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The Wilderness

(Category 5 of 16)

A road trip gone really bad. Israel leaves Mt. Sinai only to rebel against God at every step. God responds with short-term severity and long-term generosity as He leads them into the promised land.

Explore this video about Numbers and get an extended view on the Lord’s children through the wilderness.

The Book of Numbers overview

Leviticus (TOR)

 

page 125

CHAPTER 8 References

2 aLev. 24:2–4

Arrangement of the Lamps

8

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 “Speak to Aaron, and say to him, ‘When you aarrange the lamps, the

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NUMBERS 8:3

seven blamps shall give light in front of the lampstand.’ ”
3 And Aaron did so; he arranged the lamps to face toward the front of the lampstand, as the LORD commanded Moses.
4 aNow this workmanship of the lampstand was hammered gold; from its shaft to its flowers it was bhammered work. cAccording to the pattern which the LORD had shown Moses, so he made the lampstand.

Cleansing and Dedication of the Levites

5 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
6 “Take the Levites from among the children of Israel and cleanse them ceremonially.
7 “Thus you shall do to them to cleanse them: Sprinkle awater of purification on them, and blet1 them shave all their body, and let them wash their clothes, and so make themselves clean.
8 “Then let them take a young bull with aits grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, and you shall take another young bull as a sin offering.
9 a“And you shall bring the Levites before the tabernacle of meeting, band you shall gather together the whole congregation of the children of Israel.
10 “So you shall bring the Levites before the LORD, and the children of Israel ashall lay their hands on the Levites;
11 “and Aaron shall 1offer the Levites before the LORD like a awave offering from the children of Israel, that they may perform the work of the LORD.
12 a“Then the Levites shall lay their hands on the heads of the young bulls, and you shall offer one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering to the LORD, to make atonement for the Levites.
13 “And you shall stand the Levites before Aaron and his sons, and then offer them like a wave offering to the LORD.
14 “Thus you shall aseparate the Levites from among the children of Israel, and the Levites shall be bMine.
15 “After that the Levites shall go in to service the tabernacle of meeting. So you shall cleanse them and aoffer them, like a wave offering.
16 “For they are awholly given to Me from among the children of Israel; I have taken them for Myself binstead of all who open the womb, the firstborn of all the children of Israel.
17 a“For all the firstborn among the children of Israel are Mine, both man and beast; on the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I 1sanctified them to Myself

2 bEx. 25:37;
40:25
4 aEx. 25:31
bEx. 25:18
cEx. 25:40;
Acts 7:44
7 aNum. 19:9,
13, 17, 20; Ps.
51:2, 7; [Heb.
9:13, 14] bLev.
14:8, 9 1Heb.
let them
cause a razor
to pass over
8 aLev. 2:1;
Num. 15:8–10
9 aEx. 29:4;
40:12 bLev. 8:3
10 aLev. 1:4
11 aNum. 18:6
1present
12 aEx. 29:10
14 aNum. 16:9
bNum. 3:12,
45; 16:9
15 aNum. 8:11,
13
16 aNum. 3:9
bEx. 13:2;
Num. 3:12, 45
17 aEx. 12:2,
12, 13, 15;
Num. 3:13;
Luke 2:23 1set
them apart
19 aNum. 3:9
bNum. 1:53;
16:46; 18:5;
2 Chr. 26:16
21 aNum. 8:7
22 aNum. 8:15
bNum. 8:5
24 aNum. 4:3;
1 Chr. 23:3,
24, 27
26 aNum. 1:53

CHAPTER 9 References

2 aEx. 12:1–16;
Lev. 23:5;
Num. 28:16;
Deut. 16:1, 2
b2 Chr.
30:1–15; Luke
22:7; [1 Cor.
5:7, 8] 3 1Lit.
between the
evenings
2observe
3statutes
5 aJosh. 5:10
6 aNum. 5:2;
19:11–22;
John 18:28

18 “I have taken the Levites instead of all the firstborn of the children of Israel.
19 “And aI have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the work for the children of Israel in the tabernacle of meeting, and to make atonement for the children of Israel, bthat there be no plague among the children of Israel when the children of Israel come near the sanctuary.”
20 Thus Moses and Aaron and all the congregation of the children of Israel did to the Levites; according to all that the LORD commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so the children of Israel did to them.
21 aAnd the Levites purified themselves and washed their clothes; then Aaron presented them, like a wave offering before the LORD, and Aaron made atonement for them to cleanse them.
22 aAfter that the Levites went in to do their work in the tabernacle of meeting before Aaron and his sons; bas the LORD commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so they did to them.
23 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
24 “This is what pertains to the Levites: aFrom twenty-five years old and above one may enter to perform service in the work of the tabernacle of meeting;
25 “and at the age of fifty years they must cease performing this work, and shall work no more.
26 “They may minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of meeting, ato attend to needs, but they themselves shall do no work. Thus you shall do to the Levites regarding their duties.”

The Second Passover

9

1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying:
2 “Let the children of Israel keep athe Passover at its appointed btime.
3 “On the fourteenth day of this month, 1at twilight, you shall 2keep it at its appointed time. According to all its 3rites and ceremonies you shall keep it.”
4 So Moses told the children of Israel that they should keep the Passover.
5 And athey kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month, at twilight, in the Wilderness of Sinai; according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel did.
6 Now there were certain men who were adefiled by a human corpse, so that they could not keep

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the Passover on that day; band they came before Moses and Aaron that day.
7 And those men said to him, “We became defiled by a human corpse. Why are we kept from presenting the offering of the LORD at its appointed time among the children of Israel?”
8 And Moses said to them, “Stand still, that aI may hear what the LORD will command concerning you.”
9 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
10 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘If anyone of you or your 1posterity is unclean because of a corpse, or is far away on a journey, he may still keep the LORD’s Passover.
11 ‘On athe fourteenth day of the second month, at twilight, they may keep it. They shall beat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
12 a‘They shall leave none of it until morning, bnor break one of its bones. cAccording to all the 1ordinances of the Passover they shall keep it.
13 ‘But the man who is clean and is not on a journey, and ceases to keep the Passover, that same person ashall be cut off from among his people, because he bdid not bring the offering of the LORD at its appointed time; that man shall cbear his sin.
14 ‘And if a stranger 1dwells among you, and would keep the LORD’s Passover, he must do so according to the rite of the Passover and according to its ceremony; ayou shall have one 2ordinance, both for the stranger and the native of the land.’ ”

The Cloud and the Fire

15 Now aon the day that the tabernacle was raised up, the cloud bcovered the tabernacle, the tent of the Testimony; cfrom evening until morning it was above the tabernacle like the appearance of fire.
16 So it was always: the cloud covered it by day, and the appearance of fire by night.
17 Whenever the cloud awas 1taken up from above the tabernacle, after that the children of Israel would journey; and in the place where the cloud settled, there the children of Israel would pitch their tents.
18 At the 1command of the LORD the children of Israel would journey, and at the command of the LORD they would camp; aas long as the cloud stayed above the tabernacle they remained encamped.
19 Even when the cloud continued long, many days above the tabernacle, the children of Israel akept the charge of the LORD and did not journey.
20 So it was, when the cloud was above the tabernacle a few days: according to the command of the LORD they would remain encamped,

6 bEx. 18:15,
19, 26; Num.
27:2
8 aEx. 18:22;
Num. 27:5
10 1descendants
11 a2 Chr. 30:2,
15 bEx. 12:8
12 aEx. 12:10
bEx. 12:46;
[John 19:36] cEx. 12:43
1statutes
13 aGen. 17:14;
Ex. 12:15, 47
bNum. 9:7
cNum. 5:31
14 aEx. 12:49;
Lev. 24:22;
Num. 15:15,
16, 29 1As a
resident alien
2statute
15 aEx. 40:33,
34; Neh. 9:12,
19; Ps. 78:14
bIs. 4:5 cEx.
13:21, 22;
40:38
17 aEx.
40:36–38;
Num. 10:11,
12, 33, 34; Ps.
80:1 1lifted up
18 a1 Cor. 10:1
1Lit. mouth
19 aNum. 1:53;
3:8
22 aEx. 40:36,
37
23 aNum. 9:19

CHAPTER 10 References

2 aIs. 1:13
3 aJer. 4:5;
Joel 2:15
4 aEx. 18:21;
Num. 1:16; 7:2
5 aJoel 2:1
bNum. 2:3
6 aNum. 2:10
7 aNum. 10:3
bJoel 2:1
8 aNum. 31:6;
Josh. 6:4;
1 Chr. 15:24;
2 Chr. 13:12
1statute
9 aNum. 31:6;
Josh. 6:5;
2 Chr. 13:14
bJudg. 2:18;
4:3; 6:9; 10:8,
12 cGen. 8:1;
Ps. 106:4
10 aLev. 23:24;
Num. 29:1;
1 Chr. 15:24;
2 Chr. 5:12;
Ps. 81:3 bLev.
23:24; Num.
10:9

NUMBERS 10:11

and according to the command of the LORD they would journey.
21 So it was, when the cloud remained only from evening until morning: when the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they would journey; whether by day or by night, whenever the cloud was taken up, they would journey.
22 Whether it was two days, a month, or a year that the cloud remained above the tabernacle, the children of Israel awould remain encamped and not journey; but when it was taken up, they would journey.
23 At the command of the LORD they remained encamped, and at the command of the LORD they journeyed; they akept the charge of the LORD, at the command of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

Two Silver Trumpets

10

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 “Make two silver trumpets for yourself; you shall make them of hammered work; you shall use them for acalling the congregation and for directing the movement of the camps.
3 “When athey blow both of them, all the congregation shall gather before you at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
4 “But if they blow only one, then the leaders, the aheads of the divisions of Israel, shall gather to you.
5 “When you sound the aadvance, bthe camps that lie on the east side shall then begin their journey.
6 “When you sound the advance the second time, then the camps that lie aon the south side shall begin their journey; they shall sound the call for them to begin their journeys.
7 “And when the assembly is to be gathered together, ayou shall blow, but not bsound the advance.
8 a“The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets; and these shall be to you as an 1ordinance forever throughout your generations.
9 a“When you go to war in your land against the enemy who boppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, and you will be cremembered before the LORD your God, and you will be saved from your enemies.
10 “Also ain the day of your gladness, in your appointed feasts, and at the beginning of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; and they shall be ba memorial for you before your God: I am the LORD your God.”

Departure from Sinai

11 Now it came to pass on the twentieth day of the second month, in the

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NUMBERS 10:12

second year, that the cloud awas taken up from above the tabernacle of the Testimony.
12 And the children of Israel set out from the aWilderness of Sinai on btheir journeys; then the cloud settled down in the cWilderness of Paran.
13 So they started out for the first time aaccording to the command of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
14 The 1standard of the camp of the children of Judah aset out first according to their armies; over their army was bNahshon the son of Amminadab.
15 Over the army of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethanel the son of Zuar.
16 And over the army of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.
17 Then athe tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set out, bcarrying the tabernacle.
18 And athe standard of the camp of Reuben set out according to their armies; over their army was Elizur the son of Shedeur.
19 Over the army of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.
20 And over the army of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel.
21 Then the Kohathites set out, carrying the aholy things. (The tabernacle would be 1prepared for their arrival.)
22 And athe standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set out according to their armies; over their army was Elishama the son of Ammihud.
23 Over the army of the tribe of the children of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.
24 And over the army of the tribe of the children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni.
25 Then athe standard of the camp of the children of Dan (the rear guard of all the camps) set out according to their armies; over their army was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
26 Over the army of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran.
27 And over the army of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan.
28 aThus was the order of march of the children of Israel, according to their armies, when they began their journey.
29 Now Moses said to aHobab the son of bReuel1 the Midianite, Moses’ father-in-law, “We are setting out for the place of which the LORD said, c‘I will give it to you.’ Come with us, and dwe will treat you well; for ethe

11 aNum. 9:17
12 aEx. 19:1;
Num. 1:1; 9:5
bEx. 40:36
cGen. 21:21;
Num. 12:16;
Deut. 1:1
13 aNum. 10:5,
6
14 aNum. 2:3–9
bNum. 1:7
1banner
17 aNum. 1:51
bNum.
4:21–32; 7:7–9
18 aNum.
2:10–16
21 aNum.
4:4–20; 7:9
1Prepared by
the Gershonites
and the
Merarites
22 aNum.
2:18–24
25 aNum.
2:25–31; Josh.
6:9
28 aNum. 2:34
29 aJudg. 4:11
bEx. 2:18; 3:1;
18:12 cGen.
12:7; Ex. 6:4–8
dJudg. 1:16
eGen. 32:12;
Ex. 3:8
1Jethro, Ex.
3:1; LXX
Raguel
31 aJob 29:15
1Act as our
guide
32 aEx. 18:9;
Lev. 19:34;
Judg. 1:16
33 aEx. 3:1;
Deut. 1:6
bDeut. 1:33;
Josh. 3:3–6;
Ezek. 20:6
34 aEx. 13:21;
Neh. 9:12, 19
35 aPs. 68:1, 2;
132:8; Is.
17:12–14

LORD has promised good things to Israel.”
30 And he said to him, “I will not go, but I will depart to my own land and to my relatives.”
31 So Moses said, “Please do not leave, inasmuch as you know how we are to camp in the wilderness, and you can 1be our aeyes.
32 “And it shall be, if you go with us—indeed it shall be—that awhatever good the LORD will do to us, the same we will do to you.”
33 So they departed from athe mountain of the LORD on a journey of three days; and the ark of the covenant of the LORD bwent before them for the three days’ journey, to search out a resting place for them.
34 And athe cloud of the LORD was above them by day when they went out from the camp.
35 So it was, whenever the ark set out, that Moses said:

a“Rise up, O LORD! Let Your enemies be scattered, And let those who hate You flee before You.”

36 And when it rested, he said:

“Return, O LORD, To the many thousands of Israel.”

page 494

BOOK TWO

Psalms 42—72

PSALM 42

Yearning for God in the Midst of Distresses

To the Chief Musician. A 1Contemplation of the sons of Korah.

1 AS the deer 1pants for the water brooks, So pants my soul for You, O God.
2 aMy soul thirsts for God, for the bliving God. When shall I come and 1appear before God?
3 aMy tears have been my food day and night, While they continually say to me, b“Where is your God?”

4 When I remember these things, aI pour out my soul within me. For I used to go with the multitude; bI went with them to the house of God, With the voice of joy and praise, With a multitude that kept a pilgrim feast.

5 aWhy are you 1cast down, O my soul? And why are you disquieted within me? bHope in God, for I shall yet praise Him 2For the help of His countenance.

PSALM 42 References

title 1Heb.
Maschil
1 1Lit. longs
for
2 aPs. 63:1;
84:2; 143:6;
[Jer. 10:10] bRom. 9:26;
1 Thess. 1:9
1So with MT,
Vg.; some
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Syr., Tg.
I see the face
of God
3 aPs. 80:5;
102:9 bPs.
79:10; 115:2;
Joel 2:17; Mic.
7:10
4 a1 Sam. 1:15;
Job 30:16
4 bIs. 30:29
5 aPs. 42:11;
43:5 bLam.
3:24 1Lit.
bowed down
2So with MT,
Tg.; a few
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Syr.,Vg.
The help of
my countenance,
my
God
6 1So with
MT, Tg.; a few
Heb. mss.,
LXX, Syr.,Vg.
put my God at
the end of v. 5
2Or Mount
7 aPs. 69:1, 2;
88:7
8 aDeut. 28:8
bJob 35:10
9 aPs. 38:6
10 aJoel 2:17
1Lit. shattering
2revile
11 aPs. 43:5
1Lit. salvation

6 1O my God, my soul is cast down within me; Therefore I will remember You from the land of the Jordan, And from the heights of Hermon, From 2the Hill Mizar.
7 Deep calls unto deep at the noise of Your waterfalls; aAll Your waves and billows have gone over me.
8 The LORD will acommand His lovingkindness in the daytime, And bin the night His song shall be with me— A prayer to the God of my life.

9 I will say to God my Rock, a“Why have You forgotten me? Why do I go mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?”
10 As with a 1breaking of my bones, My enemies 2reproach me, aWhile they say to me all day long, “Where is your God?”

11 aWhy are you cast down, O my soul? And why are you disquieted within me? Hope in God; For I shall yet praise Him, The 1help of my countenance and my God.

DREAM  IT => PLAN  IT => DO  IT

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