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The Covenant at Mt. Sinai

(Category 4 of 16)

page 102

The Day of Atonement


1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses after athe death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered profane fire before the LORD, and died;
2 and the LORD said to Moses: “Tell Aaron your brother anot to come at just any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, lest he die; for bI will appear in the cloud above the mercy seat.
3 1“Thus Aaron shall acome into the Holy Place: bwith the blood of a young bull as a sin offering, and of a ram as a burnt offering.
4 “He shall put the aholy linen tunic and the linen trousers on his body; he shall be girded with a linen sash, and with the linen turban he shall be attired. These are holy garments. Therefore bhe shall wash his body in water, and put them on.
5 “And he shall take from athe congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats as a sin offering, and one ram as a burnt offering.
6 “Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering, which is for himself, and amake atonement for himself and for his house.
7 “He shall take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
8 “Then Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats: one lot for the LORD and the other lot for the scapegoat.
9 “And Aaron shall bring the goat

CHAPTER 16 References

1 aLev. 10:1, 2
2 aEx. 30:10
bEx. 25:21, 22;
3 a[Heb. 9:7,
12, 24, 25] bLev. 4:3 1Lit.
With this
4 aEx. 28:39,
42, 43
bEx. 30:20
5 aLev. 4:14
6 a[Heb. 5:3;
7:27, 28; 9:7] 10 a[1 John
2:2] 11 a[Heb. 7:27;
9:7] 12 aLev. 10:1
bEx. 30:34–38
13 aEx. 30:7, 8
bEx. 25:21
cEx. 28:43
14 a[Heb. 9:25;
10:4] bLev.
4:6, 17
15 a[Heb. 2:17] b[Heb. 6:19;
7:27; 9:3, 7,
12] 16 aEx. 29:36;
17 aLuke 1:10
18 aEx. 29:36
19 aEzek.
43:20 1set it
apart 2impurity
21 aLev. 5:5;

on which the LORD’s lot fell, and offer it as a sin offering.
10 “But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make aatonement upon it, and to let it go as the scapegoat into the wilderness.
11 “And Aaron shall bring the bull of the sin offering, which is for ahimself, and make atonement for himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull as the sin offering which is for himself.
12 “Then he shall take aa censer full of burning coals of fire from the altar before the LORD, with his hands full of bsweet incense beaten fine, and bring it inside the veil.
13 a“And he shall put the incense on the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of incense may cover the bmercy seat that is on the Testimony, lest he cdie.
14 a“He shall take some of the blood of the bull and bsprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat on the east side; and before the mercy seat he shall sprinkle some of the blood with his finger seven times.
15 a“Then he shall kill the goat of the sin offering, which is for the people, bring its blood binside the veil, do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat.
16 “So he shall amake atonement for the Holy Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions, for all their sins; and so he shall do for the tabernacle of meeting which remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
17 “There shall be ano man in the tabernacle of meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Holy Place, until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself, for his household, and for all the assembly of Israel.
18 “And he shall go out to the altar that is before the LORD, and make atonement for ait, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and some of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar all around.
19 “Then he shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, cleanse it, and aconsecrate1 it from the 2uncleanness of the children of Israel.
20 “And when he has made an end of atoning for the Holy Place, the tabernacle of meeting, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat.
21 “Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, aconfess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins,

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bputting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man.
22 “The goat 1shall abear on itself all their iniquities to an 2uninhabited land; and he shall brelease the goat in the wilderness.
23 “Then Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of meeting, ashall take off the linen garments which he put on when he went into the Holy Place, and shall leave them there.
24 “And he shall wash his body with water in a holy place, put on his garments, come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, and make 1atonement for himself and for the people.
25 a“The fat of the sin offering he shall burn on the altar.
26 “And he who released the goat as the scapegoat shall wash his clothes aand bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
27 a“The bull for the sin offering and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried outside the camp. And they shall burn in the fire their skins, their flesh, and their offal.
28 “Then he who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.
29 “This shall be a statute forever for you: aIn the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall 1afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether a native of your own country or a stranger who 2dwells among you.
30 “For on that day the priest shall make 1atonement for you, to acleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.
31 a“It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever.
32 a“And the priest,who is anointed and bconsecrated to minister as priest in his father’s place, shall make atonement, and put on the linen clothes, the holy garments;
33 “then he shall make 1atonement for 2the Holy Sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tabernacle of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly.
34 a“This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel, for all their sins, bonce a year.” And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.

The Sanctity of Blood


1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to Aaron, to his sons,

21 b[Is. 53:6] 22 a[Is. 53:6,
11, 12] bLev.
14:7 1shall
carry 2solitary
23 aEzek.
42:14; 44:19
24 1Lit. covering
25 aLev. 1:8;
26 aLev. 15:5
27 aHeb. 13:11
29 aLev.
1humble yourselves
2As a
resident alien
30 aJer. 33:8
1Lit. covering
31 aLev. 23:27,
32 aLev. 4:3, 5,
16; 21:10 bEx.
29:29, 30
33 1Lit. covering
2The Most
Holy Place
34 aLev. 23:31
b[Heb. 9:7, 25,

CHAPTER 17 References

3 aDeut. 12:5,
15, 21
4 aRom. 5:13
1Put to death
5 aDeut.
6 aLev. 3:2
bNum. 18:17
7 aDeut. 32:17
bEzek. 23:8
1Having the
form of a goat
or satyr
8 aLev. 1:2, 3;
9 aLev. 14:23
1Put to death
10 aGen. 9:4
bLev. 20:3, 5, 6
11 aGen. 9:4
b[Matt. 26:28] c[Heb. 9:22] 13 aLev. 7:26
bDeut. 12:16,
24 cEzek. 24:7
14 aGen. 9:4
15 aEx. 22:31
bLev. 11:25


and to all the children of Israel, and say to them, ‘This is the thing which the LORD has commanded, saying:
3 “Whatever man of the house of Israel who akills an ox or lamb or goat in the camp, or who kills it outside the camp,
4 “and does not bring it to the door of the tabernacle of meeting to offer an offering to the LORD before the tabernacle of the LORD, the guilt of bloodshed shall be aimputed to that man. He has shed blood; and that man shall be 1cut off from among his people,
5 “to the end that the children of Israel may bring their sacrifices awhich they offer in the open field, that they may bring them to the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to the priest, and offer them as peace offerings to the LORD.
6 “And the priest ashall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and bburn the fat for a sweet aroma to the LORD.
7 “They shall no more offer their sacrifices ato 1demons, after whom they bhave played the harlot. This shall be a statute forever for them throughout their generations.” ’
8 “Also you shall say to them: ‘Whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, awho offers a burnt offering or sacrifice,
9 ‘and does not abring it to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, to offer it to the LORD, that man shall be 1cut off from among his people.
10 a‘And whatever man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, who eats any blood, bI will set My face against that person who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people.
11 ‘For the alife of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar bto make atonement for your souls; for cit is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.’
12 “Therefore I said to the children of Israel, ‘No one among you shall eat blood, nor shall any stranger who dwells among you eat blood.’
13 “Whatever man of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who dwell among you, who ahunts and catches any animal or bird that may be eaten, he shall bpour out its blood and ccover it with dust;
14 a“for it is the life of all flesh. Its blood sustains its life. Therefore I said to the children of Israel, ‘You shall not eat the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood. Whoever eats it shall be cut off.’
15 a“And every person who eats what died naturally or what was torn by beasts, whether he is a native of your own country or a stranger, bhe shall both wash his clothes and

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cbathe in water, and be unclean until evening. Then he shall be clean. 16 “But if he does not wash them or bathe his body, then ahe shall bear his 1guilt.”

Laws of Sexual Morality


1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: a‘I am the LORD your God.
3 a‘According to 1the doings of the land of Egypt, where you dwelt, you shall not do; and baccording to the doings of the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you, you shall not do; nor shall you walk in their 2ordinances.
4 a‘You shall observe My judgments and keep My ordinances, to walk in them: I am the LORD your God.
5 ‘You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, which if a man does, he shall live by them: I am the LORD.
6 ‘None of you shall approach anyone who is near of kin to him, to uncover his nakedness: I am the LORD.
7 ‘The nakedness of your father or the nakedness of your mother you shall not uncover. She is your mother; you shall not uncover her nakedness.
8 ‘The nakedness of your afather’s wife you shall not uncover; it is your father’s nakedness.
9 a‘The nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father, or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home or elsewhere, their nakedness you shall not uncover.
10 ‘The nakedness of your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter, their nakedness you shall not uncover; for theirs is your own nakedness.
11 ‘The nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, begotten by your father—she is your sister—you shall not uncover her nakedness.
12 a‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister; she is near of kin to your father.
13 ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister, for she is near of kin to your mother.
14 a‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother. You shall not approach his wife; she is your aunt.
15 ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-inlaw— she is your son’s wife—you shall not uncover her nakedness.
16 ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife; it is your brother’s nakedness. 17 ‘You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her adaughter, nor shall you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s

15 cLev. 15:5
16 aLev. 5:1

CHAPTER 18 References

2 aEx. 6:7
3 aEzek. 20:7,
8 bLev.
20:23 1what is
done in
4 aEzek. 20:19
8 aGen. 35:22
9 aDeut. 27:22
12 aLev. 20:19
14 aLev. 20:20
17 aLev. 20:14
18 a1 Sam.
1:6, 8
19 aEzek. 18:6
bLev. 15:24;
20 a[Prov.
6:25–33] bLev.
21 aLev. 20:2–5
b2 Kin. 16:3
c1 Kin. 11:7,
22 aLev. 20:13
23 aEx. 22:19
24 aMatt.
bDeut. 18:12
25 aNum.
35:33, 34 bJer.
5:9 cLev.
18:28; 20:22
1bring judgment
26 aLev. 18:5,
30 1obey
28 aJer. 9:19
29 1Put to
30 aLev. 18:3;
22:9 bLev. 18:2

daughter, to uncover her nakedness. They are near of kin to her. It is wickedness.
18 ‘Nor shall you take a woman aas a rival to her sister, to uncover her nakedness while the other is alive.
19 ‘Also you shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness as along as she is in her bcustomary impurity.
20 a‘Moreover you shall not lie carnally with your bneighbor’s wife, to defile yourself with her.
21 ‘And you shall not let any of your descendants apass through bthe fire to cMolech, nor shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.
22 ‘You shall not lie with aa male as with a woman. It is an abomination.
23 ‘Nor shall you mate with any aanimal, to defile yourself with it. Nor shall any woman stand before an animal to mate with it. It is perversion.
24 a‘Do not defile yourselves with any of these things; bfor by all these the nations are defiled, which I am casting out before you.
25 ‘For athe land is defiled; therefore I bvisit1 the punishment of its iniquity upon it, and the land cvomits out its inhabitants.
26 a‘You shall therefore 1keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations, either any of your own nation or any stranger who dwells among you
27 ‘(for all these abominations the men of the land have done, who were before you, and thus the land is defiled),
28 ‘lest athe land vomit you out also when you defile it, as it vomited out the nations that were before you.
29 ‘For whoever commits any of these abominations, the persons who commit them shall be 1cut off from among their people.
30 ‘Therefore you shall keep My 1ordinance, so athat you do not commit any of these abominable customs which were committed before you, and that you do not defile yourselves by them: bI am the LORD your God.’ ”

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The LORD the Avenger of His People

A Psalm of David.

1 PLEAD1 my cause, O LORD, with those who strive with me; Fight against those who fight against me.
2 Take hold of shield and 1buckler, And stand up for my help.
3 Also draw out the spear, And stop those who pursue me. Say to my soul, “I am your salvation.”

4 aLet those be put to shame and brought to dishonor Who seek after my life; Let those be bturned back and brought to confusion Who plot my hurt.
5 aLet them be like chaff before the wind, And let the 1angel of the LORD chase them.
6 Let their way be adark and slippery, And let the angel of the LORD pursue them.
7 For without cause they have ahidden their net for me in a pit, Which they have dug without cause for my life.
8 1Let adestruction come upon him unexpectedly, And let his net that he has hidden catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall.

9 And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD; It shall rejoice in His salvation.
10 aAll my bones shall say, “LORD, bwho is like You, Delivering the poor from him who is too strong for him, Yes, the poor and the needy from him who plunders him?”

11 Fiercea witnesses rise up; They ask me things that I do not know.
12 aThey reward me evil for good, To the sorrow of my soul.
13 But as for me, awhen they were sick, My clothing was sackcloth; I humbled myself with fasting; And my prayer would return to my own 1heart.
14 I paced about as though he were my friend or brother; I bowed down 1heavily, as one who mourns for his mother.

PSALM 35 References

1 1Contend for
2 1A small
4 aPs. 40:14,
15; 70:2, 3 bPs.
5 aJob 21:18;
Ps. 83:13; Is.
29:5 1Or Angel
6 aPs. 73:18;
Jer. 23:12
7 aPs. 9:15
8 a[Ps. 55:23];
Is. 47:11;
[1 Thess. 5:3] 1Lit. Let destruction
does not
know come
upon him,
10 aPs. 51:8
b[Ex. 15:11];
Ps. 71:19;
86:8; [Mic.
7:18] 12 aPs. 38:20;
109:5; Jer.
18:20; John
13 aJob 30:25
1Lit. bosom
14 1in mourning
15 1limping,
17 aPs. 13:1;
[Hab. 1:13] 18 1a mighty
19 aPs. 69:4;
109:3; Lam.
3:52; [John
15:25] 26 aPs. 109:29
27 aRom. 12:15

15 But in my 1adversity they rejoiced And gathered together; Attackers gathered against me, And I did not know it; They tore at me and did not cease;
16 With ungodly mockers at feasts They gnashed at me with their teeth.

17 Lord, how long will You alook on? Rescue me from their destructions, My precious life from the lions.
18 I will give You thanks in the great assembly; I will praise You among 1many people.

19 aLet them not rejoice over me who are wrongfully my enemies; Nor let them wink with the eye who hate me without a cause.
20 For they do not speak peace, But they devise deceitful matters Against the quiet ones in the land.
21 They also opened their mouth wide against me, And said, “Aha, aha! Our eyes have seen it.”

22 This You have seen, O LORD; Do not keep silence. O Lord, do not be far from me.
23 Stir up Yourself, and awake to my vindication, To my cause, my God and my Lord.
24 Vindicate me, O LORD my God, according to Your righteousness; And let them not rejoice over me.
25 Let them not say in their hearts, “Ah, so we would have it!” Let them not say, “We have swallowed him up.”

26 Let them be ashamed and brought to mutual confusion Who rejoice at my hurt; Let them be aclothed with shame and dishonor Who exalt themselves against me.

27 aLet them shout for joy and be glad, Who favor my righteous cause; And let them say continually, “Let the LORD be magnified, Who has pleasure in the prosperity of His servant.”
28 And my tongue shall speak of Your righteousness And of Your praise all the day long.




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