(Category 5 of 16)
Let’s talk about love, Old Testament style! In this video, we’ll explore the various ways the Hebrew authors used the word “love,” and how they depicted God as the ultimate source and goal of all human love.
For thousands of years, Jewish people have daily prayed the “Shema.” It’s a prayer that calls God’s people to respond to the divine love with faithfulness and devotion.
Explore the 3rd part of a 6 part exploration from The Shema Series about the ancient biblical prayer called “The Shema”.
Ahavah – “Love”
CHAPTER 10 References
1 aEx. 25:10
2 aEx. 25:16,
4 aEx. 20:1;
5 aEx. 34:29
c1 Kin. 8:9
8 aNum. 3:6
bNum. 4:5, 15;
9 aNum. 18:20,
24; Deut. 18:1,
2; Ezek. 44:28
10 aEx. 34:28;
11 aEx. 33:1
12 aMic. 6:8
1 Tim. 1:5
The Second Pair of Tablets
1 “At that time the LORD said to me, 1‘Hew for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and come up to Me on the mountain and make yourself an a
2 ‘And I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke; and ayou shall put them in the .’
3 “So I made an of acacia wood, hewed two tablets of stone like the first, and went up the mountain, having the two tablets in my hand.
4 “And He wrote on the tablets according to the first writing, the Ten 1Commandments, awhich the LORD had spoken to you in the mountain from the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly; and the LORD gave them to me.
5 “Then I turned and acame down from the mountain, and bput the tablets in the which I had made; cand there they are, just as the LORD commanded me.”
6 (Now the children of Israel journeyed from the wells of Bene Jaakan to Moserah, where Aaron adied, and where he was buried; and Eleazar his son ministered as priest in his 1stead.
7 aFrom there they journeyed to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of 1rivers of water.
8 At that time athe LORD 1separated the tribe of Levi bto bear the of the covenant of the LORD, cto stand before the LORD to minister to Him and dto bless in His name, to this day.
9 aTherefore Levi has no portion nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance, just as the LORD your God promised him.)
10 “As at the first time, aI stayed in the mountain forty days and forty nights; bthe LORD also heard me at that time, and the LORD chose not to destroy you.
11 a“Then the LORD said to me, ‘Arise, begin your journey before the people, that they may go in and possess the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.’
The Essence of the Law
12 “And now, Israel, awhat does the LORD your God require of you, but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in all His ways and to blove Him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul,
13 “and to keep the commandments of the LORD and His statutes
which I command you today afor your 1good?
14 “Indeed heaven and the highest heavens belong to the aLORD your God, also the earth with all that is in it.
15 “The LORD delighted only in your fathers, to love them; and He chose their 1descendants after them, you above all peoples, as it is this day.
16 “Therefore circumcise the foreskin of your aheart, and be bstiffnecked1 no longer.
17 “For the LORD your God is aGod of gods and bLord of lords, the great God, cmighty and awesome, who dshows no partiality nor takes a bribe.
18 a“He administers justice for the fatherless and the widow, and loves the stranger, giving him food and clothing.
19 “Therefore love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
20 a“You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve Him, and to Him you shall hold fast, and take oaths in His name.
21 “He is your praise, and He is your God, who has done for you these great and awesome things which your eyes have seen.
22 “Your fathers went down to Egypt with seventy persons, and now the LORD your God has made you as the stars of heaven in multitude.
Love and Obedience Rewarded
1 “Therefore you shall love the LORD your God, and keep His charge, His statutes, His judgments, and His commandments always.
2 “Know today that I do not speak with your children, who have not known and who have not seen the 1chastening of the LORD your God, His greatness and His mighty hand and His outstretched arm—
3 “His signs and His acts which He did in the midst of Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to all his land;
4 “what He did to the army of Egypt, to their horses and their chariots: ahow He made the waters of the Red Sea overflow them as they pursued you, and how the LORD has destroyed them to this day;
5 “what He did for you in the wilderness until you came to this place;
6 “and awhat He did to Dathan and Abiram the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben: how the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, their households, their tents, and all the substance that was 1in their possession, in the midst of all Israel
7 “but your eyes have aseen every great 1act of the LORD which He did.
8 “Therefore you shall keep every commandment which I command you today, that you may abe strong,
13 aDeut. 6:24
14 a[Neh. 9:6] 15 1Lit. seed
16 aJer. 4:4
bDeut. 9:6, 13
17 aDan. 2:47
18 aPs. 68:5;
20 aMatt. 4:10
CHAPTER 11 References
4 aPs. 106:11
7 aDeut. 10:21;
8 aJosh. 1:6, 7
9 aDeut. 4:40;
5:16, 33; 6:2
11 aDeut. 8:7
12 a1 Kin. 9:3
13 1Lit. listen
2:23 1So with
15 aPs. 104:14
16 aJob 31:27
17 aDeut. 6:15;
9:19 b2 Chr.
18 aDeut. 6:6–9
bPs. 119:2, 34
19 aDeut. 4:9,
20 aDeut. 6:9
21 aDeut. 4:40
22 aDeut. 11:1
23 aDeut. 4:38
and go in and possess the land which you cross over to possess,
9 “and athat you may prolong your days in the land bwhich the LORD 1swore to give your fathers, to them and their descendants, c‘a land flowing with milk and honey.’
10 “For the land which you go to possess is not like the land of Egypt from which you have come, where you sowed your seed and watered it by foot, as a vegetable garden;
11 a“but the land which you cross over to possess is a land of hills and valleys, which drinks water from the rain of heaven,
12 “a land for which the LORD your God cares; athe eyes of the LORD your God are always on it, from the beginning of the year to the very end of the year.
13 ‘And it shall be that if you earnestly 1obey My commandments which I command you today, to love the LORD your God and serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul,
14 ‘then aI1 will give you the rain for your land in its season, bthe early rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your grain, your new wine, and your oil.
15 a‘And I will send grass in your fields for your livestock, that you may beat and be 1filled.’
16 “Take heed to yourselves, alest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and bserve other gods and worship them,
17 “lest athe LORD’s anger be aroused against you, and He bshut up the heavens so that there be no rain, and the land yield no produce, and cyou perish quickly from the good land which the LORD is giving you.
18 “Therefore ayou shall 1lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your bsoul, and cbind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.
19 a“You shall teach them to your children, speaking of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way,when you lie down, and when you rise up.
20 a“And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates,
21 “that ayour days and the days of your children may be multiplied in the land of which the LORD swore to your fathers to give them, like bthe days of the heavens above the earth.
22 “For if ayou carefully keep all these commandments which I command you to do—to love the LORD your God, to walk in all His ways, and bto hold fast to Him—
23 “then the LORD will adrive out all these nations from before you, and
you will bdispossess greater and mightier nations than yourselves.
24 a“Every place on which the sole of your foot treads shall be yours: bfrom the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the River Euphrates, even to the 1Western Sea, shall be your territory.
25 “No man shall be able to astand 1against you; the LORD your God will put the bdread of you and the fear of you upon all the land where you tread, just as He has said to you.
26 a“Behold, I set before you today a blessing and a curse:
27 a“the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you today;
28 “and the acurse, if you do not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside from the way which I command you today, to go after other gods which you have not known.
29 “Now it shall be,when the LORD your God has brought you into the land which you go to possess, that you shall put the ablessing on Mount Gerizim and the bcurse on Mount Ebal.
30 “Are they not on the other side of the , toward the setting sun, in the land of the Canaanites who dwell in the plain opposite Gilgal, abeside the terebinth trees of Moreh?
31 “For you will cross over the and go in to possess the land which the LORD your God is giving you, and you will possess it and dwell in it.
32 “And you shall be careful to observe all the statutes and judgments which I set before you today.
A Prescribed Place of Worship
1 “These aare the statutes and judgments which you shall be careful to observe in the land which the LORD God of your fathers is giving you to possess, ball1 the days that you live on the earth.
2 a“You shall utterly destroy all the places where the nations which you shall dispossess served their gods, bon the high mountains and on the hills and under every green tree.
3 “And ayou shall destroy their altars, break their sacred pillars, and burn their 1wooden images with fire; you shall cut down the carved images of their gods and destroy their names from that place.
4 “You shall not aworship the LORD your God with such things.
5 “But you shall seek the aplace where the LORD your God chooses, out of all your tribes, to put His name for His bdwelling1 place; and there you shall go.
6 a“There you shall take your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your tithes, the heave offerings of
23 bDeut. 9:1
24 aJosh. 1:3;
25 aDeut. 7:24
26 aDeut. 30:1,
30 aGen. 12:6
CHAPTER 12 References
1 aDeut. 6:1
bDeut. 4:9, 10;
1 Kin. 8:40
1As long as
2 aEx. 34:13
b2 Kin. 16:4;
3 aNum. 33:52;
4 aDeut. 12:31
5 aEx. 20:24
1 Sam. 2:29
6 aLev. 17:3, 4
7 aDeut. 14:26
18 1all that
8 aJudg. 17:6;
9 aDeut. 3:20;
place of rest
10 aJosh. 11:23
15 aDeut. 12:21
16 aGen. 9:4;
1 Sam. 14:33;
Acts 15:20, 29
18 1all your
19 1Be careful
your hand, your vowed offerings, your freewill offerings, and the bfirstborn of your herds and flocks.
7 “And athere you shall eat before the LORD your God, and byou shall rejoice in 1all to which you have put your hand, you and your households, in which the LORD your God has blessed you.
8 “You shall not at all do as we are doing here today—aevery man doing whatever is right in his own eyes—
9 “for as yet you have not come to the arest1 and the inheritance which the LORD your God is giving you.
10 “But when you cross over the and dwell in the land which the LORD your God is giving you to inherit, and He gives you arest from all your enemies round about, so that you dwell in safety,
11 “then there will be the place where the LORD your God chooses to make His name abide. There you shall bring all that I command you: your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your tithes, the heave offerings of your hand, and all your choice offerings which you vow to the LORD.
12 “And ayou shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you and your sons and your daughters, your male and female servants, and the bLevite who is within your gates, since he has no portion nor inheritance with you.
13 “Take heed to yourself that you do not offer your burnt offerings in every place that you see;
14 “but in the place which the LORD chooses, in one of your tribes, there you shall offer your burnt offerings, and there you shall do all that I command you.
15 “However, ayou may slaughter and eat meat within all your gates, whatever your heart desires, according to the blessing of the LORD your God which He has given you; bthe unclean and the clean may eat of it, cof the and the deer alike.
16 a“Only you shall not eat the blood; you shall pour it on the earth like water.
17 “You may not eat within your gates the tithe of your grain or your new wine or your oil, of the firstborn of your herd or your flock, of any of your offerings which you vow, of your freewill offerings, or of the 1heave offering of your hand.
18 “But you must eat them before the LORD your God in the place which the LORD your God chooses, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, and the Levite who is within your gates; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God in 1all to which you put your hands.
19 1“Take heed to yourself that you
do not forsake the Levite as long as you live in your land.
20 “When the LORD your God aenlarges your border as He has promised you, and you say, ‘Let me eat meat,’ because you long to eat meat, you may eat as much meat as your heart desires.
21 “If the place where the LORD your God chooses to put His name is too far from ayou, then you may slaughter from your herd and from your flock which the LORD has given you, just as I have commanded you, and you may eat within your gates as much as your heart desires.
22 “Just as the and the deer are eaten, so you may eat them; the unclean and the clean alike may eat them.
23 “Only be sure that you do not eat the blood, afor the blood is the life; you may not eat the life with the meat.
24 “You shall not eat it; you shall pour it on the earth like water.
25 “You shall not eat it, athat it may go well with you and your children after you, bwhen you do what is right in the sight of the LORD.
26 “Only the aholy things which you have, and your vowed offerings, you shall take and go to the place which the LORD chooses.
27 “And ayou shall offer your burnt offerings, the meat and the blood, on the altar of the LORD your God; and the blood of your sacrifices shall be poured out on the altar of the LORD your God, and you shall eat the meat.
28 “Observe and obey all these words which I command you, athat it may go well with you and your children after you forever, when you do what is good and right in the sight of the LORD your God. Beware of False Gods
29 “When athe LORD your God cuts off from before you the nations which you go to dispossess, and you displace them and dwell in their land,
30 “take heed to yourself that you are not ensnared to follow them, after they are destroyed from before you, and that you do not inquire after their gods, saying, ‘How did these nations serve their gods? I also will do likewise.’
31 a“You shall not worship the LORD your God in that way; for every 1abomination to the LORD which He hates they have done to their gods; for bthey burn even their sons and daughters in the fire to their gods.
32 “Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; ayou shall not add to it nor take away from it.
20 aGen. 15:18;
21 aDeut. 14:24
23 aGen. 9:4;
25 aDeut. 4:40;
6:18; Is. 3:10
1 Kin. 11:38
26 aNum. 5:9,
27 aLev. 1:5, 9,
28 aDeut. 12:25
29 aEx. 23:23;
31 aLev. 18:3,
26, 30; 20:1, 2
32 aDeut. 4:2;
1:7; Prov. 30:6;
Rev. 22:18, 19
Prayer for Relief from Tormentors
To the Chief Musician. Set to 1“The Silent Dove in Distant Lands.” A Michtam of David when the aPhilistines captured him in Gath.
1 BE amerciful to me, O God, for man would
2 My enemies would ahound me all day, For there are many who fight against me, O Most High.
3 Whenever I am afraid, I will trust in You.
4 In God (I will praise His word), In God I have put my trust; aI will not fear. What can flesh do to me?
5 All day they twist my words; All their thoughts are against me for evil.
6 They gather together, They hide, they mark my steps, When they lie in wait for my life.
PSALM 56 References
title a1 Sam.
1 aPs. 57:1
2 aPs. 57:3
4 aPs. 118:6;
Is. 31:3; [Heb.
13:6] 8 a[Mal. 3:16] 9 a[Ps. 118:6;
Rom. 8:31] 13 aPs. 116:8, 9
8 You number my wanderings; Put my tears into Your bottle; aAre they not in Your book?
9 When I cry out to You, Then my enemies will turn back; This I know, because aGod is for me.
10 In God (I will praise His word), In the LORD (I will praise His word),
11 In God I have put my trust; I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?
12 Vows made to You are binding upon me, O God; I will render praises to You,
13 aFor You have delivered my soul from death. Have You not kept my feet from falling, That I may walk before God In the blight of the living?
DREAM IT => PLAN IT => DO IT
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