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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 77

The Gold Calf

32

1 Now when the people saw that Moses adelayed coming down from the mountain, the people bgathered together to Aaron, and said to him, c“Come, make us 1gods that shall dgo before us; for as for this Moses, the man who ebrought us up out of the land of Egypt,we do not know what has become of him.”
2 And Aaron said to them, “Break off the agolden earrings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.”
3 So all the people broke off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them to Aaron.
4 aAnd he received the gold from their hand, and he fashioned it with an engraving tool, and made a molded calf. Then they said, “This is your god, O Israel, that bbrought you out of the land of Egypt!”
5 So when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it. And Aaron made a aproclamation and said, “Tomorrow is a feast to the LORD.”

CHAPTER 32 References

1 aEx. 24:18;
Deut. 9:9–12
bEx. 17:1–3
cActs 7:40
dEx. 13:21
eEx. 32:8 1Or
a god
2 aEx. 11:2;
35:22
4 aEx. 20:3, 4,
23 bEx. 29:45,
46
5 a2 Kin. 10:20
6 aNum. 25:2
7 aDeut.
9:8–21 bGen.
6:11, 12
8 aEx. 20:3, 4,
23 b1 Kin.
12:28
9 a[Acts 7:51] 1stubborn
10 aDeut. 9:14,
19 bEx. 22:24
cNum. 14:12
1destroy
11 aDeut. 9:18,
26–29 1Lit. the
face of the
LORD
12 aNum.
14:13–19 bEx.
32:14
13 a[Heb. 6:13] bGen. 12:7;
13:15; 15:7,
18; 22:17;
26:4; 35:11, 12
14 a2 Sam.
24:16
15 aDeut. 9:15
16 aEx. 31:18
19 aDeut. 9:16,
17

EXODUS 32:19

6 Then they rose early on the next day, offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people asat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
7 And the LORD said to Moses, a“Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt bhave corrupted themselves.
8 “They have turned aside quickly out of the way which aI commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, b‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!’ ”
9 And the LORD said to Moses, a“I have seen this people, and indeed it is a 1stiff-necked people!
10 “Now therefore, alet Me alone, that bMy wrath may burn hot against them and I may 1consume them. And cI will make of you a great nation.”
11 aThen Moses pleaded with 1the LORD his God, and said: “LORD, why does Your wrath burn hot against Your people whom You have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand?
12 a“Why should the Egyptians speak, and say, ‘He brought them out to harm them, to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and brelent from this harm to Your people.
13 “Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You aswore by Your own self, and said to them, b‘I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven; and all this land that I have spoken of I give to your descendants, and they shall inherit it forever.’ ”
14 So the LORD arelented from the harm which He said He would do to His people.
15 And aMoses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written.
16 Now the atablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets.
17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a noise of war in the camp.”
18 But he said:

“It is not the noise of the shout of victory, Nor the noise of the cry of defeat, But the sound of singing I hear.”

19 So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that ahe saw the calf

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EXODUS 32:20

and the dancing. So Moses’ anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain.
20 aThen he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and he scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it.
21 And Moses said to Aaron, a“What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”
22 So Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord become hot. aYou know the people, that they are set on evil.
23 “For they said to me, ‘Make us gods that shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’
24 “And I said to them, ‘Whoever has any gold, let them break it off.’ So they gave it to me, and I cast it into the fire, and this calf came out.”
25 Now when Moses saw that the people were aunrestrained (for Aaron bhad not restrained them, to their shame among their enemies),
26 then Moses stood in the entrance of the camp, and said, “Whoever is on the LORD’s side— come to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together to him.
27 And he said to them, “Thus says the LORD God of Israel: ‘Let every man put his sword on his side, and go in and out from entrance to entrance throughout the camp, and alet every man kill his brother, every man his companion, and every man his neighbor.’ ”
28 So the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses. And about three thousand men of the people fell that day.
29 aThen Moses said, 1Consecrate yourselves today to the LORD, that He may bestow on you a blessing this day, for every man has opposed his son and his brother.”
30 Now it came to pass on the next day that Moses said to the people, a“You have committed a great sin. So now I will go up to the LORD; bperhaps I can cmake atonement for your sin.”
31 Then Moses areturned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have bmade for themselves a god of gold!
32 “Yet now, if You will forgive their sin—but if not, I pray, ablot me bout of Your book which You have written.”
33 And the LORD said to Moses, a“Whoever has sinned against Me, I will bblot him out of My book.
34 “Now therefore, go, lead the people to the place of which I have aspoken to you. bBehold, My Angel shall

20 aNum. 5:17,
24; Deut. 9:21
21 aGen. 26:10
22 aEx. 14:11;
Deut. 9:24
25 aEx. 33:4, 5
b2 Chr. 28:19
27 aNum.
25:5–13
29 aEx. 28:41;
1 Sam. 15:18,
22; Prov. 21:3;
Zech. 13:3
1Lit. Fill your
hand
30 a1 Sam.
12:20, 23
b2 Sam. 16:12
cNum. 25:13
31 aDeut. 9:18
bEx. 20:23
32 aPs. 69:28;
Is. 4:3; Mal.
3:16; Rom. 9:3
bDan. 12:1;
Phil. 4:3; Rev.
3:5; 21:27
33 aLev. 23:30;
[Ezek. 18:4;
33:2, 14, 15] bEx. 17:14;
Deut. 29:20;
Ps. 9:5; Rev.
3:5; 21:27
34 aEx. 3:17
bEx. 23:20;
Josh. 5:14
cDeut. 32:35;
Rom. 2:5, 6
dPs. 89:32
35 aNeh. 9:18
CHAPTER 33
1 aEx. 32:1, 7,
13; Josh. 3:17
bGen. 12:7
2 aEx. 32:34;
Josh. 5:14
bEx. 23:27–31;
Josh. 24:11
3 aEx. 3:8
bNum. 16:21,
45 cEx. 32:9;
33:5 1destroy
2stubborn
4 aNum. 14:1,
39 bEzra 9:3;
Esth. 4:1, 4;
Ezek. 24:17,
23
5 a[Ps. 139:23] 1jewelry
7 aEx. 29:42,
43 bDeut. 4:29
8 aNum. 16:27
9 aEx. 25:22;
31:18; Ps. 99:7
10 aEx. 4:31
11 aNum. 12:8;
Deut. 34:10
bEx. 24:13
12 aEx. 3:10;
32:34

go before you. Nevertheless, cin the day when I dvisit for punishment, I will visit punishment upon them for their sin.”
35 So the LORD plagued the people because of awhat they did with the calf which Aaron made.

The Command to Leave Sinai

33

1 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you aand the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, b‘To your descendants I will give it.’
2 a“And I will send My Angel before you, band I will drive out the Canaanite and the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite.
3 “Go up ato a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in your midst, lest bI 1consume you on the way, for you are a cstiffnecked2 people.”
4 And when the people heard this bad news, athey mourned, band no one put on his ornaments.
5 For the LORD had said to Moses, “Say to the children of Israel, ‘You are a stiff-necked people. I could come up into your midst in one moment and consume you. Now therefore, take off your 1ornaments, that I may aknow what to do to you.’ ”
6 So the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by Mount Horeb.

Moses Meets with the LORD

7 Moses took his tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp, and acalled it the tabernacle of meeting. And it came to pass that everyone who bsought the LORD went out to the tabernacle of meeting which was outside the camp.
8 So it was, whenever Moses went out to the tabernacle, that all the people rose, and each man stood aat his tent door and watched Moses until he had gone into the tabernacle.
9 And it came to pass, when Moses entered the tabernacle, that the pillar of cloud descended and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD atalked with Moses.
10 All the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the tabernacle door, and all the people rose and aworshiped, each man in his tent door.
11 So athe LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he would return to the camp, but bhis servant Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, did not depart from the tabernacle.

The Promise of God’s Presence

12 Then Moses said to the LORD, “See, aYou say to me, ‘Bring up this

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people.’ But You have not let me know whom You will send with me. Yet You have said, b‘I know you by name, and you have also found grace in My sight.’
13 “Now therefore, I pray, aif I have found grace in Your sight, bshow me now Your way, that I may know You and that I may find grace in Your sight. And consider that this nation is cYour people.”
14 And He said, a“My Presence will go with you, and I will give you brest.”
15 Then he said to Him, a“If Your Presence does not go with us, do not bring us up from here.
16 “For how then will it be known that Your people and I have found grace in Your sight, aexcept You go with us? So we bshall be separate, Your people and I, from all the people who are upon the face of the earth.”
17 So the LORD said to Moses, a“I will also do this thing that you have spoken; for you have found grace in My sight, and I know you by name.”
18 And he said, “Please, show me aYour glory.”
19 Then He said, “I will make all My agoodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before you. bI will be gracious to whom I will be cgracious, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.”
20 But He said, “You cannot see My face; for ano man shall see Me, and live.”
21 And the LORD said, “Here is a place by Me, and you shall stand on the rock.
22 “So it shall be, while My glory passes by, that I will put you ain the cleft of the rock, and will bcover you with My hand while I pass by.
23 “Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall anot be seen.”

Moses Makes New Tablets

34

1 And the LORD said to Moses, a“Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and bI will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke.
2 “So be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me there aon the top of the mountain.
3 “And no man shall acome up with you, and let no man be seen throughout all the mountain; let neither flocks nor herds feed before that mountain.”
4 So he cut two tablets of stone like the first ones. Then Moses rose early in the morning and went up Mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him; and he took in his hand the two tablets of stone.
5 Now the LORD descended in the

12 bEx. 33:17
13 aEx. 34:9
bPs. 25:4;
27:11; 86:11;
119:33 cDeut.
9:26, 29
14 aIs. 63:9
bJosh. 21:44;
22:4
15 aEx. 33:3
16 aNum.
14:14 bEx.
34:10
17 a[James
5:16] 18 a[1 Tim.
6:16] 19 aEx. 34:6, 7
b[Rom. 9:15,
16, 18] c[Rom.
4:4, 16] 20 a[Gen.
32:30] 22 aIs. 2:21
bPs. 91:1, 4
23 a[John 1:18] CHAPTER 34
1 a[Ex. 24:12;
31:18; 32:15,
16, 19] bDeut.
10:2, 4
2 aEx. 19:11,
18, 20
3 aEx. 19:12,
13; 24:9–11
5 aEx. 19:9
bEx. 33:19
6 aNeh. 9:17
bRom. 2:4 cPs.
108:4
7 aEx. 20:6
bPs. 103:3, 4
cJob 10:14
8 aEx. 4:31
9 aEx.
33:12–16 bEx.
33:3 cPs.
33:12; 94:14
1stubborn
10 aDeut. 5:2
bPs. 77:14 cPs.
145:6
1wonderful
acts
11 aDeut. 6:25
bEx. 23:20–33;
33:2
12 aEx. 23:32,
33
13 aDeut. 12:3
b2 Kin. 18:4
14 a[Ex.
20:3–5] b[Is.
9:6; 57:15] c[Deut. 4:24] 15 aJudg. 2:17
bNum. 25:1, 2
c1 Cor. 8:4, 7,
10
16 aGen. 28:1
bNum. 25:1, 2
17 aEx. 20:4,
23; 32:8
18 aEx. 12:15,
16 bEx. 12:2;
13:4
19 aEx. 13:2;
22:29 1the
firstborn

EXODUS 34:19

acloud and stood with him there, and bproclaimed the name of the LORD.
6 And the LORD passed before him and proclaimed, “The LORD, the LORD aGod, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in bgoodness and ctruth,
7 a“keeping mercy for thousands, bforgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, cby no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation.”
8 So Moses made haste and abowed his head toward the earth, and worshiped.
9 Then he said, “If now I have found grace in Your sight, O Lord, alet my Lord, I pray, go among us, even though we are a bstiff-necked1 people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as cYour inheritance.”

The Covenant Renewed

10 And He said: “Behold, aI make a covenant. Before all your people I will bdo 1marvels such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation; and all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the LORD. For it is can awesome thing that I will do with you.
11 a“Observe what I command you this day. Behold, bI am driving out from before you the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite.
12 a“Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you are going, lest it be a snare in your midst.
13 “But you shall adestroy their altars, break their sacred pillars, and bcut down their wooden images
14 “(for you shall worship ano other god, for the LORD, whose bname is Jealous, is a cjealous God),
15 “lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they aplay the harlot with their gods and make sacrifice to their gods, and one of them binvites you and you ceat of his sacrifice,
16 “and you take of ahis daughters for your sons, and his daughters bplay the harlot with their gods and make your sons play the harlot with their gods.
17 a“You shall make no molded gods for yourselves.
18 “The Feast of aUnleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month of Abib; for in the bmonth of Abib you came out from Egypt.
19 a“All 1that open the womb are Mine, and every male firstborn

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EXODUS 34:20

among your livestock, whether ox or sheep.
20 “But athe firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb. And if you will not redeem him, then you shall break his neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And none shall appear before Me bempty-handed.
21 a“Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.
22 “And you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end.
23 a“Three times in the year all your men shall appear before the Lord, the LORD God of Israel.
24 “For I will acast out the nations before you and enlarge your borders; neither will any man covet your land when you go up to appear before the LORD your God three times in the year.
25 “You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leaven, anor shall the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover be left until morning.
26 a“The first of the firstfruits of your land you shall bring to the house of the LORD your God. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
27 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write athese words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.”
28 aSo he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And bHe wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the 1Ten Commandments.

The Shining Face of Moses

29 Now it was so,when Moses came down from Mount Sinai (and the atwo tablets of the Testimony were in Moses’ hand when he came down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that bthe skin of his face shone while he talked with Him.
30 So when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and they were afraid to come near him.
31 Then Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him; and Moses talked with them.
32 Afterward all the children of Israel came near, aand he gave them as commandments all that the LORD had spoken with him on Mount Sinai.
33 And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put aa veil on his face.
34 But awhenever Moses went in before the LORD to speak with Him, he

20 aEx. 13:13
bEx. 22:29;
23:15; Deut.
16:16
21 aEx. 20:9;
23:12; 31:15;
35:2; Lev.
23:3; Deut.
5:13
23 aEx.
23:14–17
24 a[Ex. 33:2];
Josh. 11:23;
1 Kin. 4:21;
2 Chr.
36:14–16; Ps.
78:55
25 aEx. 12:10
26 aEx. 23:19;
Deut. 26:2
27 aEx. 17:14;
24:4; Deut.
31:9
28 aEx. 24:18
bEx. 34:1, 4;
Deut. 4:31;
10:2, 4 1Lit.
Ten Words
29 aEx. 32:15
bMatt. 17:2;
2 Cor. 3:7
32 aEx. 24:3
33 a[2 Cor.
3:13, 14] 34 a[2 Cor.
3:13–16]

would take the veil off until he came out; and he would come out and speak to the children of Israel whatever he had been commanded.
35 And whenever the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone, then Moses would put the veil on his face again, until he went in to speak with Him.

page 485

PSALM 28

Rejoicing in Answered Prayer

A Psalm of David.

1 TO You I will cry, O LORD my Rock: aDo not be silent to me, bLest, if You are silent to me, I become like those who go down to the pit.
2 Hear the voice of my supplications When I cry to You, aWhen I lift up my hands btoward Your holy sanctuary.
3 Do not 1take me away with the wicked And with the workers of iniquity, aWho speak peace to their neighbors, But evil is in their hearts.
4 aGive them according to their deeds, And according to the wickedness of their endeavors; Give them according to the work of their hands; Render to them what they deserve.

PSALM 28 References

1 aPs. 35:22;
39:12; 83:1
bPs. 88:4;
143:7; Prov.
1:12
2 aPs. 5:7 bPs.
138:2
3 aPs. 12:2;
55:21; 62:4;
Jer. 9:8 1drag
4 a[Ps. 62:12];
2 Tim. 4:14;
[Rev. 18:6;
22:12] 5 aIs. 5:12
7 aPs. 18:2;
59:17 bPs.
13:5; 112:7
8 aPs. 20:6 1So
with MT, Tg.;
LXX, Syr.,Vg.
the strength
of His people
2Commissioned
one,
Heb. messiah
9 a[Deut. 9:29;
32:9; 1 Kin.
8:51; Ps.
33:12]; 106:40
bDeut. 1:31;
Is. 63:9

5 Because athey do not regard the works of the LORD, Nor the operation of His hands, He shall destroy them And not build them up.

6 Blessed be the LORD, Because He has heard the voice of my supplications!
7 The LORD is amy strength and my shield; My heart btrusted in Him, and I am helped; Therefore my heart greatly rejoices, And with my song I will praise Him.

8 The LORD is 1their strength, And He is the asaving refuge of His 2anointed.
9 Save Your people, And bless aYour inheritance; Shepherd them also, bAnd bear them up forever.

 
 

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