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The People of the Kingdom

(Category 15 of 16)

Watch our Read Scripture video on 1 Peter, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to 1 Peter, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.

Peter offers hope to persecuted Christians and guides them with practical instruction on living life consistent with following Jesus.

Explore 1 Peter



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The First Epistle of


PERSECUTION can cause either growth or bitterness in the Christian life.
Response determines the result. In writing to Jewish believers struggling in the
midst of persecution, Peter encourages them to conduct themselves courageously
for the Person and program of Christ. Both their character and conduct must be
above reproach. Having been born again to a living hope, they are to imitate the
Holy One who has called them. The fruit of that character will be conduct rooted
in submission: citizens to government, servants to masters, wives to husbands,
husbands to wives, and Christians to one another. Only after submission is fully
understood does Peter deal with the difficult area of suffering. The Christians are
not to “think it strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though
some strange thing happened to you” (4:12), but are to rejoice as partakers of the
suffering of Christ. That response to life is truly the climax of one’s submission to
the good hand of God.
This epistle begins with the phrase Petros apostolos Iesou Christou, “Peter, an
apostle of Jesus Christ.” This is the basis of the early title Petrou A, the “First of

Greeting to the Elect Pilgrims


1 PETER, an apostle of Jesus Christ,

To the 1pilgrims aof the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
2 aelect baccording to the foreknowledge of God the Father, cin sanctification of the Spirit, for dobedience and esprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ:

fGrace to you and peace be multiplied.

A Heavenly Inheritance

3 aBlessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who baccording to His abundant mercy chas begotten us again to a living hope dthrough the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
4 to an inheritance 1incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade

CHAPTER 1 References

1 aJames 1:1
2 aEph. 1:4
b[Rom. 8:29] c2 Thess. 2:13
dRom. 1:5
eHeb. 10:22;
12:24 fRom.
3 aEph. 1:3
bGal. 6:16
c[John 3:3, 5] d1 Cor. 15:20
4 aCol. 1:5
5 aJohn 10:28
6 aMatt. 5:12
b2 Cor. 4:17
cJames 1:2
7 aJames 1:3
bJob 23:10
c[Rom. 2:7] 8 a1 John 4:20
bJohn 20:29
1M known

away, areserved in heaven for you,
5 awho are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
6 aIn this you greatly rejoice, though now bfor a little while, if need be, cyou have been 1grieved by various trials,
7 that athe genuineness of your faith, being much more precious than gold that perishes, though bit is tested by fire, cmay be found to praise, honor, and glory at the revelation of Jesus Christ,
8 awhom having not 1seen you love. bThough now you do not see Him, yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory,
9 receiving the end of your faith— the salvation of your souls.
10 Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you,

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11 searching what, or what manner of time, athe Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow.
12 To them it was revealed that, not to themselves, but to 1us they were ministering the things which now have been reported to you through those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven—things which aangels desire to look into.

Living Before God Our Father

13 Therefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and rest your hope fully upon the grace that is to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
14 as obedient children, not aconforming yourselves to the former lusts, as in your ignorance;
15 abut as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct,
16 because it is written, a“Be holy, for I am holy.”
17 And if you call on the Father, who awithout partiality judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves throughout the time of your 1stay here in fear;
18 knowing that you were not redeemed with 1corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers,
19 but awith the precious blood of Christ, bas of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
20 aHe indeed was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was 1manifest bin these last times for you
21 who through Him believe in God, awho raised Him from the dead and bgave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

The Enduring Word

22 Since you ahave purified your souls in obeying the truth 1through the Spirit in 2sincere blove of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart,
23 ahaving been born again, not of 1corruptible seed but 2incorruptible, bthrough the word of God which lives and abides 3forever,
24 because

a“All flesh is as grass, And all 1the glory of man as the flower of the grass. The grass withers, And its flower falls away,
25 aBut the 1word of the LORD endures forever.”

aNow this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you.

11 a2 Pet. 1:21
12 aEph. 3:10
1NU, M you
14 a[Rom.
12:2] 15 a[2 Cor. 7:1] 16 aLev. 11:44,
45; 19:2; 20:7
17 aActs 10:34
dwelling as
18 1perishable
19 aActs 20:28
bEx. 12:5;
Is. 53:7
20 aRom. 3:25
bGal. 4:4
21 aActs 2:24
bActs 2:33
22 aActs 15:9
bHeb. 13:1
1NU omits
through the
Spirit 2Lit.
23 aJohn 1:13
bJames 1:18
3NU omits
24 aIs. 40:6–8
1NU its glory
25 aIs. 40:8
b[John 1:1] 1spoken word

CHAPTER 2 References

1 aHeb. 12:1
2 a[Matt. 18:3;
19:14] b1 Cor.
3:2 1NU adds
up to salvation
3 aHeb. 6:5
4 aPs. 118:22
6 aIs. 28:16
7 aPs. 118:22
1NU disbelieve
8 aIs. 8:14
b1 Cor. 1:23
cRom. 9:22
9 a[Acts 26:18] 10 aHos. 1:9,
10; 2:23
11 aJames 4:1
12 aPhil. 2:15
bMatt. 5:16;
13 aMatt. 22:21

1 PETER 2:13


1 Therefore, alaying aside all malice, all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and all evil speaking,
2 aas newborn babes, desire the pure bmilk of the word, that you may grow 1thereby,
3 if indeed you have atasted that the Lord is gracious.

The Chosen Stone and His Chosen People

4 Coming to Him as to a living stone, arejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious,
5 you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
6 Therefore it is also contained in the Scripture,

a“Behold, I lay in Zion A chief cornerstone, elect, precious, And he who believes on Him will by no means be put to shame.”

7 Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who 1are disobedient,

a“The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,”

8 and

a“A stone of stumbling And a rock of offense.”

bThey stumble, being disobedient to the word, cto which they also were appointed.
9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of adarkness into His marvelous light;
10 awho once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy.

Living Before the World

11 Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts awhich war against the soul,
12 ahaving your conduct honorable among the Gentiles, that when they speak against you as evildoers, bthey may, by your good works which they observe, glorify God in the day of visitation.

Submission to Government

13 aTherefore submit yourselves to every 1ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake, whether to the king as supreme,

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1 PETER 2:14

14 or to governors, as to those who are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those who do good.
15 For this is the will of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men—
16 aas free, yet not busing liberty as a cloak for 1vice, but as bondservants of God.
17 Honor all people. Love the brotherhood. Fear aGod. Honor the king.

Submission to Masters

18 aServants, be submissive to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the harsh.
19 For this is acommendable, if because of conscience toward God one endures grief, suffering wrongfully.
20 For awhat credit is it if, when you are beaten for your faults, you take it patiently? But when you do good and suffer, if you take it patiently, this is commendable before God.
21 For ato this you were called, because Christ also suffered for 1us, bleaving 2us an example, that you should follow His steps:

22 “Whoa committed no sin, Nor was deceit found in His mouth”;

23 awho, when He was reviled, did not revile in return; when He suffered, He did not threaten, but bcommitted Himself to Him who judges righteously;
24 awho Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, bthat we, having died to sins, might live for righteousnesscby whose 1stripes you were healed.
25 For ayou were like sheep going astray, but have now returned bto the Shepherd and 1Overseer of your souls.

16 aRom. 6:14,
20, 22 bGal.
5:13 1wickedness
17 aProv. 24:21
18 aEph. 6:5–8
19 aMatt. 5:10
20 aLuke
21 aMatt. 16:24
b[1 John 2:6] 1NU you 2NU,
M you
22 aIs. 53:9
23 aIs. 53:7
bLuke 23:46
24 a[Heb. 9:28] bRom. 7:6 cIs.
53:5 1wounds
25 aIs. 53:5, 6
bIs. 40:11;
[Ezek. 34:23];
Zech. 13:7
1Gr. Episkopos

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The Sovereignty of the LORD in Creation and History

1 REJOICE ain the LORD, O you righteous! For praise from the upright is beautiful.
2 Praise the LORD with the harp; 1Make melody to Him with an instrument of ten strings.
3 Sing to Him a new song; Play skillfully with a shout of joy.

4 For the word of the LORD is right, And all His work is done in truth.
5 He loves righteousness and justice; The earth is full of the goodness of the LORD.

6 aBy the word of the LORD the heavens were made, And all the bhost of them cby the breath of His mouth.
7 aHe gathers the waters of the sea together 1as a heap; He lays up the deep in storehouses.

8 Let all the earth fear the LORD; Let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him.
9 For aHe spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.

10 aThe LORD brings the counsel of the nations to nothing; He makes the plans of the peoples of no effect.
11 aThe counsel of the LORD stands forever, The plans of His heart to all generations.

PSALM 33 References

1 aPs. 32:11;
97:12; Phil.
3:1; 4:4
2 1Lit. Sing to
6 aGen. 1:6, 7;
Ps. 148:5;
[Heb. 11:3;
2 Pet. 3:5] bGen. 2:1
c[Job 26:13] 7 aGen. 1:9;
Job 26:10;
38:8 1LXX,
Tg.,Vg. in a
9 aGen. 1:3;
Ps. 148:5
10 a[Ps. 2:1–3];
Is. 8:10; 19:3
11 a[Job 23:13;
Prov. 19:21] 12 a[Ex. 19:5;
Deut. 7:6]; Ps.
13 aJob 28:24;
[Ps. 14:2] 15 a[2 Chr.
16:9]; Job
34:21; [Jer.
32:19] 1understands
16 aPs. 44:6;
60:11; [Jer.
9:23, 24] 17 a[Ps. 20:7;
147:10; Prov.
21:31] 1false
18 a[Job 36:7];
Ps. 32:8;
34:15; [1 Pet.
3:12] 19 aJob 5:20;
Ps. 37:19

12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD, The people He has achosen as His own inheritance.

13 aThe LORD looks from heaven; He sees all the sons of men.
14 From the place of His dwelling He looks On all the inhabitants of the earth;
15 He fashions their hearts individually; aHe 1considers all their works.

16 aNo king is saved by the multitude of an army; A mighty man is not delivered by great strength.
17 aA horse is a 1vain hope for safety; Neither shall it deliver any by its great strength.

18 aBehold, the eye of the LORD is on those who fear Him, On those who hope in His mercy,
19 To deliver their soul from death, And ato keep them alive in famine.

20 Our soul waits for the LORD; He is our help and our shield.
21 For our heart shall rejoice in Him, Because we have trusted in His holy name.
22 Let Your mercy, O LORD, be upon us, Just as we hope in You.




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