“Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt, saying, ‘Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians’? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness.”
13 And Moses said to the people, a“Do not be afraid. bStand still, and see the csalvation1 of the LORD, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall dsee again no more forever.
14 a“The LORD will fight for you, and you shall bhold1 your peace.”
15 And the LORD said to Moses, “Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Israel to go forward.
16 “But alift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.
17 “And I indeed will aharden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them. So I will bgain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots, and his horsemen.
18 “Then the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
19 And the Angel of God, awho went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them.
20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.
21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and amade

8 aEx. 14:4
bNum. 33:3
9 aJosh. 24:6
10 aNeh. 9:9
11 aPs. 106:7, 8
12 aEx. 5:21;
13 a2 Chr.
20:15, 17 bPs.
46:10, 11 cEx.
14:30; 15:2
dDeut. 28:68
14 aDeut. 1:30;
3:22 b[Is.
30:15] 1Lit. be
16 aNum. 20:8,
9, 11
17 aEx. 14:8
bEx. 14:4
19 a[Is. 63:9] 21 aPs. 66:6;
106:9; 136:13,
14 bIs. 63:12,
22 aEx. 15:19
bEx. 14:29;
24 aJudg. 7:19
bEx. 13:21
25 aEx. 7:5;
14:4, 14, 18
1Sam., LXX,
Syr. bound
27 aJosh. 4:18
bEx. 15:1, 7
1Lit. shook off
28 aPs. 78:53;
29 aPs. 66:6;
78:52, 53
30 aPs. 106:8,
10 bPs. 58:10;
31 aJohn 2:11;
11:45 1Lit.
hand with
which the
LORD worked

CHAPTER 15 References

1 aPs. 106:12
bIs. 12:1–6
2 aIs. 12:2
bGen. 28:21,
22 cEx. 3:6,
15, 16 dIs. 25:1

the sea into dry land, and the waters were bdivided.
22 So athe children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were ba wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
24 Now it came to pass, in the morning awatch, that bthe LORD looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He 1troubled the army of the Egyptians.
25 And He 1took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty; and the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD afights for them against the Egyptians.”
26 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.”
27 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and when the morning appeared, the sea areturned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So the LORD boverthrew1 the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.
28 Then athe waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained.
29 But athe children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.
30 So the LORD asaved1 Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel bsaw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.
31 Thus Israel saw the great 1work which the LORD had done in Egypt; so the people feared the LORD, and abelieved the LORD and His servant Moses.

The Song of Moses


1 Then aMoses and the children of Israel sang this song to the LORD, and spoke, saying:

“I will bsing to the LORD, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!
2 The LORD is my strength and asong, And He has become my salvation; He is my God, and bI will praise Him; My cfather’s God, and I dwill exalt Him.

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3 The LORD is a man of awar; The LORD is His bname.
4 aPharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea; bHis chosen captains also are drowned in the Red Sea.
5 The depths have covered them; aThey sank to the bottom like a stone.

6 “Your aright hand, O LORD, has become glorious in power; Your right hand, O LORD, has dashed the enemy in pieces.
7 And in the greatness of Your aexcellence You have overthrown those who rose against You; You sent forth bYour wrath; It cconsumed them dlike stubble.
8 And awith the blast of Your nostrils The waters were gathered together; bThe floods stood upright like a heap; The depths 1congealed in the heart of the sea.
9 aThe enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake, I will bdivide the spoil; My desire shall be satisfied on them. I will draw my sword, My hand shall destroy them.’
10 You blew with Your wind, The sea covered them; They sank like lead in the mighty waters.

11 “Whoa is like You, O LORD, among the 1gods? Who is like You, bglorious in holiness, Fearful in cpraises, ddoing wonders?
12 You stretched out Your right hand; The earth swallowed them.
13 You in Your mercy have aled forth The people whom You have redeemed; You have guided them in Your strength To bYour holy habitation.

14 “The apeople will hear and be afraid; bSorrow1 will take hold of the inhabitants of Philistia.
15 aThen bthe chiefs of Edom will be dismayed; cThe mighty men of Moab, Trembling will take hold of them; dAll the inhabitants of Canaan will emelt away.
16 aFear and dread will fall on them; By the greatness of Your arm

3 aRev. 19:11
bPs. 24:8;
4 aEx. 14:28
bEx. 14:7
5 aNeh. 9:11
6 aPs. 17:7;
7 aDeut. 33:26
bPs. 78:49, 50
cPs. 59:13 dIs.
8 aEx. 14:21,
22, 29 bPs.
1became firm
9 aJudg. 5:30
bIs. 53:12
11 a1 Kin. 8:23
bIs. 6:3 c1 Chr.
16:25 dPs.
77:11, 14
1mighty ones
13 a[Ps. 77:20] bPs. 78:54
14 aJosh. 2:9
bPs. 48:6
15 aGen. 36:15,
40 bDeut. 2:4
cNum. 22:3, 4
dJosh. 5:1
eJosh. 2:9–11,
16 aJosh. 2:9
b1 Sam. 25:37
cJer. 31:11
17 aPs. 44:2;
80:8, 15 bPs.
2:6; 78:54, 68
cPs. 68:16;
76:2; 132:13,
18 aIs. 57:15
19 aEx. 14:23
bEx. 14:28
20 aJudg. 4:4
bNum. 26:59
c1 Sam. 18:6
dJudg. 11:34;
21 a1 Sam.
18:7 bEx. 15:1
22 aGen. 16:7;
20:1; 25:18
bNum. 20:2
23 aNum. 33:8
1Lit. Bitter
24 aEx. 14:11;
25 a2 Kin. 2:21
bJosh. 24:25
cDeut. 8:2, 16
26 aDeut. 7:12,
15 bDeut.
28:27, 58, 60
cEx. 23:25
27 aNum. 33:9

EXODUS 15:27

They will be bas still as a stone, Till Your people pass over, O LORD, Till the people pass over cWhom You have purchased.
17 You will bring them in and aplant them In the bmountain of Your inheritance, In the place, O LORD, which You have made For Your own dwelling, The csanctuary, O Lord, which Your hands have established.

18 “Thea LORD shall reign forever and ever.”

19 For the ahorses of Pharaoh went with his chariots and his horsemen into the sea, and bthe LORD brought back the waters of the sea upon them. But the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.

The Song of Miriam

20 Then Miriam athe prophetess, bthe sister of Aaron, ctook the timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her dwith timbrels and with dances.
21 And Miriam aanswered them:

b“Sing to the LORD, For He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea!”

Bitter Waters Made Sweet

22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea; then they went out into the Wilderness of aShur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no bwater.
23 Now when they came to aMarah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called 1Marah.
24 And the people acomplained against Moses, saying, “What shall we drink?”
25 So he cried out to the LORD, and the LORD showed him a tree. aWhen he cast it into the waters, the waters were made sweet. There He bmade a statute and an 1ordinance for them, and there cHe tested them,
26 and said, a“If you diligently heed the voice of the LORD your God and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the bdiseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the LORD cwho heals you.”
27 aThen they came to Elim, where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees; so they camped there by the waters.

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Joy in the Salvation of the LORD

To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.

1 THE king shall have joy in Your strength, O LORD; And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!
2 You have given him his heart’s desire, And have not withheld the arequest of his lips. Selah

3 For You meet him with the blessings of goodness; You set a crown of pure gold upon his head.
4 aHe asked life from You, and You gave it to him— Length of days forever and ever.
5 His glory is great in Your salvation; Honor and majesty You have placed upon him.
6 For You have made him most blessed forever; aYou have made him 1exceedingly glad with Your presence.

PSALM 21 References

2 a2 Sam.
4 aPs. 61:5, 6;
6 aPs. 16:11;
45:7 1Lit. joyful
7 1shaken
10 1Lit. seed
11 aPs. 2:1–4

7 For the king trusts in the LORD, And through the mercy of the Most High he shall not be 1moved.
8 Your hand will find all Your enemies; Your right hand will find those who hate You.
9 You shall make them as a fiery oven in the time of Your anger; The LORD shall swallow them up in His wrath, And the fire shall devour them.

10 Their offspring You shall destroy from the earth, And their 1descendants from among the sons of men.
11 For they intended evil against You; They devised a plot which they are not able to aperform.
12 Therefore You will make them turn their back; You will make ready Your arrows on Your string toward their faces.

13 Be exalted, O LORD, in Your own strength! We will sing and praise Your power.




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